Geraldine Leigh Chaplin (born July 31, 1944) is an American-born British-Spanish actress. She is the fourth child of Charlie Chaplin, the first of eight with fourth wife Oona O'Neill. After beginnings in dance and modeling, she turned her attention to acting, and made her English-language acting debut (and came to prominence in what would be a Golden Globe-nominated role) in her portrayal of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago (1965). She made her Broadway acting debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes in 1967, and received her second Golden Globe nomination for Robert Altman's Nashville (1975). She received a BAFTA nomination for her role in Welcome to L.A. (1976). She played her grandmother Hannah Chaplin in the biopic, Chaplin (1992) for which she received her third Golden Globe nomination.
Chaplin in 2016
Geraldine Leigh Chaplin
July 31, 1944
Patricio Castilla (m. 2006)
|Partner(s)||Carlos Saura (1967–1979)|
|Children||2, including Oona|
|Parent(s)||Charlie Chaplin |
|Relatives||See Chaplin family|
|Awards||Goya Award for Best Supporting Actor|
Chaplin has appeared in a wide variety of critically recognised Spanish and French films. She starred in Les Uns et les Autres (1981), Life Is a Bed of Roses (1983) and the Jacques Rivette experimental films Noroît (1976) and Love on the Ground (1984). She enjoyed her greatest critical success collaborating with her long time life partner, director Carlos Saura,[not verified in body] starring in his films Ana and the Wolves (1973), Cría Cuervos (1976), Elisa, vida mía (1977), and Mamá cumple cien años (1979). She was awarded a Goya Award for her role in En la ciudad sin límites (2002), and was nominated again for The Orphanage (2007).[not verified in body] Her contribution to Spanish cinema culminated in her being awarded the Gold medal by the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences in 2006. In 2018, she starred in Red Land (Rosso Istria), Italian movie by Maximiliano Hernando Bruno based on Norma Cossetto and the foibe massacres.
Early life and educationEdit
Geraldine Leigh Chaplin was born on July 31, 1944, in Santa Monica, California, the fourth child of actor and filmmaker Charlie Chaplin, and the first child of his fourth wife, Oona O'Neill, whom he married in 1943. Charlie Chaplin was 55 when Geraldine Chaplin was born and Oona was 19 years old. Chaplin was the first of their eight children. Her paternal grandparents were English singers Charles Chaplin Sr. and Hannah Chaplin (born Hannah Harriet Pedlingham Hill), and her maternal grandparents were Nobel- and Pulitzer-Prize-winning American playwright Eugene O'Neill and English-born writer Agnes Boulton.
When Chaplin was eight years old, her father took the family on vacation to Britain and Europe. Two days after the family set sail, the U.S. Attorney General signed an order refusing him permission to re-enter the country. Chaplin’s father moved the family to Switzerland. She attended boarding school there, where she became fluent in French and Spanish. Also in this time period, Chaplin appeared in a small part in her father's film Limelight (1952).
Dance and modelingEdit
At 17 years of age, Chaplin decided to forgo college to pursue dance instead, and studied ballet for two years in England, including a period in 1961 at the Royal Ballet School. Chaplin then danced professionally for a year in Paris. Although a good dancer, she felt she had not trained from an early enough age to excel at it and so gave up ballet. Said Chaplin "I didn't leave ballet, ballet left me".[This quote needs a citation][not in citation given] It was a great disappointment to her.
Chaplin then found work as a fashion model in Paris. She was then discovered by David Lean.[when?][where?] It would be many years before she could bring herself to see a ballet performance.
Discovery and early acting, 1965–69Edit
When her dream of becoming a ballet dancer ended, Chaplin followed her father into what would become a prolific acting career. She came to prominence in the role of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago (1965). David Lean chose her to play the main character's wife, for which she received a Golden Globe Award nomination in the category, "Most Promising Female Newcomer." In an interview to publicize the film, she explained, "Because of my name, the right doors opened."
In 1967, she made her Broadway debut in Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes. Her performance was praised by Clive Barnes in a New York Times review, where he noted that Chaplin "acts with spirit and force… with a magnificently raw-voiced sincerity" giving a performance of "surprising power."
