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The B46 bus route constitutes a public transit corridor in Brooklyn, New York City, United States. The route runs primarily along Utica Avenue north from the Kings Plaza shopping center through Eastern Brooklyn, with continued service west along Broadway to the Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal. The corridor was originally served by a streetcar line, known as the Utica and Reid Avenues Line, Utica−Reid Line,[2] Reid−Utica Line,[8] Reid Avenue Line,[9] or Utica Avenue Line[10] until 1951, when the line was replaced by bus service. The bus route is operated by MTA Regional Bus Operations under the New York City Transit brand.

b46
b46
Utica Avenue Line
A B46 Select Bus Service bus
Two Kings Plaza-bound B46 SBS buses at Flatlands Avenue in 2018.
Overview
SystemMTA Regional Bus Operations
OperatorNew York City Transit Authority
GarageFlatbush Depot
VehicleB46:

B46 SBS:

  • New Flyer XD40 Xcelsior
LiveryB46 SBS: Select Bus Service
Began service1800s (trolley line)
March 18, 1951 (bus service)
1994 (Limited-Stop service)
July 3, 2016 (B46 SBS)[1]
Route
LocaleBrooklyn
StartWilliamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal (full route; local service only)
Bedford–Stuyvesant – DeKalb Avenue / Kosciuszko Street station (SBS terminus; short runs)
Crown Heights – Eastern Parkway / Utica Avenue station (rush hour short runs)
ViaBroadway, Malcolm X Boulevard, Utica Avenue
EndFlatlands – Avenue H and Utica Avenue (short runs)
Mill Basin / Marine Park – Kings Plaza / Flatbush Avenue & Avenue U (full route)
Length7.17 miles (11.54 km) (trolley)[2]
7.9 miles (12.7 km) (local bus route)[1][3][4]
6 miles (9.7 km) (SBS bus route)[4]
Service
Operates24 hours (B46 local)[note 1][5][6]
Annual patronage13,483,536 (2017)[7]
TransfersYes
TimetableB46 B46 SBS
← B45
B44 SBS (by borough)
Q44 SBS (by route number)
 {{{system_nav}}}  B47
B82 SBS
Q52 SBS →

The B46 consistently ranks among the top five busiest routes in New York City, and is the busiest in Brooklyn, serving 50,000 riders daily.[1][11][12][13] Because of this, in 2009 the route was selected for conversion into bus rapid transit under Phase II of the city's Select Bus Service (SBS) program,[14][15][16] implemented on July 3, 2016.[1][17] The B46 was also notorious for high incidence of crime and fare evasion; in 2014 the magazine The New Yorker declared the route "the most dangerous bus route in the city".[18] However, there have been no cases of crime on the route since 2014.

Contents

Route description and serviceEdit

 
The northern terminal of the bus route, and the former terminal of the streetcar line, the Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal.

Streetcar routeEdit

The Utica−Reid streetcar line began at Avenue N and Utica Avenue in Flatlands, just north of the Flatbush Trolley Depot. It ran north along Utica Avenue to the street's terminus at Fulton Street. It then ran north along Reid Avenue to Broadway, and west along Broadway to the Washington Plaza trolley terminal at the foot of the Williamsburg Bridge. The trackage along Broaway was shared with the Broadway Line.[2][10] The line had previously continued over the Williamsburg Bridge between 1904 and 1923 and during the 1930s, using the southernmost trolley tracks, to the Essex Street terminal in the Lower East Side of Manhattan.[19][20][21][22]

Current bus serviceEdit

The current B46 route begins at the bus terminal of the Kings Plaza shopping center at Flatbush Avenue and Avenue U, on the border of the Mill Basin and Marine Park neighborhoods. After running a short distance on Flatbush Avenue, it turns north onto Utica Avenue, following the trolley route along Utica Avenue, the former Reid Avenue (renamed Malcolm X Boulevard in 1985),[23][24][25] and Broadway (underneath the BMT Jamaica Line). The segment on Broadway is shared with the B47. The route terminates at the Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal, which replaced the trolley terminal.[4][5][18][26][27][28]

During most hours of the day, seven days a week, the B46 employs limited-stop service along Malcolm X Boulevard, Utica Avenue, and Flatbush Avenue between DeKalb Avenue and Malcolm X Boulevard (near the Kosciuszko Street station of the BMT Jamaica Line), and Kings Plaza, via the B46 Select Bus Service route. The B46 SBS operates between DeKalb Avenue and Kings Plaza only, while the B46 local continues to Williamsburg, making all stops along Broadway. Avenue H, and the Crown Heights – Utica Avenue station at Eastern Parkway serve as short-turn terminals for B46 local service, while some B46 SBS buses begin or end service at Avenue N, just north of the Flatbush Bus Depot. The B46 SBS does not operate during early morning and late night hours; during this time, the B46 local covers the entire route between Williamsburg and Kings Plaza.[4][5][5][6][27][28][29]

Prior to SBS implementation in 2016, the service pattern was reversed, in which B46 limited-stop buses would continue to Williamsburg, while B46 local buses terminated at DeKalb Avenue or Eastern Parkway at their northern end, with many buses from both services terminating at Avenue H at their southern end.[4][5][27][28]

The B46 operates out of the Flatbush Bus Depot, which replaced the trolley depot, near Kings Plaza.[26]

Fare evasion and safety issuesEdit

The B46 has been known for various safety issues, including assaults on and harassment of bus drivers and passengers, correlated with high rates of fare evasion (passengers not paying or refusing to pay fare). The route runs through several high-crime neighborhoods, including Flatlands, East Flatbush, Crown Heights, and Bedford–Stuyvesant.[18][26][30][31] In 2008, it was estimated that there were 4,000 weekly incidents of fare evasion on the B46. The route was also among 10 services that constituted 22% of fare evasion in the city.[32] In 2014, the MTA ranked the B46 route as the "most dangerous and crime-ridden bus route" in terms of fare evasion and on-bus assaults;[31] in the previous year, there were 41 incidents in which drivers of B46 buses were assaulted or harassed.[18]

Select Bus Service stopsEdit

HistoryEdit

StreetcarsEdit

The Reid Avenue Line was originally a horse trolley line operated by the Broadway Railroad, running between Broadway Ferry in Williamsburg and Atlantic Avenue just south of Fulton Street.[9] In 1893, the Broadway Railroad was purchased by the Long Island Traction Company, and the line began operations under the subsidiary Brooklyn, Queens County and Suburban Railroad in November of that year.[33][34] The line was electrified on December 9, 1894.[35] On July 1, 1898, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) acquired the route.[36]

In May 1900, the Reid Avenue Line was extended south along Utica Avenue to the neighborhood of Rugby (now East Flatbush), in conjunction with housing construction in the neighborhood. During the summer months of 1900, the line terminated at the Holy Cross Cemetery, west of Utica Avenue and south of Church Avenue. On October 15, the line was truncated to Utica Avenue and Church Avenue.[37][38][39][40] Trolley service continued along the Church Avenue Line and Culver Line to Coney Island.[37][41] After the Williamsburg Bridge opened in 1903, Reid Avenue trolleys began running across the south side of the bridge to Manhattan on November 6, 1904. The line used the trolley terminal at Essex Street at the Manhattan foot of the bridge.[19][20][42] On June 1, 1910, the Utica Avenue Line was inaugurated as a shuttle between Church Avenue and Avenue N, connecting with the Flatbush Avenue Line to Bergen Beach. An additional fare was charged for transfer to the Reid Avenue Line.[37][41][43][44] At the time, the town of Flatlands was largely rural farms, and most passengers on the shuttle line were beachgoers.[44]

On December 1, 1923, service on the Reid Avenue Line and all other now-Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) lines over the Williamsburg Bridge ended, due to decreasing profits and a dispute with the city over tolls. Reid Avenue service was truncated to Washington Plaza, and bridge service was replaced with municipal shuttle service.[20][21][45] On February 15, 1931, Reid Avenue cars once again began running to Manhattan after municipal shuttle service ended.[21][22][45] On July 1, 1937, the Reid and Utica lines were combined into a single-fare service called the "Utica−Reid Line".[46]

Bus replacementEdit

 
A B46 Limited bus in 2009, prior to SBS implementation

Around this time, many streetcar lines in Brooklyn and the rest of the city began to be replaced by buses, particularly after the unification of the city's three primary transit companies (including the BMT) under municipal operations in June 1940.[47][48] By 1949, the Utica line was one of eleven remaining streetcar routes in Brooklyn.[49] On January 11, 1951, the New York City Board of Estimate voted unanimously to motorize nearly all the remaining trolley lines in the city, including the Utica−Reid Line.[2][50] On March 18, 1951, the Utica−Reid Line was replaced by bus service, designated "B-46".[2][51]

