1904 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1904 United States House of Representatives elections coincided with the election to a full term of President Theodore Roosevelt.

1904 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1902 November 8, 1904[a] 1906 →

All 386 seats in the United States House of Representatives
194 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 206 seats 176 seats
Seats won 251[1][2] 135[1][2]
Seat change Increase 45 Decrease 41
Popular vote 7,173,481 5,386,523
Percentage 54.58% 40.98%
Swing Increase 4.77% Decrease 4.02%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 4 seats
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 4
Popular vote 21,402
Percentage 0.16%
Swing Decrease 0.40%

Speaker before election

Joseph Gurney Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Gurney Cannon
Republican

Roosevelt's popularity swept many Republican house candidates into office, cementing their majority over the opposition Democratic Party. Because Roosevelt came from a liberal wing of the Republican Party, his ideology was prevalent among freshman representatives. Progressive Republicanism mobilized a new base of support and proved to be especially popular among the Protestant middle-class workers who held jobs in business or in the front offices of industrial facilities.

Election summariesEdit

135 251
Democratic Republican
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0   9  
Arkansas District 7 0   7  
California District 8 8   3 0   3
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3   1 0  
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5   0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   1 0   1
Florida District 3 0   3  
Georgia District 11 0   11  
Idaho At-large 1 1   0  
Illinois District 25 24   7 1   7
Indiana District 13 11   2 2   2
Iowa District 11 11   1 0  
Kansas District
+at-large
8 8   0  
Kentucky District 11 2   1 9   1
Kentucky District 7 0   7  
Maine[b] District 4 4   0  
Maryland District 6 3   1 3   1
Massachusetts District 14 11   1 3   1
Michigan District 12 12   1 0   1
Minnesota District 9 9   1 0   1
Mississippi District 8 0   8  
Missouri District 16 10   9 6   9
Montana At-large 1 1   0  
Nebraska District 6 6   1 0   1
Nevada At-large 1 0   1  
New Hampshire District 2 2   0  
New Jersey District 10 9   2 1   2
New York District 37 26   6 11   6
North Carolina District 10 1   1 9   1
North Dakota District 2 2   0  
Ohio District 21 20   3 1   3
Oregon[b] District 2 2   0  
Pennsylvania District 32 31   3 1   3
Rhode Island District 2 1   1  
South Carolina District 7 0   7  
South Carolina At-large 2 2   0  
Tennessee District 10 2   8  
Texas District 16 0   16  
Utah At-large 1 1   0  
Vermont[b] District 2 2   0  
Virginia District 10 1   9  
Washington At-large 3 3   0  
West Virginia District 5 5   0  
Wisconsin District 11 10   1  
Wyoming At-large 1 1   0  
Total 386 251
65.0%
  41 135
35.0%
  41
Popular vote
Republican
54.58%
Democratic
40.98%
Independent
0.16%
Others
4.28%
House seats
Republican
65.03%
Democratic
34.97%

The previous election of 1902 saw 3 Independent Republicans elected in the Pittsburgh area of Pennsylvania.

 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

In 1904, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 2 George W. Croft Democratic 1902 Incumbent died March 10, 1904.
New member elected May 17, 1904.
Winner was not a candidate to the next term, see below.
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent resigned July 1, 1904 to become U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
New member elected November 8, 1904.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Ohio 19

AlabamaEdit

ArkansasEdit

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 Theodore A. Bell Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent resigned July 1, 1904 to become U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
California 4 Edward J. Livernash Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 5 William J. Wynn Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
California 8 Milton J. Daniels Republican 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

GeorgiaEdit

IdahoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho at-large Burton L. French Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Burton L. French (Republican) 63.66%
  • Benjamin F. Clay (Democratic) 28.62%
  • John H. Morrison (Socialist) 5.98%
  • Allen K. Wright (Prohibition) 1.43%
  • D. L. Badley (Populist) 0.31%[4]

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 William H. Jackson Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank C. Wachter (Republican) 51.8%
  • Lee S. Meyer (Democratic) 45.8%
  • S.H. Roberts (Prohibition) 0.8%
  • Levin T. Jones (Socialist) 1.6%
Maryland 4 James W. Denny Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y John Gill Jr. (Democratic) 51.8%
  • William C. Smith (Republican) 47.0%
  • George E. McLaughlin (Prohibition) 1.2%
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sydney Emanuel Mudd I (Republican) 53.6%
  • Richard S. Hill (Democratic) 43.6%
  • William E. Johnsen (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • John E. Mudd (Independent Republican) 1.4%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George A. Pearre (Republican) 53.9%
  • Walter A. Johnston (Democratic) 42.5%
  • William A. Michaels (Prohibition) 2.1%
  • S. L. V. Young (Socialist) 1.5%

