Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district

Pennsylvania's third congressional district includes several areas of the city of Philadelphia, including West Philadelphia, most of Center City, and parts of North Philadelphia. It has been represented by Democrat Dwight Evans since 2019. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+41, it is the most Democratic district in the nation.

Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 3.png
Boundaries since January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to old boundaries
Representative
  Dwight Evans
DPhiladelphia
Distribution
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2019)741,654
Median household
income
$49,897
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+41[1]

Prior to 2018, the district was located in the northwestern part of the state and included the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew this district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional. The new third district is similar to the old second district and was heavily Democratic for the 2018 election and representation thereafter.[2] Dwight Evans, the incumbent from the old 2nd district, ran for re-election in the new 3rd District.

The current version of the 3rd, like the old 2nd, is a heavily Democratic, black-majority district. In 2020, it gave Joe Biden 91 percent of the vote, his best showing in the nation.[3]

HistoryEdit

From 1983 to 2003, the district was located in Northeast Pennsylvania and was represented by Rep. Robert Borski; much of that district was merged with the 13th district after the 2000 census, while the 3rd was reconfigured to take in most of the territory in the old 21st district. This version of the 3rd supported President George W. Bush in 2004 as well as John McCain in 2008, Mitt Romney in 2012 and Donald Trump in 2016.

List of members representing the districtEdit

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's At-large congressional district in 1791

1791–1793: One seatEdit

Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Electoral history
2nd Israel Jacobs Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1791.
Redistricted to the at-large district and lost re-election.

1795–1823: One seat, then three, then twoEdit

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's At-large congressional district in 1795. Two additional seats were added in 1803, elected on a general ticket. One of those seats was eliminated in 1813.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
4th March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
 
Richard Thomas
Federalist Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
Second seat added in 1803 Third seat added in 1803
5th March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
6th March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
7th March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
 
Joseph Hemphill
Federalist Elected in 1800.
Lost re-election.
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
 
Joseph Hiester
Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1802.
Retired.
 
Isaac Anderson
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Retired.
John Whitehill Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
9th March 4, 1805 –
December 19, 1806
Christian Lower Democratic-Republican Elected in 1804.
Died.
December 19, 1806 –
March 3, 1807
Vacant
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
John Hiester Democratic-Republican Elected in 1806.
Retired.
Matthias Richards Democratic-Republican Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
Robert Jenkins Federalist Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
11th March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Daniel Hiester Democratic-Republican Re-elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
12th March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Roger Davis Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
John M. Hyneman Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Joseph Lefever Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Retired.
13th March 4, 1813 –
August 2, 1813
John Gloninger Federalist Elected in 1812.
Resigned to become associate judge of Lebanon County.
James Whitehill Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
Resigned.
Third seat eliminated in 1813.
August 2, 1813 –
October 12, 1813
Vacant
October 12, 1813 –
September 1, 1814
Edward Crouch Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Gloninger's term.
Retired.
September 1, 1814 –
October 11, 1814
Vacant
October 11, 1814 –
March 3, 1815
Amos Slaymaker Federalist Elected to finish Whitehill's term.
Re-elected in 1814.
Resigned.
14th March 4, 1815 –
July 3, 1815
John Whiteside Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
July 3, 1815 –
October 10, 1815
Vacant
October 10, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Slaymaker's term.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
15th March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Jacob Hibshman Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
17th March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
 
James Buchanan
Federalist Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
John Phillips Federalist Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 6th district and lost re-election.

1823–present: One seatEdit

The district was reorganized in 1823 to have one seat.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Daniel H. Miller Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
Lost re-election.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
John G. Watmough Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1835
22nd
23rd
Elected in 1830.
Re-elected in 1832.
Lost re-election.
Michael W. Ash Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th Elected in 1834.
Retired.
Francis J. Harper Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 18, 1837
25th Elected in 1836.
Died.
Vacant March 18, 1837 –
June 29, 1837
 
Charles Naylor
Whig June 29, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
26th Elected to finish Harper's term and seated September 4, 1837.
Re-elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Charles J. Ingersoll
Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
John T. Smith Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
[data unknown/missing]
John H. Campbell American March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1844.
Retired.
Charles Brown Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th Elected in 1846.
Retired.
Henry D. Moore Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected in 1848.
Re-elected in 1850.
Retired.
 
John Robbins
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1852.
Retired.
William Millward Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Lost re-election as a Union candidate.
 
James Landy
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1856.
Lost re-election.
 
John P. Verree
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
Elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Retired.
 
Leonard Myers
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
38th
39th
40th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
.
John Moffet Democratic March 4, 1869 –
April 9, 1869
40th Lost contested election.
 
