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New York's 9th congressional district

New York's 9th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City, represented by Yvette Clarke.

New York's 9th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 9th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Yvette Clarke
DBrooklyn
Median income$57,453[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+34[2]

The district is located entirely within Brooklyn. It includes the neighborhoods of Brownsville, Crown Heights, East Flatbush, Flatbush, Kensington, Park Slope, Prospect Heights, Midwood, Sheepshead Bay, Marine Park, Gerritsen Beach and Prospect Lefferts Gardens. Prospect Park, Grand Army Plaza and the Grand Army Plaza Greenmarket, the worldwide headquarters of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic community and the Brooklyn Children's Museum are located within this district, as well as, in the Prospect Heights neighborhood, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, the Central Library, or main branch, of the Brooklyn Public Library, and the Kurdish Library and Museum.

Prior to 2013, the district consisted primarily of middle-class white neighborhoods, including large Jewish, Italian, Irish, and Russian populations, in southern Brooklyn and south central Queens. Before redistricting, the Queens Tribune found that the district increasingly swung Republican following the September 11 attacks in 2001, when many police and firefighters were lost from the Rockaways.[3] Its rightward shift was also attributed to the increasing tendency of Orthodox Jews to vote for Republicans.[4] Its representation in Congress was reliably Democratic for decades, electing prominent liberals such as Chuck Schumer and Anthony Weiner and, prior to that, Emanuel Celler and Elizabeth Holtzman (when the district was differently numbered). Anthony D. Weiner was Congressman from 1999 until he resigned on June 21, 2011. Republican Bob Turner succeeded Weiner after winning the special election on September 13, 2011. However, the previous 9th District was eliminated after New York lost two districts in 2010 redistricting, and its territory was divided among several neighboring districts.

After redistricting, Yvette Clarke now represents the district. The district has an African-American majority and also includes most of the territory previously within the 11th District. It includes significant portions of Midwood, Brooklyn, however, that was previously within the 9th.

In the 1980s, the district was based in Astoria and surrounding neighborhoods in Queens. This iteration of the district gained national attention in 1984 when 9th District Rep. Geraldine Ferraro became the vice presidential candidate of the Democratic Party.

Contents

Recent results in presidential electionsEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 59 – 32%
1996 President Clinton 66 – 27%
2000 President Gore 67 – 30%
2004 President Kerry 56 – 44%
2008 President Obama 84 – 15%
2012 President Obama 85 – 14%
2016 President Clinton 84 – 14%

Components: past and presentEdit

 
The Ninth District from 1993 to 2003

The 9th was historically a Queens district.[citation needed] Part of the old 9th became the 7th District in the 1992 redistricting when the present 9th absorbed much of the old 10th District based in Brooklyn.[citation needed]

  • 1797–1803: Montgomery County
  • 1803–1809: [Data unknown/missing.]
  • 1809–1913: Montgomery County
  • 1913–1945: Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
  • 1945–1963: Parts of Brooklyn
  • 1963–1993: Parts of Queens
  • 1993–2013: Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
  • 2013–present: Parts of Brooklyn

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1793
James Gordon Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1793.
Retired.
 
John Williams
Democratic-Republican[5] March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Redistricted to the 7th district and lost re-election.
Federalist[6][7] March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
 
Jonas Platt
Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Retired.
Benjamin Walker Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Retired.
 
Killian K. Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Thomas Sammons Federalist[8] March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican[9] March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
John Lovett Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Rensselaer Westerlo Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Elected in 1816.
Retired.
 
Solomon Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 4, 1819 –
January 14, 1822
Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
Resigned to become postmaster of Albany.
Vacant January 14, 1822 –
March 12, 1822
 
Stephen Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 12, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish his cousin's term.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
James L. Hogeboom Crawford
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1822.
Retired.
William McManus Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John D. Dickinson
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Job Pierson Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Hiram P. Hunt Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Henry Vail Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Hiram P. Hunt Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James G. Clinton Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Archibald C. Niven Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Daniel B. St. John Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Thomas McKissock Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William Murray
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Jared V. Peck
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Bayard Clarke Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
Declined renomination as a Republican.
 
John B. Haskin
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Anti-Lecompton
Democratic
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
 
Edward Haight
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Anson Herrick
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William A. Darling
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Fernando Wood
Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
David B. Mellish Republican March 4, 1873 –
May 23, 1874
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 23, 1874 –
December 7, 1874
 
Richard Schell
Democratic December 7, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Mellish's term.
Retired.
 
Fernando Wood
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
February 14, 1881
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Died.
Vacant February 14, 1881 –
December 5, 1881
John Hardy Democratic December 5, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Elected to finish Wood's term.
Lost renomination.
 