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 George P. Lawrence Republican 1897 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George P. Lawrence (Republican) 58.0%
  • Charles Giddings (Democratic) 37.4%
  • Theodore Koehler (Socialist) 3.0%
  • John Kilbon (Prohibition) 1.5%
Massachusetts 2 Frederick H. Gillett Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frederick H. Gillett (Republican) 63.5%
  • George W. Wheelwright Jr. (Democratic) 28.8%
  • George H. Wrenn (Socialist) 6.3%
  • Alfred E. Steele (Prohibition) 1.4%
Massachusetts 3 John R. Thayer Democratic 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Rockwood Hoar (Republican) 61.1%
  • John B. Ratigan (Democratic) 36.4%
  • John W. Brown (Socialist) 2.5%
Massachusetts 4 Charles Q. Tirrell Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5 Butler Ames Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6 Augustus Peabody Gardner Republican 1902 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 Ernest W. Roberts Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ernest W. Roberts (Republican) 62.9%
  • William A. Kelley (Democratic) 30.7%
  • Andrew A. Keene (Socialist) 3.3%
  • Fred P. Greenwood (Prohibition) 1.7%
  • James Goodwin (Socialist Labor) 1.4%
Massachusetts 8 Samuel W. McCall Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9 John A. Keliher Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Keliher (Democratic) 67.7%
  • Walter L. Sears (Republican) 27.4%
  • James J. McVey (Socialist) 4.9%
Massachusetts 10 William S. McNary Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William S. McNary (Democratic) 57.3%
  • Jay B. Crawford (Republican) 38.0%
  • William T. Richards (Socialist) 4.7%
Massachusetts 11 John Andrew Sullivan Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 12 Samuel L. Powers Republican 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John W. Weeks (Republican) 61.3%
  • Augustus Hemenway (Democratic) 34.3%
  • George E. Littlefield (Socialist) 4.4%
Massachusetts 13 William S. Greene Republican 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 14 William C. Lovering Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William C. Lovering (Republican) 60.4%
  • Thomas H. Buttimer (Democratic) 23.3%
  • Charles H. Coulter (Socialist) 14.0%
  • Sherman E. Ellis (Prohibition) 2.3%

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Ezekiel S. Candler Jr. Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Thomas Spight Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Benjamin G. Humphreys II Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Wilson S. Hill Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Adam M. Byrd Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 6 Eaton J. Bowers Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 7 Frank A. McLain Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 8 John S. Williams Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

MissouriEdit

MontanaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana at-large Joseph M. Dixon Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph M. Dixon (Republican) 51.73%
  • Austin C. Gormley (Democratic) 41.95%
  • John H. Walsh (Socialist) 6.32%[13]

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 Elmer Burkett Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
Resigned before start of term to become Senator.
  •  Y Elmer Burkett (Republican) 59.71%
  • Hugh Lamaster (Democratic) 35.80%
  • Bert Wilson (Prohibition) 3.16%
  • A. L. Schiermeter (Socialist) 1.34%[14]
Nebraska 2 Gilbert Hitchcock Democratic 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Nebraska 3 John McCarthy Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John McCarthy (Republican) 51.94%
  • Patrick E. McKillip (Democratic) 45.62%
  • H. J. Hockenburger (Prohibition) 2.44%[16]
Nebraska 4 Edmund H. Hinshaw Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Edmund H. Hinshaw (Republican) 57.90%
  • Charles F. Gilbert (Democratic) 38.84%
  • George I. Wright (Prohibition) 3.27%[17]
Nebraska 5 George W. Norris Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George W. Norris (Republican) 56.11%
  • Harry H. Mauck (Democratic) 39.51%
  • John Tucker (Prohibition) 2.83%
  • William Stolley (Socialist) 1.55%[18]
Nebraska 6 Moses Kinkaid Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Moses Kinkaid (Republican) 58.82%
  • Walter B. McNeel (Democratic) 35.76%
  • John J. Smith (Prohibition) 2.88%
  • Lucien Stebbins (Socialist) 2.54%[19]

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

North DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Dakota at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Thomas F. Marshall (Republican) 36.89%
  •  Y Asle Gronna (Republican) 35.79%
  • N. P. Rasmussen (Democratic) 11.73%
  • A. G. Burr (Democratic) 11.57%
  • L. F. Dow (Socialist) 1.30%
  • E. D. Herring (Socialist) 1.28%
  • B. H. Tibbets (Prohibition) 0.73%[20]
Burleigh F. Spalding Republican 1902 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

OhioEdit

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon 1 Binger Hermann Republican 1903 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Binger Hermann (Republican) 51.23%
  • R. M. Veatch (Democratic) 36.67%
  • Hiram Gould (Prohibition) 6.13%
  • Benjamin Franklin Ramp (Socialist) 5.98%[21]
Oregon 2 John N. Williamson Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John N. Williamson (Republican) 57.58%
  • J. E. Simmons (Democratic) 27.11%
  • George R. Cook (Socialist) 7.81%
  • H. W. Stone (Prohibition) 7.50%[22]

