President of Colombia

The President of Colombia (Spanish: Presidente de Colombia), officially known as the President of the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Colombia) or President of the Nation (Spanish: Presidente de la Nacion) is the head of state and head of government of Colombia. The office of president was established upon the ratification of the Constitution of 1819, by the Congress of Angostura, convened in December 1819, when Colombia was the "Gran Colombia". The first president, General Simón Bolívar,[2] took office in 1819. His position, initially self-proclaimed, was subsequently ratified by Congress.

President of the
Republic of Colombia
Presidente de la República de Colombia
Presidential Seal of Colombia.svg
Flag of the President of Colombia.svg
Iván Duque Márquez (49610487797) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Iván Duque

since 7 August 2018
Executive Branch of Colombia
Administrative Department of the Nation
StyleMr. President
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
Mr. President of the Nation
(within the Senate)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
TypeHead of state
Head of government
AbbreviationPresident of the Nation
Member ofCabinet
National Government
Council of Ministers of Colombia
National Economic Council
ResidenceHouse of Nariño
SeatBogotá, D.C.
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthFour years, non renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Colombia
Formation17 December 1819
(202 years ago)
 (1819-12-17)
First holderSimón Bolívar
SalaryCOP$32,624,000 monthly[1]
Websitehttp://www.presidencia.gov.co/

The current president of the Republic of Colombia is Iván Duque Márquez, who took office on 7 August 2018. Gustavo Petro Urrego, is the president-elect of Colombia after he won the 2022 presidential election.

FunctionsEdit

According to the Colombian Constitution of 1991, Article 188, the president of Colombia is the head of state, head of government and Supreme Administrative Authority. The president of Colombia symbolizes the National Unity, and after taking an oath to the Constitution of Colombia and swearing to defend and protect the nation's laws, he is charged to guarantee and protect the rights and liberties of all Colombian nationals.[3]

The Administrative Department of the Presidency of Colombia has the commission to assist or support the president of Colombia on its constitutional mandated functions and legal issues.[3]

Article 115 states that the National Government is formed by the president of Colombia, the vice president of Colombia, the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Colombia and the Directors of the Administrative Departments of Colombia. Any official from these entities constitute the Government of Colombia in any particular business.[citation needed]

Any act by the president of Colombia, in order to be legal and enforceable, must be sanctioned by any of the ministries or department directors, who will also be held responsible for the act. The only exception is if the president appoints or removes ministers, administrative departments' directors and any other officials appointed by him under his administrative authority. Governors of the Departments of Colombia, mayors of Municipalities of Colombia, as well as regional superintendents of Colombia, public establishments and industrial and commercial state owned enterprises, are all part of the executive branch of Colombia.[citation needed]

General descriptionEdit

The Colombian Constitution of 1991, coupled with several articles of amendment, establishes the requirements an eligible candidate must meet in order to become president, as well as the term of office, method of election, and powers.[citation needed]

Requirements for holdingEdit

Colombian Constitution of 1991 Article 191: states that the president must be a natural born citizen of Colombia and at least 30 years of age.[4]

Term of office and electionEdit

The president and vice president serve a term of office of four years after being elected by popular vote. Since 2015, the president is barred from running for reelection, even for a nonconsecutive term.

From 1910 to 2005, the president was limited to a single term. However, on 24 November 2005, the Colombian Congress introduced the Electoral Guarantees Law (Ley de Garantias Electorales), which modified Article 152, of the Colombian Constitution of 1991 and allowed a president to run for a second term. The President or Vice President running for re-election was required to formally notify the National Electoral Council and guarantee a fair competition for the other contenders. Participation of acting officials in political proselytism was standardized. Presidents or vice presidents not running for office were barred from participating on political proselytism. If one or both were running, they could only engage in political activity four months before the primary elections. Also, if the president and/or vice president were running for office, they could participate in their political party's selection mechanism to postulate candidates. In 2010, the Constitutional Court of Colombia threw out a planned referendum to allow presidents to run for three consecutive terms. It ruled that Colombian presidents could only serve two terms, even if they are nonconsecutive.[5] In 2015, a constitutional amendment repealed the 2004 changes and reverted to the original one-term limit.[6]

Line of successionEdit

Vice-presidentEdit

The vice president of Colombia is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new president of Colombia and completing the remaining term upon leaves of absence or death, resignation, or removal of the president, even if such a vacancy should occur before the president assumes office, as designated by Article 202 of the Constitution of 1991.

Further successionEdit

In absence of both the president and the vice president, Article 203 of the Constitution of 1991 establishes that the presidential office will be assumed by a minister in the order of precedence established by law. The assuming minister has to be a member of the same party or movement the original president belonged to, and will exercise the presidency until the Congress, within the 30 days following the presidential vacancy, elects a new vice president who will assume the presidency.

Current orderEdit

No. Office Current officer
1 Vice President Marta Lucía Ramírez
2 Minister of the Interior Daniel Palacios
3 Minister of Foreign Affairs Marta Lucía Ramírez
4 Minister of Finance and Public Credit José Manuel Restrepo Abondano[a]
5 Minister of Justice and Law Wilson Ruiz Orejuela[a]
6 Minister of National Defense Diego Molano[7][8]
7 Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Rodolfo Enrique Zea[a]
8 Minister of Health and Social Protection Fernando Ruiz Gómez
9 Minister of Labour Ángel Custodio Cabrera
10 Minister of Mines and Energy Diego Mesa Puyo[a]
11 Minister of Commerce, Industry and Tourism María Ximena Lombana[a]
12 Minister of National Education María Victoria Angulo[a]
13 Minister of Environment and Territorial Development Carlos Eduardo Correa[a]
14 Minister of Housing, City and Territory Jonathan Malagón[a]
15 Minister of Information Technologies and Communications Carmen Ligia Valderrama[a]
16 Minister of Transport Ángela María Orozco[a]
17 Minister of Culture Angélica Mayolo[a]
18 Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Tito José Crissien[a]
19 Minister of Sports Guillermo Herrera Castaño[a]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Not a member of the President's political party, therefore ineligible for presidential succession.

Latest electionEdit

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Gustavo PetroFrancia MárquezHistoric Pact for Colombia (CH)8,541,61740.3411,281,01350.44
Rodolfo HernándezMarelen CastilloLeague of Anti-Corruption Governors (IND)5,965,33528.1710,580,41247.31
Federico GutiérrezRodrigo Lara SánchezTeam for Colombia (Creemos Colombia)5,069,44823.94
Sergio FajardoLuis Gilberto MurilloHope Center (ASI)885,2684.18
John Milton RodríguezSandra de las LajasFair and Free Colombia271,3721.28
Enrique GómezCarlos CuartasNational Salvation Movement48,6850.23
Íngrid BetancourtJosé Luis EsparzaOxygen Green Party14,1610.07
Luis Pérez GutiérrezCeferino MosqueraIndependent11,5070.05
Blank votes365,7641.73501,9872.24
Total21,173,157100.0022,363,412100.00
Valid votes21,173,15798.7522,363,41298.70
Invalid votes268,4481.25295,2821.30
Total votes21,441,605100.0022,658,694100.00
Registered voters/turnout39,002,23954.9839,002,23958.10
Source: Registraduria (first round), Registraduria Prensa, Registraduria (second round) (100% counted)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "¿Sabe usted cuánto gana el presidente de Colombia?". El Universal. 30 May 2015.
  2. ^ Gobernantes Colombianos, Ignacio Arismendi Posada, Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición, Page 15, Bogotá, Colombia, 1983
  3. ^ a b "Departamento Administrativo de la Presidencia de la República : Nuestra Entidad" (in Spanish).
  4. ^ "Requisitos para ser candidato presidencial" (in Spanish).
  5. ^ Buckman, Robert T. (2010). The World Today Series: Latin America 2010. Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications. ISBN 978-1-935264-12-5.
  6. ^ "Constitución Política de 1991 (Artículo 197)". Secretaría General del Senado.
  7. ^ "Diego Andrés Molano Aponte – Ministro de Defensa Nacional". mindefensa.gov.co. Retrieved 16 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Quién es Diego Molano, el nuevo ministro de Defensa de Colombia". AS Colombia (in Spanish). 2 February 2021. Retrieved 16 May 2021.

External linksEdit