Virginia's 2nd congressional district

Virginia's second congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It currently encompasses all of Accomack, Northampton and York counties, all of the cities of Virginia Beach and Williamsburg and parts of the cities of Norfolk and Hampton, although its boundaries changed greatly over the centuries (it initially encompassed what became West Virginia after the American Civil War). Republican Scott Rigell defeated Democrat Glenn Nye in the November 2, 2010 election, and took his seat January 3, 2011 until 2017, when he was succeeded by Scott Taylor. In the November 6, 2018 election, Democrat Elaine Luria defeated Republican Scott Taylor. It is now considered one of Virginia's most competitive congressional districts. As of 2021, by Cook Partisan Voting index, this is the median district in the country, with 217 districts rated more Democrat and 217 districts rated more Republican. VA-02 took this title from NJ-07.

Virginia's 2nd congressional district

Virginia's 2nd Congressional District (since 2017).png
Virginia's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2017
Representative
  Elaine Luria
DNorfolk
Distribution
  • 92.57% urban[1]
  • 7.43% rural
Population (2019)723,927[2]
Median household
income
$74,704[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+1[4]

2016 redistrictingEdit

 
This image shows the 2016 court-ordered VA Congressional districts.

The Virginia Legislature's 2012 redistricting of the adjacent 3rd district was found unconstitutional and replaced with a court-ordered redistricting on January 16, 2016 for the 2016 elections.[5][6][7][8][9]

Recent results in statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
1996 U.S. President Dole 48%–44%[10]
U.S. Senator Warner 57%–43%[10]
1997 Governor Gilmore 56%–42%[11]
Lieutenant Governor Hager 52%–41%[11]
Attorney General Earley 63%–37%[11]
2000 U.S. President Bush 53%–45%[12]
U.S. Senator Allen 51%–49%[12]
2001 Governor Earley 50%–50%[13]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 52%–47%[13]
Attorney General Kilgore 64%–36%[13]
2002 U.S. Senator Warner 84%–9%[14]
2004 U.S. President Bush 58%–42%[15]
2005 Governor Kaine 50%–47%[16]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 54%–45%[16]
Attorney General McDonnell 55%–44%[16]
2006 Senate Allen 51%–48%[17]
2008 U.S. President Obama 50%–48%[18]
Senate Warner 65%–34%[18]
2009 Governor McDonnell 62%–38%[19]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 56%–44%[20]
Attorney General Cuccinelli 60%–40%[20]
2012 U.S. President Obama 50%–48%[21]
Senate Kaine 52%–48%[21]
2013 Governor McAuliffe 47%–46%–7%[22]
Lieutenant Governor Northam 57%–43%[23]
Attorney General Obenshain 52%–48%[24]
2014 Senator Gillespie 49%–48%[25]
2016 U.S. President Trump 48%–45%[26]
2017 Governor Northam 51%–47%[27]
2018 Senator Kaine 54%–44%[28]
2020 U.S. President Biden 51%–46%[29]
2021 Governor Youngkin 53%–45%[30]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
John Brown
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
June 1, 1792
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Resigned.
Vacant June 2, 1792 –
March 3, 1793
2nd
 
Andrew Moore
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
 
David Holmes
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
James Stephenson Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Elected in 1803.
Lost re-election.
John Morrow Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
9th
10th
Elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Lost re-election.
James Stephenson Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
11th Elected in 1809.
Lost re-election.
John Baker Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Elected in 1811.
Retired.
Francis White Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1813.
Lost re-election.
Magnus Tate Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Elected in 1815.
Retired.
Edward Colston Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1817.
Lost re-election.
Thomas Van Swearingen Federalist March 4, 1819 –
August 19, 1822
16th
17th
Elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Died.
Vacant August 19, 1822 –
October 28, 1822
17th
James Stephenson Federalist October 28, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish Van Swearingen's term and seated December 2, 1822.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
Arthur Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Redistricted from the 20th district and Re-elected in 1823.
Retired.
James Trezvant Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John Y. Mason
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
January 11, 1837
22nd
23rd
24th
Elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Re-elected in 1835.
Resigned.
Vacant January 12, 1837 –
March 3, 1837
24th
Francis E. Rives Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
Elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
Retired.
George B. Cary Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1841.
Retired.
 
George Dromgoole
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
April 27, 1847
28th
29th
30th
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1845.
Died.
Vacant April 27, 1847 –
August 5, 1847
30th
Richard K. Meade Democratic August 5, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
Elected to finish Dromgoole's term.
Re-elected in 1847.
Re-elected in 1849.
Re-elected in 1851.
Lost renomination.
 
John Millson
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
33rd
34th
35th
36th
Elected in 1853.
Re-elected in 1855.
Re-elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
Retired.
Inactive March 4, 1861 –
January 26, 1870
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War
James H. Platt Jr. Republican January 27, 1870 –
March 3, 1875
41st
42nd
43rd
Elected in 1870.
Re-elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
 
John Goode Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
44th
45th
46th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Lost re-election.
 
John F. Dezendorf
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
Retired.
 
Harry Libbey
Readjuster March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
[data unknown/missing]
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1884.
Lost re-election.
 
George E. Bowden
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Lost re-election.
 
John W. Lawson
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Retired.
 
David Gardiner Tyler
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Lost re-election.
William A. Young Democratic March 4, 1897 –
April 26, 1898
55th Election invalidated.
 
Richard A. Wise
Republican April 26, 1898 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1898.
Lost re-election.
William A. Young Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 12, 1900
56th Election invalidated
 
Richard A. Wise
Republican March 12, 1900 –
December 21, 1900
56th Elected in 1900.
Died.
Vacant December 21, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
 
Harry L. Maynard
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1911
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Lost re-election.
 
Edward E. Holland
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Retired.
 
Joseph T. Deal
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1929
67th
68th
69th
70th
Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Lost re-election.
Menalcus Lankford Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1933
71st
72nd
Elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated January 3, 1935
Colgate Darden Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th Elected in 1934.
Lost renomination.
 
Norman R. Hamilton
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost renomination.
 
Colgate Darden
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
March 1, 1941
76th
77th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Resigned to run for Governor of Virginia.
Vacant March 1, 1941 –
April 8, 1941
77th
Winder R. Harris Democratic April 8, 1941 –
September 15, 1944
77th
78th
Elected to finish Darden's term.
Re-elected in 1942.
Resigned.
Vacant September 15, 1944 –
November 7, 1944
78th
 
Ralph H. Daughton
Democratic November 7, 1944 –
January 3, 1947
78th
79th
Elected to finish Harris' term.
Simultaneously elected to a full term in 1944.
Lost renomination.
 
Porter Hardy Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1969
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Retired.
 
G. William Whitehurst
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1987
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
Elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired.
 
Owen B. Pickett
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2001
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired.
 
Ed Schrock
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2005
107th
108th
Elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Retired.
 
Thelma Drake
(Norfolk)
Republican January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2009
109th
110th
Elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost re-election.
 
Glenn Nye
(Norfolk)
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
Scott Rigell
(Virginia Beach)
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired.
 
Scott Taylor
(Virginia Beach)
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th Elected in 2016.
Lost re-election.
 
Elaine Luria
(Norfolk)
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Election resultsEdit

1980sEdit

Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican G. William Whitehurst (Incumbent) 97,319 89.84%
Independent Kenneth P. Morrison 11,003 10.16%
Write-in 6 0.01%
Total votes 108,328 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican G. William Whitehurst (Incumbent) 78,108 99.88%
Write-in 97 0.12%
Total votes 78,205 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican G. William Whitehurst (Incumbent) 136,632 99.81%
Write-in 256 0.19%
Total votes 136,888 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett 54,491 49.46%
Republican A. Joe Canada Jr. 46,137 41.88%
Independent Stephen P. Shao 9,492 8.62%
Write-in 49 0.04%
Total votes 110,169 100%
Democratic gain from Republican
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 106,666 60.53%
Republican Jerry R. Curry 62,564 35.51%
Independent Stephen P. Shao 4,255 2.41%
Independent Robert A. Smith 2,691 1.53%
Write-in 32 0.02%
Total votes 176,208 100%
Democratic hold

1990sEdit

Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 55,179 74.95%
Independent Harry G. Broskie 15,915 21.62%
Write-in 2,524 3.43%
Total votes 73,618 100%
Democratic hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1992
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 99,253 56.03%
Republican J. L. Chapman IV 77,797 43.92%
Write-in 83 0.05%
Total votes 177,133 100%
Democratic hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 81,372 59.05%
Republican J. L. Chapman IV 56,375 40.91%
Write-in 55 0.04%
Total votes 137,802 100%
Democratic hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 106,215 64.77%
Republican John F. Tate 57,586 35.11%
Write-in 195 0.12%
Total votes 163,996 100%
Democratic hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Owen B. Pickett (Incumbent) 67,975 94.29%
Write-in 4,116 5.71%
Total votes 72,091 100%
Democratic hold

