OMNY (/ɒmˈni/ [OM-nee], short for One Metro New York) is a contactless fare payment system, currently being implemented for use on public transit in the New York metropolitan area. When OMNY is completely rolled out, it will replace the MetroCard on the New York City Subway, the Staten Island Railway, PATH trains, MTA buses, Bee-Line buses, and NICE buses. OMNY will also expand beyond the current scope of the MetroCard to include the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad. As of December 31, 2020, OMNY is available on all MTA buses and at all subway stations.

OMNY
OMNY logo.svg
Long nameOne Metro New York
LocationNew York metropolitan area
LaunchedMay 31, 2019
PredecessorMetroCard
Technology
GenerationFirst
OperatorCubic Transportation Systems
ManagerMetropolitan Transportation Authority
CurrencyUSD ($1 minimum load)
Stored-value$1-
Credit expiry7 years
Auto rechargeYes
Unlimited useYes
Validity
Variants
  • Reduced-Fare
Websiteomny.info

The MetroCard, a magnetic stripe card, was first introduced in 1993 and was used to pay fares on MTA subways and buses, as well as on other networks such as the PATH train. Two limited contactless-payment trials were conducted around the New York City area in 2006 and in 2010. However, formal planning for a full replacement of the MetroCard did not start until 2016.

The OMNY system is designed by Cubic Transportation Systems, using technology licensed from Transport for London's Oyster card. OMNY began its public rollout in May 2019, with contactless bank cards and mobile payments accepted at select subway stations and on buses in Staten Island. The Staten Island Railway received OMNY readers in December 2019, and rollout on the New York City Subway and on MTA buses was completed on December 31, 2020. The MTA began offering OMNY contactless cards on October 1, 2021, and introduced fare capping on February 28, 2022. Reduced-fare OMNY will roll out in early 2022. Full deployment to other New York City-area transit systems is expected by 2023, after which MetroCard will be completely phased out.

PredecessorsEdit

Previous fare mediaEdit

 
Contactless trial on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, 2007

Subway tokens had been used as the MTA subway and bus systems' form of fare payment since the 1950s. MetroCards made by Cubic Transportation Systems started to replace the tokens in 1992; the MetroCards used magnetic stripes to encode the fare payment. By 2003, the MetroCard was the exclusive method of fare payment systemwide.[1]

Payment system trialsEdit

MasterCard and Citibank funded a trial of contactless payments, branded as PayPass. The trial was conducted at 25 subway stations, mostly on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line,[a] beginning in July 2006. The trial was limited to select Citibank cardholders, but it proved popular enough to be extended past its original end date of December 2006.[2][3][4][5]

In light of the success of the first contactless payment trial in 2006, another trial was conducted from June to November 2010.[6][7] The 2010 trial initially only supported MasterCard-branded cards, expanding to Visa PayWave cards in August.[8][9] The 2010 trial eventually expanded to include multiple Manhattan bus routes, two New Jersey Transit bus routes, and most PATH stations.[b]

ProposalEdit

 
OMNY readers at Canal Street, 2019

In 2016, the MTA announced that it would begin designing a new contactless fare payment system to replace the MetroCard.[10][11][12] The replacement system was initially planned for partial implementation in 2018 and full implementation by 2022.[13] In October 2017, the MTA started installing eTix-compatible electronic ticketing turnstiles in 14 stations in Manhattan. The eTix system, already used on the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad, allows passengers to pay their fares using their phones. The system would originally be for MTA employees only.[14]

On October 23, 2017, it was announced that the MetroCard would be phased out and replaced by a contactless fare payment system also by Cubic, with fare payment being made using Android Pay, Apple Pay, Samsung Pay, debit/credit cards with near-field communication enabled, or radio-frequency identification cards.[15][16] The announcement called for a phased rollout, culminating in the discontinuation of the MetroCard by 2023.[16] The replacement fare system was criticized because the new turnstiles could be hacked, thereby leaving credit card and phone information vulnerable to theft.[17] The payment system would use technology licensed from Transport for London's Oyster card.[18]

