Joseph Hemphill

Joseph Hemphill (January 7, 1770 – May 29, 1842) was an American politician who served as a Federalist member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district from 1801 to 1803 and from 1829 to 1831.

Joseph Hemphill
JosephHemphill (cropped).jpg
Etching of Joseph Hemphill by Max Rosenthal
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Preceded byJoel Barlow Sutherland
Succeeded byJohn Goddard Watmough
In office
March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1803
Preceded byRichard Thomas
Succeeded bySee below
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1823 – 1826
Preceded bySee below
Succeeded byThomas Kittera
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1823
Preceded bySee below
Succeeded bySamuel Breck
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
1797-1800
Personal details
Born(1770-01-07)January 7, 1770
Thornbury Township, Province of Pennsylvania, British America
DiedMay 29, 1842(1842-05-29) (aged 72)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
Jacksonian Federalist
Jacksonian

BiographyEdit

Hemphill was born in Thornbury Township in the Province of Pennsylvania. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1791. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1793 and commenced practice in West Chester, Pennsylvania. He was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1797 to 1800. He also owned the Historic Strawberry Mansion in Fairmount Park and used it as his summer home from 1821 until his death in 1842.

Hemphill was elected as a Federalist to the Seventh Congress. He moved to Philadelphia in 1803, and again was a member of the State House of Representatives in 1805. He was appointed the first president judge of the district court of the city and county of Philadelphia. He was again elected as a Federalist to the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Congresses, elected as a Jackson Federalist to the Eighteenth Congress, and reelected as a Jacksonian to the Nineteenth Congress, and served until his resignation in 1826. He was again elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress. He was a member of the State House of Representatives in 1831 and 1832, and died in Philadelphia in 1842.[1]

His wife, Margaret Coleman Hemphill, was the sister of Anne Caroline Coleman, the fiancée of then-future President James Buchanan who also served as a U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. pp. 703–704. Retrieved July 16, 2017.

SourcesEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1803
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1823
alongside:
Samuel Edwards, John Sergeant, and Thomas Forrest (1819–1821)
Samuel Edwards, William Milnor, and John Sergeant (1821–1822)
Samuel Edwards, John Sergeant, and Thomas Forrest (1822–1823)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1823 – 1826
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Succeeded by