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R (New York City Subway service)

The R Broadway Local[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[3]

"R" train symbol
Broadway Local
Bay Ridge–95th St td (2018-09-19) 03.jpg
An R train of R46s at Bay Ridge-95th Street.
Map of the "R" train
Note: Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to/from 96th Street.
Northern end
Southern endBay Ridge–95th Street
34 (limited service)
17 (late night service)
Rolling stock240 R46s (30 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
DepotJamaica Yard
Started serviceJanuary 15, 1916; 102 years ago (1916-01-15)
Route map

 E  F  trains continue north
 M  R  Down arrow
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
67th Avenue
63rd Drive–Rego Park
Woodhaven Boulevard
Grand Avenue–Newtown
Elmhurst Avenue
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue
65th Street
Northern Boulevard
46th Street
Steinway Street
36th Street
 F  trains continue south
Queens Plaza
no regular service
to Crosstown Line
 N  W 
continue north
 E  M  trains continue south
( N   R 
)  Q  Down arrow
96th Street
northbound only
86th Street
northbound only
72nd Street
northbound only
trains continue
to Queens
Lexington Avenue–59th Street
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
Fifth Avenue–59th Street
continue south
57th Street–Seventh Avenue
49th Street
Handicapped/disabled access northbound only
Times Square–42nd Street
34th Street–Herald Square
28th Street
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Eighth Street–New York University
Prince Street
Canal Street
 N  Q  trains via Manhattan Bridge
City Hall
Cortlandt Street
Rector Street
no regular service trains
continue Nassau St Line
( W  weekdays) Up arrow
 R  (late nights) Down arrow
Whitehall Street
Court Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
 N  Q  trains via Manhattan Bridge
 B  D 
trains to
DeKalb Avenue
 B  Q  trains continue south
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
 D  trains continue south
45th Street
53rd Street
59th Street
 N  trains continue south
Bay Ridge Avenue
77th Street
86th Street
 R  Up arrow
Bay Ridge–95th Street

Lines used by the "R" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "R" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The R operates at all times. Daytime service operates between 71st Avenue in Forest Hills, Queens, and 95th Street in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, making local stops along its entire route. One northbound A.M. rush hour trip terminates at 96th Street/Second Avenue in the Upper East Side of Manhattan instead of 71st Avenue in Queens. Late night service operates between Whitehall Street–South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and 95th Street.

The R was originally the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation's 2 service, running along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn then traveling through the Montague Street Tunnel to Manhattan, then running local on the BMT Broadway Line. The 2 became the R in 1961. The R ran local along the BMT Astoria Line in Queens, terminating at Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard until it switched terminals with the N in 1987. After 1987, the R ran via the IND Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills, Queens. A variant of the R, from Bay Ridge to Lower Manhattan via the BMT Nassau Street Line, ran from 1967 until 1987.



Early historyEdit

Original 2 designation for the BMT Fourth Avenue Line service

The current R service is the successor to the original Route 2 of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation. When 2 service began on January 15, 1916, it ran between Chambers Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line and 86th Street on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line, using the Manhattan Bridge to cross the East River, and running via Fourth Avenue local. Service on the BMT Broadway Line, which at the time was only between Whitehall Street–South Ferry and Times Square–42nd Street, began exactly two years later on January 15, 1918. On July 10, 1919, service was extended to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue with the opening of that station.[4] The Montague Street Tunnel and the 60th Street Tunnel both opened on August 1, 1920, and at that time, the 2 service was rerouted from the Manhattan Bridge to the Montague Tunnel, running local from Queensboro Plaza to 86th Street. The Bay Ridge–95th Street station opened on October 31, 1925, and became the service's new southern terminus. During this time, rush-hour specials to Chambers Street were sporadically added and removed, eventually becoming an addition to the line.[5] At one time, including during 1931, additional midday service operated local between 57th Street and Whitehall Street–South Ferry. The 2 also used the Nassau Street Loop during rush hours, entering Manhattan via the Manhattan Bridge or Montague Street Tunnel and leaving via the other.

