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1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1944 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1944
MCMXLIV
Ab urbe condita2697
Armenian calendar1393
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԳ
Assyrian calendar6694
Bahá'í calendar100–101
Balinese saka calendar1865–1866
Bengali calendar1351
Berber calendar2894
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 9 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2488
Burmese calendar1306
Byzantine calendar7452–7453
Chinese calendar癸未(Water Goat)
4640 or 4580
    — to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
Coptic calendar1660–1661
Discordian calendar3110
Ethiopian calendar1936–1937
Hebrew calendar5704–5705
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2000–2001
 - Shaka Samvat1865–1866
 - Kali Yuga5044–5045
Holocene calendar11944
Igbo calendar944–945
Iranian calendar1322–1323
Islamic calendar1363–1364
Japanese calendarShōwa 19
(昭和19年)
Javanese calendar1874–1875
Juche calendar33
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4277
Minguo calendarROC 33
民國33年
Nanakshahi calendar476
Thai solar calendar2487
Tibetan calendar阴水羊年
(female Water-Goat)
2070 or 1689 or 917
    — to —
阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918

EventsEdit

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" suffix.

JanuaryEdit

 
US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944.

FebruaryEdit

 
The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944.

MarchEdit

 
The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

AprilEdit

MayEdit

 
The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, May 1, 1944.

JuneEdit

 
Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.
 
LVTs heading for shore on June 15, 1944 during the Battle of Saipan.

JulyEdit

 
The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler.
 
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of Jelgava, summer 1944.
 
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944.

AugustEdit

Szare Szeregi Scouts also fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka liberated by Polish soldiers from Batalion Zośka, August 5, 1944.
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the Liberation of Paris, August 26, 1944.

SeptemberEdit

 
Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

OctoberEdit

 
Henry Larsen becomes the first person successfully to navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions, westbound, July–October 1944.
 
American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, October 20, 1944.
 
The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton afire, east of Luzon, October 24, 1944.
 
Volkssturm founded in October 1944.
 
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, October 20, 1944.
 
Battle of Leyte Gulf between United States and Japan, October 23, 1944.

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

 
Victims of the Malmedy massacre
 
December 15: American bandleader Glenn Miller disappears into the English Channel.
 
George Marshall becomes the first U.S. Five-Star General on December 16, 1944.

Date unknownEdit

BirthsEdit

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

DeathsEdit

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

DecemberEdit

Nobel PrizesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ford, Ken (2004). Cassino 1944: Breaking the Gustav Line. Oxford: Osprey. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-84176-623-2.
  2. ^ "Convoy Mo-Ta-06 (モタ61船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Greatest Maritime Disasters". International Registry of Sunken Ships. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  4. ^ "More Maritime Disasters of World War II". George Duncan. Archived from the original on April 4, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "List of sunken ships in Pacific War (太平洋戦争時の喪失船舶明細表)" (PDF). Sunken Ships Record Association (戦没船を記録する会). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 2, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  6. ^ Kynaston, David (2007). Austerity Britain 1945–1951. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-7985-4.
  7. ^ fr:Semaine rouge (Rouen)
  8. ^ "Convoy Take Ichi" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  9. ^ Small, Ken; Rogerson, Mark (1988). The Forgotten Dead – Why 946 American Servicemen Died off the Coast of Devon in 1944 – and the Man who Discovered their True Story. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-0309-5.
  10. ^ Fenton, Ben (April 26, 2004). "The disaster that could have scuppered Overlord". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  11. ^ Savill, Richard (April 26, 2004). "Last of torpedo survivors remembers brave buddies". The Daily Telegraph.
  12. ^ Wasley, Gerald (1994). Devon at War, 1939–1945. Tiverton: Devon Books. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-86114-885-1.
  13. ^ a b "Year by Year 1944" – History Channel International
  14. ^ Kaiser, Don (2011). "K-Ships Across the Atlantic" (PDF). Naval Aviation News. 93 (2). Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  15. ^ Asperger, H. (1991) [1944]. "'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta (ed.). Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 978-0-521-38448-3.
  16. ^ Asperger, Hans (June 3, 1944). "Die "Autistischen Psychopathen" im Kindesalter". Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. 117 (1): 76–136. doi:10.1007/BF01837709.
  17. ^ Foot, M. R. D. (1999). SOE: An Outline History of the Special Operations Executive 1940–46. London: Pimlico. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-7126-6585-8.
  18. ^ a b c d Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
  19. ^ Neufeld, Michael J. (1995). The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. New York: The Free Press. pp. 158, 160–162, 190.
  20. ^ "Nikkin Maru - Casualties (日錦丸の被害)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  21. ^ 56 F. Supp. 716 (N.D. Cal 1944).
  22. ^ Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996). Me 262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 978-3-925505-21-8.
  23. ^ Prose, Francine (August 1, 2014). "Anne Frank's final entry". CNN. Retrieved August 1, 2014. On Friday, August 4, 1944... a car pulled up in front of a spice warehouse at 263 Prinsengracht in Amsterdam. Inside the car were an Austrian Gestapo officer and his Dutch subordinates, who, acting on a tip-off (whose source has never been identified), had come to arrest the eight Jews who had been hiding for two years in an attic above the warehouse. The eight prisoners were taken to a deportation camp, from where they were sent to Auschwitz. Only one of them, Otto Frank, would survive.
  24. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3.
  25. ^ "Convoy Hi-71 (ヒ71船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  26. ^ Van der Zee, Henri A. (1982). The Hunger Winter: Occupied Holland 1944–5. London: Norman & Hobhouse. ISBN 978-0-906908-71-6.
  27. ^ van der Kuil, Peter (March 2003). "List of Casualties". The Sinking of the Junyo Maru. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012.
  28. ^ Larsen, Henry A. (1967). The Big Ship: an autobiography. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.
  29. ^ "Across the Northwest Passage: The Larsen Expeditions". University of Calgary. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  30. ^ "Antwerp, "City of Sudden Death"". V2Rocket.com. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  31. ^ Gile, Chester A. (February 1963). "The Mount Hood Explosion". Proceedings.
  32. ^ a b "Convoy Hi-81 (ヒ81船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  33. ^ As Kenneth Branagh reprises the role over forty years later, in his successful remake.
  34. ^ Reed, John (1977). "Largest Wartime Explosions: 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, Staffs. November 27, 1944". After the Battle. 18: 35–40. ISSN 0306-154X.
  35. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3.
  36. ^ "The Sinking of SS Leopoldville". uboat.net. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
  37. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 392–394. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
  38. ^ "Battle of Britain". ww2db.com. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  39. ^ Guggisberg, Charles Albert Walter (1961). Simba: the life of the lion. Cape Town: Howard Timmins.
  40. ^ "BC Zalgiris Kaunas basketball team". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  41. ^ "Biografía de Angelica Maria" [Biography of Angelica Maria]. Buena Musica (in Spanish).