Kings Plaza was opened in September 1970,[52] and the B46 was extended south to the new mall around that time.[53][54] In the 1980s during summer months, the B46 as well as the B9 were extended south of Kings Plaza across the Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge to the Rockaway peninsula in Queens to serve Jacob Riis Park, with a federal subsidy funding the extension.[55][56]

By 1994, service decreased by 21% since the late 1980s as ridership decreased due to competition from illegal van services, but as enforcement was increased in summer 1993, ridership increased by 20%. An aggressive marketing program and the implementation of limited-stop service on the B46 were put into place to better compete with the vans. Limited-stop service was expected to save 6–8 minutes per trip. Limited-stop service was funded as part of the 1994 Fare Deal/Ridership Growth Initiative. To further take back ridership, the Fare Demonstration Program was introduced to the route, making the round trip bus fare $1.50 instead of $2.50, and the round trip intermodal fare $4 instead of $5. Northbound and southbound riders boarding prior to the stop at Eastern Parkway would receive a return ticket for their return trip from the subway stop. Limited-stop service, began on September 12, 1994,[57] running between 6 a.m. and 9:30 a.m. and 3 p.m. and 8 p.m.. Limited-stop service made all stops north of DeKalb Avenue and south of Avenue H.[58] Saturday limited-stop service was added on September 10, 1995,[59][60] operating between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m..[61]

On December 1, 2008, bus driver Edwin Thomas, who was operating a B46 Limited bus that day, was fatally stabbed by a passenger who did not pay his fare and, as a result, was refused a transfer. It was the first time a New York City bus operator had been killed on the job since an incident on the B44 in 1981, where another bus driver was fatally shot, also because the driver had refused to give the passenger a transfer.[18][26][62] The incident led to the strict enforcement of the MTA policy not to confront fare evaders,[18][26][30] and installation of Plexiglas partitions on many city buses to protect bus operators; previously drivers were only protected by a single metal bar.[26][30] The pilot program for the bus partitions began at the Flatbush Depot, where the B46 is dispatched from, in 2009.[63][64][65] The same year as Thomas's stabbing, the MTA and New York City Police Department (NYPD) began deploying teams of police officers as well as squads of uniformed and plainclothes transit security officials (called EAGLE teams) on the B46 and other target routes to crack down on fare evaders, in the spirit of the broken windows theory.[30][32] On February 26, 2014, an NYPD officer was shot in the legs by a fare evader after pulling him off a B46 bus.[18][30][62]

Select Bus ServiceEdit

In 2004, the Malcolm X Boulevard-Utica Avenue corridor was one of 8 Brooklyn bus corridors studied under the city's bus rapid transit (BRT) study.[66] In 2009, the B46 was included in a list of potential routes for the second phase of Select Bus Service (SBS), the city's brand of BRT service.[1][14][15] The B46 was identified due to high ridership, isolation from rapid transit (subway) service, and slow travel speeds caused by traffic congestion.[1][14][15] Under the plan, the then-current local/limited service pattern would be reversed. The B46 Limited would become the B46 SBS, running between Kings Plaza and DeKalb Avenue only. The B46 Local would cover the Broadway portion of the route at all times, due to lower ridership on this section of the line. Limited-stop service would be instituted on the southern portion of the line between Kings Plaza and Avenue H, with local buses covering the stops on this portion of the route.[1][4][27][28] Unlike most other SBS services, the service uses standard-length 40-foot (12 m) buses instead of 60-foot (18 m) articulated buses.[14][15][27][28]

Preliminary studies and community outreach began in 2011,[1] with around 25 community meetings taking place.[4][67] In 2014, the first dedicated bus lanes were installed on Utica Avenue between St. Johns Place and Church Avenue, offset from the sidewalk curb.[1][4][27][28] In May 2015, the MTA and DOT announced plans to implement the B46 SBS in the fall of that year.[4] In the summer of that year, the bus lanes were extended south to Fillmore Avenue.[68] The implementation was pushed back, however, with two other SBS routes (M86, Q44) going into service during this time. The B46 Select Bus Service was later announced to begin in spring 2016, then to summer 2016,[1][17][68][69] finally beginning service on July 3, 2016.[1][67]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ B46 SBS does not operate overnight

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Utica Avenue Select Bus Service". NYC.gov.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Public Notices". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 5, 1951. p. 13. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "Playing the B46 Lotto: Will the Bus Show Up?". July 25, 1990. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting May 2015" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e MTA Regional Bus Operations. "B46 bus schedule" (PDF).
  6. ^ a b MTA Regional Bus Operations. "B46 SBS bus schedule" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  8. ^ "16 Are Injured in Crash: Reid-Utica Ave. Trolley and Bus in Collision in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. June 28, 1943. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac: A Book of Information, General of the World, and Special of New York City and Long Island. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1894. p. 222. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Walsh, Kevin (November 22, 2008). "BERGEN BEACH & GEORGETOWN, Brooklyn". Forgotten New York. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  11. ^ "Buses". Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  12. ^ "Annual Bus Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b c d "Introduction to BUS RAPID TRANSIT PHASE II" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009.
  15. ^ a b c d "BUS RAPID TRANSIT PHASE II: Future Corridors" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  16. ^ "Select Bus Service" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation, MTA New York City Transit Authority. November 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  17. ^ a b Harshbarger, Rebecca (December 29, 2015). "NYC transit 2016: Where subway Wi-Fi is coming, new Citi Bike stations". AM New York.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Frazier, Ian (April 14, 2014). "Bus Ride". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Rush On New Bridge: Sunday Crowds Necessitated Extra Cars. Most Patrons Traveled to Brownsville". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 7, 1904. p. 2. Retrieved January 19, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ a b c "Through Service on Bridge to End" (PDF). The New York Times. November 22, 1923. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  21. ^ a b c "Restores Bridge Service: B.M.T. Abolishes 2-Cent Fare Today on Through Traffic" (PDF). The New York Times. February 15, 1931. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Through Trolley Service on Bridge". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 15, 1931. p. 16. Retrieved January 19, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ Leonard Benardo; Jennifer Weiss (July 1, 2006). Brooklyn by Name: How the Neighborhoods, Streets, Parks, Bridges, and More Got Their Names. New York University Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-8147-9945-1. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  24. ^ Barron, James (January 18, 2009). "'Not Much of a Block,' but It's Named for a King". The New York Times. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  25. ^ "Bedford Stuyvesant/Expanded Stuyvesant Heights Historic District: Designation Report" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. April 16, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  26. ^ a b c d e f Hiatt, Anna (December 20, 2011). "Murder on the B46: Three Years Gone". The Brooklyn Ink. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  27. ^ a b c d e f "Utica Avenue Community Advisory Committee Meeting #2: February 4, 2015" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. February 4, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  28. ^ a b c d e f "B46 Select Bus Service Community Board 3 Town Hall: May 11, 2015" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. May 11, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  29. ^ "Greenpoint-Williamsburg Rezoning: Final Environmental Impact Statement; Chapter 17: Transit and Pedestrians" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. March 4, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 3, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  30. ^ a b c d e Schwirtz, Michael (February 27, 2014). "For Drivers on Some City Bus Routes, Requesting the $2.50 Fare Can Be Dangerous". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  31. ^ a b Reuters (April 28, 2015). "Two dead, four others shot in gunfight as Brooklyn wake turns deadly: Mourners opened fire as a dispute broke out after the funeral of a possible Bloods gang member". Metro New York. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  32. ^ a b "NYC Transit Cracks Down on Fare Evasion on Buses". WNYC. New York, NY. September 8, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  33. ^ "Reaching For Routes: The Broadway Application Part of the Syndicate Scheme". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 31, 1893. p. 10. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ "Surface Railroad Deals". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 25, 1893. p. 1. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  35. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac ...: A Book of Information, General of the World, and Special of New York City and Long Island ... Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1895. p. 245. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  36. ^ "Rapid Transit Statement: Issued to the Public Through a Wall Street News Bureau−Estimates of Future Earnings". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 26, 1898. p. 7. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ a b c Branford Electric Railway Association (September 29, 2008). Brooklyn Streetcars. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4396-2045-8.
  38. ^ "Oak Crest, The Lindens, Kings Oaks And Ruby". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 13, 1900. p. 25. Retrieved January 21, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  39. ^ "No More Cars To Holy Cross". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. October 11, 1900. p. 15. Retrieved January 21, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  40. ^ Wood, Harmon & Co. (May 29, 1900). "Rugby: Centre of a Coming City". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 3. Retrieved January 21, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  41. ^ a b "NEW TROLLEY ROAD; Extension Through Utica Avenue to Be Ready June 1; The Line Will Open Up a Big Territory of Borough With Shore Cut to Bay". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 3, 1910. p. 24. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  42. ^ "CARS CRASH ON BRIDGE.; Two Firmly Locked Together by Collision -- Three Persons Hurt" (PDF). The New York Times. February 19, 1906. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  43. ^ "Rugby Residents Rejoice: Utica Ave. Extension of Reid Ave. Line Near Completion". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 2, 1910. p. 18. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  44. ^ a b "Extension of Car Lines in Outlying Section Will Bring Building Up of Only Rural Region Left". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 4, 1910. p. 22. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  45. ^ a b "Municipal Operation of Williamsburg Bridge Trolley Cars Began 80 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders Association. 46 (12): 1, 4. December 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  46. ^ "Utica-Reid Line Gets Single Fare: Endocardium Community Association Succeeds After 2-Year Effort". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 17, 1937. p. 19. Retrieved January 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  47. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  48. ^ Seyfried, Vincent F. (1961). "Full text of "Story of the Long Island Electric Railway and the Jamaica Central Railways, 1894-1933 /"". archive.org. F. E. Reifschneider. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  49. ^ "Brooklyn to Keep 11 Trolley Lines" (PDF). The New York Times. June 3, 1949. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  50. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (January 12, 1951). "Clang! Go 10 More Trolley Lines; Only 3 to Be Left, All in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  51. ^ "Utica Cars Yield To Buses Sunday". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 15, 1941. p. 19. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  52. ^ Barmash, Isadore (September 4, 1970). "Brooklyn Shopping Center to Open in Week" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  53. ^ "1976 Brooklyn Bus Map". wardmaps.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1976. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  54. ^ "1974 Brooklyn Bus Guide Map". New York City Transit Authority. 1974. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  55. ^ Fower, Glen (May 27, 1979). "Riis Park Bus Service Is Extended". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  56. ^ "'6 Buses An Hour Tops' Greeley Proposal OKd". Wave of Long Island. Fultonhistory.com. July 7, 1979. p. 5. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  57. ^ "Just a few suggestions for spending the time you'll save now that the B46 bus makes limited stops during rush hours". New York Daily News. September 6, 1994. p. 860. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  58. ^ * NYC Transit Committee Agenda July 1994. New York City Transit. July 15, 1994. pp. D.99.
  59. ^ "AT-A-GLANCE BUS SERVICE CHANGES". Daily News (New York). September 17, 1995. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  60. ^ New York Times, Coming Transit Reductions: What They Mean for You, August 20, 1995, section 13, page 10
  61. ^ * NYC Transit Committee Agenda September 1996. New York City Transit. September 9, 1996. p. 326.
  62. ^ a b Hauser, Christine (December 2, 2008). "Man Is Arrested in Death of Brooklyn Bus Driver". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  63. ^ Shilling, Erik (March 6, 2009). "BUSES GET A 'SHIELD' FOR DRIVERS". Daily News (New York). Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  64. ^ Press Release (December 18, 2008). "NYCT, TWU Issue Proposals For Increased Bus Operator Safety: Policy Changes Come in Wake of Murder of Bus Operator Edwin Thomas". New York: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  65. ^ Neuman, William (December 18, 2008). "Driver-Protection Partitions to Be Tested on Buses". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  66. ^ "Bus Rapid Transit: NYCBRT Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation, New York State Department of Transportation. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2005. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  67. ^ a b "OneNYC: Mayor de Blasio Announces Start of Select Bus Service on Utica Avenue – Major Upgrades for Brooklyn's Busiest Bus Route". nyc.gov. New York City. July 7, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  68. ^ a b "B46 Select Bus Service Community Board 18: February 17, 2016" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. February 17, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  69. ^ "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.

External linksEdit