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The Bell 412 is a twin-engine utility helicopter of the Huey family manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It is a development of the Bell 212, with the major difference being the composite four-blade main rotor.

Bell 412
Bell 412EP of the Los Angeles City Fire Department
Role Multipurpose utility helicopter
National origin United States
Manufacturer Bell Helicopter
Introduction 1981
Status In service
Primary users Royal Air Force
See Operators for others
Produced 1979-present
Number built Over 869
Developed from Bell 212
Variants Bell CH-146 Griffon


Design and developmentEdit

Development began in the late 1970s with two Bell 212s being converted into 412 prototypes. An advanced four-blade main rotor with a smaller diameter replaced the 212's two-blade rotor. A Bell 412 prototype first flew in August 1979. The initial model was certified in January 1981 with deliveries commencing in the same month.[1]

The 412 model was followed by the 412SP (Special Performance) version featuring larger fuel capacity, higher takeoff weight and optional seating arrangements. In 1991, the 412HP (High Performance) variant with improved transmission replaced the SP version in production.[1] The current production version, 412EP (Enhanced Performance), is equipped with a dual digital automatic flight control system. In 2013 Bell introduced the 412EPI which includes an electronic engine control (FADEC) for a PT6T-9 engine upgrade, and a glass cockpit display system similar to the Bell model 429. Also featured is a Garmin touchscreen navigation system, and the BLR Strake and Fast Fin upgrades for improved hover performance.[2]

Over 700 Model 412s (including 260 by AgustaWestland) have been built.[3]


Bell 412EP (offshore configuration) test flight at Ratmalana Airport
Bell 412
Standard Model with P&WC PT6T-3B
Bell 412SP
Special Performance version with P&WC PT6T-3BF engines
Bell 412HP
High performance version with P&WC PT6T-3BG or -3D engines
Bell 412EP
Enhanced performance version with P&WC PT6T-3DF engines
Bell 412EPI
Glass cockpit version with P&WC PT6T-9 electronic controlled engines
Bell 412CF (CH-146 Griffon)
100 custom-built utility transport helicopters for the Canadian Forces, based on 412EP and designated by Bell as 412CF
Bell Griffin HT1
Advanced training helicopter based on the Bell 412EP, operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) since 1997 as an advanced flying trainer. Operated by the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury and the Search and Rescue Training Unit at RAF Valley.
Bell Griffin HAR2
Search and Rescue helicopter based on the Bell 412EP, operated by No. 84 Squadron RAF since 2003 at RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus.
Agusta-Bell AB 412
Civil utility transport version, built under license in Italy by Agusta.[4]
Agusta-Bell AB 412EP
Italian-built version of the Bell 412EP.[4]
Agusta-Bell AB 412 Grifone
Military utility transport version, built under licence in Italy by Agusta.[4]
Agusta-Bell AB 412 CRESO
Italian-built version, fitted with a ground surveillance radar.
NBell 412
IPTN's licensed product of Bell 412[4]
Panha 412EP
Iranian domestically reverse-engineered version of AB 412EP, which has been in use with Iranian military. 4 of these variant were introduced at October 8, 2016 by Red Crescent of Iran.[citation needed]


A Bell 412 of PASCO teaching pilot institute in 2012 Iran Kish Air Show

The Bell 412 is used by private and commercial operators. It is particularly popular in the oil industries, military and for law enforcement use.

Military operatorsEdit

Chilean Air Force Bell 412
  Dominican Republic
  El Salvador
A Finnish Frontier Guard Agusta Bell AB-412
Norwegian Bell 412SP helicopters taking part in the NATO exercise Strong Resolve 2002
Polish Bell 412HP
  Saudi Arabia
A medical 412EP provided by Helisureste
  South Korea
  Sri Lanka
  United Arab Emirates
  United Kingdom
A Bell 412EP Griffin HT1 helicopter of the Royal Air Force Defence Helicopter Flying School hover taxis to the runway at RIAT 2010

Governmental operatorsEdit

  Czech Republic
An L.A. County Fire Dept. 412 sits atop a helipad in the mountains in the Angeles National Forest.
  United States

Incidents and accidentsEdit

On April 4, 1991, a Bell 412 collided with a small plane carrying United States Senator H. John Heinz III, which killed the senator.

On December 10, 2006, a Bell 412 medical helicopter Mercy Air 2 crashed in mountainous terrain near Hesperia, California. All three crew members on board died.

On February 6, 2008, a Bell 412 crashed due to a malfunction, killing Major General Javed Sultan, the commanding officer for Kohat garrison, along with two brigadiers and five other military personnel in South Waziristan Agency, Pakistan.[47][48]

On April 7, 2009, a Bell 412EP presidential helicopter operated by the Philippine Air Force crashed in bad weather on the slopes of Mount Pulag in Tinoc, Ifugao on a flight from Loakan Airport to Lagawe. All eight on board the helicopter died, including four key aides of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[49][50]

On November 22, 2010, a Bell 412 belonging to the Cameroon defense forces crashed en route from Douala to the country's capital Yaounde.[51] According to government sources, the aircraft had three crew and two passengers.

On February 6, 2014, a Bell 412 of Panama Public Forces SENAN, crash on Mamsucum, Guna Yala Indian Reserve, killing Lieutenant Agustín Santos and injuring eight others, including SENAN Executive Director Belsio González. Witnesses reported a dense fog with reduced visibility in the area. The aircraft was undertaking anti-drug operations against drug lords and was in pursuit of a high speed boat when it crashed in the jungle.[52]

On April 13, 2014, an Augusta-Bell 412 military helicopter slammed into a hangar and crashed as it took off at Julius Nyerere International Airport, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Occupants including Tanzanian Vice President Mohamed Gharib Bilal and other top government officials narrowly survived the crash.[53]

On March 20, 2016, a Bell 412EP crashed in Poso district (Indonesia) while flying in adverse weather conditions. The helicopter was on a mission to capture the country's most wanted militant when it crashed and burst into flames. The helicopter was carrying 13 soldiers and crew when it went down about 35 minutes after taking off from Poso district's Watutau village, said Maj. Gen. Agus Surya Bakti, the regional military chief overseeing South and Central Sulawesi provinces. All 13 people on board died.[54]

On August 9, 2016, a Griffin HT-1 of the Defence Helicopter Flying School of the Royal Air Force caught fire after making an emergency landing on top of Yr Aran, Wales following a technical problem. All four crew exited safely.[55]

On March 5, 2017, a Bell 412 EP of the Nagano Prefecture Air Rescue Team crashed on Mt Hachibuse in Nagano Prefecture, Japan during a training flight. All nine personnel on board were killed.[56][57][58]

On October 6, 2017, a Bell 412 of the Mexican military crashed in the state of Durango, injuring one person and possibly killing seven more people aboard.[59]

Specifications (412EP)Edit

Rotor head and transmission of a Bell 412

Data from International Directory of Civil Aircraft,[60] Bell 412EP Product Specifications[61]

General characteristics


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Bell 412.
  2. ^ "Bell Helicopter Introduces the Bell 412EPI: Boosts Performance and Reliability" (Press release). Las Vegas, NV: Textron. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Bell/Agusta Bell 412 – Medium Transport Helicopter, USA/Italy,[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ a b c d Model 212 Twin Huey: USN-USMC UH-1N / Model 412 Archived February 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.., 1 December 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "World Air Forces 2015". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Rossi presentó dos nuevos helicópteros que se incorporarán a la Fuerza Aérea Argentina". 
  7. ^ Donald, David Fuji and Bell Working Together for UH-X July 12, 2017 AI Online Retrieved February 22, 2017
  8. ^ Bell Helicopter Congratulates Fuji Heavy Industries on Japanese Ministry of Defense UH-X Contract Award September 2, 2015 Bell Helicopters Retrieved February 22, 2017
  9. ^ FHI UH-X (Bell Model 412EPI) Military Troop Transport Helicopter / Support Gunship Military Factory Retrieved February 22, 2017
  10. ^ UH-X Multipurpose Helicopter Global Security Retrieved February 22, 2017
  11. ^ Adamowski, Jaroslaw (14 November 2017). "Montenegro opts for Bell helos, eyes armored vehicles, radars". Defense News. Warsaw. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  12. ^
  13. ^ Cherisey, de, Erwin (3 February 2017). "Nigerian Air Force receives two Bell 412 helicopters". IHS Jane's 360. Paris, France. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Philippines Air Force Takes Eighth, Final Delivery of Bell 412EP". Aviation International News. 
  15. ^ "Introduction (Coast guard, Korea, South), Coast guard". Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "South Korean Coast Guard Bell 412EP". Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "กองบินตำรวจ ข่าวสารและกิจกรรม". 
  18. ^ "Turkey And Georgia Conducted A Naval Exercise". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "Bolivarian Armada of Venezuela". ©Copyright 2012 Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  20. ^ "Australian Aircraft Register searching for Australian Helicopters Pty Ltd". Civil Aviation Safety Authority Australia. 
  21. ^ "RAC Rescue Helicopters". 
  22. ^ "Queenslanders Gov.t Fleet". Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  23. ^ "Bell 412EPI helicopter for NSW Police Force". 
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ "PF tem mais dois helicópteros que não levantam voo há quase dois anos". Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
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  28. ^ "ARCHIVED - Bell 412 (ASRA)". 
  29. ^ "BELL 412 -Aviación Policial de la Policía Nacional". National Police of Colombia. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  30. ^ "Czech-Republic Police". ©Copyright 2012 Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "The Border Guard's vessels and aircraft". 
  32. ^ "Agusta AB-412 in Carabinieri". Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  33. ^ "AB-412 Guardia di Finanza". Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  34. ^ Roelofs, Erik (April 2012). "Italy's Flying Foresters". Air International. Vol. 82 no. 4. pp. 78–81. ISSN 0306-5634. 
  35. ^ "第二管区海上保安本部 仙台航空基地". 
  36. ^ Thompson, Paul Police Air Units J-HangarSpace Retrieved February 22, 2017
  37. ^ "Helikopterji in oprema". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  38. ^ "Great Lake Saviors". Vertical Magazine. 16 November 2011. 
  39. ^ "Delaware Marks 40 Years of Service". © Copyright 2010 by the Airborne Law Enforcement Association. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  40. ^ "LAFD Air Ops". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  41. ^ "L.A. County Fire". Archived from the original on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  42. ^ "Miami-Dade-Fire-Rescue". © 2012 Miami-Dade Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  43. ^ "NYPD Bell 412". ©Copyright 2012 Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  44. ^ "Orange County Fire Authority's New Bell 412 Fire and Rescue Helicopters". ©Copyright 2012 Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  45. ^ "San-Diego-Fire signs for Bell-412". 2012 Copyright Shephard Press Limited. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  46. ^ "Bald Eagle Rescue is a team effort". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  47. ^ "Kohat GOC, six other officers die in copter crash: Technical fault caused accident: ISPR". Dawn. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  48. ^ "General killed in Pakistan crash". BBC News. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  49. ^ Missing govt chopper supposed to return due to bad weather Archived April 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ Cadalig, Jane (9 April 2009). "No survivors in chopper crash". Sun.Star. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2009. 
  51. ^ "Cameroon Military aircraft crash report - official version". 
  52. ^ "Un muerto y ocho heridos deja caída de helicóptero". Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  53. ^ "Bilal, Magufuli escape death in copter crash". 14 April 2014. 
  54. ^ "Indonesia helicopter crash: 13 dead, body of a missing soldier discovered". 20 March 2016. 
  55. ^ "RAF helicopter fire on Snowdonia peak after technical problem". 9 August 2016. 
  56. ^ ASN Aircraft 05-Mar-2017 Bell 412EP JA97NA Aviation Safety Network Retrieved March 6, 2017
  57. ^ All nine crew members aboard crashed Nagano rescue helicopter confirmed dead March 6, 2017 Japan Times Retrieved March 6, 2017
  58. ^ No survivors after Japanese government rescue helicopter crashes in mountainous Nagano March 5, 2017 South China Morning Post Retrieved March 6, 2017
  59. ^ "Mexico military helicopter crashes in northern state, seven presumed dead". Reuters. 6 October 2017. 
  60. ^ Frawley, Gerald. The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003/2004, p. 45. Aerospace Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7.
  61. ^ Bell Helicopter, January 2006 Archived October 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, Vol. 180 No. 5321, 13–19 December 2011. pp. 26–52.

External linksEdit