New York's congressional districts

The U.S. state of New York currently comprises 27 congressional districts. Each district elects one member of the United States House of Representatives who sits on its behalf.[2] The state was redistricted in 2013, following the 2010 U.S. Census; it lost two seats in Congress.[3]

Map of New York's congressional districts since 2013[1]

Starting in the 2022 mid-term elections, per the 2020 United States census, New York will lose a congressional seat. The loss was decided by a remarkably close margin; it was believed that if 89 more people were counted in the census results and all other state populations remained stagnant, New York would have kept its lost seat.[4]

Current counties and representativesEdit

List of members of the New York United States House delegation, district boundaries, and district political ratings, according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 27 members, with nineteen Democrats and eight Republicans, as of 2022.

Current U.S. representatives from New York
()
District Member
(Residence)[5]
Party Incumbent since CPVI
(2021)[6]
District map
1st  
Lee Zeldin
(Shirley)
Republican January 3, 2015 R+6  
2nd  
Andrew Garbarino
(Sayville)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+5  
3rd  
Thomas Suozzi
(Glen Cove)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+3  
4th  
Kathleen Rice
(Garden City)
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+4  
5th  
Gregory Meeks
(Queens)
Democratic February 3, 1998 D+34  
6th  
Grace Meng
(Queens)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+13  
7th  
Nydia Velázquez
(Brooklyn)
Democratic January 3, 1993 D+34  
8th  
Hakeem Jeffries
(Brooklyn)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+33  
9th  
Yvette Clarke
(Brooklyn)
Democratic January 3, 2007 D+32  
10th  
Jerry Nadler
(Manhattan)
Democratic November 3, 1992 D+27  
11th  
Nicole Malliotakis
(Staten Island)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+7  
12th  
Carolyn Maloney
(Manhattan)
Democratic January 3, 1993 D+34  
13th  
Adriano Espaillat
(Manhattan)
Democratic January 3, 2017 D+40  
14th  
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
(Bronx)
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+25  
15th  
Ritchie Torres
(Bronx)
Democratic January 3, 2021 D+39  
16th  
Jamaal Bowman
(Yonkers)
Democratic January 3, 2021 D+25  
17th  
Mondaire Jones
(Nyack[failed verification])
Democratic January 3, 2021 D+9  
18th  
Sean Patrick Maloney
(Cold Spring)
Democratic January 3, 2013 R+1  
19th  
Antonio Delgado
(Rhinebeck)
Democratic January 3, 2019 R+3  
20th  
Paul Tonko
(Amsterdam)
Democratic January 3, 2009 D+7  
21st  
Elise Stefanik
(Schuylerville)
Republican January 3, 2015 R+8  
22nd  
Claudia Tenney
(New Hartford)
Republican February 11, 2021 R+9  
23rd  
Tom Reed
(Corning)
Republican November 18, 2010 R+9  
24th  
John Katko
(Syracuse)
Republican January 3, 2015 D+2  
25th  
Joseph Morelle
(Irondequoit)
Democratic November 13, 2018 D+8  
26th  
Brian Higgins
(Buffalo)
Democratic January 3, 2005 D+10  
27th  
Chris Jacobs
(Orchard Park)
Republican July 21, 2020 R+12  

Historical district locationsEdit

Note: There are now 62 counties in New York (state). The counties that are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized.

1789 electionsEdit

On January 27, 1789, the New York State Legislature divided the State of New York into six congressional districts which were not numbered.[7]

1790 electionsEdit

The districts remained the same as for the previous elections in March 1789.

1793 electionsEdit

On December 18, 1792, the Legislature divided the State into ten districts, which were still not numbered, taking into account the new counties created in 1791.

1794 electionsEdit

The congressional districts remained at this election the same as at the previous election, only inside the tenth district a new county, Onondaga, was created in 1794.

1796 electionsEdit

The geographical area of the congressional districts remained at this election the same as at the previous election in December 1794. Steuben county was created out of part of Ontario County, and remained in the same district. Schoharie County was created from part of Albany County, and part of Otsego County, which remained in separate districts.

1798 electionsEdit

On March 27, 1797, the Legislature re-apportioned the districts, taking into account the new counties which had been created in the meanwhile, and for the first time the districts were numbered.

