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Sheepshead Bay is a neighborhood in southern Brooklyn, New York City. It is bounded by Ocean Parkway to the west; Avenue T and Kings Highway to the north; Nostrand Avenue and Gerritsen Avenue to the east; and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Sheepshead Bay is abutted by the neighborhoods of Brighton Beach and Homecrest to the west; Midwood to the north; and Gerritsen Beach to the east.

Sheepshead Bay
Ocean Avenue Footbridge
Ocean Avenue Footbridge
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°34′55″N 73°56′31″W / 40.582°N 73.942°W / 40.582; -73.942Coordinates: 40°34′55″N 73°56′31″W / 40.582°N 73.942°W / 40.582; -73.942
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough Brooklyn
Community DistrictBrooklyn 15[1]
Area
 • Total2.2800 sq mi (5.9053 km2)
Population
 • Total64,518
 • Density28,000/sq mi (11,000/km2)
Ethnicity
 • White68.1%
 • Asian15.7
 • Hispanic8.1
 • Black6.4
 • Other1.7
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917

The neighborhood is named after a bay that separates mainland Brooklyn from the eastern portion of Coney Island, which was originally one of the Outer Barrier islands but is now a peninsula. The mouth of the bay is about 1.0 mile (1.6 km) southwest of Marine Park.

Sheepshead Bay is part of Brooklyn Community District 15 and its primary ZIP Codes are 11229 and 11235.[1] It is patrolled by the 61st Precinct of the New York City Police Department.[4] Politically it is represented by the New York City Council's 46th and 48th Districts.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Races, circa 1872-1887
 
Many bungalows like this were built in the 1920s

The name "Sheepshead Bay" applies to the neighborhood north of the bay as well as the bay itself. Sheepshead Bay was named for the sheepshead,[5] an edible fish found in the bay's waters. The fish, now rare, can still be caught in the local waters occasionally.[citation needed]

The bay itself was originally the easterly entrance to Coney Island Creek, but the filling-in of the central part of this waterway during the 1930s, in conjunction with construction of the Shore Parkway portion of the Belt Parkway, eliminated access to that waterway. At the same time, the bay was widened, deepened, and bulkheaded at its western end. Recreational fishing fleets are now located there, though the fishing fleets have been shrinking every year and are being replaced by dinner boats. Holocaust Memorial Park, located at the western end of the bay, is used throughout the year for commemorative events.[citation needed]

In the last decade of the 20th century, a real estate boom brought the reopening of the landmark Lundy Brothers seafood restaurant, which closed again in 2007; a grocery store now takes its place. Soviet-style restaurants/nightclubs, such as Paradise and Baku Palace, have opened along the waterfront, due to an influx of immigrants from countries comprising the former Soviet Union. Sheepshead Bay has also experienced a growth of condominium developments, and on Emmons Avenue, the northern shoreline street along the bay, are piers boasting an active seafood market and tour boats.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Sheepshead Bay was 64,518, a change of -78 (-0.1%) from the 64,596 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,459.24 acres (590.53 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 44.2 inhabitants per acre (28,300/sq mi; 10,900/km2).[2]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 68.1% (43,944) White, 6.4% (4,161) African American, 0.1% (43) Native American, 15.7% (10,135) Asian, 0% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.2% (152) from other races, and 1.4% (877) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% (5,203) of the population.[3]

The entirety of Community Board 15, which comprises Sheepshead Bay, had 173,961 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 83.7 years.[6]:2, 20 This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[7]:53 (PDF p. 84)[8] Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 21% are between the ages of 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 26% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 8% and 17% respectively.[6]:2

As of 2016, the median household income in Community Board 15 was $61,274.[9] In 2018, an estimated 19% of Sheepshead Bay residents lived in poverty, compared to 21% in all of Brooklyn and 20% in all of New York City. One in twelve residents (8%) were unemployed, compared to 9% in the rest of both Brooklyn and New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 53% in Sheepshead Bay, slightly higher than the citywide and boroughwide rates of 52% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Sheepshead Bay is considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[6]:7

Ethnic enclavesEdit

 
Sheepshead Bay, facing east

Brooklyn's Avenue U Chinatown, which emerged as the second Chinatown of Brooklyn during the late 1990s, is located partially in Sheepshead Bay and partially in nearby Homecrest.[10][11]

Much like the adjacent Brighton Beach neighborhood, Sheepshead Bay is known for its high concentration of immigrants from the former Soviet Union. Other ethnic groups in the area include Albanians, Turks and Hispanics.

