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Fordham is a neighborhood located in the western Bronx, New York City. Fordham is roughly bordered by East 196th Street to the north, Webster Avenue to the east, Burnside Avenue to the south, and Jerome Avenue to the west. The neighborhood's primary thoroughfares are Fordham Road and Grand Concourse.

Fordham
Looking south across Fordham Road and along Walton Avenue at Monroe College
Looking south across Fordham Road and along Walton Avenue at Monroe College
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°51′32″N 73°53′53″W / 40.859°N 73.898°W / 40.859; -73.898Coordinates: 40°51′32″N 73°53′53″W / 40.859°N 73.898°W / 40.859; -73.898
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community DistrictThe Bronx 5[1] and The Bronx 7[2]
Area
 • Total1.31 km2 (0.507 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total43,394
 • Density33,000/km2 (86,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income$26,143
ZIP codes
10453, 10457, 10458, 10468
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917
Websitefordham.nyc

Fordham is located within Bronx Community Board 5 and Bronx Community Board 7, and its ZIP Codes include 10453, 10457, 10458 and 10468.[1][2] Its main subway line is the IND Concourse Line (B and ​D trains), operating under the Grand Concourse, with the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4 train) on its western border. The area is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 46th Precinct. New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx.

Contents

HistoryEdit

John Archer, a Dutch settler (who had anglicized his name), established a community at what is now 225th Street near the Harlem River in 1666.[4] Archer owned 3900 acres of land which the English approved for settlement. The area known as Fordham Manor was 6 square miles. This was called a Patent, making Archer "Lord of the Manor." Sixteen families established farms in area. The Manor lasted from 1671 to 1762.

Archer chose the name Fordham for his community, which may have been a reference to its location near a shallow crossing ("ford") of the Bronx River, or may have been a reference to John Fordham, a fourteenth-century English priest.[5]

Old Fordham VillageEdit

Old Fordham Village is a section of Fordham that dates back to the English colonial era. It is centered on the intersection of the Grand Concourse and Fordham Road. Fordham Village extends north to about 196th Street, south to about 187th Street, east to Southern Boulevard, and west to Jerome Avenue.

The section's origins date back to about 1751, when Fordham Manor was built, on what was called Rose Hill. Most of the estate is part of the Rose Hill Campus of Fordham University. Besides the main manor house and other side buildings on the campus, other historic buildings and noted homes still exist within Old Fordham Village. For example, American poet Edgar Allan Poe spent his final years with his wife Virginia in a cottage in Fordham which is still standing in Poe Park. The nearby Fordham University Church bell is named "old Edgar" and may have been the inspiration for his poem The Bells.[6]

In the 18th century, the Kings Road went through Old Fordham Village, an area of rural estates and small farms, linking Colonial New York and towns and villages north toward Boston. It was a minor rest stop for travelers and coaches, where many springs fed The Mill Brook that crossed this road. During the American Revolution, it was a critical crossing point for Gen. George Washington's Continental Army retreating toward White Plains to safely escape from New York while being chased by the Colonial British and Hessian Forces. There were many American Patriots that lived in this area. After the revolution, the Kings Road was renamed the Boston Post Road, becoming an important thoroughfare for a growing new nation.

In the 19th century, with the building of the White Plains Line (later the Harlem Line of the New York Central Railroad) and a small station, Old Fordham Village began to grow. Local farmers and dairymen were now able to use the railroad to send their products to a growing New York City. North of the village, part of the Mill Brook was dammed up, and a large pond and ice house was built for shipping and cold storage. It provided fresh ice for the community and the railroad. It was during this time that wealthy merchant Robert Watt gave most of The Rose Hill Estate, east of the village, to a Roman Catholic order, the Society of Jesus. It became known as St. John's College and Hospital and was the precursor of Fordham University. A small south-west portion of the former Rose Hill Estate is known today as Rose Hill Park.[7] West of the village, on the other side of Fordham Hill, the Bathgate Estate was built; it was later acquired by wealthy stock speculator Leonard Jerome. He built the Jerome Park Racetrack, where the first Belmont Stakes was held, on his estate. West of the station in the village area, the Fordham Hotel and Taverine would provide basic needs for visitors for the college and the racetrack.[8][9]

After 1900Edit

For the most part, Old Fordham Village remained rural until about 1900, when New York City began to expand. Early mass transit to the suburbs changed the area of what is Fordham today. Old Fordham Village and the surrounding area would become part of the borough of the Bronx within New York City. Many of the remaining farms and estates were sold to developers who built houses and sizable apartment buildings. The formerly quiet little village became a major business and transportation hub. In this area of Fordham, Boston Post Road was renamed Fordham Road and became part of U.S. Route 1 in 1926. The rebuilding of the railroad right of way at Fordham, and most of Webster Avenue, eliminated The Mill Brook and water pond, but the side streets of Old Fordham Village remain active.[10]

Fordham was a predominantly middle class White (of Irish and Jewish origins) neighborhood, from the 1920s through the late 1970s, when many families moved to the suburbs or the Los Angeles area, or retired to Florida.[11][12] Belmont was formerly a portion of Fordham and South Fordham.

