2 (New York City Subway service)

The 2 Seventh Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored red since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan.

"2" train symbol
Seventh Avenue Express
NYCSubway6476.jpg
Map of the "2" train
Note: Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to/from New Lots Avenue.
Northern end
Southern end
Stations49
52 (limited service)
61 (late night service)
Rolling stock350 to 360 R142s (35 to 36 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
Depot239th Street Yard (Fleet interchange with "5" train at East 180th Street Yard)
Started serviceNovember 26, 1904; 116 years ago (1904-11-26)
Route map

Down arrow  2 
Wakefield–241st Street
Down arrow  5  (limited rush)
Nereid Avenue
233rd Street
225th Street
219th Street
Gun Hill Road
Burke Avenue
Allerton Avenue
Pelham Parkway
Bronx Park East
East 180th Street
Up arrow  5 
(late nights)
West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue
174th Street
Freeman Street
Simpson Street
Intervale Avenue
Prospect Avenue
Jackson Avenue
Third Avenue–149th Street
149th Street–Grand Concourse
The Bronx
Manhattan
135th Street
125th Street
116th Street
Central Park North–110th Street
late nights switches to local tracks
(96th Street to Chambers Street)
96th Street
86th Street
79th Street
72nd Street
66th Street–Lincoln Center
59th Street–Columbus Circle
50th Street
Times Square–42nd Street
Up arrow  3  (late nights)
34th Street–Penn Station MTA NYC logo.svg NJ Transit Amtrak
28th Street
23rd Street
18th Street
14th Street Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Christopher Street–Sheridan Square
Houston Street
Canal Street
Franklin Street
Chambers Street
Park Place
Fulton Street
Wall Street
Clark Street
Borough Hall
Handicapped/disabled access
northbound only
for 4 and ​5 services
Hoyt Street
Nevins Street
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center MTA NYC logo.svg
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum
Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
Up arrow  4  ( 5  limited)
Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road
Saratoga Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Junius Street
Pennsylvania Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
New Lots Avenue
Up arrow  3  ( 2  ​​ 4  5  limited)
President Street–Medgar Evers College
Sterling Street
Winthrop Street
Church Avenue
Beverly Road
Newkirk Avenue
Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College
Up arrow  2 
( 5  weekdays)
Legend

Lines used by the "2" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "2" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 2 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 2 operates at all times between 241st Street in Wakefield, Bronx and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Flatbush, Brooklyn; limited rush hour service originates and terminates at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn instead of Flatbush Avenue. Daytime service makes express stops in Manhattan and all stops elsewhere; late night service makes all stops.

Historically, 2 trains have also run to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue or New Lots Avenue. They ran exclusively on the IRT New Lots Line until 1983, when the 2 was routed to Flatbush Avenue. This is still the case with some rush-hour trains, albeit just to New Lots Avenue.

Service historyEdit

Early historyEdit

The first section of what became the current 2 entered service on November 26, 1904, from the temporary 180th Street–Bronx Park terminal via the West Farms El to 149th Street–3rd Avenue. On July 10, 1905, the connection between the IRT Lenox Avenue Line and IRT White Plains Road Line (which was previously served by the Third Avenue El) opened, allowing subway service from Manhattan to the Bronx.[3][4][5]

On January 9, 1908, the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened, connecting the current IRT Lexington Avenue Line to Brooklyn. At this time, trains ran from East 180th Street to Borough Hall.[6] On May 1, 1908, trains were extended to Nevins Street and Atlantic Avenue.[7][8]

On March 3, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 219th Street.[9][10] On March 31, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 238th Street–Nereid Avenue,[11] and to Wakefield–241st Street on December 13, 1920.[12][13] On August 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was completed.[14] On April 15, 1919, the Clark Street Tunnel, connecting the line to Brooklyn, opened as well.[15]

Beginning on December 19, 1919, trains ran to South Ferry with some rush hour trains to Atlantic Avenue.[12] In 1923, during rush hours, 2 trains alternated between South Ferry and Utica Avenue.[12] Beginning December 1, 1924, 2 trains that had ended at South Ferry were extended to New Lots Avenue.[12]

On January 16, 1928, the New York State Transit Commission announced that it had reached an agreement with the IRT to increase service on its lines by 8,000,000 car miles a year–the greatest increase since 1922. As part of the changes, on January 30, all West Farms trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Flatbush Avenue during middays.[16]

As of 1934, 2 trains ran from 180th Street-Bronx Park to Flatbush Avenue weekdays and Saturday during daytime and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays, express in Manhattan. Late-night service was from 241st St to South Ferry, making all stops. There were occasional lay-up/put-ins from New Lots. Four weekday evening trains turned at Atlantic.[12] On September 5, 1937, some evening rush hour trains started running to Flatbush Avenue.[12]

As of July 1, 1938, weekday and Saturday evening service was extended to Flatbush Avenue from South Ferry.[17]

Sunday service was extended to Flatbush Avenue on March 5, 1950.