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George Swinton Legaré (Democratic) 91.3%
  • J. N. Noland (Republican) 5.2%
  • Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican)3.5%
South Carolina 2 George W. Croft Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 98.2%
  • John Scott (Republican) 1.8%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Robert B. Scarborough Democratic 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
(2 seats elected on a general ticket)
Charles H. Burke Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Eben Martin (Republican) 35.03%
  •  Y Charles H. Burke (Republican) 35.00%
  • Wesley A. Stuart (Democratic) 11.36%
  • William A. Lynch (Democratic) 11.33%
  • Henry W. Smith (Socialist) 1.56%
  • S. A. Cochrane (Socialist) 1.53%
  • A. Jamieson (Prohibition) 1.51%
  • C. K. Thompson (Prohibition) 1.48%
  • A. J. McCain (Populist) 0.61%
  • G. W. Lattin (Populist) 0.59%[23]
Eben Martin Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Walter P. Brownlow Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Henry R. Gibson Republican 1894 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Nathan W. Hale (Republican) 70.93%
  • J. W. Staples (Democratic) 28.50%
  • D. A. Vess (Socialist) 0.57%[25]
Tennessee 3 John A. Moon Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Moon (Democratic) 53.23%
  • Robert S. Sharp (Republican) 45.97%
  • R. B. Taggart (Socialist) 0.80%[26]
Tennessee 4 Morgan C. Fitzpatrick Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Mounce G. Butler (Democratic) 53.27%
  • W. B. Pickering (Republican) 46.24%
  • J. J. Miles (Populist) 0.49%[27]
Tennessee 5 James D. Richardson Democratic 1884 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 6 John W. Gaines Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John W. Gaines (Democratic) 78.97%
  • H. L. Maxwell (Republican) 20.16%
  • H. G. Sneed (Socialist) 0.87%[29]
Tennessee 7 Lemuel P. Padgett Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Lemuel P. Padgett (Democratic) 61.90%
  • A. M. Hughes (Republican) 37.96%
  • H. G. Smith (Socialist) 0.14%[30]
Tennessee 8 Thetus W. Sims Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Rice A. Pierce Democratic 1896 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 10 Malcolm R. Patterson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

TexasEdit

UtahEdit

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 James Hay Democratic 1904 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

WashingtonEdit

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Blackburn B. Dovener Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Blackburn B. Dovener (Republican) 54.74%
  • J. W. Barnes (Democratic) 41.27%
  • B. H. Shadduck (Prohibition) 2.76%
  • H. A. Leeds (Socialist) 1.24%[36]
West Virginia 2 Alston G. Dayton Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Alston G. Dayton (Republican) 51.61%
  • Stuart W. Walker (Democratic) 46.63%
  • Larkin Bowers (Prohibition) 1.54%
  • Joseph Silva (Socialist) 0.23%[37]
West Virginia 3 Joseph H. Gaines Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph H. Gaines (Republican) 52.77%
  • H. B. Davenport (Democratic) 44.50%
  • S. F. Nutter (Prohibition) 1.85%
  • G. L. Burnbaugh (Socialist) 0.88%[38]
West Virginia 4 Harry C. Woodyard Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Harry C. Woodyard (Republican) 53.59%
  • Allen C. Murdock (Democratic) 44.16%
  • M. H. Snodgrass (Prohibition) 2.00%
  • J. W. Stewart (Socialist) 0.26%[39]
West Virginia 5 James A. Hughes Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James A. Hughes (Republican) 55.78%
  • S. S. Altezer (Democratic) 43.03%
  • J. S. Thornburg (Prohibition) 0.90%
  • Henry Burke (Socialist) 0.29%[40]

WisconsinEdit

WyomingEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming at-large Frank W. Mondell Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank W. Mondell (Republican) 64.61%
  • T. S. Taliaferro (Democratic) 32.21%
  • William Brown (Socialist) 2.67%
  • Lemuel L. Laughlin (Prohibition) 0.50%[41]

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Oklahoma TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Oklahoma Territory at-large Bird S. McGuire Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

New Mexico TerritoryEdit

New Mexico Territory elected its non-voting delegate November 8, 1904.

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
New Mexico Territory at-large Bernard Shandon Rodey Republican 1900 Incumbent lost renomination and then lost re-election as an Independent Republican.
New delegate elected.
Republican hold.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held earlier elections between June 6 and September 12.
  2. ^ a b c Elections held early.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 158–159.
  3. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=170033
  4. ^ "ID At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  5. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  6. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  10. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  12. ^ "MS - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  13. ^ "MT At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 04 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 05 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 06 Race - Nov 8, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  20. ^ "ND At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  21. ^ "OR - District 01 Race - Jun 06, 1904". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  22. ^ "OR - District 02 Race - Jun 06, 1904". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  23. ^ "SD At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  24. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  25. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  26. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  27. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  28. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  29. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  30. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  31. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  32. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  33. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 06 - Special Election Race - Nov 04, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  35. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA - District 07 Race - Nov 08, 1904". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  36. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  37. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  38. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  39. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  40. ^ "WV District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  41. ^ "WY At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  42. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Territorial Delegate - Final Election Race - Nov 08, 1904".
  43. ^ "Our Campaigns - NM Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 08, 1904".

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit