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82nd United States Congress

The Eighty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1951, to January 3, 1953, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Harry S. Truman.

82nd United States Congress
81st ←
→ 83rd
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953
Senate President Alben W. Barkley (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Kenneth McKellar (D)
House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D)
Members 96 senators
435 representatives
3 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
1st: January 3, 1951 – October 20, 1951
2nd: January 8, 1952 – July 7, 1952

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Constitutional amendmentsEdit


Members of the Japanese delegation signing the Treaty of San Francisco.

Party summaryEdit


(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 53 0 43 96 0
Begin 49 0 47 96 0
March 8, 1951 48 95 1
March 19, 1951 49 96 0
April 18, 1951 46 95 1
April 23, 1951 50 96 0
November 29, 1951 45 95 1
December 10, 1951 46 96 0
July 28, 1952 49 95 1
August 29, 1952 47 96 0
November 5, 1952 47 49
December 31, 1952 48 95 1
Latest voting share 49% 0% 51%
Beginning of the next Congress 47 1 48 96 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

TOTAL: 435





Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1952; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1954; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1956.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+ to 100% Democratic
  80+ to 100% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

Changes in membershipEdit

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Virgil Chapman (D) Died March 8, 1951.
Successor appointed March 19, 1951, to continue the term.
Thomas R. Underwood (D) March 19, 1951
Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) Died April 18, 1951.
Successor appointed April 23, 1951, to continue the term.
Blair Moody (D) April 23, 1951
Kenneth S. Wherry (R) Died November 29, 1951.
Successor appointed December 10, 1951, to continue the term.
Fred A. Seaton (R) December 10, 1951
Brien McMahon (D) Died July 28, 1952. William A. Purtell (R) August 29, 1952
William A. Purtell (R) Successor elected November 4, 1952 Prescott Bush (R) November 5, 1952
Thomas R. Underwood (D) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
John S. Cooper (R) November 5, 1952
Blair Moody (D) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
Charles E. Potter (R) November 5, 1952
Fred A. Seaton (R) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
Dwight Griswold (R) November 5, 1952
Owen Brewster (R) Resigned December 31, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term
Richard Nixon (R) Resigned January 1, 1953, after being elected Vice President of the United States Thomas Kuchel (R) January 2, 1953

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Missouri 11th John B. Sullivan (D) Died January 29, 1951 Claude I. Bakewell (R) March 9, 1951
Kentucky 6th Thomas R. Underwood (D) Resigned March 17, 1951, after being appointed to the US Senate John C. Watts (D) April 4, 1951
Pennsylvania 33rd Frank Buchanan (D) Died April 27, 1951 Vera Buchanan (D) July 24, 1951
West Virginia 5th John Kee (D) Died May 8, 1951 Elizabeth Kee (D) July 17, 1951
Texas 13th Ed Gossett (D) Resigned July 31, 1951 Frank N. Ikard (D) September 8, 1951
Pennsylvania 14th Wilson D. Gillette (R) Died August 7, 1951 Joseph L. Carrigg (R) November 6, 1951
Maine 3rd Frank Fellows (R) Died August 27, 1951 Clifford McIntire (R) October 22, 1951
Pennsylvania 8th Albert C. Vaughn (R) Died September 1, 1951 Karl C. King (R) November 6, 1951
New Jersey 9th Harry L. Towe (R) Resigned September 7, 1951, after becoming Asst. Attorney General of New Jersey Frank C. Osmers, Jr. (R) November 6, 1951
Ohio 3rd Edward G. Breen (D) Resigned October 1, 1951, due to ill health Paul F. Schenck (R) November 6, 1951
Nebraska 3rd Karl Stefan (R) Died October 2, 1951 Robert D. Harrison (R) December 4, 1951
Kentucky 2nd John A. Whitaker (D) Died December 15, 1951 Garrett L. Withers (D) August 2, 1952
New York 5th T. Vincent Quinn (D) Resigned December 30, 1951, after becoming District Attorney of Queens County Robert T. Ross (R) February 19, 1952
New York 32nd William T. Byrne (D) Died January 27, 1952 Leo W. O'Brien (D) April 1, 1952
Oklahoma 1st George B. Schwabe (R) Died April 2, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term
Wisconsin 7th Reid F. Murray (R) Died April 29, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term
Texas 7th Tom Pickett (D) Resigned June 30, 1952, after becoming Vice-President of the National Coal Association John Dowdy (D) September 23, 1952
Oklahoma 2nd William G. Stigler (D) Died August 21, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term
Massachusetts 2nd Foster Furcolo (D) Resigned September 30, 1952, after becoming Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts Vacant Not filled this term
Michigan 11th Charles E. Potter (R) Resigned November 4, 1952, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois 7th Adolph J. Sabath (D) Died November 6, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term
Georgia 2nd Edward E. Cox (D) Died December 24, 1953 Vacant Not filled this term
New York 2nd Leonard W. Hall (R) Resigned December 31, 1952 Vacant Not filled this term


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit


See alsoEdit


External linksEdit