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List of political parties in the United States

This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present. It does not include independents.

Contents

Active partiesEdit

Major partiesEdit

Party Ideology Founded Presidential vote (2016)
[1]
Senators
[2]
Representatives
[3]
State Legislators
[4]
Legislatures
[4]
Governors
[4]
Trifectas
[4]
Republican Party Conservatism 1854 306 (57%)
62,955,202 (46.06%)
53 (53%) 199 (45%)[A] 3,830 (52%) 30 (60%) 27 (54%) 22 (45%)
Democratic Party Liberalism 1828 232 (43%)
65,794,399 (48.14%)
45 (45%)[B] 235 (54%)[C] 3,446 (47%) 18 (36%) 23 (46%) 14 (29%)

Minor partiesEdit

Party Ideology Founded Presidential vote (2016)
[6]
State Legislators
Libertarian Party Libertarianism[7] 1971[8] 4,489,221 (3.28%) 1 (0.01%)
Green Party Environmentalism[9] 2001[10] 1,429,596 (1.05%)
Constitution Party Paleoconservatism[11] 1992[12] 186,545 (0.14%)
Party for Socialism and Liberation Communism[13] 2004[12] 74,117 (0.05%)
American Freedom Party White nationalism[14] 2009[14]
American Solidarity Party Christian democracy[15] 2011[15] 862 (0%)
Black Riders Liberation Party Black separatism[16] 1996[17]
Citizens Party of the United States Center-left[18] 2004[18]
Communist Party USA Marxism–Leninism[19] 1919[19]
Freedom Socialist Party Trotskyism 1966
Humane Party Animal rights 2009
Independent American Party Paleoconservatism 1998 2,732 (0%)
Justice Party Social democracy 2011
Legal Marijuana Now Party Marijuana legalization 1998 13,537 (0.01%)
Modern Whig Party Centrism
Protectionism
2007
National Socialist Movement Neo-Nazism 1974
New Black Panther Party Black nationalism 1989
Peace and Freedom Party Democratic socialism 1967
Prohibition Party Temperance 1869 5,617 (0%)
Reform Party Big tent
Electoral reform
Anti-corruption
1995 33,085 (0.02%)
Socialist Action Trotskyism 1983
Socialist Alternative Trotskyism 1986
Socialist Equality Party Trotskyism 1966 469 (0%)
Socialist Labor Party of America De Leonism 1876
Socialist Party USA Democratic socialism[20] 1973[12] 2,698 (0%)
Socialist Workers Party Communism 1938 11,741 (0.01%)
United States Marijuana Party Marijuana legalization 2002
United States Pirate Party Pirate politics 2006
Workers World Party Communism 1959 4,314 (0%)
Alaskan Independence Party Alaskan nationalism[21] 1978[22]
Independent Party of Connecticut
Independent Party of Delaware
Natural Law Party
Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party
Independence Party of Minnesota
Conservative Party of New York State
Independence Party of New York 1 (0.01%)
Liberal Party of New York
New York State Right to Life Party
Rent Is Too Damn High Party
Serve America Movement
Tax Revolt Party
Women's Equality Party
Working Families Party
Covenant Party
Charter Party
Constitution Party of Oregon
Independent Party of Oregon
Oregon Progressive Party Progressivism
Socialist Party of Oregon
Sovereign Union Movement
New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico
Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party
Puerto Rican Independence Party
Working People's Party of Puerto Rico
Moderate Party of Rhode Island
American Party of South Carolina
United Utah Party
Independent Citizens Movement
Vermont Progressive Party Progressivism 8 (0.11%)
Liberty Union Party
Progressive Dane
Independent Greens of Virginia

