4 (New York City Subway service)
The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored forest green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.
The 4 operates at all times. Daytime service operates between Woodlawn in the Bronx and Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, making local stops in the Bronx and express stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn; limited weekday rush hour service, as well as late night service, is extended beyond Utica Avenue to/from New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. During rush hours in the peak direction, 4 trains skip 138th Street–Grand Concourse. Late night service makes local stops along its entire route, but skips Hoyt Street in Brooklyn.
Under the Interborough Rapid TransitEdit
During the extension of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line north of 42nd Street–Grand Central Terminal, shuttle elevated trains served the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (which at the time was only between East 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Kingsbridge Road) starting June 2, 1917. On April 15, 1918, shuttles were extended to Woodlawn. A second shuttle, using subway cars, from 149th Street–Grand Concourse to Grand Central started on July 17, 1918.
On August 1, 1918, the entire Jerome and Lexington Avenue Lines were completed and the connection to the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at 42nd Street was removed. Trains began running between Woodlawn and Bowling Green.
On December 11, 1921, Lexington Avenue–Jerome Avenue subway trains began running north of 167th Street at all times, replacing elevated trains, which ran to Woodlawn during rush hours, but from then on terminated at 167th Street during non-rush hours.
Beginning on November 4, 1925, rush hour 4 trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue. Two years later, on December 5, 1927, weekday evening service was extended to Utica Avenue. The following year, midday 4 service also went to Utica Avenue.
As of 1934, 4 trains ran from Woodlawn to Utica Avenue weekday rush and Saturday morning peak and afternoon, to Atlantic Avenue weekday midday, Saturday morning after the peak, and late nights, and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays. Trains ran express in Manhattan except during late nights, and in Brooklyn. This was the first time the 6 became the Pelham Shuttle between Pelham Bay Park and 125th Street–Lexington Avenue.
On August 20, 1938, Saturday morning after the peak service was extended to Utica Avenue.
Under the New York City Board of TransportationEdit
Beginning on May 10, 1946, all 4 trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways as the 6 went back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time. Previously 4 trains ran local from 12:30 to 5:30am. At this time 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue.
The New York City Board of Transportation, a predecessor to the New York City Transit Authority, began to introduce replacements to older subway cars beginning with the R12 cars in 1948. With these cars, numbers were publicly designated to the former IRT lines. Lexington–Jerome trains were assigned the number 4. By 1964, all cars had the route numbers on them.
During 1950, Saturday morning service was cut back to South Ferry.
Starting on December 15, 1950, four 4 trains began operating during rush hours to Flatbush Avenue on the Nostrand Avenue Line. Also on that day, weekday midday service was cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Additionally, on January 18, 1952, 4 service to Atlantic Avenue during weekday middays was restored.
Under the New York City Transit AuthorityEdit
On March 19, 1954, late-night service in Brooklyn became local, but resumed operating express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues on June 29, 1956.
On May 3, 1957, the weekday rush trains to Flatbush Avenue were discontinued, while at the same time evening, Saturday and Sunday afternoon trains were extended to Utica Avenue, while Sunday morning trains were extended to Atlantic Avenue.
Starting on March 1, 1960, late-night 4 trains resumed making all stops in Manhattan; this was the first time the 4 and 6 ran local in Manhattan together late nights. This arrangement ended on October 17, 1965, when the 4 went back express in Manhattan late nights.
Beginning on April 8, 1960, nearly all AM rush hour 4 trains ran to Flatbush Avenue, and PM rush hour 4 trains alternated between Flatbush and Utica Avenues. During weekday evenings and late nights 4 trains also went to Flatbush Avenue, making all stops in Brooklyn.
As a result of the opening of the main portion of the Chrystie Street Connection along the Manhattan Bridge on November 26, 1967, the 4 train was color-coded magenta under the first color scheme. The color coding of lines was introduced as a matter of having a universal system of signage and nomenclature.
By 1972, the 4 began to skip 138th Street weekdays during rush hours in the peak direction which it continues to do (AM to Manhattan and PM from there). At that time, the 4 went to Atlantic Avenue at all times, but was extended to Utica Avenue rush hours running express in Brooklyn along Eastern Parkway. Select 4 trains also ran to Flatbush Avenue rush hours as well running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues, and late-night service made all stops in Brooklyn to Flatbush Avenue.
On May 23, 1976, Sunday morning trains were extended to Utica Avenue, express in Brooklyn.
Effective June 1979, the 4 train assumed its current line color of forest green as a result of a nomenclature update to assign colors to a trunk line, plus line colors not serving Manhattan.
Beginning on January 13, 1980, all 4 trains resumed operating local in Manhattan during late night hours to replace the 6, which again became the Pelham Shuttle between 125th Street and Pelham Bay Park. This service cut affected 15,000 riders, and was criticized by Manhattan Borough President Andrew Stein as no public hearing was held.
Starting on July 10, 1983, all 4 trains ran to Utica Avenue, but weekday midday trains ran only to Atlantic Avenue, and late-night trains made all stops during late nights and Sunday mornings operating to New Lots Avenue. On August 29, 1988, the current service pattern began with weekday midday 4 trains also going to Utica Avenue, and the 5 terminating at Bowling Green to make room for this (the 5 has since been extended to Flatbush Avenue with the 2 weekdays until 8:45 pm). In addition, service was increased 50% during evenings between 8 p.m. and midnight, on Saturday afternoon and on Sunday between 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. In January 1989, during middays, southbound service resumed operating express between Franklin Avenue and Utica Avenue following the elimination of 5 train layups.
Late night express service was reinstated from January 21, 1990 to October 5 of that year, as a result of the 6 being extended back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time.
While late night 6 service to Brooklyn Bridge was permanently restored on October 3, 1999, the 4 continues to run local at those times.
In April 2000, midday 4 service was temporarily cut back from Utica Avenue to Atlantic Avenue.
From June 8, 2009, to June 26, 2009, New York City Transit conducted a pilot program for express Jerome Avenue Line service. Four morning weekday rush hour trains from Woodlawn stopped at Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue and 149th Street–Grand Concourse before they resumed regular service in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
On July 6, 2009, select Bronx bound 4 trains began running express from 167th Street to Burnside Avenue to terminate at the latter station before running out of service to the Jerome Yard.
On October 26, 2009, another 4 express pilot program was implemented based on the success of the first and ran until December 11, 2009. This program was the same as the one in June except that express trains stopped at Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College.
As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage in the Clark Street Tube, which carries the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, on weekends from June 17, 2017 to June 24, 2018, the 4 was extended to New Lots Avenue on weekends, making local stops in Brooklyn south of Nevins Street in place of the 3.
The following table shows the lines used by the 4, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|all ex. nights||late nights||rush peak|
|IRT Jerome Avenue Line (full line)||Woodlawn||149th Street–Grand Concourse||local|
|138th Street–Grand Concourse|
|IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line)||125th Street||Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall||express|
|Fulton Street||Bowling Green||all|
|Joralemon Street Tunnel|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line)||Borough Hall||Nevins Street||express|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||Crown Heights–Utica Avenue|
|IRT New Lots Line (full line)||Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road||New Lots Avenue||all||Limited service|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|Jerome Avenue Line|
|Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College||Some southbound rush hour trips begin at this station|
Some northbound p.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
|Kingsbridge Road||Some southbound p.m. rush hour trips begin at this station|
|Fordham Road||Bx12 Select Bus Service|
|Burnside Avenue||Some northbound rush hour trips terminate at this station|
|176th Street||Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue|
|Mount Eden Avenue||Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue|
|170th Street||Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue|
|161st Street–Yankee Stadium||B D (IND Concourse Line)||Bx6 Select Bus Service|
|149th Street–Grand Concourse||2 5 (IRT White Plains Road Line)|
|138th Street–Grand Concourse||5|
|Lexington Avenue Line|
|125th Street||5 6 <6>||Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street|
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
|86th Street||↑||5 6 <6>||M86 Select Bus Service|
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction for the local platform only.
|77th Street||6||M79 Select Bus Service|
|68th Street–Hunter College||6|
|59th Street||5 6 <6>
N R W (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F <F> M N Q R (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
|Roosevelt Island Tramway|
E (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
|Grand Central–42nd Street||5 6 <6>
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
S (42nd Street Shuttle)
|Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal|
|28th Street||↓||6||Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.|
|23rd Street||6||M23 Select Bus Service|
|14th Street–Union Square||5 6 <6>
L (BMT Canarsie Line)
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
|M14A / M14D Select Bus Service|
D F (IND Sixth Avenue Line at Broadway–Lafayette Street)
N Q (BMT Broadway Line)
J (BMT Nassau Street Line)
|Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall||5 6 <6>
J Z (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J Z (BMT Nassau Street Line)
|Connection to N R W (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway|
|Bowling Green||5||Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal|
|Eastern Parkway Line|
2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
|Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.|
|Nevins Street||2 3 5|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||2 3 5
B Q (BMT Brighton Line)
D N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
|LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal|
|Grand Army Plaza||2|
|Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum||2|
|Franklin Avenue||2 3 5
S (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
|Nostrand Avenue||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Crown Heights–Utica Avenue||2 3 5||B46 Select Bus Service|
|New Lots Line (late nights and select rush hour trips)|
|Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road||2 3 5||B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
|Saratoga Avenue||2 3 5|
|Rockaway Avenue||2 3 5|
|Junius Street||2 3 5
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard during nights and weekends: L (BMT Canarsie Line at Livonia Avenue)
|Pennsylvania Avenue||2 3 5|
|Van Siclen Avenue||2 3 5|
|New Lots Avenue||2 3 5||B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
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