Beginning on December 26, 1950, alternate weekday rush trains were extended to 241st Street in the peak direction, but PM rush service to 241st Street was discontinued on June 26, 1952. Beginning on August 4, 1952, the 180th Street—Bronx Park station was closed, with trains rerouted to East 180th Street.

Under the New York City Transit AuthorityEdit

Morning rush hour service to 241st Street was cut back to Gun Hill Road on October 2, 1953. On March 19, 1954, weekend service was rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On May 4, 1957, a track connection to the IRT Dyre Avenue Line was completed and daytime 2 trains were rerouted to Dyre Avenue.[12] Evening service remained a shuttle between Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street, and morning rush service from Gun Hill Road was discontinued.

On December 20, 1957, weekday trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On June 26, 1958, late night service began between Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street. Beginning on December 12, 1958, late night service was extended to Flatbush Avenue, and the 2 began running express at all times. Beginning February 6, 1959, trains ran between Wakefield–241st Street and Flatbush Avenue at all times except late nights, when they ran between East 180th Street and New Lots Avenue.[12]

Beginning on April 8, 1960, daytime service was rerouted from Dyre Avenue to 241st Street, and service in Brooklyn was rerouted from New Lots Avenue to Flatbush Avenue. At the same time, late night service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue.

 
Better Subway Service For Bronx IRT Riders

Beginning on April 18, 1965, evening service was extended from East 180th Street to 241st Street, and daytime service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue.

On July 10, 1983, the 2 and 3 trains swapped terminals in Brooklyn, with 2 trains terminating at Flatbush Avenue and 3 trains terminating at New Lots Avenue. These changes were made to reduce non-revenue subway car mileage, to provide a dedicated fleet for each service, and to provide an easily accessible inspection yard for each service. The change allowed the 2 to be dedicated to 239th Street Yard and allowed the 3 to be assigned to Livonia Yard. With the rerouting of 3 trains, train lengths along the New Lots Line were reduced from 10 cars to 9 cars, within acceptable crowding levels, and train lengths along the Nostrand Avenue Line were increased from 9 to 10 cars, reducing crowding.[18][19]

In Spring 1995, rush hour 5 service to 241st Street was cut back to Nereid Avenue. 241st Street had insufficient capacity to terminate all 2 and 5 trains during rush hours, requiring some 2 and 5 trips to terminate at Nereid Avenue. To ease passenger confusion regarding which trips terminate where and to provide more reliable service, it was decided to have all 2 trips terminate at 241st Street and have all 5 trains terminate at Nereid Avenue. This recommendation was made in response to comments made as part of the Northeast Bronx Comprehensive Study.[20]

Recent historyEdit

From March 2[21] to October 12, 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. On weekdays, 2 trains ran via the IRT Lexington Avenue Line between 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Nevins Street uptown from 5:00 a.m. to midnight and downtown from midnight to 5:00 a.m.[22] On October 3, 1999, the 2 began running local in Manhattan during late night hours so local stations would receive service every ten minutes.[23]

On December 9, 1999, New York City Transit released a proposal, revising 2 and 5 service in the Bronx to eliminate a merge north of the East 180th Street station, increasing capacity and reducing delays, to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) Board. Dyre Avenue-bound 5 trains would start running local along the White Plains Road Line, while 2 trains would run express. Nereid Avenue-bound 5 trains would continue to run express in the Bronx. As part of the change, the frequency of service at White Plains Road Line local station would decrease from 12 trains per hour to 7 trains per hour. Market research showed that riders at these stations preferred Lexington Avenue Line service. In addition, riders on the line north of East 180th Street would gain express service. This change would have been revenue neutral.[24]

Shortly after the proposal was more widely announced in April 2000, Assemblyman Jeffrey Klein collected 2,000 signatures for a petition opposing the change.[25] The MTA delayed the change's planned implementation by a month after receiving the petition.[26] Opponents of the change also argued that it would have increased subway crowding on the 2 train, especially at the 72nd Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The change was also opposed by State Senator Eric Schneiderman, Assemblyman Scott Stringer and Public Advocate Mark Green. New York City Transit expected the passenger volume of downtown 2 trains in the morning rush hour to increase from 92% of capacity to 108% at 72nd Street.[27] After Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver put pressure on the MTA, the change was pushed back for an additional three months in May 2000.[28] On September 24, 2000, a spokesperson for New York City Transit said that MTA Chairman E. Virgil Conway told planners to drop the change until service on the 5 was increased with the arrival of new R142 subway cars by early 2002.[29]