DemographicsEdit

Fordham has a population of around 43,394 people. Its first growth was in the 1920s, when middle-class and working-class families from Manhattan flocked into the area, attracted by the then-modern housing and convenient subway access by Concourse, Jerome Avenue, and Third/Webster Avenues lines to business districts in Manhattan where they could work and shop. It is now predominately Latin American and African American. There is a significant historic Italian and Albanian population as well.

Fordham is divided into two sections: Community District 5 south of Fordham Road, comprising Fordham South, and Community District 7 north of Fordham Road, comprising Fordham North. Most inhabitants of Community District 5 are youth and middle-aged adults: 28% are between the ages of between 0–17, 29% between 25–44, and 23% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 12% and 8% respectively.[13]:2 Similarly, most inhabitants of Community District 7 are youth and middle-aged adults: 26% are between the ages of between 0–17, 31% between 25–44, and 23% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 11% and 9% respectively.[14]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 5 was $30,166,[15] and the median household income in Community District 7 was $35,355.[16] In 2018, an estimated 34% of Fordham South residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (13%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 65% in Fordham South, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively.[13]:7 In 2018, an estimated 26% of Fordham North residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in seven residents (14%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 61% in Fordham North, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively.[14]:7 Based on this calculation, as of 2018, both areas are considered low-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[13]:7[14]:7

Land use and terrainEdit

Fordham is dominated by 5- and 6-story apartment buildings, often set flush to the sidewalk. Many of the apartments on the Grand Concourse are taller.

The New York Botanical Garden and the Wildlife Conservation Society's Bronx Zoo, both inside Bronx Park, collectively occupy dozens of acres of land within the neighborhood.

Fordham University maintains its historic original campus on much of the former Rose Hill Manor in the center of the neighborhood. It is one of the largest "green" campuses in New York City, and its traditional collegiate gothic architecture often serves as a backdrop for television and film productions.

The Fordham Road Business Improvement District operates on the northern border of the neighborhood. This retail district is the longest in the Bronx.[17] Fordham is split into two community districts: Community District 5 south of Fordham Road and Community District 7 north of Fordham Road. The entirety of Community District 5, which comprises southern Fordham South, had 136,151 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.9 years.[13]:2, 20 Community District 7, which comprises Fordham South and Bedford Park, had 148,163 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.4 years.[14]:2, 20 Both figures are lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[18]:53 (PDF p. 84)[19]

Police and crimeEdit

 
46th Police Precinct

Fordham is patrolled by two precincts of the NYPD.[20] Fordham South is served by the 46th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2120 Ryer Avenue.[21] Fordham North is patrolled by the 52nd Precinct of the NYPD, located at 3016 Webster Avenue.[22]

The 46th Precinct ranked 27th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010,[23] while the 52nd Precinct ranked 49th safest.[24] With a non-fatal assault rate of 126 per 100,000 people in Fordham South and 97 per 100,000 people in Fordham North, Fordham's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rates of 1,033 per 100,000 people in Fordham South and 583 per 100,000 people in Fordham Road are both higher than that of the city as a whole.[13]:8[14]:8

The 46th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 80.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 9 murders, 28 rapes, 315 robberies, 586 felony assaults, 190 burglaries, 478 grand larcenies, and 86 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[25] The 52nd Precinct also has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 78.9% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 30 rapes, 334 robberies, 553 felony assaults, 208 burglaries, 679 grand larcenies, and 106 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[26]

Fire safetyEdit

Fordham contains two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations.[27] Engine Co. 48/Ladder Co. 56/Division 7 is located at 2417 Webster Avenue,[28] while Engine Co. 75/Ladder Co. 33/Battalion 19 is located at 2175 Walton Avenue.[29]