Historical partiesEdit

The following parties are no longer functioning.
Historical parties in the United States
Name Other names Established Disbanded
Federalist Party 1789 1820
Anti-Administration party 1789 1792
Democratic-Republican Party Republican Party 1792 c. 1824
Toleration Party 1816 c. 1827
National Republican Party Anti-Jacksonian Party c. 1824 1837
Anti-Masonic Party 1828 1838
Nullifier Party 1828 1839
Whig Party 1833 1860s
Liberty Party 1840 1850s
Law and Order Party of Rhode Island 1841 1850s
American Republican Party (1843) 1843 1854
Free Soil Party 1848 1855
Anti-Nebraska Party 1854 1854
American Party Know Nothings c. 1854 1858
Opposition Party 1854 1858
Constitutional Union Party 1860 1860
Unconditional Union Party 1861 1866
National Union Party 1864 1868
Radical Democracy Party 1864 1864
Readjuster Party 1870 1885
People's Party (Utah) 1870 1891
Liberal Party 1870 1893
Liberal Republican Party 1872 1872
Greenback Party 1874 1884
Anti-Monopoly Party 1884 1884
People's Party Populist Party 1887 1908
Silver Party 1892 1902
National Democratic Party Gold Democrats 1896 1900
Silver Republican Party 1896 1900
Social Democracy of America 1897 1900
Social Democratic Party 1898 1901
Home Rule Party of Hawaii 1900 1912
Socialist Party of America 1901 1972
Independence Party Independence League 1906 1914
Progressive Party 1912 Bull Moose Party 1912 1914
National Woman's Party 1913 1930
Nonpartisan League 1915 1956
Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party 1918 1944
Labor Party of the United States 1919 1920
Farmer–Labor Party 1920 1936
Proletarian Party of America 1920 1971
Puerto Rican Nationalist Party 1922 1965
Progressive Party 1924 1924 1924
Communist League of America 1928 1934
American Workers Party 1933 1934
Workers Party of the United States 1934 1938
Union Party 1936 1936
American Labor Party 1936 1956
America First Party 1944 1996
States' Rights Democratic Party Dixiecrats 1948 1948
Progressive Party 1948 1948 1955
Progressive Democratic Party 1944 1948
Constitution Party 1952 1968?
American Nazi Party 1959 1967
Puerto Rican Socialist Party 1959 1993
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party 1964 1964
Black Panther Party 1966 1982
Patriot Party 1960s 1980s
Youth International Party Yippies 1967 1967
Marxist–Leninist Party, USA 1967 1993
Communist Workers Party 1969 1985
United Citizens Party 1969 2008?
American Party 1969 2008
Raza Unida Party 1970 2012
People's Party 1971 1976
New Union Party 1974 2005?
U.S. Labor Party 1975 1979
Concerned Citizens Party 1975 1992
International Socialist Organization 1977 2019
Citizens Party 1979 1984
New Alliance Party 1979 1992
Labor-Farm Party of Wisconsin 1982 1987
Populist Party (United States, 1984) 1984 1994
Looking Back Party 1984 1996
Illinois Solidarity Party 1986 2007
Republican Moderate Party of Alaska 1986 2011
Independent Party of Utah 1988 1996
A Connecticut Party 1990 1995?
New Party 1992 1998
Natural Law Party 1992 2004
New Jersey Conservative Party 1992 2009
Labor Party 1996 2007
Marijuana Reform Party 1998 2002
Southern Party 1999 2003
Christian Freedom Party 2004 2004
Personal Choice Party 2004 2006?
Moderate Party 2005 2008
Florida Whig Party 2006 2012
Boston Tea Party 2006 2012
Connecticut for Lieberman 2006 2013
Independence Party of America 2007 2013
Taxpayers Party of New York 2010 2011
Freedom Party of New York 2010 2011
Traditionalist Workers Party 2013 2018
American Delta Party 2016 2018?

Non-electoral organizationsEdit

These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Nazi party (remnants) 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
National Socialist White People's Party
American Party of Labor 2008
American Reform Party 1997
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991 Committees of Correspondence
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 Formerly Socialist International, not a member as of August 2017.
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (freedomroad.org group) 1985
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (frso.org group) 1985 International Communist Seminar
Greens/Green Party USA 1991
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
League for the Revolutionary Party 1976 Revolutionary Socialist League (U.S.) Communist Organization for the Fourth International
News and Letters Committees 1955
Our Revolution 2016
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
Working Class Party 2016 Spark (U.S. organization)
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States

Socialist Educational Society

Workers' Socialist Party

World Socialist Movement

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Additionally, two of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Republican Party.[5]
  2. ^ Additionally, the two independent Senators both caucus with the Democratic Party.[2]
  3. ^ Additionally, four of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Democratic Party.[5]
Footnotes
  1. ^ "2016 Electoral College Results". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Party Division". United States Senate. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  3. ^ "Party Breakdown". House Press Gallery. House Press Gallery. 29 November 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "State Partisan Composition". National Conference of State Legislatures. April 1, 2019. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Directory of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  6. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 30, 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 18, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  7. ^ Segal, Cheryl (May 27, 2016). "5 things the Libertarian Party stands for". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 22, 2010). "David Nolan, 66, Is Dead; Started Libertarian Party". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  9. ^ "Presidential Hopefuls Meet in Third Party Debate". PBS. October 25, 2012. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "Green Party Founding". www.c-span.org. C-SPAN. July 30, 2001. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  11. ^ Matthews, Dylan (May 6, 2016). "Paleoconservatism, the movement that explains Donald Trump, explained". Vox.com. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  12. ^ a b c Feinauer, J.J. (January 16, 2014). "Want to support a third party? Here are your options". Deseret News. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  13. ^ "'No separate destiny for US workers apart from the workers of the world'". International Communist Press. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on February 16, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  14. ^ a b "American Freedom Party". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  15. ^ a b Cimmino, Jeff (August 7, 2017). "The American Solidarity Party Charts Its Own Path". National Review. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  16. ^ "Active Black Separatist Groups". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  17. ^ "Black Riders show resistance is possible". Workers World Party. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Cunningham, Geoff (March 13, 2010). "Rye man wants third party on ballots". Seacoast Media Group.
  19. ^ a b Barrett, James R. (January 24, 2018). "Communist Party USA, 1919 to 1957". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.013.331. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  20. ^ Young, Jeremy Au (February 26, 2016). "Is socialism now acceptable in the US?". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  21. ^ Walker, Hunter (September 17, 2014). "American Separatists Are Thrilled About Scotland And Think It Will Lead To A 'Paradigm Shift'". Business Insider. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  22. ^ Finnegan, By Michael (September 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin's ties to Alaskan Independence Party are played down". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 14, 2019.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit