List of political parties in the United States
This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.
Major political parties with federal representationEdit
Per Merriam-Webster, a major party has "electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power." In the United States, only the Democratic Party (founded 1828) and Republican Party (founded 1854) meet this definition. They are also the only two parties represented at the Federal level.
Current United States Congressional seats
|Political Parties||House of Representatives||Senate|
Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives
|Speaker of the House||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
|Majority Leader||Steny Hoyer (D)|
|Minority Leader||Kevin McCarthy (R)|
Congressional leadership of the Senate
|President of the Senate||Mike Pence (R)|
|President Pro Tempore||Chuck Grassley (R)|
|Majority Leader||Mitch McConnell (R)|
|Minority Leader||Chuck Schumer (D)|
The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. It is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.
Major and minor parties with state representationEdit
|Political Parties||State Lower Chamber Seats||State Upper Chamber Seats||Governorships|
|Independence Party of New York||1||0||0|
|Vermont Progressive Party||7||2||0|
Minor political partiesEdit
These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.
- Ecology Democracy Party
- Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party
- Independence Party of Minnesota
- Legal Marijuana Now Party
- Conservative Party of New York State
- Independence Party of New York
- Liberal Party of New York
- New York State Right to Life Party
- Rent Is Too Damn High Party
- Serve America Movement
- Tax Revolt Party of Nassau County*
- Women's Equality Party
- Working Families Party of New York*
Northern Mariana IslandsEdit
- Constitution Party of Oregon
- Independent Party of Oregon
- Oregon Progressive Party
- Socialist Party of Oregon
- Sovereign Union Movement, (Movimiento Unión Soberanista)
- New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico, also translated New Party for Progress of Puerto Rico (Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico)
- Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party, (Partido por Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Independence Party, (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)
- Working People's Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido del Pueblo Trabajador)
U.S. Virgin IslandsEdit
- The following parties are no longer functioning.
These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.
- Political parties in the United States
- List of frivolous political parties
- List of political parties by country
- List of political parties in Puerto Rico
- List of state Constitution Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Democratic Party U.S.
- List of state Green Parties in the U.S.
- List of state Libertarian Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Republican Party U.S.
- Party system
- Political party strength in U.S. states
- Politics of the United States
- Third party (United States)
- Two-party system
- "major party". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Partisan composition of state houses". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
- "Partisan composition of state senates". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
- Note: See United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, 2016#Summary for summary chart and references
- "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 30, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.