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1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade. This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita2698
Armenian calendar1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar6695
Bahá'í calendar101–102
Balinese saka calendar1866–1867
Bengali calendar1352
Berber calendar2895
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2489
Burmese calendar1307
Byzantine calendar7453–7454
Chinese calendar甲申(Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar1661–1662
Discordian calendar3111
Ethiopian calendar1937–1938
Hebrew calendar5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11945
Igbo calendar945–946
Iranian calendar1323–1324
Islamic calendar1364–1365
Japanese calendarShōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar1875–1876
Juche calendar34
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4278
Minguo calendarROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar477
Thai solar calendar2488
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

Contents

EventsEdit

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

JanuaryEdit

 
January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

FebruaryEdit

 
The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945.
 
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

The troopship SS General von Steuben is sunk by the Soviet submarine S-13; 3,608 drown.[4]

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

 
The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, 7 April 1945.
 
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on 30 April 1945.

MayEdit

 
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

 
26 July – Clement Attlee became British Prime Minister.

AugustEdit

 
August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
 
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

SeptemberEdit

 
August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan)

OctoberEdit

 
October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

BirthsEdit

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

DeathsEdit

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Nobel PrizesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ANC-AMurphy". Arlingtoncemetery.org. Archived from the original on September 15, 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  2. ^ "One day they simply weren't there any more..." (PDF). anne frank house. March 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Penicillin Pills May Replace Injection". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 1945-02-16. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  4. ^ "SS General von Steuben [+1945]". WreckSite. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  5. ^ Guinness Book of World Records. 2008. p. 137.
  6. ^ Year by Year – 1945. History International.
  7. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip, eds. (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Baden-Baden: Nomos. p. 1678. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  8. ^ Mayne, Alan James (1999). From Politics Past to Politics Future: An Integrated Analysis of Current and Emergent Paradigms. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-275-96151-0. Retrieved 2013-08-31.
  9. ^ "1945". A WW2 Timeline. Worldwar-2.net. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  10. ^ Smythe, John (1967). Bolo Whistler: The Life of General Sir Lashmer Whistler. London: Muller.
  11. ^ Duncan, George R. "Massacres and Atrocities of World War II". Retrieved 2015-10-15.
  12. ^ "Liberatione". Lib.usc.edu. 1945-05-04. Archived from the original on 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  13. ^ "Befrielsen 1945 – Tidslinje". Befrielsen1945.dk. 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  14. ^ Waller, Derek (2010-09-25). "U-Boats that Surrendered". u-boat.net. Retrieved 2014-11-14.
  15. ^ Milcic, Allen. "Croatian Axis Forces in WWII". Retrieved 2012-06-28.
  16. ^ Dizdar, Zdravko (December 2005). "Prilog istraživanju problema Bleiburga i križnih putova (u povodu 60. obljetnice)" [An addition to the research of the problem of Bleiburg and the Way of the Cross (dedicated to their 60th anniversary)]. The Review of Senj (in Croatian). Senj, Croatia: City Museum Senj; Senj Museum Society. 32 (1): 117–193. ISSN 0582-673X. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
  17. ^ Bethell, Nicholas (1974). The Last Secret. London.
  18. ^ Palaich, Michael (1991). "Bleiburg Tragedy". Retrieved 2013-08-15.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "1945 - The Decision to Drop the Bomb". NuclearFiles. Archived from the original on 2010-04-06.
  20. ^ "Brief History (timeline)", AI Topics, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, retrieved 24 August 2016
  21. ^ "1945: Labour landslide buries Churchill". BBC News. April 5, 2005.
  22. ^ Pike, John. "The Soviet Army Offensive: Manchuria, 1945". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  23. ^ Angier, R. B.; Boothe, J. H.; Hutchings, B. L.; Mowat, J. H.; Semb, J.; Stokstad, E. L. R.; Subbarow, Y.; Waller, C. W.; Cosulich, D. B.; Fahrenbach, M. J.; Hultquist, M. E.; Kuh, E.; Northey, E. H.; Seeger, D. R.; Sickels, J. P.; Smith Jr, J. M. (1945). "Synthesis of a Compound Identical with the L. Casei Factor Isolated from Liver". Science. 102 (2644): 227–28. Bibcode:1945Sci...102..227A. doi:10.1126/science.102.2644.227. PMID 17778509.
  24. ^ Hoffbrand, A. V.; Weir, D. G. (2001). "The history of folic acid". British Journal of Haematology. 113 (3): 579–589. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.02822.x. PMID 11380441.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Jessup, John E. (1989). A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24308-5.
  26. ^ "Discovery of Promethium". Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review. 36 (1). 2003. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-16.

Further readingEdit

  • Ian Buruma. Year Zero: A History of 1945 (Penguin Press; 2013) 368 pages; covers liberation, revenge, decolonization, and the rise of the United Nations.
  • Keith Lowe. Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II (2012) excerpt and text search
  • Walter Yust, ed. 10 Eventful Years, 1937 – 1946 Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1947, 4 vol., encyclopedia yearbook