On October 17, 1949, the platform edges on the BMT Astoria Line had been shaved back to accommodate the larger BMT trains, and the BMT's Astoria Shuttle was replaced with service from the 2 Fourth Avenue Line operating from Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens to Bay Ridge–95th Street in Brooklyn at all times. On June 29, 1950, special rush hour trains began running between Bay Ridge–95th Street and Chambers Street via the south side of the Manhattan Bridge and/or the Montague Street Tunnel. The special rush hour trains were discontinued two years later.[5]

1960s-1970s changesEdit

1967-1979 RR bullet; 1967-1968 RJ bullet;

In the winter of 1960–1961, letter designations started to appear on the route with the introduction of the R27s, which featured it on roll signs. The route was labeled the RR "Fourth Avenue Local via Tunnel". This was in accordance with the Independent Subway System's lettering system, which gave double letters to local trains and single letters to express trains. On January 1, 1961, the RR's northern terminus was relocated to its current location at Forest Hills–71st Avenue, via the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection, also known as the "11th Street Cut", and the IND Queens Boulevard Line. Night and weekend RR trains still terminated at 57th Street in Manhattan. PM rush hour Fourth Avenue–Nassau trains went back to the routing that was used prior to 1959, in which trains ran from Broad Street to 95th Street via the Manhattan Bridge, and the Fourth Avenue express tracks.[6][7]

1967-1976 EE bullet

On November 27, 1967, the day after the Chrystie Street Connection opened, the RR was moved back to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard on the BMT Astoria Line. Replacing it on the Queens Boulevard Line was the new EE service, running weekdays only between Forest Hills–71st Avenue and Whitehall Street (with additional trains terminating at Canal Street). The Nassau Street specials were through-routed from Bay Ridge–95th Street to 168th Street in Jamaica as RJ, along the route used today by the J and Z services. Under the first color scheme, RR was colored green and RJ was red. In the original Chrystie Street routing plans, the TA planned to totally eliminate the RR service, and maintain the RJ route as the main Bay Ridge to Jamaica line.[7]

The RJ designation was only used from November 1967 until July 1, 1968, when it was cut back to Chambers Street and renamed as additional RR rush-hour peak-direction service. Because track connections between the Nassau Street Loop and the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge were severed as part of the construction of the Chrystie Street Connection, these trains could not run in a loop anymore.[6] On August 30, 1976, the EE was discontinued, with the N being extended to Forest Hills on weekdays to replace it.[8] In 1979, the MTA released a revised coloring scheme; RR service was assigned the color yellow (because it used the BMT Broadway Line). Although BMT Nassau Street Line services were colored brown, the rush hour RR service that used the Nassau Street Line was colored yellow, using a diamond bullet.[9][3] The RR service via Nassau Street was referred to as the "Chambers Street Special".[10][11]

1980s-2000s changesEdit

This brochure was published in 1985 to explain the relabeling of double-letter subway services, including the RR's change to the R.

On May 6, 1985, the MTA eliminated double letters for local service; the RR became the R. R service on the Broadway Line continued to use a yellow bullet, while the special Chambers Street-Bay Ridge rush-hour service was now signed with a brown diamond with a white R inside, matching the J and M services using the BMT Nassau Street Line.[12]

1979-1985 RR bullet.

On May 24, 1987, the northern terminus of the N and R were swapped. The swap placed the R along the IND Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills–71st Avenue once again, with the N replacing it in Astoria.[13] The change was made to give the R direct access to the Jamaica Yard (where the train is now assigned to this day),[13][14] and previously, R trains had to run light to/from the Coney Island Yard. Starting on April 28, 1986, R service on the Nassau Street Line was extended to Metropolitan Avenue for layups and put-ins from Fresh Pond Yard. After the N/R swap, the Nassau R used East New York Yard equipment. This rush hour service was discontinued on November 20, 1987.[15]

1979-1985 RR Nassau bullet.
1985-1987 R Nassau bullet.

When the IND Archer Avenue Line opened on December 11, 1988, E service was rerouted along to Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer, and the R was extended to replace the E to Jamaica–179th Street.[16][17] The extension to Jamaica was short-lived, and the R was cut back to 71st–Continental Avenue outside of rush hours on September 30, 1990,[18] and then was further truncated to 71st–Continental Avenue at all times on October 25, 1992. In its place, the F ran local between 71st Avenue and 179th Street at all times, which eliminated express service along Hillside Avenue.[15][19]

On September 30, 1990, late-night R service became a shuttle between 36th Street/Fourth Avenue and Bay Ridge–95th Street in Brooklyn.[18] In October 2000, northbound late-night trains began skipping 53rd Street and 45th Street to speed up the relay process.[15]

On September 11, 2001, after the attack on the World Trade Center, the BMT Broadway Line was damaged, and the R service was cut back to run only south of Court Street. On September 17, R service was completely suspended, being replaced with J service in Brooklyn and Q service in Manhattan and Queens.[20] All three trains returned to normal service by October 28.[21][22]

On September 8, 2002, Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction. As a result, late night R service was extended to Pacific Street, running express between that station and 36th Street/Fourth Avenue.[23] Service was cut back to 36th Street/Fourth Avenue when the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened on February 22, 2004.[15][24]

2010s changesEdit

After Hurricane Sandy flooded the subway system, the Montague Street Tunnel was completely flooded. When service was restored, the R train was split into two sections (between Forest Hills and 34th Street–Herald Square and between Jay Street–MetroTech and Bay Ridge–95th Street). On December 4, the Queens–Manhattan section was extended to Whitehall Street–South Ferry. On December 21, full service was restored between Manhattan and Brooklyn after the Montague Street Tubes were drained.[25][26][27]

However, from August 2, 2013, to fall 2014, the tunnel closed again so that extra repairs could be completed, bringing back similar storm changes to the R train. On weekdays, the divided R ran in two sections: one section between Forest Hills and Whitehall Street–South Ferry, and the other between Court Street-Borough Hall and Bay Ridge–95th Street. On weekends, the R train ran its full route via the Manhattan Bridge, skipping all stations between Canal Street and DeKalb Avenue.[28][29][30] The weekday service between Forest Hills and Whitehall Street essentially recreated the former EE route from 1967 to 1976. Originally slated to open by October 2014, the tunnel re-opened a few weeks early, on September 15, 2014, and $58 million under budget.[31][32][33][34]

On June 16, 2016, it was announced that late-night R service would be extended north to Whitehall Street in order to provide a one-seat ride into Manhattan. This eliminated the need for northbound trains to skip 45th Street and 53rd Street as R trains no longer needed to reverse on the express tracks at 36th Street/Fourth Avenue.[35] The change took place on November 5, 2016.[36][37][38][39] During evenings, many R trains originating from Forest Hills-71st Avenue used to short-turn at Whitehall Street, resulting in long headways along the R in Brooklyn. As part of the changes, these short-turns were replaced by full-length trips to 95th Street.[40]

In November 2017, following the completion of the Second Avenue Subway, one northbound R trip was diverted to serve the line in order to increase service during the morning rush hour.[41][42]


Service patternEdit

The following table shows the lines used by the R, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[42][43]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours all
IND Second Avenue Line 96th Street 72nd Street all One rush hour trip    
BMT 63rd Street Line (full line) Lexington Avenue–63rd Street all
IND Queens Boulevard Line Forest Hills–71st Avenue Queens Plaza local Most trains  
60th Street Tunnel Connection and 60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line (full line) Lexington Avenue/59th Street 49th Street local
57th Street–Seventh Avenue express One rush hour trip
49th Street Canal Street local    
City Hall Rector Street all
Whitehall Street–South Ferry all  
Montague Street Tunnel all
BMT Fourth Avenue Line (full line) Court Street Bay Ridge–95th Street local


