R142 (New York City Subway car)
The R142 is the first model class of the newest generation or new technology (NTT) IRT cars for the New York City Subway. It was built by Bombardier in La Pocatiere, Quebec and Barre, Vermont with final assembly performed at Plattsburgh, New York, from 1999 to 2003. There are 880 cars numbered 6301–7180 and another 150 cars numbered 1101–1250, for a total of 1,030 cars. Along with the R142As, they replaced the Redbird trains, including the R26, R28, R29, R33, R33WF, R36, and R36WF.
An R142 train on the entering West Farms Square.
Interior of an R142 car.
|Built at||Plattsburgh, New York|
|Family name||NTT (new technology train)|
|Entered service||July 10, 2000|
|Number in service||1,030 (900 in revenue service during rush hours)|
|Formation||5-car sets (2 A cars and 3 B cars)|
|Fleet numbers||6301–7180 (R142)|
|Capacity||176 (A car)|
188 (B car)
|Operator(s)||New York City Subway|
|Depot(s)||East 180th Street Yard (405 cars)|
239th Street Yard (410 cars)
Jerome Yard (215 cars)
|Service(s) assigned|| – 360 cars (36 trains, AM rush)|
– 350 cars (35 trains, PM rush)
– 180 cars (18 trains, AM rush)
– 170 cars (17 trains, PM rush)
– 350 cars (35 trains, AM rush)
– 360 cars (36 trains, PM rush)
|Car body construction||Stainless steel with fiberglass top end bonnets|
|Train length||513.3 feet (156.5 m)|
|Car length||51.33 feet (15.65 m)|
|Width||8.60 feet (2,621 mm)|
|Height||11.89 feet (3,624 mm)|
|Floor height||3.6458 ft (1.11 m)|
|Platform height||3.6458 ft (1.11 m)|
|Doors||6 sets of 54 inch wide side doors per car|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h) Service|
66 mph (110 km/h) Design
|Weight||72,000 pounds (33,000 kg) (A car)|
66,300 pounds (30,100 kg) (B car)
|Traction system||Alstom ONIX IGBT-VVVF propulsion system |
AC Traction Motors model: 4LCA1640A
|Power output||147.5 hp (110.0 kW) per motor axle; 2,065 hp (1,539.87 kW) per 5-car set|
|Acceleration||2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h⋅s))|
|Deceleration||3.0 mph/s (4.8 km/(h⋅s))|
3.2 mph/s or 5.1 km/(h⋅s)
|Auxiliaries||SAFT 195 AH battery (B car)|
|Electric system(s)||625 V DC Third rail|
|Current collection method||Contact shoe|
|Braking system(s)||Dynamic braking propulsion system; WABCO RT96 tread brake system|
|Safety system(s)||dead man's switch, tripcock|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
880 of the R142s are numbered 6301–7180, and the remaining 150 cars are numbered 1101–1250.
There are two types of cars: "A" (cab at one end) and "B" (no cabs). "A" cars are powered with four traction motors each, with the passenger doors opposite each other. The "B" cars are powered by two traction motors at the number-two end, and the passenger doors are staggered (car ends are numbered on the lower body just above the truck). The trains are linked up in 5-car, A-B-B-B-A sets, but also can be linked in sets of 4 cars (A-B-B-A), 6 cars (A-B-B-B-B-A), 9 cars (one 5-car set and one 4-car set), or 11 cars (one 5-car set and one 6-car set).
The R142s feature Alstom ONIX AC propulsion systems, electronic braking, automatic climate control, electronic strip maps, and an on-board intercom system. The R142 and the R142A was partly designed by Antenna Design.
Like the R110As, the R142s feature wider doors than past A-Division equipment, with 54-inch side doors (about 9 inches narrower than the R110As' 63-inch doors, but 4 inches wider than the R62/As' 50-inch doors). All car ends have windows, allowing passengers to see through to the next car, except cab ends, where the cab walls prevent such visibility. The R142 car bodies are constructed from stainless steel.
