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John Inscho Mitchell (July 28, 1838 – August 20, 1907) was an American lawyer, jurist, and Republican party politician from Tioga County, Pennsylvania. He served in the state legislature and represented Pennsylvania in both the U.S. House and Senate. He was later a judge in several state courts.

John Inscho Mitchell
John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
March 4, 1881 – March 4, 1887
Preceded byWilliam A. Wallace
Succeeded byMatthew S. Quay
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 16th district
In office
March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881
Preceded bySobieski Ross
Succeeded byRobert J.C. Walker
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1838-07-28)July 28, 1838
Tioga Township, U.S.
DiedAugust 20, 1907(1907-08-20) (aged 69)
Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer, Judge
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Years of service1862 – 1863
Unit166th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War


John Inscho Mitchell was born in Tioga Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania on July 28, 1838. He attended common school in addition to receiving private instruction. Mitchell later received his college education at the University of Lewisburg, modern-day Bucknell University.

After graduating from college in 1859, Mitchell taught school until 1861, when he joined the Union Army. He served in the Civil War as a lieutenant and captain in the 166th Regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Mitchell subsequently pursued an education in law and was admitted to the bar in 1864. He served as District Attorney of Tioga County from 1868 to 1871. He ran for, was elected to and served in the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives between 1872 and 1876 until his election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served from 1877 to 1881. In 1881, Mitchell was elected to the United States Senate. He served there for one six-year term and was chairman of the Committee on the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries and Committee on Pensions.

After the conclusion of his congressional career, Mitchell served as judge of the court of common pleas of Pennsylvania's fourth district from 1888 to 1899. He subsequently served for one session as judge of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania.

Mitchell died in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania on August 20, 1907, and was interred in Wellsboro Cemetery.

External linksEdit

  • United States Congress. "John I. Mitchell (id: M000819)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • John I. Mitchell at Find a Grave
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Sobieski Ross
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881
Succeeded by
Robert J. C. Walker
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
William A. Wallace
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
March 4, 1881 – March 4, 1887
Served alongside: J. Donald Cameron
Succeeded by
Matthew S. Quay