HealthEdit

Preterm births in Fordham South and teenage births in both Fordham South and North are more common than in other places citywide, though preterm births in Fordham North are less common. In Fordham South, there were 93 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 35.3 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[13]:11 In Fordham North, there were 85 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 30.3 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[14]:11 Both areas have a relatively high population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 14% in Fordham South and 16% in Fordham North, higher than the citywide rate of 12%.[13]:14[14]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, is 0.0083 milligrams per cubic metre (8.3×10−9 oz/cu ft) in Fordham South and 0.0078 milligrams per cubic metre (7.8×10−9 oz/cu ft) in Fordham North, more than the city average.[13]:9[14]:9 Sixteen percent of Fordham South residents and twelve percent of Fordham North residents are smokers, which is higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[13]:13[14]:13 In Fordham South, 34% of residents are obese, 16% are diabetic, and 27% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[13]:16 In Fordham North, 33% of residents are obese, 19% are diabetic, and 35% have high blood pressure.[14]:16 In addition, 24% of children in Fordham South and 25% of children in Fordham North are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[13]:12[14]:12

Seventy-eight percent of residents in Fordham South and eighty-four percent in Fordham North eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 67% of residents in both Fordham South and North described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%.[13]:13[14]:13 For every supermarket, there are 20 bodegas in Fordham South and 18 in Fordham North.[13]:10[14]:10

The nearest hospitals are Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center in Claremont, James J. Peters VA Medical Center in Kingsbridge Heights, and St Barnabas Hospital in Belmont.[30]

Post office and ZIP codesEdit

Fordham is divided into four ZIP Codes by the north-south Grand Concourse and the west-east East 183rd Street. Counterclockwise from southwest, these zip codes are 10453, 10457, 10458, and 10469.[31] The United States Postal Service operates the Jerome Station post office at 2549 Jerome Avenue.[32]

EducationEdit

Fordham generally has a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. In Fordham South, 10% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, while 34% have less than a high school education and 46% are high school graduates or have some college education. In Fordham North, 23% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, while 32% have less than a high school education and 45% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[13]:6[14]:6 The percentage of Fordham South students excelling in math rose from 19% in 2000 to 43% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 24% to 28% during the same time period.[33] The percentage of Fordham North students excelling in math also rose from 21% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 28% to 33% during the same time period.[34]

Fordham South and Fordham North's rates of elementary school student absenteeism are higher than the rest of New York City. 30% of elementary school students in Fordham South and 28% in Fordham North missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%.[18]:24 (PDF p. 55)[13]:6[14]:6 Additionally, 66% of high school students in Fordham South and 70% of high school students in Fordham North graduate on time, lower than the citywide average of 75%.[13]:6[14]:6

LibraryEdit

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates the Bronx Library Center at 310 East Kingsbridge Road. The Bronx Library Center opened in 2006 and is the Bronx's largest NYPL branch.[35]

TransportationEdit

 
The Bx12 Select Bus Service stops in front of Fordham Plaza above Fordham's Metro-North railroad station.

Subway and railroad service is provided by the New York City Subway and Metro-North Railroad, respectively.[36][37]

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Fordham:[37]

Fordham is also served by the following Bee-Line Bus System routes to Westchester County, New York:[37]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles 5". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles 7". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Fordham neighborhood in New York". Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  4. ^ "John Archer". Bronx Notables. Bronx County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
  5. ^ Schroth, SJ, Raymond. Fordham: A History and Memoir. Revised ed. New York: Fordham UP, 2008. Print.
  6. ^ "Poe's Cottage, Weak and Weary No More". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Rose Hill Park - NYC Parks". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Fordham Brightened the Bronx with Early Electric Light". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Old Mansions Of The West Bronx". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Birth of a Borough". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  11. ^ Avery Corman, The Old Neighborhood., New York: Bantam Books, 1981. ISBN 978-0-553-14891-6
  12. ^ "St. Nicholas of Tolentine Parish". The New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Fordham and University Heights (Including Morris Heights, Mount Hope, South Fordham and University Heights)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Kingsbridge Heights and Bedford (Including Bedford Park, Fordham, Kingsbridge Heights, Norwood and University Heights)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  15. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 5--Morris Heights, Fordham South & Mount Hope PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  16. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 7--Bedford Park, Fordham North & Norwood PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  17. ^ "Fordham Road BID". Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  18. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  19. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  20. ^ "Find Your Precinct and Sector - NYPD". www.nyc.gov. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  21. ^ "NYPD – 46th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  22. ^ "NYPD – 52nd Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  23. ^ "Morris Heights, Mount Hope, Fordham, Rose Hill – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  24. ^ "Norwood, Bedford Park – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  25. ^ "46th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  26. ^ "52nd Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  27. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  28. ^ "Engine Company 48/Ladder Company 56/Division 7". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  29. ^ "Engine Company 75/Ladder Company 33/Battalion 19". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  30. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  31. ^ "University Heights, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  32. ^ "Location Details: Jerome". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  33. ^ "Fordham / University Heights – BX 05" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  34. ^ "Kingsbridge Heights / Bedford – BX 07" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  35. ^ "About the Bronx Library Center". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  36. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  37. ^ a b c "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.

External linksEdit