The R142s and R142As are the first New York City Subway cars to feature recorded announcements. All passenger cars built after the R142s also use this feature.
Current recorded announcements are by:
- Jessica Ettinger, 1010 WINS Anchor: announcements for Lexington Avenue Line trains (4, 5, and 6).
- Dianne Thompson: announcements for the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line trains (1, 2, and 3).
- Charlie Pellett: announcements to warn passengers of the closing doors, and current transfer and connection announcements at select stations; formerly provided safety/delay announcements (2000–2017).
- Velina Mitchell: current safety and delay announcements (since 2018).
Melissa Kleiner originally provided announcements for the 5 outside of Manhattan, but the announcements have since been re-recorded by Ettinger.
The first three people listed were news anchors with Bloomberg Radio at the time the announcements were recorded. Since then, Ettinger and Pellett have moved to 1010 WINS-AM and Sirius Satellite Radio, working with Howard Stern and his Howard 100 News team.
Newer, shorter announcements have been tested on some sets on the 2 and 5 since 2015 in an effort to reduce dwell times and subsequently reduce the likelihood of delays.
On April 30, 1997, the Board of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority approved the purchase of 680 cars from Bombardier (the R142s) and 400 cars from Kawasaki (the R142As). The original purchase order was for 740 cars, but because of the intense competition between the firms, the MTA was able to purchase 340 additional cars at the same price. The entire cost of the purchase was $1.45 billion. The new subway cars were based on the results of the tests from the R110A and R110B test trains. The historic deal came after round-the-clock negotiations and the contract was the largest subway car purchase in the history of the New York City Subway up to this point.
The first ten R142s, 6301–6310, were delivered on November 16, 1999. However, minor issues were reported to be found and have since been corrected during troubleshooting during the testing phase. After several months of testing and troubleshooting of all bugs, the R142s were placed into revenue service on the 2 on July 10, 2000, and the last R142s were delivered by mid-2003.
In January 2019, the MTA proposed mid-life upgrades to several train subsystems in the R142/A fleets. These included changes to the HVACpropulsion, and door systems; the addition of Ethernet on the R142 fleet; and conversion of the fleet to be compatible with communications-based train control, in conjunction with subway signal upgrades along the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The R142 fleet would also be retrofitted with a "monitoring and diagnostics system".:23
- "Subdivision Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). 61 (7). Electric Railroaders' Association. July 2018: 16. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). 61 (7). Electric Railroaders' Association. July 2018: 16. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- "Some New Subway Cars Put Into Service Monday" Archived 2008-05-03 at the Wayback Machine NY1 - 10 July 2000. Retrieved on 24 April 2008
- "Showing Image 3427". nycsubway.org.
- "Showing Image 100281". nycsubway.org.
- Chan, Sewell (November 30, 2005). "New Subway Cars Promise All Kinds of Information". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2007.
- "Antenna: News". antennadesign.com.
- Seaton, Charles (2001-01-01). "NYCT's New 'Millennium' Cars Enter Service". Metro Magazine.
- "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org.
- "APRIL 1997 MTA PRESS RELEASES". June 14, 1997. Archived from the original on June 14, 1997. Retrieved September 18, 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Kennedy, Randy (2001-03-17). "New Subway Cars Show Flaws And Are Removed for Repairs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
- "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to R142 (New York City Subway car).|
- Bombardier - R142 (click on "Metro R142")
- nycsubway.org - NYC Subway Cars: R142
- R142 Traction Motor
- Bombardier/Kawasaki Truck Comparison (Bomb on top and Kawasaki underneath)
- Car Status/Assignment
- Korman, Joe (December 4, 2017). "IRT Car Assignments". JoeKorNer.
- Korman, Joe (November 6, 2016). "New York City Subway Car Fleet June 2010 through November 2016". JoeKorNer.