Pelham Bay Park station

  (Redirected from Pelham Bay Park (IRT Pelham Line))

Pelham Bay Park is the northern terminal station of the IRT Pelham Line of the New York City Subway. Located across from Pelham Bay Park, at the intersection of the Bruckner Expressway and Westchester Avenue in the Pelham Bay neighborhood of the Bronx, it is served by the 6 train at all times, except weekdays in the peak direction, when the <6> serves it.

 Pelham Bay Park
 "6" train"6" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
IRT Pelham Bay Park Station.jpg
Station platform
Station statistics
AddressBruckner Boulevard & Westchester Avenue
Bronx, NY 10461
BoroughThe Bronx
LocalePelham Bay
Coordinates40°51′10″N 73°49′38″W / 40.852871°N 73.827138°W / 40.852871; -73.827138Coordinates: 40°51′10″N 73°49′38″W / 40.852871°N 73.827138°W / 40.852871; -73.827138
DivisionA (IRT)[1]
LineIRT Pelham Line
Services   6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)​
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: Bx5, Bx12, Bx12 SBS, Bx24, Bx29
Bus transport MTA Bus: Bx23, BxM8, Q50
Bus transport Bee-Line Bus: 45
StructureElevated
Platforms1 island platform (in service)
2 side platforms (presently used for offices and crew lockers)
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedDecember 20, 1920; 100 years ago (1920-12-20)
Station code360[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
N/A
Former/other namesPelham Bay Parkway[citation needed]
Traffic
20192,134,403[4]Decrease 0.6%
Rank220 out of 424[4]
Station succession
Next north(Terminal): 6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next southBuhre Avenue (local): 6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Parkchester (express): no regular service
Location
Pelham Bay Park station is located in New York City Subway
Pelham Bay Park station
Pelham Bay Park station is located in New York City
Pelham Bay Park station
Pelham Bay Park station is located in New York
Pelham Bay Park station
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only

HistoryEdit

In 1913, New York City, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, and the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) reached an agreement, known as the Dual Contracts, to drastically expand subway service across New York City. As part of Contract 3 of the agreement, between New York City and the IRT, the original subway opened by the IRT in 1904 to City Hall, was to be extended north from Grand Central along Lexington Avenue into the Bronx, with a branch running northeast via 138th Street, Southern Boulevard and Westchester Avenue to Pelham Bay Park.[5][6] The IRT Lexington Avenue Line opened on July 17, 1918, and the first section of the IRT Pelham Line opened to Third Avenue–138th Street on August 1, 1918.[7][8][9]

On January 7, 1919, the Pelham Line was extended to Hunts Point Avenue.[8][9] The extension was originally supposed to be finished by the end of 1918, but due to the difficulty in acquiring materials, the opening was delayed. In January 1919, the New York State Public Service Commission was acquiring property for a subway yard at Pelham Bay Park.[10] On May 30, 1920, the Pelham Line was extended to East 177th Street.[11][9][12] Service between Hunts Point Avenue and East 177th Street was originally served by a shuttle service operating with elevated cars.[8] On October 24 of the same year, it was extended to Westchester Square.[13][9][14]: 2389  The line was completed to Pelham Bay Park station on December 20, which became the new terminal of the line.[15][9][14] Service to Pelham Bay Park was served by a mix of through and shuttle trains during the 1920s.[16]: 73–74 

RenovationsEdit

As part of the 1968 Program for Action, the Pelham Line would have been extended to a modern terminal nearby in the Co-op City housing complex, and the Pelham Line would have been converted to B Division standards so lettered trains could use the line. As part of the plan, this station would no longer be the line's terminal.[17][18] Because of the 1975 New York City fiscal crisis, most of the remaining projects did not have funding, so they were declined.[19] If built, the extension would have been completed by the mid-1970s or early 1980s.[20][21]

In 1981, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[22]

The station's elevators were installed in December 1989, making the station one of the earliest to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The elevators were renovated from June 8, 2015 to April 2016, three months after work was expected to be completed.[23]

Station layoutEdit

P
Platform level
Side platform, not in service
West track    toward Brooklyn Bridge (Buhre Avenue)
(No service: Parkchester)
Island platform  
East track    toward Brooklyn Bridge (Buhre Avenue)
(No service: Parkchester)
Side platform, not in service
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
  Elevator at back of station beyond escalators, near corner of Westchester Avenue and Bruckner Boulevard
G Street level Exit/entrance
 
Pedestrian overpass and headhouse

This is an elevated station which has two tracks, one island platform and two disused side platforms. The tracks end at bumper blocks at the north end of the platforms. The station was formerly set up as a Spanish solution with alighting passengers using the side platforms and boarding passengers using the island platform. Now all passengers use the island platform.[24]

During 2005, rooms were located on the side platforms for temporary crew use while the crew quarters at the north end of the station was rebuilt. At the south end is a staff-only crossover bridge between the center and west side platform. It also used to connect to the east side platform but that portion has been removed. There is also a tower and crew facilities at the south end. There are old style signs which are covered over on the main platform.

