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Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

Pennsylvania's second congressional district includes all of Northeast Philadelphia and parts of North Philadelphia east of Broad Street, as well as portions of Philadelphia's River Wards. It has been represented by Democrat Brendan Boyle since 2019.

Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 2.png
Boundaries since January 2019
Representative
  Brendan Boyle
DPhiladelphia
Distribution
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2000)722,350
Median income30,646
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+25[1]

The district is demographically diverse, with 52% of residents identifying as white, 25% of residents identifying as black and 26% of residents identifying as hispanic or latino (of any race).[2]

Prior to 2018, the district covered West Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, and Northwest Philadelphia, as well as parts of South Philadelphia, Center City, and western suburbs such as Lower Merion Township in Montgomery County. Before the 113th Congress, the district did not contain Lower Merion Township but instead contained Cheltenham Township.

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional due to partisan gerrymandering. The new second district is essentially the successor to the previous first district. As such, it remained heavily Democratic for the 2018 election and representation thereafter. Brendan Boyle, the incumbent from the previous 13th district, ran for re-election in the new 2nd district.[3] Parts of the previous second district were shifted to the third.[4]

Congressman Chaka Fattah represented the district from 1995 to 2016. On July 29, 2015, Fattah and a group of associates were indicted on federal charges related to their alleged roles in a racketeering and influence peddling conspiracy.[5][6] On April 26, 2016, Dwight Evans toppled Fattah in a competitive Democratic primary election.[7] Fattah resigned June 23, 2016.[8] Evans then won a special election to fill Fattah's seat. He also won election for the regular term beginning January 3, 2017. Evans won re-election in the new 3rd congressional district.

List of members representing the districtEdit

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's At-large congressional district in 1791.

1791–1793: One seatEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Frederick Muhlenberg
Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1791.
Redistricted to the at-large district.

1795–1843: multiple seatsEdit

District created in 1795 from the at-large district.

Two additional seats were added in 1803. The third seat was eliminated in 1813, and the second seat eliminated in 1823. In 1833, the second seat was restored. In 1843, it returned to being a single-member district.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
4th March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
 
Frederick Muhlenberg
Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1794.
Retired.
No second seat No third seat
5th March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Blair McClenachan Democratic-Republican Elected in 1796.
Retired.
6th March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
 
Michael Leib
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
7th March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Frederick Conrad Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
Isaac Van Horne Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1802.
Retired.
9th March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
John Pugh Democratic-Republican Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
William Milnor Federalist Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
11th March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
John Ross Democratic-Republican Elected in 1808.
Retired.
12th March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
 
Jonathan Roberts
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
William Rodman Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Lost re-election as a Federalist.
13th March 4, 1813 –
February 24, 1814
Roger Davis Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 3rd district, and re-elected in 1812.
Retired.
No third seat
February 24, 1814 –
October 11, 1814
Vacant
October 11, 1814 –
March 3, 1815
Samuel Henderson Federalist Elected October 11, 1814 to finish Roberts's term and seated November 27, 1814.
Lost election the same day to the next term.
14th March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
 
William Darlington
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
John Hahn Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
15th March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
 
Isaac Darlington
Federalist Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Levi Pawling Federalist Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
 
William Darlington
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Lost re-election.
Samuel Gross Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
17th March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
 
Joseph Hemphill
Jacksonian Federalist Redistricted from the 1st district, and re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Resigned.
No second seat
19th March 4, 1825 –
1826
Jacksonian
1826 –
October 26, 1826
Vacant
October 26, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Thomas Kittera Anti-Jacksonian Elected to finish Hemphill's term in 1826.
Lost re-election.
20th March 4, 1827 –
January 14, 1828
General election ended in a tie vote and the seat remained vacant.
January 14, 1828 –
March 3, 1829
 
John Sergeant
Anti-Jacksonian Elected October 9, 1827 to finish the vacant term and seated January 14, 1828.
Lost re-election.
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
 
Joseph Hemphill
Jacksonian Elected in 1828.
Retired.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Henry Horn Jacksonian Elected in 1830.
Lost re-election.
23rd March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
 
Horace Binney
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1832.
Retired.
 
James Harper
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
Retired.
24th March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
 
Joseph R. Ingersoll
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1834.
Retired.
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
 
John Sergeant
Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Resigned.
George W. Toland Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
[Data unknown/missing.]
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
27th March 3, 1841 –
September 15, 1841
September 15, 1841 –
October 12, 1841
Vacant
October 12, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
 
Joseph R. Ingersoll
Whig Elected in 1841 to finish Sergeant's term.

