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1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1874th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 874th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1874, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1874 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1874
MDCCCLXXIV
Ab urbe condita 2627
Armenian calendar 1323
ԹՎ ՌՅԻԳ
Assyrian calendar 6624
Bahá'í calendar 30–31
Balinese saka calendar 1795–1796
Bengali calendar 1281
Berber calendar 2824
British Regnal year 37 Vict. 1 – 38 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2418
Burmese calendar 1236
Byzantine calendar 7382–7383
Chinese calendar 癸酉(Water Rooster)
4570 or 4510
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4571 or 4511
Coptic calendar 1590–1591
Discordian calendar 3040
Ethiopian calendar 1866–1867
Hebrew calendar 5634–5635
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1930–1931
 - Shaka Samvat 1795–1796
 - Kali Yuga 4974–4975
Holocene calendar 11874
Igbo calendar 874–875
Iranian calendar 1252–1253
Islamic calendar 1290–1291
Japanese calendar Meiji 7
(明治7年)
Javanese calendar 1802–1803
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4207
Minguo calendar 38 before ROC
民前38年
Nanakshahi calendar 406
Thai solar calendar 2416–2417
Tibetan calendar 阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
2000 or 1619 or 847
    — to —
阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
2001 or 1620 or 848

Contents

EventsEdit

January–MarchEdit

  • January – The Pangkor Treaty (also known as the Pangkor Engagement), by which the British extended their control over first the Sultanate of Perak, and later the other independent Malay States, is signed.
  • January 1 – New York City annexes The Bronx.
  • January 2Ignacio María González becomes head of state of the Dominican Republic for the first time.
  • January 3Third Carlist WarBattle of Caspe: Campaigning on the Ebro in Aragon for the Spanish Republican Government, Colonel Eulogio Despujol surprises a Carlist force under Manuel Marco de Bello at Caspe, northeast of Alcañiz. In a brilliant action the Carlists are routed, losing 200 prisoners and 80 horses, while Despujol is promoted to Brigadier and becomes Conde de Caspe.
  • January 23
  • February 21 – The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first issue.
  • February 23Walter Clopton Wingfield patents a game called "sphairistike", which is more commonly called lawn tennis.
  • February 2425Third Carlist War – First Battle of Somorrostro: Determined to raise the siege of Bilbao by the Pretender Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano sends General Domingo Moriones with a relief force of 14,000 men. Carlists, under General Nicolás Ollo, entrenched at Somorrostro outside Bilbao, drive back a courageous assault by General Fernando Primo de Rivera and then the entire Republican army. The republicans lose 1,200 men, and Moriones loses his nerve, demanding reinforcements and a replacement for himself. Moriones, men entrench and wait.
  • March 14Third Carlist War – Battle of Castellfollit de la Roca: Appointed to command the Spanish Republican army in the north, General Ramón Nouvilas attempts to relieve the Carlist siege of Olot in Girona. But at Castellfollit de la Roca, in one of the Government’s worst defeats, Nouvilas is routed by Carlist General Francesc Savalls, and captured along with about 2,000 of his men. Olot capitulates two days later.
  • March 15France and Viet Nam sign the Second Treaty of Saigon, further recognizing the full sovereignty of France over Cochinchina.
  • March 18
    • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States, granting exclusive trading rights.
    • The Dresden English Football Club is founded, the first soccer club on the European mainland.
  • March 2527Third Carlist War – Second Battle of Somorrostro: In a renewed attempt to raise the siege of Bilbao by Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano himself arrives with 27,000 men and 70 cannon. However, in three days of fierce fighting, the Carlist General Joaquín Elío, with just 17,000 men, once again drives off the attack at nearby Somorrostro, and it is another six weeks before Serrano manages to relieve Bilbao.
  • March – The Young Men's Hebrew Association in Manhattan (which still operates today as the 92nd Street Y) is founded.

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

  • July 1
  • July 14 – The Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicago's city council.
  • July 23Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • July 24
    • Mathew Evans and Henry Woodward patent the first incandescent lamp, with an electric light bulb.
    • Third Carlist War – Sack of Cuenca: After Carlist forces successfully defend Estella, Don Alfonso de Bourbon, brother of the Don Carlos VII, leads 14,000 Catalan Carlists south to attack Cuenca (136 km from Madrid), held by Republicans under Don Hilario Lozano. After two days the outnumbered garrison capitulates, but Don Alfonso permits a terrible slaughter. The city is sacked. Subsequently, another republican force defeats the disorderly Catalans, who flee back to the Ebro.
  • July 31Patrick Francis Healy, S.J., the first Black man to receive a PhD, is inaugurated as president of Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic University in America, and becomes the first Black to head a predominantly White university.
  • August 11Third Carlist War – Battle of Oteiza: Two months after Government forces were repulsed from Carlist-held Estella, in Navarre, Republican General Domingo Moriones makes a fresh diversionary attack a few miles to the southeast at Oteiza. In heavy fighting Moriones secures a costly tactical victory over Carlist General Torcuato Mendíri, but the war continues another 18 months, before Estella finally falls.
  • September 14Battle of Liberty Place: In New Orleans, former Confederate Army members of the White League temporarily drive Republican Governor William P. Kellogg from office, replacing him with former Democratic Governor John McEnery. U.S. Army troops restore Kellogg to office five days later.[3]
  • September 28Texas–Indian wars: U.S. Army Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie leads his force of 600 men on the successful raid of the last sanctuary of the Kiowa, Comanche and Cheyenne Indian tribes, a village inside the Palo Duro Canyon in Texas, and carries out their removal to the designated Indian reservations in Oklahoma.[4]

October–DecemberEdit

Date unknownEdit

BirthsEdit

January–MarchEdit

April–JuneEdit

July–SeptemberEdit

October–DecemberEdit

DeathsEdit

January–JuneEdit

July–DecemberEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geni: Kmdt. Gert Andries Jacobus Alberts, b1c5d3e1 (Accessed on 17 April 2017)
  2. ^ Standard Catalog of World Paper Money General Issues, 1368 - 1960. 2008. p. 1088. ISSN 1538-2001. 
  3. ^ "Chief Justice Edward Douglass White", by William H. Forman, Jr., in ABA Journal (March 1970) p261
  4. ^ Frances H. Kennedy, American Indian Places: A Historical Guidebook (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008) p168
  5. ^ "The Yomiuri Shimbun : Corporate Profile of The Yomiuri Shimbun". Corporate Profile of The Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-07-23. 
  6. ^ “Attitude of the Easy Boss”.
  7. ^ "Old House of Keys". Isle of Man Guide. Retrieved 2012-08-11.