New York's 11th congressional district

New York's 11th congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City. The 11th district includes all of Staten Island and parts of southern Brooklyn, including the neighborhoods of Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Dyker Heights, south western Gravesend, western Sheepshead Bay, and parts of southern Bensonhurst. The 11th District is currently represented by Republican Nicole Malliotakis, who is currently the only Republican to represent any part of New York City in Congress. Malliotakis was first elected in 2020, defeating one-term incumbent Democrat Max Rose.

New York's 11th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Nicole Malliotakis
RStaten Island
Distribution
  • 100% urban
  • 0% rural
Population (2019)737,390[1]
Median household
income
$81,253[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+7[3]

The district's character is very different from the rest of New York City. It is the only district in the city which leans towards the Republican Party in national elections, and the only one carried by Donald Trump in 2020, who won it with 55 percent of the vote to Democratic opponent Joe Biden's 44 percent.

DemographicsEdit

According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 499,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 64% are White, 15% Latino, 12% Black, and 8% Asian. Immigrants make up 29% of the district's potential voters. The district has significant Italian-American, Jewish, Irish-American, and Russian-American populations. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $85,200. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 10% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 38% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.

HistoryEdit

Prior to the 2012 redistricting, most of the territory currently located in the 11th district had been located in New York's 13th congressional district, while the 11th district was located entirely in Brooklyn and had a majority African-American population. Most of the territory located within the old 11th district is now located in New York's 9th congressional district. The old 11th district was the subject of The Colbert Report's Better Know a District segment on December 15, 2005 and September 4, 2012.

Recent presidential election resultsEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2012 President Obama 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 54 - 44%
2020 President Trump 55 - 44%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Geography
District created March 4, 1803
Beriah Palmer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Elected in 1802.
Retired.
1803–1811
Clinton, Essex and Saratoga counties
 
Peter Sailly
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th Elected in 1804.
Retired.
John Thompson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10th Elected in 1806.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
Thomas R. Gold
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11th
12th
Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
1811–1813
Clinton, Essex, Franklin and Saratoga counties
 
John W. Taylor
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1823
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
1813–1823
Saratoga County
Charles A. Foote Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
[data unknown/missing]
1823–1833
Delaware and Greene counties
Henry Ashley Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1824.
Retired.
Selah R. Hobbie Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th Elected in 1826.
Retired.
Perkins King Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st Elected in 1828.
Retired.
 
Erastus Root
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1830.
[data unknown/missing]
John Cramer Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
1833–1843
Schenectady and Saratoga counties
 
John I. De Graff
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Elected in 1836.
Retired.
Anson Brown Whig March 4, 1839 –
June 14, 1840
26th Elected in 1838.
Died.
Vacant June 14, 1840 –
December 7, 1840
Nicholas B. Doe Whig December 7, 1840 –
March 3, 1841
Elected to finish Brown's term.
Archibald L. Linn Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
Lost re-election to Chesselden Ellis in 16th district after redistricting.
 
Zadock Pratt
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1842.
Retired.
1843–1853
Columbia and Greene counties
 
John F. Collin
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1844.
Retired.
 
Peter H. Silvester
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
Retired.
 
Josiah Sutherland
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
Retired.
 
Theodoric R. Westbrook
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
Retired.
1853–1863
Ulster County, New York and Greene County, New York
Rufus H. King Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Retired.
 
William F. Russell
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1856.
Retired; subsequently appointed Naval Officer of the Port of New York
 
William S. Kenyon
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1858.
Retired.
 
John B. Steele
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
Charles H. Winfield
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1867
38th
39th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Retired.
1863–1873
Orange and Sullivan counties
 
Charles Van Wyck
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected in 1866.
Lost re-election.
 
George W. Greene
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
February 17, 1870
41st Replaced by Charles H. Van Wyck, who successfully contested election
 
Charles Van Wyck
Republican February 17, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
41st Successfully challenged election of George W. Greene.
 
Charles St. John
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Clarkson N. Potter
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
1873–1875
Bronx and Westchester County
 
Benjamin A. Willis
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
1875–1883
Harlem and central Manhattan
 
Levi P. Morton
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 21, 1881
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Resigned to become US Minister to France
Vacant March 21, 1881 –
November 8, 1881
47th
 
Roswell P. Flower
Democratic November 8, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Elected to finish Morton's term.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Orlando B. Potter
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
[data unknown/missing]
1883–1893
West Central Manhattan
 
Truman A. Merriman
Independent Democrat March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
49th
50th
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
[data unknown/missing]
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
 
John Quinn
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John De Witt Warner
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
Amos J. Cummings
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
November 21, 1894
53rd Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1892.
Resigned.
1893–1903
Lower East Side of Manhattan (part)
 
William Sulzer
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54th
55th
56th
57th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
William Randolph Hearst
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
58th
59th
Elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
[data unknown/missing]
1903–1913
Part of Central west Manhattan
 
