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The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835, to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

24th United States Congress
23rd ←
→ 25th
USCapitol1827A.gif
March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837
Senate PresidentMartin Van Buren (J)
Senate President pro temWilliam R. King (J)
House SpeakerJames K. Polk (J)
Members52 senators
242 members of the House
3 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityJacksonian
House MajorityJacksonian
Sessions
1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837

Contents

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

[Data unknown/missing.]

TreatiesEdit

States admitted and territories formedEdit

Party summaryEdit

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

SenateEdit

During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.[3][4]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
End of previous congress 26 20 2 48 0
Begin 24 21 2 47 1
End 19 31 520
Final voting share 36.5% 59.6% 3.8%
Beginning of next congress 19[a] 33[b] 0 52 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.[3][4]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Jacksonian

(AJ)
Anti-
Masonic

(AM)
Jacksonian
(J)
Nullifier
(N)
States'
Rights

(SR)
End of previous congress 64 26 141 8 0 239 1
Begin 75 16 140 7 0 238 2
End 79 15 139 1 2411
Final voting share 32.8% 6.2% 57.7% 2.9% 0.4%
Beginning of next congress 100[c] 7 121[d] 6 0 234 0

LeadershipEdit

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

MembersEdit

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

SenateEdit

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1836.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membershipEdit

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

SenateEdit

  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[e]
Louisiana
(2)
Vacant Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre had resigned on account of ill-health.
Successor was elected January 13, 1836.
Robert C. Nicholas (J) January 13, 1836
Connecticut
(1)
Nathan Smith (AJ) Died December 6, 1835
Successor eas elected December 21, 1835.
John M. Niles (J) December 21, 1835.
Illinois
(3)
Elias Kane (J) Died December 12, 1835
Successor was appointed December 30, 1835.
William Lee D. Ewing (J) December 30, 1835
Virginia
(1)
John Tyler (AJ) Resigned February 29, 1836
Successor was elected March 4, 1836.
William C. Rives (J) March 4, 1836
Maine
(1)
Ether Shepley (J) Resigned March 3, 1836
Successor was appointed December 7, 1836.
Judah Dana (J) December 7, 1836
New Hampshire
(3)
Isaac Hill (J) Resigned May 30, 1836, to become Governor of New Hampshire.
Successor was elected June 8, 1836.
John Page (J) June 8, 1836
Delaware
(1)
Arnold Naudain (AJ) Resigned June 16, 1836
Successor was elected June 17, 1836.
Richard H. Bayard (AJ) June 17, 1836
Virginia
(2)
Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Resigned July 4, 1836
Successor was elected December 12, 1836.
Richard E. Parker (J) December 12, 1836
Arkansas
(2)
New seats Arkansas was admitted to the Union.
Its new Senators were elected September 18, 1836.
William S. Fulton (J) September 18, 1836.
Arkansas
(3)
Ambrose H. Sevier (J) September 18, 1836.
Maryland
(3)
Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Died October 5, 1836
Successor was elected December 31, 1836.
John S. Spence (AJ) December 31, 1836
North Carolina
(3)
Willie P. Mangum (AJ) Resigned November 26, 1836
Successor was elected December 5, 1836.
Robert Strange (J) December 5, 1836
Delaware
(2)
John M. Clayton (AJ) Resigned December 29, 1836
Successor was elected January 9, 1837.
Thomas Clayton (AJ) January 9, 1837
Louisiana
(3)
Alexander Porter (AJ) Resigned January 5, 1837, due to ill health.
Successor was elected January 12, 1837.
Alexandre Mouton (J) January 12, 1837
Michigan
(1)
New seats Michigan was admitted to the Union.
Its new Senators were elected January 6, 1837.
Lucius Lyon (J) January 26, 1837.
Michigan
(2)
John Norvell (J) January 26, 1837.

House of RepresentativesEdit

  • Replacements: 18
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 13
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[e]
South Carolina 6 Vacant Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) Seated September 10, 1835
Georgia at-large Vacant Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress Jabez Y. Jackson (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia at-large William Schley (J) Resigned July 1, 1835 when nominated for Governor of Georgia. Jesse F. Cleveland (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia at-large James C. Terrell (J) Resigned July 8, 1835, due to ill health Hopkins Holsey (J) Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia at-large John W. A. Sanford (J) Resigned July 25, 1835, to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal Thomas Glascock (J) Seated October 5, 1835
New York 3 Campbell P. White (J) Resigned October 2, 1835 Gideon Lee (J) Seated November 4, 1835
Connecticut at-large Zalmon Wildman (J) Died December 10, 1835 Thomas T. Whittlesey (J) Seated April 29, 1836
South Carolina 4 James H. Hammond (N) Resigned February 26, 1836, because of ill health Franklin H. Elmore (N) Seated December 10, 1836
New York 17 Samuel Beardsley (J) Resigned March 29, 1836 Rutger B. Miller (J) Seated November 9, 1836
North Carolina 12 James Graham (AJ) Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 James Graham (AJ Seated December 5, 1836
Pennsylvania 24 John Banks (AM) Resigned March 31, 1836 John J. Pearson (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 8 Richard I. Manning (J) Died May 1, 1836 John P. Richardson (J) Seated December 19, 1836
Arkansas Territory at-large Ambrose H. Sevier (J) colspan=3 Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836
Connecticut at-large Andrew T. Judson (J) Resigned July 4, 1836 to become judge of the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut. Orrin Holt (J) Seated December 5, 1836
Mississippi at-large David Dickson (AJ) Died July 31, 1836 Samuel J. Gholson (J) Seated December 1, 1836
Arkansas at-large Vacant Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 Archibald Yell (J) Seated August 1, 1836
Georgia at-large George W. Towns (J) Resigned September 1, 1836 Julius C. Alford (AJ) Seated January 2, 1837
New York 30 Philo C. Fuller (AJ) Resigned September 2, 1836 John Young (AJ) Seated November 9, 1836
Georgia at-large John E. Coffee (J) Died September 25, 1836 William C. Dawson (AJ) Seated November 7, 1836
Pennsylvania 13 Jesse Miller (J) Resigned October 30, 1836 James Black (J) Seated December 5, 1836
New Jersey at-large Philemon Dickerson (J) Resigned November 3, 1836 to become Governor of New Jersey. William Chetwood (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
Indiana 6 George L. Kinnard (J) Died November 26, 1836 William Herod (AJ) Seated January 25, 1837
Virginia 2 John Y. Mason (J) Resigned January 11, 1837 Vacant Not filled this congress
Michigan Territory at-large George Wallace Jones (J) colspan=3 Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837
Michigan at-large Vacant Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 Isaac E. Crary (J) Seated January 26, 1837
Wisconsin Territory at-large Vacant Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 George Wallace Jones (J) Seated January 26, 1837

CommitteesEdit

EmployeesEdit

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ as Whigs
  2. ^ as Democrats
  3. ^ as Whigs
  4. ^ as Democrats
  5. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cong. Globe, 24th Cong., 2nd Sess. 166 (1837)". A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  2. ^ "The Senate Elects a Vice President". Washington, D.C.: Office of the Secretary of the Senate. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Stat. 50
  4. ^ a b Stat. 144
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External linksEdit