Bowling Green station

Bowling Green is a station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at Broadway and Battery Place (at Bowling Green), in the Financial District of Manhattan. It is served by the 4 train at all times and the 5 train at all times except late nights.

 Bowling Green
 "4" train"5" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Bowling Green IRT 001.JPG
Platform for trains going to Brooklyn (right)
Station statistics
AddressBattery Place & Broadway
New York, NY 10004
BoroughManhattan
LocaleFinancial District
Coordinates40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.70417°N 74.01444°W / 40.70417; -74.01444Coordinates: 40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.70417°N 74.01444°W / 40.70417; -74.01444
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services      4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M15, M15 SBS, M20, M55, SIM1, SIM2, SIM4, SIM4X, SIM5, SIM5X, SIM15, SIM32, SIM34, SIM35, X27, X28
Bus transport MTA Bus: BM1, BM2, BM3, BM4, BxM18, QM7, QM8, QM11, QM25
Bus transport Bee-Line Bus: BxM4C
Bus transport NJT Bus: 120
Ferry transportation Staten Island Ferry (at Whitehall Terminal)[1]
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 side platform
2 island platforms (1 in use, 1 abandoned)
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJuly 10, 1905; 115 years ago (1905-07-10)
Station code414[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Opposite-direction transfer availableYes
Traffic
Passengers (2019)8,362,034[5]Increase 1.3%
Rank39 out of 424[5]
Station succession
Next northWall Street: 4 all times5 all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northFulton Street: 4 all times5 all except late nights
Next southBorough Hall: 4 all times5 weekdays only
(Terminal): 5 evenings and weekends
South Ferry (loops; closed): no service
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southAtlantic Avenue–Barclays Center: 4 all times5 weekdays only
none: 5 evenings and weekends
Battery Park Control House
NYC Landmark No. 0829
Bowling Green station 1.jpg
Station headhouse on Battery Park dates to 1905
Bowling Green station is located in New York City
Bowling Green station
Location of station in New York City
Bowling Green station is located in New York
Bowling Green station
Bowling Green station (New York)
Bowling Green station is located in the United States
Bowling Green station
Bowling Green station (the United States)
Coordinates40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.704106°N 74.014521°W / 40.704106; -74.014521
Built1905
ArchitectHeins & LaFarge
MPSInterborough Rapid Transit Subway Control Houses TR
NRHP reference No.80002669
NYCL No.0829
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 6, 1980[7]
Designated NYCLNovember 20, 1973[6]

The station opened in 1905 as an extension of the Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT)'s original subway line to South Ferry. At the time, there was a single island platform with one exit at Battery Park and another in Bowling Green. When the Lexington Avenue Line was expanded to Brooklyn in 1908, some trains continued going to South Ferry, resulting in the creation of a short island platform at the Bowling Green station for the Bowling Green–South Ferry shuttle. The shuttle operated until 1977. During the 1970s, the station was completely renovated, a new exit was built, and a third, side platform was created for northbound trains.

The Bowling Green station contains three platforms: two island platforms and one side platform. The westernmost island platform, used by the shuttle, has not been in use since 1977. The station retains its original head house in Battery Park, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and a New York City designated landmark. There are two other exits to Bowling Green, one of which contains an elevator that makes the station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

 
Former shuttle platform on the Brooklyn-bound side

The station was originally built with a single island platform; a station head house at the south end, in Battery Park; and a secondary entrance at the northern end of the platform, adjacent to Bowling Green Park.[8] When the station opened on July 10, 1905, there was as yet no Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT) service to Brooklyn, and all Lexington Avenue trains terminated at South Ferry's outer-loop platform.[9] The Joralemon Street Tunnel opened in 1908,[10] but some Lexington Avenue trains continued to terminate at South Ferry, even during rush hours, while others went to Brooklyn. This service pattern was soon found to be inadequate for the high volume of Brooklyn riders.[11]