Pelham Bay Park is the only New York City Subway terminal that does not use numerical track labels, but rather track labels based on compass directions (i.e. East track, West track).[25] Punch boxes exist, however, at the south end of the island platform where the corresponding track numbers (Track 1 and 2) are used.

ExitsEdit

Fare control is in the mezzanine below the platforms. There are two staircases, an escalator, and an elevator that lead to Westchester Avenue. There is also a pedestrian bridge from the station entrance that crosses the Bruckner Expressway and leads to Pelham Bay Park.[26]

The Taking of Pelham One Two Three superstitionEdit

In the novel The Taking of Pelham One Two Three by Morton Freedgood and its film adaptations (the 1974 original and the 1998 and 2009 remakes), the train that's hijacked leaves the Pelham Bay Park station at 1:23 pm. After the 1974 film's release, the New York City Transit Authority banned any schedule of a train leaving this station at 1:23 am or 1:23 pm, realizing that it would become too much of a reminder to the public. Eventually this policy was rescinded, but due to the superstitions involved, dispatchers have continued to avoid scheduling a Manhattan-bound train to leave at 1:23.[27]

Nearby points of interestEdit

In the early 1960s, the Pelham Bay Park station was the closest station to the defunct Freedomland U.S.A. amusement park, now the site of Co-op City.[29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "The Dual System of Rapid Transit (1912)". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  6. ^ "618 Miles of Track In The Dual System; City Will Have Invested $226,000,000 When Rapid Transit Project Is Completed". The New York Times. August 3, 1913. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  7. ^ "Opening New Subway H Shortens Distance to A. & S." Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 1, 1918. p. 8. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Cunningham, Joseph; DeHart, Leonard O. (1993). A History of the New York City Subway System. J. Schmidt, R. Giglio, and K. Lang. p. 48.
  9. ^ a b c d e Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1922. p. 372.
  10. ^ "New Lines In Bronx Coming This Year: Rays of Rapid Transit to be Let Into Dark Sections in the West and North" (PDF). The New York Times. January 5, 1919. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  11. ^ "Bronx Subway Extension Opened" (PDF). The New York Times. May 28, 1920. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  12. ^ Annual Report for the Year Ending June 30, 1920. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. 1920. pp. 5, 13.
  13. ^ "Subway Extension Opens Sunday". The New York Times. October 22, 1920. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Moodys Manual of Railroads and Corporation Securities. Moody Manual Company. 1922.
  15. ^ York, Bronx Board of Trade, New (1931). A Comprehensive General and Industrial Survey: The Bronx in the City of New York. Bronx Board of Trade. p. 27.
  16. ^ Annual Report. J.B. Lyon Company. 1922.
  17. ^ Metropolitan transportation, a program for action. Report to Nelson A. Rockefeller, Governor of New York. Metropolitan Commuter Transportation Authority. November 7, 1967. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  18. ^ Witkin, Richard (February 29, 1968). "$2.9-Billion Transit Plan For New York Area Links Subways, Rails, Airports; 2-Phase Proposal Program by Governor Calls for $1.6-Billion in First 10 Years 2-Phase Proposal For Transit Given" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  19. ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. doi:10.5422/fordham/9780823253692.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-82325-369-2.
  20. ^ "New Line May Get Double Trackage: Transit Unit Shift on Queens Super-Express" (PDF). The New York Times. February 21, 1971. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  21. ^ Burks, Edward C. (October 24, 1973). "Work Begun on Queens Subway Extension" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  22. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations". The New York Times. Retrieved August 13, 2016.
  23. ^ "Station Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  24. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  25. ^ Tricarico, Michael (April 12, 2004). "Track labels with service sign and 6 train on East track". www.nycsubway.org. Pelham Bay Park: www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  26. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pelham Bay" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  27. ^ Dwyer, Jim (1991). Subway lives : 24 hours in the life of the New York City subway. New York: Crown. ISBN 0-517-58445-X.
  28. ^ a b c "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pelham Bay / Westchester Square" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  29. ^ Fowle, Farnsworth (May 26, 1959). "Big Exhibit Park Planned In Bronx; 206-Acre Freedomland Will Have Mock Cities and Trips by Wagon and Steamer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 6, 2020.

External linksEdit