RolloutEdit

 
Staten Island buses were among the first to utilize OMNY readers.[19]

In June 2018, the MTA revised the timeline for implementation of the then-unnamed new payment system. The first stage of implementation would take place in May 2019. In the second stage, all subway stations would receive OMNY readers by October 2020, in preparation for the third stage, which involved the launch of a prepaid OMNY card by February 2021.[20][21]: 13  The fourth stage involved the installation of OMNY vending machines by March 2022,[21]: 13  and the MetroCard would be discontinued in 2023.[22]

Initially, there were disagreements about what the payment system should be called; some executives wanted a "traditional" name that resembled the MetroCard's name, while others wanted more unusual names. Possible names included "MetroTap", "Tony", "Liberty" and "Pretzel". The name "OMNY" was eventually chosen as being "modern and universal".[23][24] The OMNY name was announced in February 2019.[25][26][27] "OMNY" is an acronym of "One Metro New York," intended to signify its eventual broad acceptance across the New York metropolitan area.[27]

An internal trial launched in March 2019, involving over 1,100 MTA employees and 300 other participants. Over 1,200 readers were installed in subway stations and buses for the public trial, and the OMNY.info website was created.[21]: 14–15 [28] Weeks before the beginning of the public launch, $85.4 million had been spent on the project, out of a total budget of $644.7 million.[21]: 14  The budget had risen to $677 million by June 2020 and to $732 million by November 2020.[29]: 37  The budget was $772 million by June 2021.[30]: 83 

Buses and rapid transitEdit

At a presentation in May 2019, the MTA's Capital Program Oversight Committee specified the following items to be implemented at an unspecified future date: launch a mobile app, allow customers to pay with OMNY Cards on Access-a-Ride paratransit vehicles, and add OMNY readers on Select Bus Service buses to support all-door boarding.[21]: 17  However, the committee expressed concerns that some bank cards would not be accepted, and that OMNY transactions could take longer than MetroCard transactions, increasing crowding at turnstiles.[21] All-door boarding at Select Bus Service routes with OMNY began on July 20, 2020.[31]

OMNY launched to the public on May 31, 2019, on Staten Island buses and at 16 subway stations.[c] At first, OMNY only supported single-ride fares paid with contactless bank cards; mobile payments such as Apple Pay and Google Pay were also accepted, and free transfers between OMNY-enabled routes were available with the same transfer restrictions placed upon the MetroCard.[32][33][34] In June and July 2019, Mastercard offered "Fareback Fridays" to promote the system, where it would refund up to two rides made using OMNY on Fridays.[35][36] The OMNY system reached one million uses within its first 10 weeks and two million uses within 16 weeks.[37]: 58  On one day in June, 18,000 taps were recorded from bank cards issued in 82 countries.[38]

In November 2019, the MTA announced its first expansion. Over the following month, 48 additional stations would be outfitted with OMNY readers the following month, thereby bringing the system to all five boroughs,[d] and by January 2020 the system would then be expanded to Manhattan bus routes.[37]: 57  Furthermore, the MTA would begin launching pilot programs on Select Bus Service, the city's bus rapid transit system, and add self-service features.[37]: 60  By then, over three million riders with bank cards from 111 countries had used OMNY.[39][40][41][37]: 58  According to an internal MTA report, these riders had used over 460,000 unique payment methods between them, or about 2,000 new payment methods per day.[37]: 58  With the implementation of OMNY on the Staten Island Railway in December 2019, public transit in Staten Island became fully OMNY-compatible.[42] The next month, MTA officials announced that OMNY had seen its 5-millionth use, and also that it would expand to 60 more subway stations by the end of the month.[d] In addition, the MTA launched a marketing campaign for OMNY.[43][44] After another expansion the next month, there were over 180 OMNY-equipped stations and OMNY had been used over 7 million times.[45] This grew to 10 million uses by the time yet another expansion was announced in March.[46]