For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops weekdays only
  Station closed
  Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only (including limited service)
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stations   Subway transfers Connections and notes
Second Avenue Line (one rush hour trip only)[40][44]
N/A   96th Street   N  Q   M15 Select Bus Service
  86th Street   N  Q   M15 Select Bus Service
M86 Select Bus Service
  72nd Street   N  Q   M15 Select Bus Service
63rd Street Line (one rush hour trip only)[44]
N/A   Lexington Avenue–63rd Street   F  N  Q  
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
Queens Boulevard Line
  N/A Forest Hills–71st Avenue   E  F  M   LIRR Main Line at Forest Hills
  67th Avenue M  
  63rd Drive–Rego Park M   Q72 bus to LaGuardia Airport
  Woodhaven Boulevard M   Q52/Q53 Select Bus Service
  Grand Avenue–Newtown M   Q53 Select Bus Service
  Elmhurst Avenue M   Q53 Select Bus Service
  Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue   E  F  M  
7   (IRT Flushing Line)
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
  65th Street M  
  Northern Boulevard M  
  46th Street M  
  Steinway Street M  
  36th Street/Northern Boulevard M  
  Queens Plaza   E  M  
Broadway Line
  N/A Lexington Avenue/59th Street N   ​​W  
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F  N  Q  R   (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
  Fifth Avenue–59th Street N   ​​W  
Broadway Line (Queens Boulevard and Second Avenue branches merge)
    57th Street–Seventh Avenue   N  Q   ​​W  
    49th Street   ↑ N   ​​W   Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
    Times Square–42nd Street   N  Q   ​​W  
1  2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A  C  E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
    34th Street–Herald Square   N  Q   ​​W  
B  D  F  M   (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
    28th Street N   ​​W  
    23rd Street N   ​​W   M23 Select Bus Service
    14th Street–Union Square   N  Q   ​​W  
L   (BMT Canarsie Line)
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
    Eighth Street–New York University N   ​​W  
    Prince Street N   ​​W  
    Canal Street   N  Q   ​​W  
4  6   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level
    City Hall W  
    Cortlandt Street   W  
2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
A  C   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
    Rector Street W  
    South Ferry–Whitehall Street   N   ​​W  
1   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry
M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Northern terminal for late night trains
    Court Street   N  W  
2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Borough Hall)
4  5   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line at Borough Hall)
    Jay Street–MetroTech   N  W  
A  C   F   (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
    DeKalb Avenue   B  D  N  Q   ​​W  
Fourth Avenue Line
    Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center   D   N  W  
B  Q   (BMT Brighton Line)
2  3  4  5   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
    Union Street D  N   ​​W  
    Ninth Street D  N   ​​W  
F  G   (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
    Prospect Avenue D  N   ​​W  
    25th Street D  N   ​​W  
    36th Street/Fourth Avenue D   N  W   Some rush hour trips (southbound in the morning, northbound in the evening) begin their runs at this station
    45th Street N   ​​W  
    53rd Street N   ​​W  
    59th Street/Fourth Avenue N   ​​W   Some southbound a.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
    Bay Ridge Avenue
    77th Street
    86th Street S79 Select Bus Service
    Bay Ridge–95th Street


  1. ^
  2. ^ "R Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Grynbaum, Michael M. (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  4. ^ Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". Retrieved August 31, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Rush Hour". Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "A History Of The R Train". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
  7. ^ a b "BMT Riders: Change In Routes! January 1 To further improve routes". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. January 1961. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  8. ^ "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  9. ^ Hogarty, Dave (August 3, 2007). "Michael Hertz, Designer of the NYC Subway Map". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 18, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
  10. ^ Otey, Charles F. (June 5, 1981). "Is This The End For 'Chambers St. Special?". Home Reporter and Sunset News. p. 21. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  11. ^ Richards, Dan (July 17, 1981). "Bring Back Chambers St. Special: Arculeo". Home Reporter and Sunset News. p. 11. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b "Shifts on N and R Lines Are Planned in Queens". The New York Times. October 16, 1986. p. B10. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
  14. ^ "Announcing Service Changes On The N and R Routes Beginning May 24, 1987 New Routes Mean Better Service". New York City Transit Authority. May 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d Chiasson, George (October 2010). "A History Of The R Train". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (10). Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
  16. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  17. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  19. ^ "October 1992 New York City Subway Map". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. October 1992. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  20. ^ Calcagno, Michael; Soltren, Jose (September 17, 2001). "New York City Subway Map September 17, 2001". Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  21. ^ Calcagno, Michael (2002). "October 28, 2001 Subway Map". Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  22. ^ Korman, Joseph D. (May 26, 2016). "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  23. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit Authority. July 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  24. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  25. ^ "Restoring R Service in the Montague St. Tube". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  26. ^ Kabak, Benjamin (December 20, 2012). "It's official: Montague St. Tunnel R train service to resume tomorrow". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  27. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (September 7, 2012). "Hurricane Sandy: Effects on Subway & Rail Service". Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  28. ^ "R Montague Tunnel Closure Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2013. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  29. ^ "R Service affected by 14 month closure of Montague Under River Tube". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2013. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  30. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (August 4, 2013). "On R Train, Unwelcome Reminder of Storm's Impact". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  31. ^ McGeehan, Patrick (September 12, 2014). "Subway Tunnel to Open, Storm Repairs Finished". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  32. ^ Newman, Andy; Goodman, J. David (September 15, 2014). "The R Roars Back". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  33. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: R train's East River tunnel may reopen early". Brooklyn Daily. Brooklyn Daily. September 8, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  34. ^ "R Train To Resume Service Between Brooklyn And Manhattan Monday". CBS Local. September 14, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  35. ^ "Change Allows More Transfers, Faster Commutes for Brooklyn Customers". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 16, 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  36. ^ "SUB-DIVISION B TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS IN EFFECT: NOVEMBER 6, 2016" (PDF). New York City Transit. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
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  40. ^ a b "R Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
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External linksEdit