As a result, in 1908, the New York State Public Service Commission applied for authority to build a second, shorter platform and a third track to the west of the existing island platform.[11] Three months after the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened, construction began on the third track and the western island platform at Bowling Green. Once they were completed in 1909, all rush-hour trains were sent to Brooklyn, with a two-car Bowling Green–South Ferry shuttle train providing service to South Ferry during those times. Even after the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line local service (1 train) began to South Ferry in 1918, the shuttle remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1977 due to budget cuts.[12] Between 1910 and 1911, the main island platform was extended about 110 feet (34 m) to the north to accommodate longer express trains.[13]

On September 8, 1952, the New York City Board of Transportation made the entrance kiosk at Battery Place and State Street entrance-only instead of exit-only in order to relieve congestion at the station during the evening rush hour. A fare box was installed at the top of the stairway to accommodate the change.[14]

RenovationEdit

 
The orange tiles on the walls date to the 1970s renovation.

On March 5, 1972, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) announced that the station would be renovated and expanded, doubling the capacity of the station, with work initially set to finished in 1974.[15] The work was done in conjunction with the renovation of Bowling Green Park, which was rebuilt to conform with its appearance in the late 1700s.[16][17]

As part of the project, a new northbound side platform was built to alleviate congestion on the narrow island platform, which would then only be used by downtown trains.[18] In addition, stairs and a new mezzanine were built below track level, and a new exit with modern escalators was installed just south of Bowling Green, funneling some of the traffic away from the control house exit at the south end.[18][19] The addition of this new entrance, and the expansion of the park, was made possible by closing the street named Bowling Green and turning it into a pedestrian plaza.[20][21]

The new mezzanine was connected to the platform and street levels with ten new escalators. The capacity improvements were made by excavating using the cut-and-cover method in Bowling Green Park.[22] The existing subway entrance at the west gate of the park was removed, providing more open space in the park. These capacity improvements were made to accommodate increased ridership resulting from the construction of additional office buildings in Lower Manhattan, including the World Trade Center.[15] As part of the station renovation, it lost its historic mosaic tiles,[23][24] which were replaced with bright red tiles, consistent with station renovation projects at 49th Street and the under-construction stations on the 63rd Street lines and Archer Avenue lines.[25] In addition, the station's token booths were renovated.[26]

On July 14, 1975, it was announced that the project's completion was then delayed to March 1976.[27] The southern headhouse entrance was closed for six months beginning in April 1978 as it was being rehabilitated.[28] The renovation was completed in 1978 at a cost of $16.8 million.[27] Funding for the project was provided from the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA)'s capital budget.[15]

At midnight on February 13, 1977, service on the Bowling Green–South Ferry shuttle was discontinued, and the platform and the track used by the shuttle were abandoned. Service was discontinued as part of a three-phase cut in service that the NYCTA had begun in 1975 to reduce its operating deficits.[29][30][31] Despite the discontinuation of the service, the shuttle platform was renovated as part of the station renovation project, receiving new tiling, signage, and refinished flooring.[32][33][34] Some time after 1983, a fence was installed on the eastern edge of the island platform, which had been used to board trains prior to the opening of the side platform in 1978.[35]

Subsequent improvementsEdit

In June 1999, MetroCard vending machines were installed in this station as part of the second batch of the fare-payment technology's installation.[36] In early 2006, work began to make the station fully compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. As part of the project, the cobblestones around the station entrance near Bowling Green were replaced with granite pavers, an ADA-compliant path was constructed to Bowling Green Park, and a new glass canopy was installed over this entrance. The canopy, which was designed by Dattner Architects in 2003, consists of a curved steel and glass with stainless steel ribs, and is supported by a granite base.[37] As part of the project, the unused shuttle platform was walled off between 2001 and 2002.[33][38][39]

Work to install the canopy was scheduled to begin in late October 2006.[40] In May 2007, the replacement of the cobblestones and installation of the glass canopy were completed. The elevators opened on July 9, 2007, but were formally opened the following day.[41][42]

In 2020, the MTA tested a hearing induction loop for hard-of-hearing passengers on the northbound platform, the first such installation in the subway system.[43][44]

Station layoutEdit

G Street level Exit/entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform  
Northbound   toward Woodlawn (Wall Street)
  toward Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (Wall Street)
Island platform, southbound use only  
Southbound   toward Utica Avenue (New Lots Avenue late nights) (Borough Hall)
  toward Flatbush Avenue weekdays (Borough Hall)
  weekend/evening termination track →
(no service: South Ferry loops)
Island platform, not in service
Shuttle No passenger service (South Ferry loops)
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent

The station, located at Broadway and Battery Place,[45] has two tracks and two platforms in service: a center island platform that serves southbound and terminating trains, and a side platform that serves northbound trains.[46] A fence is located along the edge of the island platform, preventing northbound trains from releasing passengers onto the island platform.[47][48] The side platform and the wall facing the downtown track have orange brick tiles.[49] Both platforms have circular platform columns painted in beige.[47]

An abandoned and walled-off island platform and track on the west side of the station were formerly used by the Bowling Green–South Ferry shuttle, which traveled to the inner platform at South Ferry.[46][50] This platform was connected to the island platform with an underpass at its northern end.[39][51]

Escalators and stairs connect both platforms to the mezzanine below track level, where free transfers can be made between the two platforms.[52] On the uptown platform, pairs of escalators and staircases lead to the mezzanine,[53][54] while on the downtown platform, alternating staircases and escalators descend to the mezzanine.[55]

There are two banks of turnstiles on the north and south sides of the mezzanine, which is outside fare control.[56] A pair of escalators and a staircase leads from the eastern end of the mezzanine to an upper mezzanine,[57] which contains the token booth, and a bank of turnstiles, which leads directly onto the uptown side platform.[58]

Two elevators make the station accessible under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. One connects street level, the main northbound fare control, and the southbound fare control area below the platforms and tracks. The other connects the Brooklyn-bound platform with the fare control area below.[59]

Track layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bowling Green
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  loop
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  South Ferry (right)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
South Ferry Loops (far left)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Legend
 
  service, lower level
 
  service, upper level
 
   service
 
Non-revenue tracks

South of the station, the tracks diverge into two sets. One set (the inner tracks) enter the Joralemon Street Tunnel to travel to Brooklyn.[46] this route is used by the 4 train at all times and the 5 train on weekdays until 8:45 pm.[60] The outer tracks continue to the closed South Ferry inner loop station,[46] which is used by the 5 train when it short turns at this station during weekends and late weekday evenings.[60]

ExitsEdit

 
Station entrance in Bowling Green

The station has three street stairs, an elevator, a set of escalators, and an original control house (also known as a head house). These exits are clustered in three separate locations.[45][61]

The eastern end of the upper mezzanine, toward the center of the station, leads to a pair of staircases and an up escalator that leads to Bowling Green plaza.[62] There is a glass-canopied stairs-and-escalator entrance in front of the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House, just around the corner from two entrances to the Whitehall Street–South Ferry station on the BMT Broadway Line (which are set into the building's eastern elevation).[45][61]

At the eastern end of the lower mezzanine, a pair of escalators and a staircase lead to an intermediate level.[63][64] This, in turn, leads to a pair of staircases on the north side of Battery Place between Greenwich Street and Broadway, outside the International Mercantile Marine Company Building.[45][61]

A staircase, at the southern end of the island platform, leads to a fare control area in the restored control house.[65] which consists of a pair of low turnstiles at the south end,[66] and two high entry/exit turnstiles flanking the staircase down to the platform.[67]

Control houseEdit

At the south end of the station is the original head house, known as the Bowling Green IRT Control House or Battery Park Control House, on the west side of State Street south of Broadway.[45] This subway entrance was designed by Heins & LaFarge and built in 1905 on the west side of State Street, across from the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House.[68] The facade is made of yellow brick, with limestone banding and triglyphs at its tops, a base of granite, and a gable roof. The doorways to the control house are located on the north and south of the structure; the northern doorway has an elaborate pediment above it, and the southern doorway has been extended with three exit doors. Inside, the control house has turnstiles at street level and a single stair down to the extreme southern end of the island platform.[6]

Along with its twin, the old control house for the 72nd Street station, this building is a reminder of the glory of New York's first subway company, the IRT, predecessor to the current numbered routes. It is one of the only IRT control kiosks remaining in the New York City Subway system. Although most of the original subway's entry points had steel and glass kiosks (such as at Astor Place), important stations like Bowling Green were marked with a brick and stone control house, so called because they helped control the passenger flow.[6] It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a New York City designated landmark.[6][7]

Lower Manhattan transit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall  4  5  (   6 )
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (   E ) Chambers Street–WTC
 
 
 
 
 
 
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cortlandt Street  R  W 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
 
 
 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broad Street (   J  Z )
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ArtworkEdit

The Bowling Green station has lightboxes with rotating content. Since 2018, the exhibition has been "Daily Voyage", featuring pictures taken by Glen DiCrocco of regular commuters on the Staten Island Ferry. Some of these photos can be seen on the MTA's Flickr account as well.[69]

Nearby points of interestEdit

There are numerous skyscrapers and other structures immediately surrounding the Bowling Green station (listed clockwise):

Another park, the Battery, is located right outside the southern entrance.[61]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See:
    • "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
    • "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
    • "Bronx Bus Service" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
    • "Queens Bus Service" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
    • "Staten Island Bus Service" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Interborough Rapid Transit System, Battery Park Control House" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. November 22, 1973. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  8. ^ "Photo of Bowling Green Station entrance in Bowling Green Park".
  9. ^ "Subway Trains Running from Bronx to Battery; West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight" (PDF). The New York Times. July 10, 1905. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "Subway to Brooklyn Opened for Traffic" (PDF). The New York Times. January 9, 1908. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York. J.B. Lyon Company, printers. 1908. p. 194. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  12. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph (January 15, 1977). "Transit Cuts Approved by M.T.A.; Reductions Will Begin Next Month" (PDF). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  13. ^ Senate, New York (State) Legislature (1911). Report Of The Public Service Commission For The First District Of The State Of New York For The Year Ending December 31, 1910. Vol. I. New York State Public Service Commission. p. 116.
  14. ^ "New Subway Entrance Is Added". The New York Times. September 9, 1952. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  15. ^ a b c McFadden, Robert D. (March 6, 1972). "Bowling Green Park to Get Dutch Flavor Back". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  16. ^ Haitch, Richard (December 19, 1976). "Follow‐Up on The News". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  17. ^ "Front Page 1 ‐‐ No Title". The New York Times. September 24, 1977. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  18. ^ a b Dembart, Lee (February 18, 1977). "Catch the Subway of the Future". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  19. ^ "City Announces Plan For the Improvement Of Subway Stations". The New York Times. March 14, 1979. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  20. ^ "New York Affairs". Urban Affairs. Institute for the Study of the City. 5 (1): 86. 1978.
  21. ^ "Map Showing A Change In The City Map By Laying Out The Lines And Dimensions Of Bowling Green Park And A Public Place Within The Area Generally Bounded By Broadway And Bowling Green Borough of Manhattan" (PDF). Office of the President, Borough of Manhattan Topographical Bureau. January 28, 1980. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  22. ^ Annual Report. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 1973. p. 5.
  23. ^ Pirmann, David. "Heins & La Farge mosaic tapestry on side trackway wall-no longer present". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  24. ^ Coppella, Phillip (May 15, 2018). One-Track Mind: Drawing the New York Subway. Chronicle Books. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-1-61689-731-4.
  25. ^ Levine, Richard (March 30, 1987). "Saving the Subway's Last Mosaics". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  26. ^ Rosen, Richard (February 3, 1981). "For mass transit, a touch of class". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 27, 2020 – via newspapers.com  .
  27. ^ a b "Bowling Green IRT Work". The New York Times. July 15, 1975. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  28. ^ Gitlow, Stuart (1978). "Bowling Green headhouse entrance closed for repairs". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  29. ^ Mazza, Frank (August 31, 1976). "K Train's Gone and the Rest Are EEE-e-e". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 8, 2019 – via newspapers.com  .
  30. ^ Edmonds, Richard (August 14, 1976). "TA to Eliminate 215 Subway Runs". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 8, 2019 – via newspapers.com  .
  31. ^ "M.T.A. Expected to Save Franklin Avenue Shuttle, Once an Austerity Target". The New York Times. February 10, 1977. p. 27. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
  32. ^ Grotjahn, Doug (February 12, 1977). "Shuttle train at Bowling Green". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  33. ^ a b Pirmann, David (July 11, 2000). "Disused side platform and shuttle trackway (against wall)". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  34. ^ Grotjahn, Doug (December 15, 1970). "R12 cars on the Bowling Green Shuttle". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  35. ^ Fiori, Charles (August 1983). "A 4 train of R17 subway cars entering Bowling Green". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  36. ^ "Metro News Briefs: New York; City to Add Machines That Sell Metrocards". The New York Times. June 11, 1999. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  37. ^ Dattner Architects. Richard Dattner & Partners Architects. 2008. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-86470-285-9.
  38. ^ Fedow, Bruce (November 17, 2005). "Disused shuttle platform at Bowling Green". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  39. ^ a b Brennan, Joseph (2002). "Abandoned Stations : Bowling Green & South Ferry platforms". columbia.edu. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  40. ^ "Lower Manhattan: Bowling Green Elevator Installation". lowermanhattan.info. 2006. Archived from the original on October 3, 2006. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  41. ^ "Lower Manhattan : Bowling Green Elevator Installation". lowermanhattan.info. July 11, 2007. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  42. ^ MTA Board Action Items. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2007. p. 3.
  43. ^ "New York City Transit and Bus Committee Meeting February 2020". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 24, 2020. p. 88. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  44. ^ "Hearing Loop at Bowling Green". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  45. ^ a b c d e "Bowling Green Neighborhood Maps". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  46. ^ a b c d Dougherty, Peter (2020). Tracks of the New York City Subway 2020 (16th ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 1056711733.
  47. ^ a b Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "Looking down the uptown track over the fence viewed from the downtown platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  48. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (December 14, 2003). "The extremely and dangerously narrow northern end of the platform at Bowling Green". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  49. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 13, 2005). "The uptown platform at Bowling Green". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  50. ^ Liccese, Anthony J. (August 8, 2011). "Closed side platform – former South Ferry shuttle". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  51. ^ "Composite 3252 at Bowling Green". nycsubway.org. 1910. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  52. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "A staircase followed by an elevator down from the downtown trains island platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  53. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "escalator and staircase to the uptown and Bronx platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  54. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "Another escalator/stair bank from the uptown platform for the Brooklyn Platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  55. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "The staircase followed by an escalator up to the relatively narrow Brooklyn 4/5 island platform. There is an unusual white lighted sign". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  56. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "The small bank of turnstiles to the underpass exit". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  57. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "The staircase/escalators down to the underpass level and Brooklyn trains from the upper fare control level, a turnstile to the full time uptown platform entrance is visible". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  58. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "Outside of fare control in the main passage and entrance from Bowling Green Park". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  59. ^ "Accessibility". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  60. ^ a b "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  61. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower Manhattan" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  62. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "The modern with a sleek glass canopy escalator/stair entrance to Bowling Green". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  63. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "The escalators up to the Battery Place and Battery Park exit at the western end of the underpass mezzanine". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  64. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 20, 2010). "The split for the two different staircases up to the Battery Place & Broadway exit". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  65. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "Passengers on an arriving train make their way up to the original headhouse exit at the extreme southern end of the Brooklyn-bound platform". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  66. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "The other side of the original headhouse with the doors are all open while approaching the turnstiles". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  67. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 19, 2010). "Old original Entrance text on a sculpted relief with two modern security camerias in the detail work". subwaynut.com. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  68. ^ Framberger, David J. "Architectural Designs For New York's First Subway". Survey Number HAER NY-122, pp. 365-412. National Park Service. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
  69. ^ "New Photography Exhibit Tracks Progress of MTA Capital Projects". mta.info. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  70. ^ a b c d e f White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19538-386-7.
  71. ^ "Nycarchiture.com : Two Broadway". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2008.

External linksEdit

External images
  Battery Place and Broadway / State Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
  Bowling Green entrance from Google Maps Street View
  Control house from Google Maps Street View
  Platforms from Google Maps Street View