Leonard Myers
Republican April 9, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41st
42nd
43rd
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Re-elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
 
Samuel J. Randall
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
April 13, 1890
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Died.
Vacant April 13, 1890 –
May 20, 1890
51st
 
Richard Vaux
Democratic May 20, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
Elected to finish Randall's term.
Lost re-election.
 
William McAleer
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Lost re-election.
 
Frederick Halterman
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William McAleer
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Lost re-election.
 
Henry Burk
Republican March 4, 1901 –
December 5, 1903
57th
58th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Died.
Vacant December 5, 1903 –
February 16, 1904
58th
 
George A. Castor
Republican February 16, 1904 –
February 19, 1906
58th
59th
Elected to finish Burk's term.
Re-elected in 1904.
Died.
Vacant February 19, 1906 –
November 6, 1906
59th
 
J. Hampton Moore
Republican November 6, 1906 –
January 4, 1920
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
Elected to finish Castor's term.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Resigned to become Mayor of Philadelphia.
 
Harry C. Ransley
Republican November 2, 1920 –
March 3, 1933
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected to finish Moore's term.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
Alfred M. Waldron Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd Elected in 1932.
[data unknown/missing]
Clare G. Fenerty Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th Elected in 1934.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Michael J. Bradley
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1947
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Hardie Scott
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
[data unknown/missing]
 
James A. Byrne
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1973
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William J. Green III
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
93rd
94th
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Raymond Lederer
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
April 29, 1981
95th
96th
97th
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Resigned.
Vacant April 29, 1981 –
July 21, 1981
97th

Joseph F. Smith
Democratic July 21, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Elected to finish Lederer's term.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Robert A. Borski Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2003
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 13th district and Retired.
 
Phil English
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th
109th
110th
Redistricted from the 21st district and re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost re-election.
 
Kathy Dahlkemper
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2019
112th
113th
114th
115th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
 
Dwight Evans
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent electionsEdit

U.S. House election, 2000: Pennsylvania District 3[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Robert A. Borski Jr. (incumbent) 130,528 68.8%
Republican Charles F. Dougherty 59,343 31.3%
Total votes 189,871 100.0%
Democratic hold
U.S. House election, 2002: Pennsylvania District 3[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Phil English 116,763 77.7%
Green Anndrea M. Benson 33,554 22.3%
Total votes 150,317 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House election, 2004: Pennsylvania District 3[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Phil English (incumbent) 166,580 60.1%
Democratic Steven Porter 110,684 39.9%
Total votes 277,264 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House elections in Pennsylvania, 2006: Pennsylvania District 3[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Phil English (incumbent) 108,525 53.6%
Democratic Steven Porter 85,110 42.1%
Constitution Timothy Hagberg 8,706 4.3%
Total votes 202,341 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House election, 2008: Pennsylvania District 3[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kathy Dahlkemper 146,846 51.2%
Republican Phil English (incumbent) 139,757 48.8%
Total votes 286,603 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican
U.S. House election, 2010: Pennsylvania District 3[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Kelly 109,909 55.7%
Democratic Kathy Dahlkemper (incumbent) 88,924 44.3%
Total votes 197,320 100.0%
Republican gain from Democratic
U.S. House election, 2012: Pennsylvania District 3[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Kelly (incumbent) 165,826 54.82%
Democratic Missa Eaton 123,933 40.97%
Independent Steven Porter 12,755 4.22%
Total votes 302,514 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House election, 2014: Pennsylvania District 3[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Kelly (incumbent) 113,859 60.63%
Democratic Daniel Lavallee 73,931 39.37%
Total votes 187,790 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House election, 2016: Pennsylvania District 3
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Kelly (incumbent) 244,893 100%
Total votes 244,893 100.0%
Republican hold
U.S. House election, 2018: Pennsylvania District 3
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dwight Evans 287,610 93.4%
Republican Bryan E. Leib 20,387 6.6%
Total votes 307,997 100.0%
Democratic hold
U.S. House election, 2020: Pennsylvania District 3
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dwight Evans (incumbent) 341,708 91.0
Republican Michael Harvey 33,671 9.0
Total votes 375,379 100.0
Democratic hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ David Nir (February 19, 2021). "With polarization at a peak, the number of House 'crossover districts' is at its lowest in a century". Daily Kos.
  4. ^ "2000 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 7, 2000. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  5. ^ "2002 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 5, 2002. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  6. ^ "2004 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 2, 2004. Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  7. ^ "2006 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 7, 2006. Archived from the original on November 27, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  8. ^ "2008 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 4, 2008. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  9. ^ "2010 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 2, 2010. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
  10. ^ "2012 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 6, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
  11. ^ "2014 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 4, 2008. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved May 29, 2015.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 4, 1876 – March 4, 1881
Succeeded by

Coordinates: 41°24′27″N 80°00′13″W / 41.40750°N 80.00361°W / 41.40750; -80.00361