1813 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia

Virginia gained one seat after the 1810 Census, bringing its representation in the House of Representatives to 23 seats, the largest number Virginia would ever have. Virginia went from having the most representatives to having the second-most tied with Pennsylvania. New York, with its 27 seats, surpassed Virginia and remained the most populous state until the late 1960s.

Its elections were held in April 1813, after the term began but before Congress's first meeting.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[a]
Virginia 1 Thomas Wilson Federalist 1811 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John G. Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 60.2%
Thomas Wilson (Federalist) 39.8%
Virginia 2 John Baker Federalist 1811 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Francis White (Federalist)[b]
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (Democratic-Republican) 82.8%
Robert Page (Federalist) 17.2%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. William McCoy (Democratic-Republican) 57.1%
Samuel Blackburn (Federalist) 42.9%
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. James Breckinridge (Federalist) 53.5%
Martin MacFerrand (Democratic-Republican) 46.5%
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. Daniel Sheffey (Federalist) 74.3%
Edward Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 25.7%
Virginia 7 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Hugh Caperton (Federalist) 53.8%
Ballard Smith (Democratic-Republican) 46.2%
Virginia 8 Joseph Lewis Jr.
Redistricted from the 7th district
Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Lewis Jr. (Federalist) 57.8%
John Love (Democratic-Republican) 42.2%
Virginia 9 John Taliaferro
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1801
1803 (Retired)
1811
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent later unsuccessfully challenged the results.
John P. Hungerford (Democratic-Republican) 50.9%
John Taliaferro (Democratic-Republican) 49.1%
Virginia 10 Aylett Hawes
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Aylett Hawes (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Philip R. Thompson (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 11 John Dawson
Redistricted from the 10th district
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican) 97.7%
Stapleton Crutchfield 1.2%
Virginia 12 John Roane
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent re-elected. John Roane (Democratic-Republican) 73.0%
James Hunter (Federalist) 26.8%
Virginia 13 Burwell Bassett
Redistricted from the 12th district
Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Thomas M. Bayly (Federalist) 51.4%
Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Virginia 15 Matthew Clay
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Kerr (Democratic-Republican) 46.4%
Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican) 34.0%
William Rice (Federalist) 19.6%
Virginia 16 John Randolph
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican) 54.3%
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Virginia 17 James Pleasants
Redistricted from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Virginia 18 Thomas Gholson Jr.
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Gholson Jr. (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn
Redistricted from the 18th district
Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Virginia 20 Edwin Gray
Redistricted from the 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 67.3%
Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican) 32.7%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton Jr.
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1799 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 64.8%
Swepson Whitehead (Federalist) 35.2%
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson
Redistricted from the 21st district
Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Nelson (Democratic-Republican)[b]
Virginia 23 John Clopton
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton (Democratic-Republican) 63.2%
Richard M. Morris (Federalist)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source(s).