No new OMNY installations were added from March to June 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.[47] The pandemic delayed the target date for which OMNY would be implemented at all subway stations and MTA bus routes, which was pushed back from October to December 2020.[48][42] OMNY installation in Manhattan was completed in July 2020.[29]: 29 

By that September, two-thirds of subway stations were OMNY-equipped; this included all stations in the Bronx, Manhattan, and Staten Island, as well as buses in the latter two boroughs.[49][50] As of November 2020, there were 3,900 active OMNY readers. OMNY infrastructure was also installed in 2,666 buses, representing 44.9% of the total, with 6,400 OMNY readers installed.[29]: 29  By December, OMNY had been rolled out to 458 subway stations, representing 97% of the total, and OMNY had been used 30 million times.[51] On December 31, 2020, the MTA announced that OMNY was active and available on all MTA buses and at all subway stations with Eastern Parkway-Brooklyn Museum on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line being the last station to have its OMNY Readers activated.[52][53][54] Unlimited ride options were not available at the time, but on track to begin on February 28, 2022 at 12 AM Midnight.[55][56][57]

By July 2021, one-sixth of all fares paid on the bus, subway, and Staten Island Railway were being paid through OMNY, and 100 million fares had been paid using the fare system.[58] In October 2021, the MTA started selling a standard-design OMNY card at certain retail locations throughout New York City, such as CVS, 7/11 and Duane Reade drugstores, as well as bodegas, CFSC Check Cashing, and dollar stores that sold MetroCards. The MTA planned to expand the rollout to vending machines inside stations in September 2022. OMNY cards featuring commemorative designs, as well as special fare-classes such as students, senior citizens, and MTA employees, were not available at the time of the standalone OMNY Card rollout.[59] In addition, even at the end of 2021, reduced pay-per-ride OMNY fares were not available at all.[60] The physical card was seldom used in the months after its rollout; by February 2022, less than 1 percent of all OMNY fares were being paid using a card, and 4,367 cards had been sold at stores.[61]

PATH and commuter railEdit

As of 2019, the MTA also plans to use OMNY on the Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad over "the next several years".[62] In June 2019, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey announced it was in talks with the MTA to implement OMNY on the PATH by 2022.[63] There are no plans for OMNY to be used on NJ Transit, which plans to implement a new fare payment system with a different contractor.[64]

Plans for OMNY installation on the LIRR and Metro-North were still being revised as of November 2020.[29]: 31  The COVID-19 pandemic had pushed back the implementation of fare cards on the commuter railroads from February 2021 to June 2022, and that of in-system vending machines from March 2022 to June 2023.[29]: 29  As of June 2021, there were delays in the commuter railroads' mobile ticketing system as well as vending machines. According to the MTA's independent engineering consultant, this could potentially delay full rollout of OMNY for six months from the original projected completion date of July 2023.[30]: 82  By February 2022, the rollout of OMNY on the LIRR was pushed back to between 2023 and 2024.[65]

Other agenciesEdit

As part of the rollout, OMNY is expected to replace MetroCard on affiliate agencies such as Westchester County's Bee-Line Bus System, the Nassau Inter-County Express, and Roosevelt Island Tramway. As of 2022, Bee Line expects OMNY to begin rolling out sometime in 2022,[66] and NICE Bus is expected to be implemented in 2023.[65] In the case of the Roosevelt Island Tramway, it has been confirmed by the MTA and RIOC that OMNY will be enabled before the end of 2022.[67]

TimelineEdit

This list shows when direct entry by OMNY reader became possible on each bus line and subway segment. A green row indicates when a subway line fully implemented OMNY.

Line Stations Primary services Date
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Borough Hall/Court Street, Nevins Street, Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center      May 2019[32][33]
IRT Lexington Avenue Line Bowling Green to Grand Central–42nd Street     
Staten Island local and express bus routes
BMT Fourth Avenue Line 86th Street/4th Avenue   December 2019[39][40]
BMT/IND Archer Avenue lines Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK Airport  ​​  
IND Eighth Avenue Line 34th Street–Penn Station    
IRT 42nd Street Shuttle Times Square and Grand Central[e]  
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line South Ferry/Whitehall Street to 59th Street–Columbus Circle    
IRT Jerome Avenue Line 138th Street–Grand Concourse to Woodlawn  
IRT Lexington Avenue Line Lexington Avenue/51st–53rd Streets to 125th Street     
Staten Island Railway St. George and Tompkinsville[f]  
IND Sixth Avenue Line 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center to Broadway–Lafayette Street       January 2020[44]
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line 66th Street–Lincoln Center to Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street    
IND Eighth Avenue Line Inwood–207th Street to High Street      
Multiple Jay Street–MetroTech     ​​ 
Seventh Avenue    
IRT White Plains Road Line Third Avenue–149th Street to Wakefield–241st Street    February 2020[45][69][70]
IRT Pelham Line Third Avenue–138th Street to Pelham Bay Park   
Manhattan bus routes March 2020[46][71]
IND Fulton Street Line Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets to Euclid Avenue   
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line Wall Street and Clark Street   
IRT Dyre Avenue Line Morris Park to Eastchester–Dyre Avenue  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Hoyt Street   
IRT Flushing Line Mets–Willets Point and Flushing–Main Street   
IRT Lenox Avenue Line Central Park North–110th Street to Harlem–148th Street   
BMT Astoria Line Queensboro Plaza to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard    June 2020[47]
BMT Broadway Line 49th Street to Fifth Avenue–59th Street     
BMT Franklin Avenue Line Prospect Park to Park Place  
IND Rockaway Line  
IND Sixth Avenue Line York Street   
IRT Flushing Line 34th Street–Hudson Yards to 111th Street   
63rd Street lines   ​​  By the end of June 2020[72]
IND Second Avenue Line 72nd Street to 96th Street  
IND Concourse Line 155th Street to Norwood–205th Street    July 2020[g]
IND Queens Boulevard Line      
IRT Eastern Parkway Line     
IRT New Lots Line Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road to New Lots Avenue  
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line President Street to Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College   
Manhattan local bus routes
IND 63rd Street Line Roosevelt Island and 21st Street–Queensbridge    August 2020[74]
BMT Canarsie Line  
IND Queens Boulevard Line Woodhaven Boulevard to Jamaica–179th Street      
BMT/IND Archer Avenue lines Jamaica–Van Wyck and Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer  ​​  
BMT Nassau Street Line Broad Street and Bowery   
IND Sixth Avenue Line Second Avenue to East Broadway, Grand Street, and 57th Street      
BMT Canarsie Line Lorimer Street to Canarsie-Rockaway Parkway   September 2020[75]
BMT Jamaica Line Marcy Avenue to 121st Street    
IND Culver Line    
BMT Myrtle Avenue Line Central Avenue to Metropolitan Avenue   October 2020[76]
Multiple  ​​ ​​ 
IND Crosstown Line 21st Street to Fulton Street  
IND Culver Line Fourth Avenue/Ninth Street to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue    
BMT Brighton Line   
Bronx local bus routes
BMT Brighton Line Avenue M to Ocean Parkway    November 2020[77]
IND Fulton Street Line Grant Avenue to Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard  
IND Rockaway Line Aqueduct Racetrack to Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue  
Beach 90th Street to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street  
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Union Street to Bay Ridge-95th Street  ​​ ​​ 
BMT West End Line  
IRT Eastern Parkway Line Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum  ​​  December 2020[52][53]
BMT West End Line 18th Avenue to 25th Avenue  
BMT Sea Beach Line 8th Avenue to 86th Street   
Queens and Brooklyn bus routes