Police and crimeEdit

Sheepshead Bay is patrolled by the 61st Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2575 Coney Island Avenue.[4] The 61st Precinct ranked 5th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[12] With a non-fatal assault rate of 22 per 100,000 people, Sheepshead Bay's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 200 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.[6]:8

The 61st Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 1 murder, 17 rapes, 150 robberies, 170 felony assaults, 169 burglaries, 584 grand larcenies, and 72 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[13]

Fire safetyEdit

Sheepshead Bay is served by three New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations:[14]

  • Engine Co. 254/Ladder Co. 153 – 901 Avenue U[15]
  • Engine Co. 246/Ladder Co. 169 – 2732 East 11th Street[16]
  • Engine Co. 321/Foam 321/Brush Fire Unit 6 – 2165 Gerritsen Avenue[17]

HealthEdit

Preterm and teenage births are less common in Sheepshead Bay than in other places citywide. In Sheepshead Bay, there were 66 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 12.4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[6]:11 Sheepshead Bay has a relatively high population of residents who are uninsured, or who receive healthcare through Medicaid.[18] In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 4%, which is lower than the citywide rate of 12%.[6]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Sheepshead Bay is 0.0068 milligrams per cubic metre (6.8×10−9 oz/cu ft), lower than the citywide and boroughwide averages.[6]:9 Seventeen percent of Sheepshead Bay residents are smokers, which is slightly higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[6]:13 In Sheepshead Bay, 26% of residents are obese, 9% are diabetic, and 25% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[6]:16 In addition, 17% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[6]:12

Ninety-three percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 70% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," less than the city's average of 78%.[6]:13 For every supermarket in Sheepshead Bay, there are 25 bodegas.[6]:10

The nearest large hospital is the Coney Island Hospital.[18]

Post offices and ZIP codesEdit

 
Minor damage due to Hurricane Sandy
 
South shore of Sheepshead Bay

Sheepshead Bay is covered by ZIP Codes 11229 north of Avenue X and 11235 south of Avenue X.[19] The United States Post Office operates four locations nearby: the Bay Station at 2628 East 18th Street,[20] the Homecrest Station at 2370 East 19th Street,[21] a second Homecrest Station at 2302 Avenue U,[22] and the Nostrand Station at 2934 Avenue X.[23]

EducationEdit

Sheepshead Bay generally has a higher ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. A plurality of residents (47%) have a college education or higher, while 15% have less than a high school education and 38% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 40% of Brooklynites and 38% of city residents have a college education or higher.[6]:6 The percentage of Sheepshead Bay students excelling in math rose from 49 percent in 2000 to 66 percent in 2011, but reading achievement dropped from 54% to 52% during the same time period.[24]

Sheepshead Bay's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about equal to the rest of New York City. In Sheepshead Bay, 16% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, less than the citywide average of 20%.[7]:24 (PDF p. 55)[6]:6 Additionally, 82% of high school students in Sheepshead Bay graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.[6]:6

SchoolsEdit

Several public schools serve the community: Sheepshead Bay High School (until it closed in 2016), James Madison High School; JHS 14 Shell Bank Intermediate School; The Bay Academy; P.S. 254, P.S. 206, and P.S. 52 (elementary). Private schools in the area include St. Mark Catholic Academy, St. Edmund's School, and the Brooklyn Amity School. Kingsborough Community College, part of the City University of New York (CUNY) is nearby.

LibrariesEdit

The Brooklyn Public Library has two branches in Sheepshead Bay. The Sheepshead Bay branch is located at 2636 East 14th Street, near Avenue Z. The branch has occupied four buildings since it was founded in 1903. The current 7,475-square-foot (694.5 m2) building opened in 1963.[25]

The Kings Bay branch is located at 3650 Nostrand Avenue between Avenues W and X. It opened in 1951, and has occupied its current location since 1959.[26]

Madison subsectionEdit

Madison is a purely residential subsection of Sheepshead Bay, located just south of Midwood. Named after its own James Madison High School, its borders are Kings Highway to the north, Avenue U to the south, Ocean Avenue to the west, and Nostrand Avenue to the east. Madison uses the ZIP code 11229. The area is served by Brooklyn Community Board 15.[27]

TransportationEdit

Public transportationEdit

New York City Subway service to Sheepshead Bay is provided by the BMT Brighton Line (B and ​Q trains), with local stops at Avenue U and Neck Road, and express/local stops at the Kings Highway and Sheepshead Bay stations.

Main thoroughfaresEdit

The main shopping and business thoroughfares are Emmons Avenue, Sheepshead Bay Road, Ocean Avenue, and Nostrand Avenue. Emmons Avenue is at the west end of the Shore Greenway which lies between Shore Parkway and Jamaica Bay, connecting eastward and northward to Canarsie and Cross Bay Boulevard. Emmons Avenue is a waterfront road with piers from which yachts and boats offer day trips for fishing and dancing.

Notable peopleEdit

PoliticsEdit

The neighborhood is part of New York's 8th, 9th, and 10th congressional districts, respectively represented by Democrats Max Rose, Yvette Clarke, and Hakeem Jeffries as of 2019.[44]

It is also part of the 17th, 19th and 27th State Senate districts, represented respectively by Democrats Simcha Felder. Roxanne Persaud, Andrew Gounardes, and Diane Savino.[45][46] In addition, Sheepshead Bay is covered by 41st and 45th State Assembly districts, represented respectively by Democrats Helene Weinstein and Steven Cymbrowitz.[47][48]

Sheepshead Bay is located in New York City's 48th City Council district, represented by Democrat Chaim Deutsch.[49] It is served by Brooklyn Community Board 15.[50]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "NYPD – 61st Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  5. ^ "The Naming of Sheepshead Bay". BrooklynBased.net. May 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Sheepshead Bay (Including Gerritsen Beach, Gravesend, Homecrest, Kings Highway, Manhattan Beach, Plumb Beach and Sheepshead Bay)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  8. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  9. ^ "NYC-Brooklyn Community District 15--Sheepshead Bay, Gerritsen Beach & Homecrest PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  10. ^ Chinatowns Of New York City - Wendy Wan-Yin Tan - Google Books. Books.google.com. August 27, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  11. ^ Han, Sallie (February 7, 1997). "Avenue U Evolves Into Mein St., U.s.a. - New York Daily News". Articles.nydailynews.com. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  12. ^ "Sheepshead Bay – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "61st Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  14. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "Engine Company 254/Ladder Company 153". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  16. ^ "Engine Company 246/Ladder Company 169". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  17. ^ "Engine Company 321/Foam 321". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  18. ^ a b New York City Health Provider Partnership Brooklyn Community Needs Assessment: Final Report, New York Academy of Medicine (October 3, 2014).
  19. ^ "Gravesend-Sheepshead Bay, New York City-Brooklyn, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  20. ^ "Location Details: Bay". USPS.com. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  21. ^ "Location Details: Homecrest". USPS.com. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  22. ^ "Location Details: Homecrest". USPS.com. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  23. ^ "Location Details: Nostrand". USPS.com. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  24. ^ "Sheepshead Bay – BK 15" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  25. ^ "Sheepshead Bay Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 22, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  26. ^ "Kings Bay Library". Brooklyn Public Library. August 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  27. ^ "Brooklyn Community Boards". nyc.gov. Archived from the original on December 21, 2007. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
  28. ^ Quindlen, Anna. "Elayne Boosler Cuts Up at Pace", The New York Times, October 12, 1979. Accessed July 26, 2016. "New York is where Elayne got her start. Born in Sheepshead Bay, she says of the preponderance of comic talent from Brooklyn, 'I think it's the urge to escape.'"
  29. ^ Segal, David. "A Bully Finds a Pulpit on the Web", The New York Times, November 26, 2010. Accessed July 26, 2016. "Vitaly Borker lives in the Sheepshead Bay neighborhood of Brooklyn, in a large brick house. His welcome mat is emblazoned with a Russian phrase that roughly translates to 'go away.'"
  30. ^ Grimes, William (January 29, 2009). "James Brady, Columnist Chronicling the Power Elite, Dies at 80". The New York Times. "James Winston Brady grew up in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, and worked his way through Manhattan College as a copyboy at The Daily News in New York."
  31. ^ Brinn, David (October 10, 2009). "'Yeah, I'm available for Woody Allen'". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. GROWING UP in a Jewish family in Sheepshead Bay in Brooklyn, New York, helped to form David's sense of humor