Charles V. Fornes
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Daniel J. Riordan
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
April 28, 1923
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Died.
1913–1933
All of Staten Island, Parts of Manhattan
Vacant April 28, 1923 –
November 6, 1923
68th
 
Anning Smith Prall
Democratic November 6, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
Elected to finish Riordan's term.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
[data unknown/missing]
 
James A. O'Leary
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
March 16, 1944
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Died.
Vacant March 16, 1944 –
June 6, 1944
78th
 
Ellsworth B. Buck
Republican June 6, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Elected to finish O'Leary's term.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
 
James J. Heffernan
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
[data unknown/missing]
Until 1953
Parts of Brooklyn
 
Emanuel Celler
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
1953–1963
Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
 
Eugene J. Keogh
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
.
1963–1973
Parts of Brooklyn
 
Frank J. Brasco
Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1975
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
[data unknown/missing]
Until 1983
Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
 
James H. Scheuer
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
Edolphus Towns
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
1983–2003
Parts of Brooklyn
 
Major Owens
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2007
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
Redistricted from the 12th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Retired.
2003–2013
 
Parts of Brooklyn
 
Yvette Clarke
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
 
Michael Grimm
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 5, 2015
113th
114th
Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Resigned.
2013–present
 
Staten Island and parts of Brooklyn
Vacant January 5, 2015 –
May 5, 2015
114th
 
Dan Donovan
Republican May 5, 2015 –
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Elected to finish Grimm's term.
Re-elected in 2016.
Lost re-election.
 
Max Rose
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
January 3, 2021
116th Elected in 2018.
Lost re-election.
 
Nicole Malliotakis
Republican January 3, 2021 –
Present
117th Elected in 2020.

Election resultsEdit

In New York State there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap"). (See Electoral fusion § New York.)

1996 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Major Owens (incumbent) 89,905 92.0 +24.9
Republican Claudette Hayle 7,866 8.0 +0.8
Majority 82,039 83.9
Turnout 97,771 100.0
1998 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Major Owens (incumbent) 75,773 90.0 -2.0
Republican David Greene 7,284 8.7 +0.7
Independence Phyllis Taliaferro 1,144 1.4 +1.4
Majority 68,489 81.3 -2.6
Turnout 84,201 -13.9
2000 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Major Owens (incumbent) 112,050 87.0 -3.0
Republican Susan Cleary 8,406 6.5 -2.2
Liberal Una S.T. Clarke 7,366 5.7 +5.7
Conservative Cartrell Gore 962 0.7 +0.7
Majority 103,644 80.5 -0.8
Turnout 128,784 +52.9
2002 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Major Owens (incumbent) 76,917 86.6 -0.4
Republican Susan Cleary 11,149 12.5 +6.0
Conservative Alice Gaffney 798 0.9 +0.2
Majority 65,768 74.0 -6.5
Turnout 88,864 100.0 -31.0
2004 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Major Owens (incumbent) 144,999 94.0 +7.4
Independence Lorraine Stevens 4,721 3.1 +3.1
Conservative Sol Lieberman 4,478 2.9 +2.0
Majority 140,278 91.0 +17.0
Turnout 154,198 100.0 +73.5
2006 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Yvette Clarke 88,334 90.0 -4.0
Republican Stephen Finger 7,447 7.6 +7.6
Conservative Marianna Blume 1,325 1.4 -1.5
Freedom Ollie M. McClean 996 1.0 +1.0
Majority 80,887 82.5 -8.5
Turnout 98,102 100.0 -36.4
2008 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Yvette Clarke (incumbent) 168,562 92.8 +2.8
Republican Hugh C. Carr 11,644 6.4 -1.2
Conservative Cartrell Gore 1,517 0.8 -0.6
Majority 156,918 86.4 +3.9
Turnout 181,723 100.0 +85.2
2010 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Yvette Clarke (incumbent) 104,297 90.6 -2.2
Republican Hugh C. Carr 10,858 9.4 +3.0
Majority 93,439 81.1 -5.3
Turnout 115,155 100.0 -36.6
2015 special election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Daniel M. Donovan 23,409 58.7 +49.3
Democratic Vincent Gentile 15,808 39.4 -51.2
Turnout 42,569 100.0
2016 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Daniel M. Donovan (incumbent) 134,366 62.2 +3.5
Democratic Richard Reichard 78,066 36.1 -3.5
Turnout 216,023 100.0
2018 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Max Rose 101,823 53.0 +16.9
Republican Daniel M. Donovan (Incumbent) 89,441 46.6 -16.9
Democratic gain from Republican
2020 election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Nicole Malliotakis 155,608 53.2 +6.4
Democratic Max Rose (Incumbent) 137,198 46.8 -6.2
Republican gain from Democratic Swing +12.6

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  2. ^ "My Congressional District".
  3. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  4. ^ "General Election Results - Certified December 03, 2020". New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 17, 2020.

Coordinates: 40°34′01″N 74°07′35″W / 40.56694°N 74.12639°W / 40.56694; -74.12639