Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. The 5th district includes the majority of Southside Virginia. Within the district are the cities of Charlottesville, Danville, and Lynchburg.
|Virginia's 5th congressional district|
The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, who defeated James Monroe in the district's first congressional election. Madison and Monroe would go on to serve as the 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Bob Good. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred conservative positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia which gave a plurality of the vote to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for president since Harry S. Truman in 1948.
However, the district was continuously represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008, Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode with significant Democratic down-ballot coattails from the Obama campaign. Republican Robert Hurt defeated Perriello in 2010, going on to serve three terms. After Hurt left office, the district continued to elect Republicans, including Tom Garrett, Denver Riggleman, who both served one term, and Bob Good, who was re-elected in 2022.
According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 580,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 75% are White and 20% are Black. Immigrants make up 3% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $57,700, while 12% of households live below the poverty line. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 12% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 27% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.
It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:
The entirety of:
- Amelia County
- Amherst County
- Appomattox County
- Buckingham County
- Campbell County
- Charlotte County
- Cumberland County
- Fluvanna County
- Goochland County
- Halifax County
- Lousia County
- Lunenburg County
- Mecklenburg County
- Nelson County
- Nottoway County
- Powhatan County
- Pittsylvania County
- Prince Edward County
- Charlottesville (main site of the University of Virginia)
Recent results in statewide electionsEdit
- Results Under Current Lines (Since 2023)
|Lieutenant Governor||Vogel 56.6%-43.3%|
|Attorney General||Adams 55.7%–44.2%|
|Lieutenant Governor||Sears 60.2%-39.8%|
Recent election resultsEdit
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2022
Incumbent Bob Good defeated Josh Throneburg in the November general election on Tuesday, November 8, 2022.
|Total votes cast||307,790||100.0%|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2020
Republican Bob Good defeated Dr. Cameron Webb in the November general election on Tuesday, November 3, 2020.
|Total votes cast||401,303||100.0%|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018
Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election.
|All others||Write In||547||0.18|
|Total votes cast||310,926||100|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016
|Total votes cast||356,765|
List of members representing the districtEdit
Historical district boundariesEdit
- ^ "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (State-based)". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013.
- ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
- ^ "2022 Cook PVI℠: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
- ^ "Representing US: 2020 Voter Profiles". APM Research Lab. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- ^ "2022 November General". results.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
- ^ "Virginia Election Results: Fifth Congressional District". The New York Times. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- ^ Marcilla, Max. "Democrat Cameron Webb concedes 5th Congressional District race to Republican Bob Good". www.nbc29.com. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- ^ "2018 November General".
- ^ Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- ^ "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Coordinates: 37°3′31.8″N 79°5′11.2″W / 37.058833°N 79.086444°W