  32. ^ Kuntzman, Gersh. "Andrew Dice Clay returns to Coney Island with an attitude — and an appetite!", New York Daily News, July 21, 2016. Accessed July 26, 2016. "'I got fired for taking too many breaks,' said the comedian, a native of Sheepshead Bay who went on to achieve stardom unimaginable when he was just doing his John Travolta imitation at the now-defunct Pip’s comedy club."
  33. ^ Michael A. DiSpezio, Amazon.com. Accessed August 3, 2016. "Born in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, Michael is a former marine biologist and lab assistant to Nobel Laureate, Albert Szent-Györgyi."
  34. ^ Nichols, Joe (June 16, 1963). "AQUEDUCT PAUSES TO SALUTE MR. FITZ; Bettors Forget the Mutuels to Hail Retiring Trainer --Pollingfold Triumphs AQUEDUCT PAUSES TO CHEER MR. FITZ Some Small Delays A Peerless Trainer A Day Like Others". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "Born July 23, 1874, in the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn, where he still lives ..."
  35. ^ Meglin, Nick. "Frank Frazetta at Bat", American Artist, May 1976, Vol. 40 Issue 406, p. 38., Watson-Guptill Publications. Accessed July 26, 2016. "Frazetta was born and raised in the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn, and displayed great natural ability in both drawing and athletics at a very early age."
  36. ^ Curry, Matt (August 4, 2007). "Years after Keith Green's death, recordings released". Maryville Daily Times. Retrieved November 16, 2009.[permanent dead link] Time magazine called the Sheepshead Bay, N.Y., native a 'pre-pubescent dreamboat' who 'croons in a voice trembling with conviction.'"
  37. ^ Phillips, Michael (September 26, 2004). "Voicestruck in Philly by Terry Gross". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "Since going national in 1987, 'Fresh Air' has brought together the Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York, native—electronically, at least."
  38. ^ Garland Jeffreys - Biography, Billboard (magazine). Accessed August 3, 2016. "Jeffreys was born in the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn, New York in 1944. Of African-American, Puerto Rican, and European heritage, he was raised in a multi-cultural household and a neighborhood that was not always accepting of his family's racial diversity."
  39. ^ Hamill, Denis. "Legendary Green Bay Packers coach Vince Lombardi is a god in Wisconsin, but a hero in Brooklyn, too", New York Daily News, January 14, 2012. Accessed August 3, 2016. "But there should be a big, brawny, larger-than-life Vince Lombardi statue resting on a block of granite here in Sheepshead Bay, where he was born, raised and waked.... 'Vince played football in the street outside,' says Pauline Dalton, 90, wheelchair-bound and finding it hard to speak in the time-warp kitchen of the very house where Lombardi was raised at 2542 E. 14 St."
  40. ^ Mead, Rebecca. "Mr. Brooklyn; Marty Markowitz-the man, the plan, the arena.", The New Yorker, April 25, 2005. Accessed August 3, 2016. "Markowitz was one of those Brooklyn children who rarely went to Manhattan: he grew up in Crown Heights, where his father worked as a waiter in a kosher delicatessen; his main entertainment was hanging out on the streets with other kids. His father died when he was nine, and several years later Markowitz's widowed mother moved to public housing in Sheepshead Bay with Marty and his two younger sisters."
  41. ^ Lewis, Brian. "Mazzilli’s son debuts for Brooklyn with a 2-for-4 night", New York Post, June 18, 2013. Accessed August 3, 2016. "Lee was raised on East 12th Street in Sheepshead Bay, and L.J.’s aunt Linda still lives in the neighborhood."
  42. ^ Barron, James. "Buddy Rich, Jazz Drummer With Distinctive Sound, Dies", The New York Times, April 3, 1987. Accessed November 29, 2017. "Bernard Rich was born in the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn in 1917. Some biographies list his birth date as June 30, others as Sept. 30."
  43. ^ Butler, Karen (March 19, 2005). "ON 'ICE': Sheepshead Bay native talks of tough workouts for lead in 'Ice Princess'". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 16, 2009. "When Michelle Trachtenberg was a young girl growing up in Sheepshead Bay, she dreamed of being a championship ice skater like her childhood idols, Michelle Kwan and Oksana Baiul."
  44. ^ "U.S. House Election Results 2018". The New York Times. January 28, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  45. ^ "2012 Senate District Maps: New York City" (PDF). The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  46. ^
  47. ^ "2012 Assembly District Maps: New York City" (PDF). The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  48. ^ "New York State Assembly Member Directory". Assembly Member Directory. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  49. ^ "District 48". New York City Council. March 25, 2018. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  50. ^ Brooklyn Community Boards Archived December 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, New York City. Accessed December 31, 2007.

External linksEdit