After September 11, 2001, 2 trains ran local in Manhattan at all times so they would not be delayed behind 3 trains terminating at 14th Street. Daytime express service resumed on September 15, 2002.[12]

Due to repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage on the Clark Street Tube, on weekends between June 17, 2017 and June 24, 2018, the 2 ran between Eastchester–Dyre Avenue in the Bronx and South Ferry in Lower Manhattan, with 5 trains replacing it in Brooklyn and the Bronx north of East 180th Street. Trains ran express only between 96th Street and Times Square–42nd Street during the daytime.[30][31]

RouteEdit

Service patternEdit

The following table shows the lines used by the 2, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[32]

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex. nights late nights rush peak
IRT White Plains Road Line (full line) Wakefield–241st Street 149th Street–Grand Concourse local      
IRT Lenox Avenue Line 135th Street Central Park North–110th Street all
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line 96th Street Chambers Street express  
local      
IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line,
Brooklyn Branch
Park Place Borough Hall all    
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Hoyt Street Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College local
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (full line) President Street–Medgar Evers College Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College all Most trains
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Nostrand Avenue Crown Heights–Utica Avenue local     Limited service
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all

StationsEdit

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.[2]

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops late nights and weekends only
  Stops weekdays only
  Stops weekends only
  Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction
  Stops rush hours only
  Station closed
  Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  ↓
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
 
Flat.
 
