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James Patrick McGranery (July 8, 1895 – December 23, 1962) was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and Attorney General of the United States.

James P. McGranery
James McGranery Attorney General.jpg
61st United States Attorney General
In office
April 4, 1952 – January 20, 1953
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byJ. Howard McGrath
Succeeded byHerbert Brownell Jr.
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
In office
August 7, 1946 – May 26, 1952
Appointed byHarry S. Truman
Preceded byHarry Ellis Kalodner
Succeeded byJohn W. Lord Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1937 – November 17, 1943
Preceded byWilliam H. Wilson
Succeeded byJoseph Marmaduke Pratt
Personal details
Born
James Patrick McGranery

(1895-07-08)July 8, 1895
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
DiedDecember 23, 1962(1962-12-23) (aged 67)
Palm Beach, Florida
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Fort Myer, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
EducationTemple University Beasley School of Law (LL.B.)

Education and careerEdit

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,[1][2] the son of Patrick McGranery, and Bridget (née Gallagher), both Irish immigrants,[3] McGranery attended the parochial schools and Maher Preparatory School. He was in the United States Army Air Corps as an observation pilot and as an adjutant in the 111th Infantry Regiment from 1917 to 1919. He received a Bachelor of Laws from Temple University Beasley School of Law in 1928 and was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar the same year. He entered the private practice of law in Philadelphia from 1928 to 1937. He was a member of the Democratic State Committee from 1928 to 1932. He was an unsuccessful candidate for District Attorney of Philadelphia County in 1931 and for election to the 74th United States Congress in 1934. He served as Chairman of the Registration Commission of the City of Philadelphia in 1935. He was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania from 1937 to 1943. He was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States in 1939. He was an assistant to the United States Attorney General in the United States Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. from 1943 to 1946.[1][2]

Congressional serviceEdit

McGranery was elected as a Democrat to the 75th United States Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1937, until his resignation on November 17, 1943, to become an assistant to the United States Attorney General.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

McGranery was nominated by President Harry S. Truman on July 31, 1946, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania vacated by Judge Harry Ellis Kalodner. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 31, 1946, and received his commission on August 7, 1946. He took the oath of office on October 9, 1946. His service was terminated on May 26, 1952, due to his resignation.[2]

Post judicial serviceEdit

 
McGranery (right) and President Harry S. Truman at the Oval Office in 1952.

McGranery was the Attorney General of the United States from May 27, 1952 to January 20, 1953.[1][2] McGranery revoked the re-entry permit of Charlie Chaplin, when he was accused of Communist sympathies.[4] He returned to the private practice of law in Washington, D.C., from 1954 until his death.[1][2]

DeathEdit

McGranery died on December 23, 1962, in Palm Beach, Florida.[1][2] He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Fort Myer, Virginia.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g United States Congress. "James P. McGranery (id: M000454)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "McGranery, James Patrick – Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  3. ^ "United States Census, 1900", FamilySearch, retrieved March 25, 2018
  4. ^ Woo, Elaine (2011-09-29). "Mo Rothman dies at 92; found new audience for Chaplin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-10-01.

External linksEdit