Physical attributesEdit

The standard OMNY card is valid for seven years from purchase. It contains two barcodes on the front and back; one barcode is used to record the card being purchased, and the other is used to encode fare information. On the standard card, half of the front side contains a barcode, which is oriented to resemble railroad tracks, while the other half of the front side contains a white-on-black OMNY logo. The back of the card contains the card number, card security code, expiration date, and the other barcode.[59]

FaresEdit

Fare mediaEdit

MetroCard is accepted on MTA Regional buses, the New York City Subway, the Staten Island Railway, PATH, Roosevelt Island Tramway, AirTrain JFK, Nassau Inter-County Express, and Bee-Line Bus. Local MTA bus routes and NICE and Bee-Line buses also accept coins (though pennies and half-dollars are not accepted on Select Bus Service routes[78]), while MTA buses, the subway, and the Staten Island Railway also accept OMNY.[79] Both MetroCard and SmartLink are accepted on PATH; however, SmartLink cannot be used on any other transit system in New York City. The subway, the Staten Island Railway, and express buses only accept MetroCard and OMNY as payment.

As of December 31, 2020, all subway stations, the Staten Island Railway,[h] and all MTA-operated buses are equipped with OMNY readers. As of May 2022, OMNY is only for full-fare trips, and the only unlimited option available is the Monday-to-Sunday cap; MetroCard remains the only option for reduced fares and other unlimited products.[82]

MetroCard Coins OMNY SmartLink
MTA local buses[i]  Y  Y[j]  Y  N
MTA express buses  Y  N  Y  N
NYC Subway  Y  N[k]  Y  N
Staten Island Railway[h]  Y  N[k]  Y  N
PATH[83]  Y[l]  N[k]  N  Y
Roosevelt Island Tramway[84]  Y  N[k]  N  N
AirTrain JFK[85]  Y  N[k]  N  N
Nassau Inter-County Express[86]  Y  Y  N  N
Westchester County Bee-Line[87]  Y  Y[m]  N  N

NYC Ferry fares are paid using physical or digital tickets, which are not compatible with the MetroCard, OMNY,[88] or any of the city's other modes of transport.[89]

Base faresEdit

All fares are in US dollars. Kids under 44" tall ride for free with fare-paying rider; limit is 3[79] except for NYC Ferry.[90]

Service Fare type Fare Special fares
MTA Bus/NYC Bus (Local, Limited-Stop, Select Bus Service),[79]
Bee-Line (except BxM4C bus),[note 1][87] NICE,[note 1][86]
PATH,[83] NYC Subway,[79] SIR,[note 2][79] Roosevelt Island Tramway[84]
Full $2.75 $3.00 for a SingleRide Ticket[79]
$2.75 for a PATH SingleRide Ticket[83]
Reduced[93] $1.35 $1.25 for PATH by using Senior SmartLink Card[83][note 3]
Express buses (MTA)[79] Full $6.75
Reduced
(off-peak)[note 4]
$3.35
BxM4C bus[87] Full $7.50
Reduced
(off-peak)[note 4]
$3.75
Student MetroCard[note 5][95] Full-fare Free
NICE Student Fare[note 6][86] $2.25
NYC Ferry[90] $2.75 $3.75 for cyclists with bikes
AirTrain JFK[85] $8.00
Access-A-Ride[96] (NYC paratransit) $2.75
Able-Ride[97] (Nassau County paratransit) $3.75 $75 for a book of 20 tickets[98]
Notes:
  1. ^ a b All Bee-Line and NICE services (including services signed as express) are local services for purposes of the fare except for the BxM4C.
  2. ^ Staten Island Railway fares are collected only at St. George and Tompkinsville stations (in both directions).[80][81][91] A second fare is not deducted for travel between St. George and Tompkinsville (except for SingleRide Tickets).[92]: 5 
  3. ^ PATH does not accept reduced fare MetroCard.[94]
  4. ^ a b Peak travel periods for express buses are 06:00–10:00 A.M. and 3:00–7:00 P.M. weekdays except holidays.[93]
  5. ^ Student MetroCards, distributed by New York City schools, are valid only for travel on MTA local buses[i] and NYC Subway within the City of New York between 5:30 am and 8:30 pm on school days.
    • Full-fare Student MetroCard is good for 3 trips a day (home → school → after-school activity → home). A 4-trip-a-day card is available for students whose trip to school requires more than one transfer each way.
    • Other types of MetroCards for extended service may be available in special circumstances.
    • Subject to additional terms, conditions and restrictions on use.
  6. ^ The NICE Student Fare requires a NICE student pass, which is issued to students, on request, by their school system. Valid weekdays 6:00 am to 7:00 pm during the school year, for travel to and from school only.[86]

Unlimited-ride faresEdit

All fares are in US dollars. There is a $1 purchase fee for all new MetroCards issued within the subway system or at railroad stations (except for expiring or damaged MetroCards or MetroCards bought as part of a UniTicket).[99]

Starting February 28, 2022, Monday-to-Sunday capping applies on OMNY. Users of OMNY will pay the base fare on buses, subways, and the Staten Island Railway until they have paid a total amount equal to the cost of the 7-Day Unlimited MetroCard option for fares within a single week (from Monday to Sunday), upon which they do not pay fares for subsequent trips. As of March 2022, this means that passengers will pay the $2.75 for each of the first 12 rides made in a week; after they have paid for more than 12 rides ($33), their fare payment medium becomes an unlimited-fare option.[100]

Fare product Fare type Price
7-Day Unlimited[79] Full fare $33
Reduced fare $16.50
Weekly Fare Cap[100] Full fare $33
30-Day Unlimited[79] Full fare $127
Reduced fare $63.50
1-Day Unlimited SmartLink[83] $10
7-Day Unlimited SmartLink[83] $34.50
30-Day Unlimited SmartLink[83] $106
7-Day Express Bus Plus[79] $62
10-Trip AirTrain JFK[85][79] $25
30-Day AirTrain JFK[85][79] $40
Monthly NYC Ferry[90] Adult $121
Adult with bike $141
Notes:
  • The 7 Day Express Bus Plus MetroCard is the only Unlimited-Ride MetroCard accepted on MTA express buses.
  • The 30-Day AirTrain JFK MetroCard is the only Unlimited-Ride MetroCard accepted on AirTrain JFK. This MetroCard is not valid on any other services.
  • No Unlimited MetroCards are accepted on the BxM4C and PATH trains.[87][83]
  • SmartLink is the only Unlimited-Ride card accepted on PATH. SmartLink is not valid on any other services.[83]

TransfersEdit

MetroCard and OMNYEdit

All transfers with MetroCard or OMNY are free from bus to subway, local bus to local bus, and subway to local bus (limit one transfer per fare paid unless otherwise stated below). For transfers from local bus or subway to express buses (except the BxM4C), a step-up charge of $4 is charged.[92]: 2  Customers transferring to suburban buses from another system with a lower base fare must pay the difference between the fare on the first bus and the fare on the second bus. With coins, transfers are available to different local buses only, with some restrictions, and issued upon request when boarding only.[101] All transfers are good for two hours and 18 minutes.[102][101][103][87] The transfer system also includes Bee-Line and NICE services as buses, and the Roosevelt Island Tramway as subway (a Tramway-to-local-bus or Tramway-to-subway transfer is allowed[92]: 16 ).

There are no transfers to or from the BxM4C.[87] There are also no free transfers to or from PATH.[83]

SingleRide tickets are valid for one ride within two hours after purchase on local buses and the subway. One bus-to-bus transfer is allowed;[104] however, transfer between buses and subways in either direction are not allowed.[105]

On the Select Bus Service routes except S79, customers paying with coins requiring a transfer must board via the front door and request a transfer from the operator. All other customers may board via any of the three doors on Select Bus Service buses.[106]

Bee-Line customers needing to transfer to Connecticut Transit (I-Bus and route 11),[107] Transport of Rockland (Tappan ZEExpress),[108] Putnam Transit (PART 2),[109] or Housatonic Area Regional Transit (Ridgefield-Katonah Shuttle)[110] services must ask for a transfer, even if paying with MetroCard. The BxM4C does not accept or issue any transfers.[111][87]

NICE customers needing to transfer to City of Long Beach N69, Suffolk County Transit, or Huntington Area Rapid Transit[112] services must ask for a transfer, even if paying with MetroCard.

Designated multiple-transfer corridorsEdit

Two transfers are available at several places. The transfers must be made within two hours in order or in reverse order.

  1. Between Staten Island bus routes crossing the Staten Island Railway, through St. George Ferry Terminal, and then any NYCT local bus or NYC Subway service below Fulton Street in Lower Manhattan.[91]
  2. Between the B61, the B62, and any bus route connecting with either the B62 or B61 (but not both).[113]
  3. Between the Q29, the Q33, and the Q72 to LaGuardia Airport only.[114]
  4. Between the S59 or S78, the S79 SBS, and any connecting bus or subway route in Brooklyn.[114]
  5. Between the n20G, the n20H or n21, and then any connecting bus route.

Additional transfer corridors are listed in the NYCT Tariff.[92]: Appendix II 

Transfer restrictionsEdit

There are restrictions on transfers, as noted below. The transfer rules and restrictions are identical for MetroCard and OMNY, where OMNY is available.[115]

SubwayEdit

Pay-Per-Ride MetroCard and OMNY customers cannot make subway-to-subway transfers by exiting the turnstile and entering again. There are two exceptions:

As the system has no way of knowing where a passenger exited, in reality a free transfer is added to every subway entry except when entering at one of these stations, where no transfer is added to either station in the pair.

Until 2011, an extra out-of-system subway-to-subway transfer was allowed in Long Island City, Queens, between 23rd Street–Ely Avenue/Long Island City–Court Square on the IND Queens Boulevard and Crosstown Lines and 45th Road–Court House Square on the IRT Flushing Line. This transfer was eliminated with the opening of an in-system transfer passageway among the three stations.[118]

Additional out-of-system transfers are added on a case-by-case basis, usually whenever a regular transfer is unavailable due to construction. Past instances included two transfers in Williamsburg and Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, due to the 14th Street Tunnel shutdown from 2019 to 2020;[119] a transfer in Gravesend, Brooklyn, due to the BMT Sea Beach Line (N train)'s partial suspension from 2019 to 2020;[120] and two transfers in Inwood, Manhattan, in 2019 due to the closure of the 168th Street station (1 train).[121]

BusEdit

For Pay-Per-Ride MetroCard and OMNY customers, there is no free transfer back onto the same route on which the fare was initially paid, or between the following buses:[122]

  • No transfer in the opposite direction:
  • No transfer in either direction:
    • M96 and M106
    • Bx40 and Bx42
  • No transfers between NICE bus routes that are not listed on the timetable of the route on which fare is paid. Essentially, one cannot transfer between bus routes that do not intersect.[123]
  • Express:
    • No transfers to/from BxM4C, even with a Pay-Per-Ride MetroCard.[87][111]
    • No transfers between different Union Turnpike express buses (QM1, QM5, QM6, QM31, QM35, QM36) traveling in the opposite direction.
Between subway and busEdit

There are no subway-to-bus or bus-to-subway transfers allowed without a MetroCard or OMNY, with one exception:

  • At the Rockaway Parkway Intermodal Center on the BMT Canarsie Line (L train), westbound B6, B82 Local, and B82 Select Bus Service customers arriving from East New York and Canarsie, eastbound B6 Local customers on trips terminating at Rockaway Parkway, and all B42 customers, are transported directly into the subway system's fare control without having to pass through turnstiles (as the former trolley line had a loop installed within fare control). Similarly, subway passengers can transfer to B42 and westbound B6 and B82 Local service without using a MetroCard or OMNY (westbound B82 SBS customers must still obtain proof of payment, but have a second transfer to another route).

