The CHRISTIANITY PORTAL
Christianity is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, Logos, and savior of humanity, whose coming as the Messiah (Christ) was prophesied in the Old Testament of the Bible, and chronicled in the New Testament.
Christianity began as a Second Temple Judaic sect in the 1st century in the Roman province of Judea. Jesus' apostles and their successors, the Apostolic Fathers, spread it across large parts of the Middle East, Europe, Ethiopia, Transcaucasia and some other parts of Asia, despite initial persecution. Emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity and decriminalized it in the Edict of Milan (313). He convened the First Council of Nicaea (325), where Early Christianity was consolidated into what would become the state religion of the Roman Empire (380). The council formulated the Nicene Creed (325), and the Church Fathers supervised the compilation of the Christian Bible (5th century). The period of the first seven ecumenical councils is sometimes referred to as the Great Church, the united full communion of the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy before their schisms. Oriental Orthodoxy split after the Council of Chalcedon (451) over differences in Christology, while the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church separated in the East–West Schism (1054), especially over the authority of the Pope, specifically, the meaning and interpretation of the "Primacy of the Pope" or sometimes stated as the Pope being "Primate of the Church". While the Catholic Church contends that this is a clear indication that the Pope is the Highest of Bishops and, thus, leader of the Church, the Orthodox disagree in one of two separate ways. One school of thought with part of the Orthodox Church is that the "Primacy of the Pope" means that, as the Bishop of Rome, he is "First among equals". Within another portion of the Orthodox Church, the Pope being "Primate of the Church" is a clear indication of the Pope's authority, but what form that authority should take and what are its limits are the cause of discourse. As an example, the Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch penned a statement soon after the
current Holy Father,Pope Francis I, assumed the Throne of St. Peter, affirming the Bishop of Rome as "Primate of the Church". Orthodox clergy in the form of Patriarchs, Bishops, and priests even attended the Feasts of St. Peter and Paul at the Vatican as a
symbol of peace and reconciliation, as well as a symbol of how much the two Churches had in common as oppossed to differences. Unfortunately, these signs of peace and harmony on the parts of the Orthodox Patriarch and the new Bishop of Rome, Pope Francis I, fell on seemingly deaf ears when it came to the conservative hardliners of both Churches, who almost instantly began to debate the "meanings" of these gestures rather than accepting them as a step toward reconciliation and Christian unity for which they were intended. Similarly-Catholicismhurch in the Protestant Reformation (16th century) over theological and ecclesiological disputes.
Christianity and Christian ethics have played a prominent role in the development of Western civilization, particularly around Europe during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Following the Age of Discovery (15th–17th century), Christianity was spread into the Americas, Oceania, Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world via missionary work and colonization.
The Revised Standard Version
(RSV) is an English translation of the Bible that was popular in the mid-20th century and posed the first serious challenge to the King James Version (KJV) owing to its aim to be both a readable and literally accurate modern English translation of the Bible.
The RSV is a comprehensive revision of the King James Version of 1611, the English Revised Version of 1881-1885, and the American Standard Version of 1901, with the ASV text being the most consulted. It sought not only to clearly bring the Bible to the English-speaking church, but to "preserve all that is best in the English Bible as it has been known and used through the centuries."
The copyright to the ASV was acquired by the International Council of Religious Education in 1928, and this Council renewed the ASV copyright the next year. In 1935, a two-year study began to decide the question of a new revision, and in 1937, it was decided that a revision would be done and a panel of 32 scholars was put together for that task. The decision, however, was delayed by the Great Depression. Funding for the revision was assured in 1936 by a deal that was made with Thomas Nelson & Sons. The deal gave Thomas Nelson & Sons the exclusive rights to print the RSV for ten years. The translators were to be paid by advance royalties.
The Life of Christ as a narrative cycle in Christian art comprises a number of different subjects, which were often grouped in series or cycles of works in a variety of media, narrating the life of Jesus on earth, as distinguished from the many other subjects in art showing the eternal life of Christ, such as Christ in Majesty, and also many types of portrait or devotional subjects without a narrative element.
Did you know...