1823 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia

Virginia lost one seat in reapportionment following the 1820 United States Census. Nineteen incumbents ran for re-election, leaving three open seats. Virginia elected its members in April 1823 after the term began, but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton Jr.
Redistricted from the 21st district
Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 Arthur Smith
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 William S. Archer
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander
Redistricted from the 18th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 John Randolph
Redistricted from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1799
1813 (Lost)
1815
1817 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 George Tucker
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Jabez Leftwich
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1805
1812 (Lost)
1815
1819 (Retired)
1821
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson
Redistricted from the 23rd district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Robert S. Garnett (Crawford Democratic-Republican) 75.3%
  • Edwin Upshaw (Federalist) 24.7%
Virginia 13 William Lee Ball
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Lee Ball (Crawford Democratic-Republican)[a]
  • John Clowning
  • Ellyson Currie
  • John W. Hungerford (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer
Redistricted from the 8th district
Federalist 1817 Re-elected
as Democratic-Republican
  • Green tickY Charles F. Mercer (Crawford Democratic-Republican) 51.8%[b]
  • Sydnor Bailey (Democratic-Republican) 48.2%
Virginia 15 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY John S. Barbour (Crawford Democratic-Republican) 43.8%
  • Thomas Marshall (Federalist) 17.8%
  • Thomas Brown (Democratic-Republican) 15.6%
Virginia 16 James Stephenson
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1803
1805 (Lost)
1809
1811 (Lost)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 17 Jared Williams
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 18 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Joseph Johnson (Jackson Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
  • Phillip Doddridge (Federalist) 38.3%
  • Edwin S. Duncan (Democratic-Republican) 2.5%
  • Jeremiah Browning (Democratic-Republican) 1.0%
Virginia 19 William McCoy
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 20 John Floyd
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 21 William Smith
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Smith (Crawford Democratic-Republican) 55.5%
  • James M. H. Beale (Democratic-Republican) 31.6%
  • Isaac Morris (Democratic-Republican) 8.8%
  • Robert Bailey (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
  • John Haymond (Democratic-Republican) 1.0%
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Alexander Smyth (Crawford Democratic-Republican) 55.6%
  • Benjamin Estill (Federalist) 44.4%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source.
  2. ^ Changed parties