The Hawaiians through Cría Cuervos, 1970–79Edit
Chaplin then appeared in The Three Musketeers (1973), as well as the sequel, The Four Musketeers (1974). Chaplin was cast as the obnoxious BBC reporter Opal in Robert Altman's Nashville (1975), for which she received her second Golden Globe nomination, for Best Supporting Actress. She went on to star in the Altman films Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976), and then A Wedding (1978), doing Roseland (1977) in between.
Chaplin later occasionally co-wrote scripts for and starred in several later Saura films—for these, receiving her greatest critical success—such as Ana and the Wolves (1973), Cría Cuervos (1976), Elisa, vida mía (1977) and Mamá cumple cien años (1979). Cría Cuervos won the Special Jury Prize Award at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival. Critic Vincent Canby praised Chaplin's "superb" performance.
Chaplin starred in several films produced by Altman and directed by Alan Rudolph, with a BAFTA-nominated role in Welcome to L.A. (1976), in which she played a housewife addicted to cab rides. She received critical acclaim for her role in Remember My Name (1978), in which she played Anthony Perkins' murderous estranged wife.
In an interview with The New York Times in 1977,[full citation needed] Chaplin cited that her career was going more successfully in Europe than in the United States. She complained that "I only seem to work with Altman here ... I don't have any offers in this country, none. Not even an interesting script to read. The only person who ever asks me is Altman—and James Ivory."[This quote needs a citation]
French-language and other roles, 1980–89Edit
This section needs expansion with: in this and the following subsection, a more representative selection of career work, based on published sources. You can help by adding to it. (December 2016)
In the 1980s, Chaplin starred in several French-language roles, including Claude Lelouch's Les Uns et les Autres (1981), Alain Resnais' Life Is a Bed of Roses (1983), Jacques Rivette's experimental Love on the Ground (1984), and then the American film, I Want to Go Home (1989).
Chaplin also starred in Rudolph's 1920s-set film, The Moderns (1988).
Chaplin, Scorsese, and Zeffirelli, 1990–99Edit
In the biographical film about her father, Chaplin (1992), she played her grandmother Hannah Chaplin, for which she was nominated for her third Golden Globe Award. Soon after, she was directed by Martin Scorsese in The Age of Innocence (1993), and appeared in Franco Zeffirelli's version of Jane Eyre (1996).
Chaplin went on to appear in Mother Teresa: In the Name of God's Poor (1997).
The Spanish period, 2000–presentEdit
Chaplin received a Goya Mejor Actriz de Reparto for her role in Spanish-Argentine thriller En la ciudad sin límites (In the City Without Limits, 2002). Other notable Spanish films she collaborated with and appeared in Pedro Almodóvar's Talk to Her (2002), and Juan Antonio Bayona's The Orphanage (2007), for which she received a second Goya Award nomination. She also recently starred in the Catalan drama, The Mosquito Net (2010), for which she was awarded the Crystal Globe.
In 2006 Chaplin was awarded the gold medal by the Academia de las Artes y las Ciencias Cinematográficas de España—the Spanish Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences—for her contribution to Spanish cinema.
Chaplin appeared in The Wolfman, in 2010.
In Americano, she appeared with Salma Hayek, and featured with Jane Fonda in All Together (both 2011). She reunited with Juan Antonio Bayona for the film The Impossible (2012). Chaplin received the Best Actress Award at the Havana Film Festival for her role in the Dominican Republic film Sand Dollars (2014).
Chaplin has had two serious, long-term relationships. The first was with Spanish film director Carlos Saura, who directed her in several films. They have a son, Shane Saura Chaplin. In 1978, the Chaplin family were the victims of a failed extortion plot by kidnappers who had stolen the body of Charlie Chaplin. Geraldine Chaplin negotiated with the kidnappers, who had also threatened her infant son.
Her second long-term relationship has been with Chilean cinematographer Patricio Castilla, whom she married in 2006, and with whom she has a daughter, Oona.