1800 electionsEdit

The districts remained the same as at the previous election in April 1798, but two new counties were created in 1799: in the 7th district, Essex County was split from Clinton County; and in the 10th district, Cayuga County was split from Onondaga County.

1802 electionsEdit

Until the previous elections, there had been ten congressional districts. After the U.S. census of 1800, Congress re-apportioned the seats, and New York's representation was increased to 17. On March 30, 1802, the New York State Legislature re-apportioned the congressional districts, dividing New York County seemingly at random into two districts.

1804 electionsEdit

After the election of one Democratic-Republican and one Federalist in 1802, the Democratic-Republican majority in the State Legislature gerrymandered the two districts together in an Act passed on March 20, 1804, so that two congressmen would be elected on a general ticket by the voters of both districts, assuring the election of two Democratic-Republicans.

Besides, Seneca County was split from Cayuga County inside the 17th district.

1806 electionsEdit

Three new counties had been created since the last elections in 1804: inside the 15th district, Jefferson County was split off from Oneida County; in the 16th district, Madison County from Chenango County; and in the 17th district, Allegany County from Genesee County The area of the districts remained the same.

1808 electionsEdit

On April 8, 1808, the State Legislature re-apportioned the districts again, separating the 2nd and the 3rd district, and creating two districts with two seats each to be filled on a general ticket: the 2nd and the 6th.

David Thomas had been elected in the old 12th district which had comprised only Washington County, so the vacancy was filled by a special election held only in this county, while at the same time two representatives were elected on a general ticket in the new 6th district to which Washington County had been re-districted together with Columbia County and Rensselaer County.

Due to the double-seat districts, there were then only 15 districts; the 16th and 17th were eliminated.

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the above-mentioned counties.

1810 electionsEdit

The districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1808. Only four new counties were created inside some districts: in the 5th district, Sullivan County was split from Ulster County; in the 7th district, Schenectady County was split from Albany County; in the 8th district, Franklin County was split from Clinton County; and in the 15th district, Niagara County was split from Genesee County.

1812 electionsEdit

Due to the increase in seats, the previously eliminated 16th and 17th district were re-established, and four more districts were created. Six districts had two members, elected districtwide on a general ticket.

1814 electionsEdit

For the 1814 elections, the districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1812, only one new county was created: in the 12th district, Warren County was split from Washington County.

1816 electionsEdit

For the 1816 elections, there was no change.

1818 electionsEdit

For the 1818 elections, the geographical area of the districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1816. Two new counties were created: Tompkins inside the 20th district; and Cattaraugus inside the 21st district. In 1817, the Town of Danube was separated from the Town of Minden in Montgomery County, and transferred to Herkimer County, but Danube remained in the 14th district.

1821 electionsEdit

For the 1821 elections, except for the split of the 21st district, the geographical area of the congressional districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1818. Five new counties had been created. Hamilton County was split from Montgomery County inside the 14th district. Oswego County was created from parts of Oneida and Onondaga counties, but the parts remained in their previous congressional districts. On March 9, 1821, the New York State Legislature divided the 21st district in two districts: Ontario County and the newly created Monroe County remained as the 21st district; the remainder became the new 22nd district, including the new counties of Erie and Livingston.

1822 electionsEdit

On April 17, 1822, the New York State Legislature re-apportioned the congressional districts according to the figures of the 1820 United States census. The number of district was increased to 30, creating eight new districts; the number of seats was increased to 34, creating for the first time a triple-seat district, and keeping two double-seat districts.

1824 electionsEdit

The geographical area of the congressional districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1822. Two new counties were created within the 26th district: Wayne County and Yates County.

1826 electionsEdit

The geographical area of the congressional districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1824. Only one new county was created: in the 29th district, Orleans County was split from Genesee County.

2002 electionsEdit

Obsolete districtsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  2. ^ 2 U.S.C. § 2c
  3. ^ "New Congressional Lines Imposed by Federal Court". New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  4. ^ Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  5. ^ "Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-12.
  6. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2022-01-12.
  7. ^ The numbers which are used nowadays to describe these districts at this time derive from the numbers of the districts officially introduced in 1797, considering the sequence of the districts in the official listing and the approximate geographical equivalence.
  8. ^ a b In the Act of March 23, 1797, the Towns of Clarkstown, Haverstraw, Hempsted and Orangetown are mentioned. These towns were split from Orange County in 1798, before the election, to form Rockland County.

External linksEdit