William T. Byrne

William Thomas Byrne (March 6, 1876 – January 27, 1952) was an attorney and politician from Albany, New York. He was most notable for his service in the New York State Senate (1923-1936) and a United States Representative from New York (1937 until his death).

William Thomas Byrne
William Thomas Byrne.jpg
Frontispiece of 1952's William Thomas Byrne, Late a Representative from New York
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
January 3, 1937 – January 27, 1952
Preceded byParker Corning
Succeeded byLeo W. O'Brien
Constituency28th district (1937–45)
32nd district (1945–52)
Member of the New York Senate
from the 30th district
In office
January 1, 1923 – December 31, 1936
Preceded byFrank L. Wiswall
Succeeded byErastus Corning 2nd
Personal details
Born(1876-03-06)March 6, 1876
Florida, New York
DiedJanuary 27, 1952(1952-01-27) (aged 75)
Troy, New York
Resting placeSt. John's Cemetery, West Albany, New York
Spouse(s)Josephine Diener (m. 1908-1948, her death)
Alma materAlbany Law School

Byrne was born in Florida, Montgomery County, New York and raised in Albany. He attended the public schools and Albany Law School and became an attorney in Albany. Active in politics as a Democrat, he won election to the State senate in 1922, and served from 1923 to 1936. In 1936, he was a successful candidate for Congress, and he served in the U.S. House from 1937 until his death.

Early lifeEdit

Byrne was born in Florida, Montgomery County, New York, and was the son of Richard Henry Byrne, a carpenter, and Margaret Manifold Byrne, a school teacher, both of whom were immigrants from Ireland.[1][2] His family moved to Albany when he was an infant, and his father operated a bar and grill on Broadway while Byrne attended the city's public schools.[1][2] Byrne graduated from Albany High School in 1896 and Albany Law School in 1904.[1] He was admitted to the bar the same year, and practiced law in Albany.[1]

Byrne was active in several civic organizations, including the YMCA and Elks.[1] After attending the 1896 Democratic National Convention and hearing William Jennings Bryan speak, Byrne developed a lifelong interest in oratory.[1] In addition to honing his own speaking skills through study and practice, Byrne instructed a course on public speaking for the Albany-area YMCA.[1] He also taught public speaking at Albany Law School.[3] Byrne spoke frequently at public events and developed a nationwide reputation as an orator on behalf of these and other organizations.[1] In 1922 and 1924, Byrne nominated Al Smith for governor at the state Democratic convention.[1] In 1938, he was called upon to nominate Herbert H. Lehman for reelection as governor.[1]

Active in politics as a Democrat, Byrne was one of the lieutenants employed by Daniel P. O'Connell when he developed the party organization that wrested control of the city and county of Albany from longtime Republican boss William Barnes Jr.[1] Byrne was also active physically throughout his life, golfing frequently and undertaking difficult hikes and walking trips.[1] For most of life, he made the annual 35 mile trip between his Albany-area home and his summer home in Montgomery County on foot.[1] In November 1951, one of his U.S. House colleagues noted that Byrne marched the entire length of a four mile Veterans Day parade in Albany, after which he delivered two speeches in commemoration of the holiday.

State senatorEdit

He was a member of the New York State Senate (30th D.) from 1923 to 1936, sitting in the 146th, 147th, 148th, 149th, 150th, 151st, 152nd, 153rd, 154th, 155th, 156th, 157th, 158th and 159th New York State Legislatures.

During his senate career, Byrne was chairman at different times of the committees on codes, labor, industry, judiciary, and agriculture.[1] In the State Senate, Byrne was credited with authoring New York's unemployment compensation insurance law, as well as backing measures in favor of workplace and farm safety.[1] While chairman of the agriculture committee, he shepherded to passage New York's first law to regulate the quality and composition of raw milk produced by the state's dairy farmers.[1]


He was elected as a Democrat to the 75th, 76th, 77th, 78th, 79th, 80th, 81st and 82nd United States Congresses, holding office from January 3, 1937 until his death. Byrne rarely spoke on the floor of the House, but was active as a staunch supporter of the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration's New Deal and World War II initiatives.[4] Byrne had been a friend of the Roosevelt family since the early 1920s, and frequently visited the governor's mansion during Roosevelt's governorship.[4] According to a widely republished February 1942 newspaper story, Byrne arrived at the White House for a five minute appointment with Roosevelt.[4] Roosevelt was behind schedule, so Byrne entered his office late, but they remained together for over 40 minutes as Roosevelt's other appointments continued to back up.[4] When asked afterwards about the nature of the meeting and the length of their conversation, Byrne informed reporters that Roosevelt and he reminisced and shared stories about mutual friends, with Roosevelt happy for a temporary distraction from issues related to the war.[4]

Byrne was appointed to the Judiciary Committee in his first term, and advanced through seniority to chair two of its subcommittees, the subcommittee on claims, and a special subcommittee that considered reapportionment of the House following the 1950 census. In the years following World War II, Byrne led a House delegation on an extended trip to Europe as it studied he problem of displace persons and considered possible solutions.

Death and burialEdit

Byrne died at St. Mary's Hospital in Troy, New York on January 27, 1952 while receiving treatment after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.[5] His funeral was held at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Albany on January 31, 1952.[6] Honorary bearers included Daniel P. O'Connell, Erastus Corning 2nd and John Boyd Thacher II.[6] Byrne was buried at St. John's Cemetery in West Albany.[7]


In 1908, Byrne married Josephine Diener at St. Patrick's Church in Watervliet, New York.[1] They had no children, and she died in 1948.[1] After his wife's death, Byrne resided in Loudonville with his sisters, Elizabeth Turkenkoph and Anne Byrne.[1]


His home, the Senator William T. Byrne House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.[8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Rep. William T. Byrne of Loudonville Expires in Hospital". The Times Record. Troy, NY. January 28, 1952. pp. 1, 16 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b Cudmore, Bob (September 11, 2015). "Two dogs named for 'genial' state legislator". The Daily Gazette. Schenectady, NY.
  3. ^ Streppa, Dominic L.; Peters, Homer E. (1931). The Verdict. Vol. XI. Albany, NY: Albany Law School. p. 18 – via Ancestry.com.
  4. ^ a b c d e Cullen, George (February 7, 1942). "Yarns Disturb President's Full Schedule". The Ithaca Journal. Ithaca, NY. Associated Press. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Rep. W.T. Byrne Dies Suddenly". Adirondack Daily Enterprise. January 28, 1952.
  6. ^ a b "Rep. Byrne's Rites to be Held Thursday". The Times Record. Troy, NY. January 29, 1952. pp. 11, 18 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ Spencer, Thomas E. (1998). Where They're Buried. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield Company. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-8063-4823-0 – via Internet Archive.
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.

External linksEdit

New York State Senate
Preceded by New York State Senate
30th District

Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 28th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 32nd congressional district

Succeeded by