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Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in Northwestern Pennsylvania. It contains all of Erie County, Crawford County, Mercer County, and Lawrence County, as well as part of Butler County. The district is represented by Mike Kelly.

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 16.png
Boundaries beginning January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to former boundaries
Representative
  Mike Kelly
RButler
Distribution
  • 76.05% urban
  • 23.95% rural
Population (2000)646,328
Median income45,943
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[1]

Prior to redistricting on March 19, 2018, the 16th congressional district was located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Previously, Northwestern Pennsylvania was represented by the 3rd congressional district. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering. What was the 16th district was modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district likewise became the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2]

Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's representative at the time.

Contents

Recent election resultsEdit

Member of the U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

Source: [2]

Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct Fourth Party Votes Pct
2000 Bob Yorczyk 80,177 33.1% Joe Pitts 162,403 67.0%
2002 Joe Pitts 119,046 88.5% Will Todd 8,720 6.5% Kenneth Brenneman 6,766 5.0%
2004 Lois Herr 98,410 34.5% Joe Pitts 183,620 64.4% William Hagen 3,269 1.25
2006 Lois Herr 80,915 39.6% Joe Pitts 115,741 56.6% John
Murphy
7,958 3.9%
2008 Bruce Slater 120,193 39.4% Joe Pitts 170,329 55.8% John
Murphy
11,768 3.9% Daniel Frank 2,877 0.9%
2010 Lois Herr 70,994 34.6% Joe Pitts 134,113 65.4%
2012 Aryanna Strader 109,026 39% Joe Pitts 154,337 55% John
Murphy
10,080 4% Jim Bednarski 4995 2%
2014 Tom Houghton 73,921 42.2% Joe Pitts 101,083 57.8%
2016 Christina Hartman 134,586 42.89% Lloyd Smucker 168,669 53.76% Shawn Patrick House 10,518 3.35%

U.S. PresidentEdit

Year District winner
2004 Bush 61 - 38%
2008 McCain 51 - 48%
2012 Romney 52.4 - 46.3%
2016 Trump 51.0 - 44.2%

GeographyEdit

2003-2018Edit

Created after the 2000 Census, the 16th district was composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretched from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.

In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents,[3] according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County made up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district was one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering.

Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.

2019Edit

In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the previous map was unconstitutional due to gerrymandering and released a new congressional map. The 16th district was relocated to the northwestern part of the state. The new 16th includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville.

Counties and municipalities within the districtEdit

Butler County: partial; a portion of county is in the 15th district.

Crawford County: Meadville, Titusville

Erie County: Corry, Erie

Lawrence County: New Castle

Mercer County: Farrell, Hermitage, Sharon

List of members representing the districtEdit

The district was created with two seats in 1823

1823–1833: Two seatsEdit

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
James Allison Jr. Jackson Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned before Congress convened
 
Walter Forward
Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 14th district.
Lost re-election.
19th March 4, 1825 –
[Data unknown/missing.].
1825
Jacksonian James S. Stevenson Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.].
1825 –
October 11, 1825
Vacant
October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
21st March 4, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
Vacant John Gilmore Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
 
Harmar Denny
Anti-Masonic Elected after William Wilkins resigned in 1829 before qualifying
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833-Present: One seatEdit

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Joseph B. Anthony Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert H. Hammond Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Snyder Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James Black Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jasper E. Brady
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James X. McLanahan Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Kurtz Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Redistricted from the 15th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Todd Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John A. Ahl
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Benjamin F. Junkin
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Joseph Bailey
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
 
Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
February 19, 1866
Contested election
 
Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic February 19, 1866 –
July 18, 1866
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William H. Koontz
Republican July 18, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Benjamin F. Meyers
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Sobieski Ross
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Redistricted from the 18th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John I. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Elected to United States Senate
 
Robert J. C. Walker
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Declined renomination
 
William W. Brown
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Albert C. Hopkins
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Fred C. Leonard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Horace B. Packer
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Elias Deemer
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
 
Charles H. Dickerman
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Declined renomination
 
Edmund W. Samuel
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John G. McHenry
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
December 27, 1912
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 27, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
 
John V. Lesher
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
I. Clinton Kline
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Edgar R. Kiess
Republican March 4, 1923 –
July 20, 1930
Redistricted from the 15th district.
Died.
Vacant July 20, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
 
Robert F. Rich
Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas E. Scanlon Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted from the 30th district.
Lost re-election.
 
Samuel K. McConnell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from the 17th district.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
Walter M. Mumma
Republican January 3, 1953 –
February 25, 1961
Redistricted from the 18th district.
Died.
Vacant February 25, 1961 –
May 16, 1961
 
John C. Kunkel
Republican May 16, 1961 –
December 30, 1966
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
 
Edwin D. Eshleman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Robert S. Walker
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1997
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Joseph R. Pitts
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2017
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Lloyd Smucker
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
 
Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 2018.

Historical district boundariesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ [1]

External linksEdit