As of 2011[update], Chaplin maintains a home in Miami, Florida. She also spends time in residences between Madrid, Spain, and Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland (the latter near the former long-time home of her and her father).
|1952||Limelight||Little Girl in Opening Scene||Charles Chaplin||Uncredited|
|1965||Crime on a Summer Morning||Zelda||Jacques Deray|
|Doctor Zhivago||Tonya Gromeko||David Lean||Nominated - Golden Globe Award Most Promising Newcomer|
|1966||Andremo in città||Lenka||Nelo Risi|
|1967||Casino Royale||Keystone Kop||Ken Hughes
|A Countess from Hong Kong||Girl at dance||Charlie Chaplin|
|I Killed Rasputin||Mounia Golovine||Robert Hossein|
|Stranger in the House||Angela Sawyer||Pierre Rouve|
|Peppermint Frappé||Elena / Ana||Carlos Saura|
|1968||Stress Is Three||Teresa|
|1980||Le Voyage en douce||Lucie||Michel Deville|
|The Mirror Crack'd||Ella Zielinsky||Guy Hamilton|
|1981||Les Uns et les Autres||Suzan / Sara Glenn||Claude Lelouch||Television film|
|The House of Mirth||Lily Bart||Adrian Hall|
|1983||Life Is a Bed of Roses||Nora Winkle||Alain Resnais|
|My Cousin Rachel||Contessa Rachel Sangalletti||Brian Farnham||Television miniseries|
|1984||Love on the Ground||Charlotte||Jacques Rivette|
|1987||White Mischief||Nina Soames||Michael Radford|
|1988||The Moderns||Nathalie de Ville||Alan Rudolph|
|1989||The Return of the Musketeers||Queen Anne of Austria||Richard Lester|
|I Want to Go Home||Terry Armstrong||Alain Resnais|
- Hollywood.com Staff (December 21, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin: Actor, Dancer". Hollywood.com. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- Allocine.com Staff (December 21, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin: État Civil, Biographie". Allocine.fr (in French). Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- Williams, Holly (July 15, 2011). "Funny Girl: The Not-So Silent Star Oona Chaplin". The Independent. London. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- McDonald, Patrick (October 27, 2016). "Interview: Geraldine Chaplin, at 52nd Chicago International Film Festival". HollywoodChicago.com. Chicago.
- Variety Staff (January 6, 1966). "MGM Leads In Golden Globe Nominations with 20; 'Zhivago' Has 6" (PDF compilation). Daily Variety. Hollywood, CA. 130 (24). Retrieved December 21, 2016. This online PDF contains an expertly assembled compilation of news reports and reviews about the movie.
- "Geraldine Chaplin to Make American debut in 'Tonia'". The New York Times. November 21, 1964. pp. 26
- Zolotow, Sam. "'Changes coming in "The Little Foxes"". The New York Times. November 2, 1967
- CINE-PREMIOS GOYA Geraldine Chaplin recibe Goya Mejor Actriz de Reparto. Spanish Newswire Services. February 1, 2003.
- "La Academia de Cine concede la medalla de oro a Geraldine Chaplin". El País. July 7, 2006
- Thomson, David (2010). "Geraldine Chaplin". The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. A Borzoi Book. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 172f. ISBN 0307271749. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- Erickson, Harold L.; Barson, Michael (August 25, 2016). "Charlie Chaplin: British Actor, Director, Writer, and Composer". Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- "More of a Long Story". www.eoneill.com.
- Maland, Charles J. (1989). Chaplin and American Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02860-5.
- Dale Bechtel (2002). "Film Legend Found Peace on Lake Geneva". www.swissinfo.ch/eng. Vevey. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Chaplin, Geraldine (November 1964). "Geraldine Chaplin". "Limelighters" (Interview). Interviewed by Oriana Fallaci. Madrid. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Reed, Rex "If My Name Was Annie Smith". The New York Times. December 10, 1967. pp. x7.
- Barnes, Clive. "Theater: 'The Little Foxes' Revisited". The New York Times. January 6, 1968. pp. 24
- "Geraldine Chaplin". www.goldenglobes.com.
- Smith, Paul Julian. "Cría cuervos . . . : The Past Is Not Past". The Criterion Collection.
- Canby, Vince. "Cria! Film on Childhood". The New York Times. May 19, 1977. pp. 71
- "1978 Film Supporting Actress - BAFTA Awards". awards.bafta.org.
- "Spanish director Vila wins at Czech film festival". The Independent. July 12, 2010.
- MYmovies.it. "Red Land (Rosso Istria)". MYmovies.it.
- Deseret News Staff (February 23, 1993). "Geraldine Chaplin: Living Among Ghosts". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Phillips, Michael (October 13, 2016). "Geraldine Chaplin and 'So Many Ghosts' at Essanay". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Hall, Jacob (March 6, 2017). "'Jurassic World 2' Will Toss Geraldine Chaplin Into the Maw of a T-Rex". /Film. Retrieved March 6, 2017.