2000sEdit

Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edward L. Schrock 97,856 51.96%
Democratic Jody M. Wagner 90,328 47.96%
Write-in 145 0.08%
Total votes 188,329 100%
Republican gain from Democratic
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edward L. Schrock (Incumbent) 103,807 83.15%
Green D. C. Amarasinghe 20,589 16.49%
Write-in 450 0.36%
Total votes 124,846 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Thelma D. Drake 132,946 55.08%
Democratic David B. Ashe 108,180 44.82%
Write-in 254 0.11%
Total votes 241,380 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Thelma D. Drake (Incumbent) 88,777 51.27%
Democratic Phil Kellam 83,901 48.45%
Write-in 481 0.28%
Total votes 173,159 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Glenn Nye 141,857 52.40%
Republican Thelma D. Drake (Incumbent) 128,486 47.46%
Write-in 368 0.14%
Total votes 270,711 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010sEdit

Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Scott Rigell 88,340 53.12%
Democratic Glenn Nye (Incumbent) 70,591 42.45%
Independent Kenny E. Golden 7,194 4.33%
Write-in 164 0.10%
Total votes 166,289 100%
Republican gain from Democratic
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Scott Rigell (Incumbent) 166,231 53.76%
Democratic Paul O. Hirschbiel, Jr. 142,548 46.10%
Write-in 443 0.14%
Total votes 309,222 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2014 [31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican E. Scott Rigell (Incumbent) 101,558 58.68%
Democratic Suzanne Patrick 71,178 41.13%
Write-in 324 0.19%
Total votes 173,060 100%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2016 [32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott Taylor 190,475 61.33%
Democratic Shaun D. Brown 119,440 38.46%
Write-in 652 0.21%
Total votes 310,567 100.00%
Republican hold
Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2018 [33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elaine Luria 139,571 51.05%
Republican Scott Taylor (Incumbent) 133,458 48.81%
Write-in 371 0.14%
Total votes 273,400 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

2020sEdit

Virginia's 2nd congressional district election, 2020 [34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Elaine Luria (Incumbent) 185,733 51.55%
Republican Scott Taylor 165,031 45.81%
Independent David Foster 9,170 2.55%
Write-in 343 0.10%
Total votes 360,277 100.00%
Democratic hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "My Congressional District".
  4. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  5. ^ "Court Ordered Redistricting". Redistricting.dls.virginia.gov. September 3, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  6. ^ http://redistricting.dls.virginia.gov/2010/Data/Court%20Ordered%20Redistricting/2016%2001%2007%20Personnhuballah%20v%20Alcorn%20Civil%20Action%20No.%203-13cv678.pdf
  7. ^ "Supreme Court weighs legality of Virginia redistricting". The Hill. March 21, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  8. ^ Todd Ruger (February 1, 2016). "Supreme Court Allows Virginia Redistricting to Stand in 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  9. ^ Andrew Cain (January 7, 2016). "Judges impose new Va. congressional map, redrawing 3rd, 4th Districts &". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of PRESIDENT/VICE PRESIDENT of the United States". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  12. ^ a b "November 7th - General Election". Virginia State Board of Elections. November 20, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c "Official Results: Governor". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  14. ^ "Official Results: Senate". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "November 2nd - General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  16. ^ a b c "November 2005 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  17. ^ "November 2006 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  18. ^ a b "November 2008 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  19. ^ "November 2009 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  20. ^ a b "November 2009 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  21. ^ a b "November 2012 Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  22. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  23. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  24. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  25. ^ "Turnout by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  26. ^ "2017 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  27. ^ "2017 Governor's Election Results by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
  28. ^ "2018 U.S. Senate Results by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
  29. ^ https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2012/11/19/1163009/-Daily-Kos-Elections-presidential-results-by-congressional-district-for-the-2012-2008-elections
  30. ^ https://twitter.com/greggiroux/status/1460659975093686275[bare URL]
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "2016 November General Congress". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
  33. ^ "2018 November General Congress". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  34. ^ "2020 November General Official Results". Virginia Department of Elections. November 11, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°24′29″N 75°53′13″W / 37.40806°N 75.88694°W / 37.40806; -75.88694