NL
Stations   Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
White Plains Road Line
    Wakefield–241st Street Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Wakefield
    Nereid Avenue 5   Originating point for some southbound a.m. rush hour trains
    233rd Street   5   Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Woodlawn
    225th Street 5  
    219th Street 5  
    Gun Hill Road   5   Bx41 Select Bus Service
Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Williams Bridge
    Burke Avenue 5  
    Allerton Avenue 5  
    Pelham Parkway   5   Bx12 Select Bus Service
    Bronx Park East 5  
    East 180th Street   5  
    West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue 5   Q44 Select Bus Service
    174th Street 5  
    Freeman Street 5  
    Simpson Street   5  
    Intervale Avenue 5   Bx6 Select Bus Service
    Prospect Avenue 5  
    Jackson Avenue 5  
    Third Avenue–149th Street   5   Bx41 Select Bus Service
    149th Street–Grand Concourse 5  
4   (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Manhattan
Lenox Avenue Line
    135th Street   3  
    125th Street 3   M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
    116th Street 3  
    Central Park North–110th Street 3  
Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
    96th Street   1   ​​3  
  | 86th Street 1   M86 Select Bus Service
  | 79th Street 1   M79 Select Bus Service
    72nd Street   1   ​​3  
  | 66th Street–Lincoln Center   1  
  | 59th Street–Columbus Circle   1  
A  D   (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
  | 50th Street 1  
    Times Square–42nd Street   1   ​​3  
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A  C  E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N  Q  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
    34th Street–Penn Station   1   ​​3   M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
  | 28th Street 1  
  | 23rd Street 1   M23 Select Bus Service
  | 18th Street 1  
    14th Street 1   ​​3  
F   <F>  M   (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L   (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
M14A/D Select Bus Service
  | Christopher Street–Sheridan Square 1   PATH at Christopher Street
  | Houston Street 1  
  | Canal Street 1  
  | Franklin Street 1  
    Chambers Street   1   ​​3  
Brooklyn Branch
    Park Place   3  
A  C   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
PATH at World Trade Center
    Fulton Street   3  
4  5   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
A  C   (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
PATH at World Trade Center
    Wall Street 3   M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
    Clark Street   3   NYC Ferry: East River and South Brooklyn routes (at Old Fulton Street and Furman Street)
    Borough Hall   3  
4  5   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
N   R  W   (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Eastern Parkway Line
    Hoyt Street 3  
    Nevins Street 3  4  5  
    Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center   3  4  5  
B  Q   (BMT Brighton Line)
D  N  R  W   (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
    Bergen Street 3  4  
    Grand Army Plaza 3  4  
    Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 3  4  
    Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College 3  4  5  
S   (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Services to Flatbush Avenue and New Lots Avenue split
Nostrand Avenue Line
  N/A President Street–Medgar Evers College 5  
  Sterling Street 5   B44 Select Bus Service
  Winthrop Street 5   B44 Select Bus Service
  Church Avenue   5   B44 Select Bus Service
  Beverly Road 5  
  Newkirk Avenue 5   B44 Select Bus Service
  Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College   5   B44 Select Bus Service
Eastern Parkway Line (limited rush hour service only)
N/A   Nostrand Avenue 3  4  5   B44 Select Bus Service
  Kingston Avenue 3  4  5  
  Crown Heights–Utica Avenue   3  4  5   B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line (limited rush hour service only)
N/A   Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 3  4  5   B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
  Saratoga Avenue 3  4  5  
  Rockaway Avenue 3  4  5  
  Junius Street 3  4  5  
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: L   (BMT Canarsie Line at Livonia Avenue)
  Pennsylvania Avenue 3  4  5  
  Van Siclen Avenue 3  4  5  
  New Lots Avenue 3  4  5   B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required April 27, 2020" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 63 (6): 14. June 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "2 Subway Timetable, Effective September 13, 2020". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  3. ^ "Discuss Subway Signs in 18th St. Station – Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme – Bronx Viaduct Works Well – Delays There Only Those of Newness – Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-sixth Street" (PDF). New York Times. November 27, 1904. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  4. ^ Kahn, Alan Paul (January 1, 1973). Tracks of New York /. New York: Electric Railroaders' Association.
  5. ^ "Subway Trains Running from Bronx to Battery – West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight – Start Without a Hitch – Bowling Green Station Also Opened – Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter" (PDF). New York Times. July 10, 1905. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Brooklyn Tunnel to be Opened for Operation to Borough Hall Thursday". The Wall Street Journal. January 7, 1908. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  7. ^ "Bronx to Montauk; One Change of Cars — This Trip Made Possible by the Opening of Brooklyn Subway Extension Friday — Official Opening Trip — And the Public Can Go Through to Long Island Railroad Station To-night After Midnight" (PDF). The New York Times. April 30, 1908. p. 4. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Trains To Atlantic Ave.: New Subway Schedule For Extension Announced". New-York Tribune. April 30, 1908. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  9. ^ "Annual report. 1916-1917". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 12, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  10. ^ "White Plains Road Extension of Subway Opened to the Public – New Branch, Which Runs from 177th to 219th Street, Gives the Williamsbridge and Wakefield Sections of the East Bronx Rapid Transit for the First Time" (PDF). The New York Times. March 4, 1917. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  11. ^ "New Subway Line Opened: White Plains Extension is Now Running to 238th Street" (PDF). New York Times. April 1, 1917. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Line by Line History: White Plains-7th Av. Express". erictb.info.
  13. ^ "Subway Line Extended: White Plains Avenue Branch Opens to 241st Street Tomorrow" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1920. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  14. ^ Whitney, Travis (Public Service Commissioner) (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections – Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  15. ^ "New Subway Service Between Brooklyn and Manhattan Boroughs". The New York Times. April 13, 1919. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  16. ^ "IRT Adds More Cars And Extends Lines: Delays at Atlantic Ave. Reduced—South Ferry Trains to Run to Brooklyn". The Brooklyn Citizen. January 16, 1928. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  17. ^ "IRT Brooklyn Line Opened 90 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
  18. ^ "New IRT Schedules - Increased Service to Flatbush Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. July 1983.
  19. ^ "Notice of Public Hearing". New York Amsterdam News. February 26, 1983. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  20. ^ * NYC Transit Committee Agenda September 1994. New York City Transit. September 10, 1994. pp. D.65.
  21. ^ Christian, Nichole M. (March 3, 1998). "Subway Line Repairs Start With Confusion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  22. ^ "About NYC Transit - History". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  23. ^
  24. ^ * December 1999 NYC Transit Committee Agenda. Flickr. New York City Transit. December 9, 1999. p. 129. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  25. ^ "No. 5 express still a go: Dyre Ave. line shift to local service nixed". New York Daily News. September 26, 2000. p. 535. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  26. ^ Critchell, David (May 28, 2000). "Neighborhood Report: Bronx Up Close; Our Trip's Long Enough as It Is, Commuters Tell M.T.A." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  27. ^ Kennedy, Randy (June 17, 2000). "Trouble Down the Line in Rerouting Train". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  28. ^ Kappstatter, Bob (May 30, 2000). "No. 5 express run saved". New York Daily News. p. 89. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  29. ^ Kennedy, Randy (September 25, 2000). "Plan to Shift No. 5 Train Is Abandoned". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  30. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF-169 to PDF-175. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  31. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  32. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.

External linksEdit