Joseph Pulitzer
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
April 10, 1886
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant April 10, 1886 –
November 2, 1886
 
Samuel S. Cox
Democratic November 2, 1886 –
September 10, 1889
Elected to finish Pulitzer's term.
Died.
Vacant September 10, 1889 –
November 5, 1889
 
Amos J. Cummings
Democratic November 5, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Elected to finish Cox's term.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
 
Timothy J. Campbell
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry C. Miner
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Thomas J. Bradley
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Henry M. Goldfogle
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
James H. O'Brien
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Oscar W. Swift
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
David J. O'Connell
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Andrew Petersen
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
David J. O'Connell
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
December 29, 1930
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 29, 1930 –
February 17, 1931
 
Stephen A. Rudd
Democratic February 17, 1931 –
March 31, 1936
Elected to finish O'Connell's term.
Died.
Vacant March 31, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
 
Eugene J. Keogh
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
 
James J. Delaney
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
December 31, 1978
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Resigned.
Vacant January 1, 1979 –
January 3, 1979
 
Geraldine Ferraro
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
Elected in 1978.
Retired to run for U.S. Vice President.
 
Thomas J. Manton
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
Elected in 1984.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
 
Chuck Schumer
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Anthony Weiner
Democratic January 3, 1999 –
June 21, 2011
Elected in 1998.
Resigned.[10]
Vacant June 21, 2011 –
September 13, 2011
 
Robert Turner
Republican September 13, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish Weiner's term.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Yvette Clarke
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 2012.

Recent election resultsEdit

In New York elections, there are minor parties. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

  • [Data unknown/missing.]
US House election, 1870: New York District 9[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Fernando Wood 15,620 64.8
Young Democrat and Republican William S. Hillyer 4,789 19.8
Republican Morris Ellinger 3,707 15.4
Majority 10,831 45.0
Turnout 24,116 100
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
US House election, 1984: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Thomas J. Manton 71,420 52.8
Republican Serphin R. Maltese 63,910 47.2
Majority 7,510 5.6
Turnout 135,330 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charles E. Schumer 107,107 74.8
Republican Robert J. Verga 30,488 21.3
Conservative Michael Mossa 5,618 3.9
Majority 76,619 53.5
Turnout 143,213 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 69,439 66.4 -8.4
Republican Louis Telano 24,486 23.4 +2.1
Liberal Melinda Katz 5,698 5.5 +5.5
Conservative Arthur J. Smith 4,899 4.7 +0.8
Majority 44,953 43.0 -10.5
Turnout 104,522 100 -27.0
US House election, 2000: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 98,983 68.4 +2.0
Republican Noach Dear 45,649 31.6 +8.2
Majority 53,334 36.9 -6.1
Turnout 144,632 100 +38.4
US House election, 2002: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 60,737 65.7 -2.7
Republican Alfred F. Donohue 31,698 34.3 +2.7
Majority 29,039 31.4 -5.5
Turnout 92,435 100 -36.1
US House election, 2004: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 113,025 71.3 +5.6
Republican Gerard J. Cronin 45,451 28.7 -5.6
Majority 67,574 42.6 +11.2
Turnout 158,476 100 +71.4
US House election, 2006: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 71,762 100 +28.7
Majority 71,762 100 +57.4
Turnout 71,762 100 -54.7
US House election, 2008: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 112,205 93.1 -6.9
Conservative Alfred F. Donohue 8,378 6.9 +6.9
Majority 103,827 86.2 -13.8
Turnout 120,583 100 +68.0
US House election, 2010: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 67,011 60.8 -32.3
Republican Bob Turner 43,129 39.2 +39.2
Majority 23,882 21.6 -64.6
Turnout 110,140 100 -8.7
Democratic hold
US House special election, 2011: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Turner 37,342 51.72
Democratic David Weprin 33,656 46.62
Socialist Workers Chris Hoeppner 143 0.2
Write-In Votes Multiple (49 Names) 1,056 1.46
Total votes 72,197 100
Republican gain from Democratic
US House election, 2018: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Yvette D. Clarke
Republican Lutchi Gayot
Reform Joel Anabilah-Azumah
Majority
Turnout

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 – 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=36&cd=09
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Feature. Queens Tribune (September 15, 2011). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  4. ^ http://www.jpost.com/International/Pro-Israel-Republican-Bob-Turner-wins-Weiners-NY-seat. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ 1794 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  6. ^ see The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846), on page 115: "…Gen. John Williams who had changed from a zealous democrat to a most heated federalist."
  7. ^ 1796 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  8. ^ 1808 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  9. ^ 1810 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  10. ^ Strauss, Daniel. "Weiner to submit resignation letter Tuesday at midnight". Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  11. ^ November Election, 1870. Complete Statement of the Official Canvass, in Detail of the Election Held November 8, 1870, Giving the Vote of Each Election District, with Proceedings of County And State... Volume II. County of New York. 1871. p. 2030. Retrieved March 26, 2009.CS1 maint: others (link)

ReferencesEdit