1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1874th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 874th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1874, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1874 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1874
Ab urbe condita2627
Armenian calendar1323
Assyrian calendar6624
Baháʼí calendar30–31
Balinese saka calendar1795–1796
Bengali calendar1281
Berber calendar2824
British Regnal year37 Vict. 1 – 38 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2418
Burmese calendar1236
Byzantine calendar7382–7383
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4570 or 4510
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4571 or 4511
Coptic calendar1590–1591
Discordian calendar3040
Ethiopian calendar1866–1867
Hebrew calendar5634–5635
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1930–1931
 - Shaka Samvat1795–1796
 - Kali Yuga4974–4975
Holocene calendar11874
Igbo calendar874–875
Iranian calendar1252–1253
Islamic calendar1290–1291
Japanese calendarMeiji 7
Javanese calendar1802–1803
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4207
Minguo calendar38 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar406
Thai solar calendar2416–2417
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
2000 or 1619 or 847
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
2001 or 1620 or 848



  • January 1 – New York City annexes The Bronx.
  • January 2Ignacio María González becomes head of state of the Dominican Republic for the first time.
  • January 3Third Carlist WarBattle of Caspe: Campaigning on the Ebro in Aragon for the Spanish Republican Government, Colonel Eulogio Despujol surprises a Carlist force under Manuel Marco de Bello at Caspe, northeast of Alcañiz. In a brilliant action the Carlists are routed, losing 200 prisoners and 80 horses, while Despujol is promoted to Brigadier and becomes Conde de Caspe.
  • January 20 – The Pangkor Treaty (also known as the Pangkor Engagement), by which the British extended their control over first the Sultanate of Perak, and later the other independent Malay States, is signed.
  • January 23
  • February 21 – The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first issue.
  • February 23Walter Clopton Wingfield patents a game called "sphairistike", which is more commonly called lawn tennis.
  • February 2425Third Carlist War – First Battle of Somorrostro: Determined to raise the siege of Bilbao by the Pretender Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano sends General Domingo Moriones with a relief force of 14,000 men. Carlists, under General Nicolás Ollo, entrenched at Somorrostro outside Bilbao, drive back a courageous assault by General Fernando Primo de Rivera and then the entire Republican army. The republicans lose 1,200 men, and Moriones loses his nerve, demanding reinforcements and a replacement for himself. Moriones, men entrench and wait.
  • March 14Third Carlist War – Battle of Castellfollit de la Roca: Appointed to command the Spanish Republican army in the north, General Ramón Nouvilas attempts to relieve the Carlist siege of Olot in Girona. But at Castellfollit de la Roca, in one of the Government's worst defeats, Nouvilas is routed by Carlist General Francesc Savalls, and captured along with about 2,000 of his men. Olot capitulates two days later.
  • March 15France and Viet Nam sign the Second Treaty of Saigon, further recognizing the full sovereignty of France over Cochinchina.
  • March 18
    • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States, granting exclusive trading rights.
    • The Dresden English Football Club is founded, the first soccer club on the European mainland.
  • March 25: The Republic of Ecuador is consecrated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, carried out by the then president Gabriel García Moreno and supported, blessed and specified by Pope Pius IX.
  • March 2527Third Carlist War – Second Battle of Somorrostro: In a renewed attempt to raise the siege of Bilbao by Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano himself arrives with 27,000 men and 70 cannon. However, in three days of fierce fighting, the Carlist General Joaquín Elío, with just 17,000 men, once again drives off the attack at nearby Somorrostro, and it is another six weeks before Serrano manages to relieve Bilbao.
  • March – The Young Men's Hebrew Association in Manhattan (which still operates today as the 92nd Street Y) is founded.




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