Bulgarian Fatherland Front

  (Redirected from Fatherland Front (Bulgaria))

The Fatherland Front (Bulgarian: Отечествен фронт, ОФ, romanizedOtechestven front, OF) began as a Bulgarian Bolshevik political resistance movement during World War II. The Zveno movement, the communist Bulgarian Workers Party, a wing of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union and the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party, were all part of the OF. The constituent groups of the OF had widely contrasting ideologies and had united only in the face of the pro-German militarist dictatorship in Bulgaria. At the beginning, the members of the OF worked together, without a single dominating group. Professional associations and unions could be members of the front and maintain their organisational independence. However, the Bulgarian Communist Party soon began to dominate. In 1944, after the Soviet Union had declared war on Bulgaria, the OF committed a coup d'état and they declared war on Germany and the other Axis nations. The OF government, headed by Kimon Georgiev (Zveno), immediately signed a ceasefire treaty with the Soviet Union.

Fatherland Front

Отечествен фронт
FoundedJuly 17, 1942 (1942-07-17)
Dissolved1989
Succeeded byОтечествен съюз (Fatherland Union)
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Political positionFar-left
Party flag
Flag of the Bulgarian Homeland Front.svg

On November 18, 1945, it won a large majority after being the only party or alliance listed on the ballot.[1] In 1946 Georgiev resigned and his successor was Georgi Dimitrov, leader of the communists, and Bulgaria became a People's Republic. It eventually transformed into a wide-ranging popular front under overall Communist control, and all member parties except the Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union dissolved. With the end of Communism in 1989 it was dissolved.

Chairmen of the National CouncilEdit

Electoral historyEdit

Grand National Assembly electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1949 4,588,996 100%
241 / 241
  241
1953 4,981,594 99.8%
249 / 249
  8
1957 5,204,027 100%
247 / 247
  2
1962 5,461,224 100%
321 / 321
  74
1966 5,744,072 100%
414 / 414
  93
1971 6,154,082 100%
400 / 400
  14
1976 6,369,762 100%
400 / 400
 
1981 6,519,674 100%
400 / 400
 
1986 6,639,562 100%
400 / 400
 
1990 only Constituencies
2 / 400
  398

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jessup, John E. (1989). A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24308-5.