NYC FerryEdit

As NYC Ferry uses a separate fare payment system from the rest of New York City's transportation system, it does not provide any free transfers to any other modes of transportation using MetroCard or OMNY. However, passengers can request one free transfer to a connecting NYC Ferry route, valid within 90 minutes of the passenger boarding the first route. Tickets are checked prior to boarding, when the boat arrives at the station.[90][89]

Differences from MetroCardsEdit

The technology for making a transfer on MTA buses and subways differs slightly between MetroCards and OMNY devices. To allow for operation on vehicles disconnected from the MTA communications network, MetroCards store information about the transfer on the card itself.[124] Third-party digital wallets, debit cards, credit cards generally cannot store transit-specific information on the consumer card or device. OMNY solves this problem by only charging riders once a day,[125] after vehicles have had a chance to return to base and download boarding data. Though the second entry may display to the rider that the full fare is being charged, as long as the same device was used within the two-hour window, it is discounted when calculating the amount to actually be paid.[125]

The OMNY system is also able to measure the usage of OMNY cards.[126] In October 2021, the MTA considered enabling a fare cap on OMNY cards and devices, similar to the fare caps on Oyster cards.[126][127] Under the proposal, an OMNY card or device would be charged a pay-per-ride fare on MTA buses and subways if a passenger has made fewer than a specified number of trips in a certain time period. After the passenger makes more than that quantity of trips, they would be charged the unlimited rate. For example, with a pay-per-ride fare of $2.75 and a weekly unlimited MetroCard cost of $33 (as of October 2021), a passenger would still pay $2.75 per trip if they made 12 or fewer trips in a week; under the proposal, they would pay no more than $33 within a week, even if they made 13 or more trips.[126] As of December 2021, the fare caps have been implemented as a pilot program from February 28th to June 30th, 2022.[128][129]

ConcernsEdit

The oversight group Surveillance Technology Oversight Project (STOP) has stated concerns about the lack of privacy regulation in the OMNY system, specifically that trip data may be used by the New York City Police Department for police surveillance or might be shared with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to track undocumented immigrants.[130][131][132]

In February 2020, the MTA warned that some customers using Apple Pay's Express Transit feature might be accidentally double-charged if they were using a MetroCard. This occurred when riders unintentionally had their phones in proximity to the OMNY readers. At that point, the issue was relatively rare, having been reported 30 times.[133]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The following subway stations participated in the 2006 trial:
  2. ^ The following bus routes and subway stations participated in the 2010 trial: Two options were available during this second trial for fare payment:
    • "pay-as-you-go" RFID card scan at select turnstiles or locations; or,
    • pre-funded fares via a pilot website called the "NY/NJ Transit Trial" for multiple and unlimited ride discounts. Pre-funded fares ceased to be available on the trial website on October 16, 2010, and the free trial ended on November 30, 2010.
  3. ^ All stations on the 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> trains between Grand Central–42nd Street and Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center were in the initial OMNY pilot.
  4. ^ a b See § Timeline for a list of additional stations.
  5. ^ De facto implementation, as OMNY has been implemented on all stations that include this line.
  6. ^ These are the only two Staten Island Railway stations with turnstiles.[68]
  7. ^ a b In July 2020, all stations in the Bronx were equipped with OMNY. The only line where this had not been installed yet was the Concourse Line.[73] The entire A Division (numbered routes) was equipped with OMNY readers, except for the Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, which was undergoing renovations at the time.[50]
  8. ^ a b St. George and Tompkinsville are the only stations on the Staten Island Railway where fares are collected to enter and exit.[80][81]
  9. ^ a b Including Limited-Stop and Select Bus Service buses.
  10. ^ No half-dollar coins or pennies accepted on Select Bus Service buses.[78]
  11. ^ a b c d e Cash is accepted for purchasing fare media at stations.
  12. ^ No EasyPayXpress MetroCards accepted.
  13. ^ No pennies accepted.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit