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Virginia's 19th congressional district

Virginia Congressional District 19 is an obsolete congressional district in Virginia. It was created in 1793 after the 1790 U.S. Census and was eliminated in 1843 after the 1840 U.S. Census. Its last Congressman was George W. Summers.

Contents

BoundariesEdit

The congressional district existed for fifty years. During that time it moved around the Commonwealth, from the east of Virginia to the west (since 1863 in the state of West Virginia). Although all the counties in the district after particular boundary changes have not been confirmed, it is possible to give a general indication of the part of the state involved. This is based on notes in Dubin's book about incomplete returns.

1793–1803: The district included Westmoreland and Northumberland counties in the Northern Neck peninsula of eastern Virginia.

1803–1813: The district number was re-allocated to the south-east of the state, bordering on North Carolina, including Isle of Wight, Southampton, Surry and Sussex counties.

1813–1823: The district moved north-west of its previous incarnation to include Dinwiddie and Nottoway counties.

1823–1833: The district moved west to overlap the post 1863-boundary between Virginia and West Virginia, in what at the time was the middle of the Commonwealth. The territory in the district included Bath County, Virginia and what subsequently became Pocahontas County, West Virginia.

1833–1843: The district extended to the western edge of the pre-1863 Virginia. It included the now West Virginia counties of Cabell, Fayette, Logan and Nicholas.

List of members representing the districtEdit

District created: March 4, 1793.

Representative Party Term Electoral history
John Heath Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Walter Jones Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1797.
Lost re-election.
 
Henry Lee
Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1799.
Retired.
John Taliaferro Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1801.
Retired.
Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 20th district and lost re-election.
 
Peterson Goodwyn
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
February 21, 1818
Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Died.
Vacant February 21, 1818 –
April 21, 1818
John Pegram Democratic-Republican April 21, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
Elected to finish Goodwyn's term.
Retired.
 
James Jones
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
William McCoy Crawford Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
 
William McComas
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
 
Andrew Beirne
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George W. Summers
Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 14th district.

District eliminated March 4, 1843.

Election resultsEdit

When complete vote totals are not available, incomple vote totals are in brackets. All Virginia general congressional elections, for Virginia, in the period covered by this article, were held after the start of the legal term of the Congress. The congressional term started on March 4 in odd numbered years. The Virginia election was usually held in March or April. The House mostly convened for the first time during one of the last three months of the year.

U.S. House election; March 18, 1793: Virginia, District 19
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Anti-Administration John Heath (95) Elected N/A N/A
Walter Jones (137) Defeated N/A N/A
Francis Lee (2) Defeated N/A N/A
Majority N/A N/A N/A
Turnout N/A N/A N/A
  • Note (1793): Returns from Westmoreland County only. Party label for Heath taken from the Wikipedia article on the 3rd Congress, as Dubin gives no party labels for this election.
U.S. House election; March 16, 1795: Virginia, District 19
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic-Republican John Heath Elected unopposed N/A N/A
Majority N/A N/A N/A
Turnout N/A N/A N/A
  • Note (1795): Incomplete data.
U.S. House election; March 20, 1797: Virginia, District 19
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic-Republican Walter Jones (127) Elected N/A N/A
-. Ball (70) Defeated N/A N/A
Majority N/A N/A N/A
Turnout N/A N/A N/A
  • Note (1797): Returns from Westmoreland County only.

ReferencesEdit

  • United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company, 1998)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present