1843–present: One seatEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Joseph R. Ingersoll
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
Declined to accept renomination.
 
Joseph R. Chandler
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
31st
32nd
33rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Job R. Tyson Whig March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
Edward J. Morris Republican March 4, 1857 –
June 8, 1861
35th
36th
37th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Minister to the Ottoman Empire.
Vacant June 8, 1861 –
July 2, 1861
 
Charles J. Biddle
Democratic July 2, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected to finish Morris's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles O'Neill
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38th
39th
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John V. Creely Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Disappeared on his way to the December 1871 Congressional session.
 
Charles O'Neill
Republican March 4, 1873 –
November 25, 1893
43rd
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant November 25, 1893 –
December 19, 1893
 
Robert Adams Jr.
Republican December 19, 1893 –
June 1, 1906
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected to finish O'Neill's term.
Died.
Vacant June 1, 1906 –
November 6, 1906
 
John E. Reyburn
Republican November 6, 1906 –
March 31, 1907
59th
60th
Elected to finish Adams's term.
Resigned to become Mayor of Philadelphia.
Vacant March 31, 1907 –
November 5, 1907
 
Joel Cook
Republican November 5, 1907 –
December 15, 1910
60th
61st
Elected to finish Reyburn's term.
Died.
Vacant December 15, 1910 –
May 23, 1911
 
William S. Reyburn
Republican May 23, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd Elected to finish Cook's term.
Retired.
 
George S. Graham
Republican March 4, 1913 –
July 4, 1931
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant July 4, 1931 –
November 3, 1931
Edward L. Stokes Republican November 3, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd Elected to finish Graham's term.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
James M. Beck
Republican March 3, 1933 –
September 30, 1934
73rd Redistricted from the 1st district.
Resigned to object to the New Deal.
Vacant September 30, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
William H. Wilson Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
James P. McGranery
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
November 17, 1943
75th
76th
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become United States Assistant Attorney General.
Vacant November 17, 1943 –
January 18, 1944
Joseph M. Pratt Republican January 18, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
78th Elected to finish McGranery's term.
Redistricted to the 3rd district and lost re-election.
 
William T. Granahan
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Robert N. McGarvey Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William T. Granahan
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
May 25, 1956
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 25, 1956 –
November 6, 1956
 
Kathryn E. Granahan
Democratic November 6, 1956 –
January 3, 1963
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected to finish her husband's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert N. C. Nix Sr.
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1979
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Redistricted from the 4th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William H. Gray III
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
September 11, 1991
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become President of the United Negro College Fund.
Vacant September 11, 1991 –
November 5, 1991
 
Lucien Blackwell
Democratic November 5, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
102nd
103rd
Elected to finish Gray's term.
Lost renomination.
 
Chaka Fattah
Democratic January 3, 1995 –
June 23, 2016
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination and Resigned.
Vacant June 23, 2016 –
November 8, 2016
 
Dwight Evans
Democratic November 8, 2016 –
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Elected to finish Fattah's term.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
 
Brendan Boyle
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Redistricted from the 13th district and elected in 2018.

Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional districtEdit

As of May 2017, two former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district are alive. The most recent representative to die was William H. Gray (served 1979–1991) on July 1, 2013. The most recently serving representative to die was Lucien Blackwell (served 1991–1995) on January 24, 2003.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Chaka Fattah 1995–2016 (1956-11-21) November 21, 1956 (age 63)
Dwight Evans 2016–2019 (1954-05-16) May 16, 1954 (age 65)

Historical district boundariesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/cong_dist/cd116/cd_based/ST42/CD116_PA02.pdf
  3. ^ Kopp, John (February 22, 2018). "Brendan Boyle to seek re-election in redrawn Philly congressional district". Philly Voice. Philadelphia, PA. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  4. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "Congressman Chaka Fattah and Associates Charged with Participating in Racketeering Conspiracy" (Press release). Federal Bureau of Investigation. July 29, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  6. ^ "Chaka Fattah indictment, full text - CNNPolitics.com". CNN. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  7. ^ Orso, Anna (April 26, 2016). "Pennsylvania primary: Dwight Evans topples longtime Congressman Chaka Fattah". Billy Penn. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  8. ^ "Rep. Chaka Fattah resigns after conviction, effective immediately" (Press release). CBS. June 23, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016.

External linksEdit