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Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district includes the entire city of Pittsburgh and parts of surrounding suburbs. A variety of working class and majority black suburbs located to the east of the city are included, such as McKeesport and Wilkinsburg. Also a major part of the district are number of middle class suburbs that have historic Democratic roots, such as Pleasant Hills and Penn Hills. The district is represented by Democrat Mike Doyle, who was elected on November 6, 2018.

Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 18.png
The District's boundaries in the 2018 elections effective January 3, 2019
Representative
  Mike Doyle
DForest Hills
Distribution
  • 84.05% urban
  • 15.95% rural
Population (2000)709,728[1]
Median income44,938
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+13[2]

In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the district map violated the state constitution due to gerrymandering and redrew all of the state's congressional districts. The 18th and 14th districts swapped names and had their boundaries adjusted for the 2018 elections (after March's special election) and thereafter.[3][4]

Historically, the current district covers much of the area that was the center of the Whiskey Rebellion of the 1790s.

HistoryEdit

Pre-2018 boundariesEdit

Before the court-ordered redistricting in February 2018, the district was concentrated in the southern suburbs of Pittsburgh. It was predominantly white, although it contained a diverse range of suburbs. It was drawn in such a way that in some locations, neighborhoods and even streets were split between the 18th and the neighboring 12th and 14th districts. In parts of the eastern portion of the district, one side of the street was in the 12th while the other side was in the 18th. In the west, one side of the street was in the 14th while the other side was in the 18th.

Although there were 35,000 more[5] Democrats in the district than Republicans in 2018, the district had been trending increasingly Republican since the mid-1990s; most of the district's state legislators were Republicans. The district was home to many large coal mines and the energy industry was an important employer. The western part of the district contained some rural regions of Washington County, as well as the very wealthy suburbs in the northern part of that county, which tends to be more Republican than the part contained in the neighboring 9th District. The district also contained many of Allegheny County's southern suburbs of Pittsburgh, which ranged from traditionally wealthy areas such as Mount Lebanon and Upper St. Clair to middle-class communities such as Bethel Park and Scott Township and working-class labor towns such as Elizabeth.

The district skewed older and had the second-oldest electorate in the state in 2017.[6]

The district wound along the eastern suburbs at the edge of Allegheny County, including most of the large suburban commercial center of Monroeville, and in western Westmoreland County. Central Westmoreland County, including the city of Greensburg, was also part of the district. It also contained the rural foothills of the county at the district's eastern end. Westmoreland County has become a major Republican stronghold.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representatives Party Years Electoral history District map
Patrick Farrelly Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Died.
1823–1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
January 12, 1826
Vacant January 12, 1826 –
March 14, 1826
Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian March 14, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Farrelly's term.
Lost re-election.
Stephen Barlow Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Elected in 1828.
Retired.
John Banks Anti-Masonic March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
George Burd Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 1832.
Retired.
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Job Mann Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Elected in 1834.
Lost re-election.
 
Charles Ogle
Anti-Masonic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Elected in 1840.
Died.
Whig March 4, 1841 –
May 10, 1841
Vacant May 10, 1841 –
June 28, 1841
Henry Black Whig June 28, 1841 –
November 28, 1841
Elected to finish Ogle's term.
Died.
Vacant November 28, 1841 –
December 21, 1841
James M. Russell Whig December 21, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Elected to finish Black's term.
Retired.
Andrew Stewart Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
Retired.
1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Andrew J. Ogle
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1848.
Lost re-election.
 
John L. Dawson
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Elected in 1850.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
John McCulloch Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1852.
Retired.
1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
John R. Edie Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Retired.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
Samuel S. Blair
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
Elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Lost re-election.
 
James T. Hale
Independent Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1862.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1863–1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Stephen F. Wilson
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
Elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Resigned to become judge of the fourth judicial district of Pennsylvania.
 
William H. Armstrong
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1868.
Lost re-election.
 
Henry Sherwood
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Elected in 1870.
Lost re-election.
 
Sobieski Ross
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
1873–1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William Stenger
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Lost re-election.
 
Horatio G. Fisher
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.
 
Louis E. Atkinson
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 186.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Withdrew from election.
1883–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Thaddeus M. Mahon
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Marlin E. Olmsted
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Retired.
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Aaron S. Kreider
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1923
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Lost re-election.
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Edward M. Beers
Republican March 4, 1923 –
April 21, 1932
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Died.
Vacant April 11, 1932 –
November 8, 1932
 
Joseph F. Biddle
Republican November 8, 1932 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Beers's term.
Retired.
 
Benjamin K. Focht
Republican March 4, 1933 –
March 27, 1937
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Died.
1933–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 27, 1937 –
May 11, 1937
 
Richard M. Simpson
Republican May 11, 1937 –
January 3, 1945
Elected to finish Focht's term.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
1933–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John C. Kunkel
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
 
Walter M. Mumma
Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
 
Richard M. Simpson
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 7, 1960
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Died.
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant January 7, 1960 –
April 26, 1960
 
Douglas H. Elliot
Republican April 26, 1960 –
June 19, 1960
Elected to finish Simpson's term.
Died.
Vacant June 19, 1960 –
November 8, 1960
 
J. Irving Whalley
Republican November 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
Elected to finish Elliot's term.
Also elected to the next term in 1960.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Robert J. Corbett
Republican January 3, 1963 –
April 25, 1971
Redistricted from the 29th district and re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Died.
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant April 25, 1971 –
November 2, 1971
 
John Heinz
Republican November 2, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
Elected to finish Corbett's term.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Doug Walgren
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Lost re-election.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Rick Santorum
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Mike Doyle
Democratic January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
 
Tim Murphy
Republican January 3, 2003 –
October 21, 2017
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Resigned.
2003–2013
 
2013–2019
 
Vacant October 21, 2017 –
March 13, 2018
 
Conor Lamb
Democratic March 13, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Elected to finish Murphy's term.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
 
Mike Doyle
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 2018. 2019–Present
 

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  3. ^ "Pennsylvania Supreme Court strikes down state's congressional districts". CBS News. 2018 CBS Interactive Inc. CBS News. January 24, 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  4. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "Home". www.dos.pa.gov.
  6. ^ "Lamb, Saccone both hope for blue-collar support in special congressional election". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. December 22, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2018.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit