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N (New York City Subway service)

The N Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow, since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[2]

Broadway Express
"N" train symbol
NYC Subway R160B 8888 on the N.jpg
An N train of R160Bs approaching 39th Avenue
R68 2880 on the N.jpg
An N train of R68s at Broadway.
Map of the "N" train
Note: Dashed red line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel. Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to/from 96th Street.
Northern end
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations 32 (Astoria service)
45 (Astoria service, late nights)
22 (Second Avenue service)
Rolling stock (N/W shared) 24 R68s (3 trains)
300 R160A/Bs (30 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
Depot Coney Island Yard
Started service June 22, 1915; 103 years ago (1915-06-22)
Route map
Down arrow  N  W 
Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Astoria Boulevard
30th Avenue
Broadway
36th Avenue
39th Avenue
Queensboro Plaza
Lexington Avenue–59th Street
Fifth Avenue–59th Street
Down arrow  Q 
( N   R  limited rush)
96th Street
86th Street
72nd Street
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
57th Street–Seventh Avenue
49th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access northbound)
Times Square–42nd Street
"N" train
switches to express
tracks during weekdays
34th Street–Herald Square
28th Street
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Eighth Street–New York University
Prince Street
 N 
daytime via Manhattan Bridge
late nights via Lower Manhattan
Canal Street
City Hall
Cortlandt Street
Rector Street
Whitehall Street–South Ferry
Up arrow  W  weekdays
(Down arrow  R  late nights)
no regular service via Nassau Street
Montague Tunnel
Court Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
DeKalb Avenue
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
45th Street
53rd Street
59th Street
southbound express service
due to station renovations
Eighth Avenue
Fort Hamilton Parkway
New Utrecht Avenue
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
(last southbound W stop)
Kings Highway
Avenue U
86th Street
(first northbound W stop)
Up arrow  W 
(limited rush hours)
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Up arrow  D   N   F  Q 
Legend

Lines used by the "N" train and "W" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "N" train and "W" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 N 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via the BMT Astoria Line in Queens, south side of the Manhattan Bridge, and BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT Sea Beach Line in Brooklyn. Limited rush hour service operates via the IND Second Avenue Line to and from 96th Street on the Upper East Side, Manhattan, instead of Queens. At all times, service runs local in Queens and on the Sea Beach Line and stops at 49th Street in Manhattan. Weekday daytime service runs express between 34th Street–Herald Square in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn. Local service in Manhattan is provided by the W, which is internally staffed and scheduled as part of the N.[3] Weekend daytime service is the same, but service operates local in Manhattan. Daily late night service runs local along its entire route and uses the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn.

The N was originally the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation's 4 service, running along the BMT Sea Beach Line to the Manhattan Bridge. The 4 used the BMT Nassau Street Line in Lower Manhattan from 1915 to 1917, after which it ran express on the BMT Broadway Line. The 4 became the N in 1961. The N ran local in Queens along the IND Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills–71st Avenue from 1976 until 1987, when it switched terminals with the R. From 1986 to 2004, the reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge has forced the N to run local on the Broadway Line via the Montague Street Tunnel at all times. From 2010 to 2016, the N ran local in Manhattan on weekdays to replace the W, which had been discontinued during that time.

Contents

Service historyEdit

 
Original designation for the Sea Beach Line

Before 1970Edit

The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.[4]

On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.[5][6]

On September 4, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line and the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge opened. Trains ran from 14th Street–Union Square to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue, now using the bridge's northern tracks.[5][7]

On January 15, 1918, service was extended to Times Square–42nd Street.[5]

On May 2, 1957, service was extended north via the express tracks to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.[5]

In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.

Beginning on January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.

The N designation began to appear when R27 subway cars were moved to the service in April 1961.[4][5]

 
NX A New Service
 
The NX joins the N

The NX designation was used for a rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach on the BMT Brighton Line, running through Coney Island, and then following the N route to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue. This short-lived service began on November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened)[8] and ended April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.[4][5][9]

1970–1980Edit

On August 30, 1976, weekday N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills–71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. While many N trains ran the full route from Coney Island to 71st Avenue, via the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express, some trains ran local during the rush hours only between Whitehall Street–South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and Forest Hills–71st Avenue, which had been the former EE route.[4][5][10]

On August 27, 1977, N service was cut back during late nights, only operating between 36th Street and Coney Island.[11]

1980–1990Edit

Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 disrupted N service, usually rerouting it via the Montague Street Tunnel. On April 26, 1986, the north side tracks (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) were closed and services that normally ran on them were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line. Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on those tracks, rush hour and midday N service was rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel, making local stops in Manhattan (at all times) and Brooklyn, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks in Brooklyn.[4][5] The M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replaced the N as the weekday express on the Fourth Avenue Line.[5][12]

On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills–71st Avenue.[13]:16 This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the N had direct access to both Jamaica Yard and Coney Island Yard, and the R, running from Bay Ridge to Astoria, lacked direct access to either yard.[5][14] This change was intended to improve the appearance and reliability of service on the R, since all trains on the Astoria and Broadway Lines were part of the graffiti-free program.[13]:16

When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times; In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours. Trains continued to run express in Brooklyn between Pacific Street and 59th Street evenings and weekends.[4][15][16]

The Transit Authority and politicians pressured the New York State Department of Transportation to resume N train service on the bridge's south side on September 30, 1990, despite warnings from engineers that the structure was unsafe and major repairs still had to be made. Trains ran express on Broadway in Manhattan (stopping at 49th Street) and Fourth Avenue in Brooklyn at all times except late nights. On December 27, state inspectors forced N service to be rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel again after discovery of corroded support beams and missing steel plates, running local on its entire route at all times.[17][5]

1990–2000Edit

In 1994, the N began running express in Brooklyn between Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street and 59th Street during midday and rush hours, with the M running local during those times.[5]

 
N train showing termination at 86th Street

From 1994 to 1996, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. On November 4, 2001, it was cut back again as the terminal's reconstruction project continued.[5]

From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N service ran local in Brooklyn for the duration of the closure.

2001–2010Edit

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan was suspended; N service was also suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, N service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.[18]

On September 8, 2002, because of the ongoing reconstruction of Coney Island terminal, weekend and late night N service was reduced to a shuttle between 86th and Pacific Streets, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. In its place, the W was extended to Manhattan and Astoria, Queens at all times; this was because the W was the only route still serving Stillwell Avenue during this part of the reconstruction.[5][19]

On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. The N returned to its full route in Manhattan and Queens at all times, and returned to using the Manhattan Bridge at all times except nights (via Fourth Avenue express, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). On weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere; several trains ran express on the entire Broadway Line and short-turned at 57th Street or Times Square during the AM rush hour. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn, using the bridge. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.[4][5][20][21]

On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service between 86th Street and Coney Island was restored.[5][22]

On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street on weekdays to replace the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.[23][24] However, the handful of short-turn N trains continued to run express in Manhattan.[25][26][27][28]

2011–presentEdit

From August 2, 2013 to September 14, 2014, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs. During this time, overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge.[4][29]

On November 7, 2016, the MTA restored the BMT Broadway Line services to their 2004-2010 service pattern in preparation for the rerouting of the Q train to the Second Avenue Subway. As a result, the N train once again became a weekday express between 34th Street–Herald Square and Canal Street, with local service replaced by the restored W train.[30][31][32] The MTA approved the service change on May 23, 2016.[33][34] All short-turn N trains were extended to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, and then to 96th Street on January 3, 2017 following the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[3][35][36][37]

RouteEdit

Service patternEdit

The following table shows the lines used by the N, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[38]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours week­days week­ends late nights
IND Second Avenue Line 96th Street 72nd Street all Limited service
BMT 63rd Street Line (full line) Lexington Avenue–63rd Street all
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard Queensboro Plaza local Most trains  
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line (full line) Lexington Avenue/59th Street Times Square–42nd Street local
57th Street–Seventh Avenue express Limited service      
34th Street–Herald Square Canal Street    
local        
City Hall Whitehall Street–South Ferry all
Manhattan Bridge south        
Montague Street Tunnel all      
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street–MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue tunnel
bypass  
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center 59th Street express
local      
BMT Sea Beach Line (full line) Eighth Avenue Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue

StationsEdit

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops late nights and weekends only
  Stops weekdays only
  Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
  Station closed
  Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  ↓
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
 
Ast.
 
96th
Stations   Subway transfers Connections and denotes
Manhattan
Second Avenue Line (limited rush hour service only)[35][39]
N/A   96th Street   Q   M15 Select Bus Service
  86th Street   Q  R   M15 Select Bus Service
M86 Select Bus Service
  72nd Street   Q  R   M15 Select Bus Service
63rd Street Line (limited rush hour service only)[39]
N/A   Lexington Avenue–63rd Street   F  ​ ​Q  R  
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
Queens
Astoria Line
  N/A Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard W  
  Astoria Boulevard W   M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
  30th Avenue W  
  Broadway W  
  36th Avenue W  
  39th Avenue W  
  Queensboro Plaza W  
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
  N/A Lexington Avenue/59th Street R  W  
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F  N  Q  R   (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
  Fifth Avenue–59th Street R  W  
Broadway Line (Astoria and Second Avenue branches merge)
    57th Street–Seventh Avenue   Q  R  W  
  | 49th Street   ↑ Q  R  W   Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
    Times Square–42nd Street   Q  R  W  
1  2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A  C  E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
    34th Street–Herald Square   Q  R  W  
B  D  F  M   (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
  | 28th Street Q  R  
  | 23rd Street Q  R   M23 Select Bus Service
    14th Street–Union Square   Q  R  W  
L   (BMT Canarsie Line)
4  5  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
  | Eighth Street–New York University Q  R  
  | Prince Street Q  R  
Manhattan Bridge Branch
    Canal Street–Broadway   Q  R  W  
6   <6>  ​ (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J  Z   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level, under Canal Street.
Lower Manhattan Branch (night service only)
  N/A Canal Street   Q  
4  6   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J   (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level, under Broadway.
  City Hall
  Cortlandt Street   2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
A   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E   (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
  Rector Street
  Whitehall Street–South Ferry   R  
1   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Montague Street Branch
  N/A Court Street   R  
2   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
  Jay Street–MetroTech   R  
A   F   (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
  | DeKalb Avenue   D   ​​Q  R  
Fourth Avenue Line (tunnel and bridge branches merge)
    Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center   D  N   ​​R  W  
B  Q   (BMT Brighton Line)
2  3  4  5   (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
  | Union Street D   ​​R  
  | Ninth Street D   ​​R  
F  G   (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
  | Prospect Avenue D   ​​R  
  | 25th Street D   ​​R  
    36th Street D  N   ​​R  W  
  | 45th Street R  
  | 53rd Street R  
    59th Street R  W  
Sea Beach Line
    Eighth Avenue W  
    Fort Hamilton Parkway W   Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    New Utrecht Avenue W  
D   (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    18th Avenue W   Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    20th Avenue W   Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    Bay Parkway W  
    Kings Highway W   Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    Avenue U W   Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    86th Street W   Some southbound a.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station.
Some northbound rush hour trips begin at this station.
Coney Island–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
    Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue   D   (BMT West End Line)
F   (IND Culver Line)
Q   (BMT Brighton Line)

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "SUB-DIVISION B TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS IN EFFECT: NOVEMBER 6, 2016" (PDF). progressiveaction.info. New York City Transit. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Korman, Joseph D. "SUBWAY LINE NAMES". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Two Anniversaries–Sea Beach and Steinway Tunnel". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 58 (8). August 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu. 
  7. ^ "OPEN FIRST SECTION OF BROADWAY LINE; Train Carrying 1,000 Passengers Runs from Fourteenth Street to Coney Island.REGULAR SERVICE BEGINSNew Road Is Expected to Relieve Old System of 15,000 PersonsDaily in Rush Hours. Service Commissioners Jubliant. Schedule Not Fully Arranged". The New York Times. September 5, 1917. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  8. ^ service notice, effective November 27, 1967
  9. ^ service notice, effective April 15, 1968
  10. ^ "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. New York City Transit Authority. August 1977. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  12. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Annual Report on ... Rapid Routes Schedules and Service Planning. New York City Transit Authority. 1989. 
  14. ^ "Announcing Service Changes On The N and R Routes Beginning May 24, 1987 New Routes Mean Better Service". subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. May 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  15. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  16. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  18. ^ Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  19. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2010. 
  20. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  21. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Noteworthy - N restored to Coney Island". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 7, 2005. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  23. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Evaluation of 2010 Service Reductions" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. September 23, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  25. ^ "N train timetable 6:41 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Archived from the original on September 21, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  26. ^ "N train timetable 7:47 86th Street". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  27. ^ "N train timetable 8:06 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  28. ^ "N train timetable 8:27 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  29. ^ "R Train To Resume Service Between Brooklyn And Manhattan Monday". cbslocal.com. CBS Local Media. September 24, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  30. ^ Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  31. ^ Martinez, Jose (February 19, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News NY1. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  32. ^ * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  33. ^ Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016. 
  34. ^ Lam, Katherine (October 23, 2016). "MTA flyers spotted for W train's return in November". PIX11. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 
  35. ^ a b "N Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  36. ^ Siff, Andrew (December 19, 2016). "2nd Avenue Subway Service to Begin New Year's Day: Gov. Cuomo". NBC New York. NBC Universal Media. Retrieved December 19, 2016. 
  37. ^ Rivoli, Dan; Sandoval, Edgar; Greene, Leonard (December 18, 2016). "Cuomo promises Second Ave. subway will open Jan. 1". NY Daily News. Retrieved December 19, 2016. 
  38. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  39. ^ a b "GTFS Schedule Data - New York City Transit Subway" (ZIP). New York, NY: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 

External linksEdit