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Kingsbridge Heights, Bronx

Kingsbridge Heights is a working class residential neighborhood geographically located in the northwest Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries are Van Cortlandt Park to the north, Jerome Avenue to the east, Kingsbridge Road to the south, and the Major Deegan Expressway to the west. Sedgwick Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Kingsbridge Heights.

Kingsbridge Heights
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°52′19″N 73°54′07″W / 40.872°N 73.902°W / 40.872; -73.902Coordinates: 40°52′19″N 73°54′07″W / 40.872°N 73.902°W / 40.872; -73.902
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community DistrictBronx 8 [1]
Economics
ZIP codes
10463, 10468
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917
Websitekingsbridgeheights.nyc

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community District 8, and its ZIP Codes include 10463 and 10468. The area is patrolled by the 50th and 52nd Precincts of the New York City Police Department. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 8 at 2794 Randall Avenue in the Throgs Neck section of the Bronx.

DemographicsEdit

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Kingsbridge Heights was 32,496, a decrease of 790 (2.4%) from the 33,286 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 300.86 acres (121.75 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 108.0 inhabitants per acre (69,100/sq mi; 26,700/km2).[2]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 4.3% (1,389) White, 18.5% (6,004) African American, 0.1% (46) Native American, 4.7% (1,514) Asian, 0.0% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (124) from other races, and 1.0% (322) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 71.1% (23,095) of the population.[3]

The neighborhood has a high concentration of Dominicans especially in the southern and central sections of the neighborhood.[4] In these two areas over 30% of the population lives below the poverty line. A small aging White non-Hispanic population is concentrated near Van Cortlandt Park or Van Cortlandt Village. In more recent years young professionals, mostly White non-Hispanic, have started to move into Van Cortlandt Village. The vast majority of households are renter occupied.

Due to White flight some of the homes in the southern and central parts of the area have been left vacant. Many homes today are being rehabilitated and offered as rentals to the booming Dominican population found in the area.

Land use and terrainEdit

Kingsbridge Heights is dominated by multi-unit detached homes. There is also a significant presence of tenement buildings concentrated mostly in the central and southern sections of the neighborhood.

In the 21st century due to intense gentrification, the northern subsection known as Van Cortlandt Village has seen an increase in higher-end rental and co-op building construction. This subsection is bordered by the Major Deegan Expressway to the west, the Jerome Park Reservoir to the east, W 238th Street to the south, and Van Cortlandt Park to the north. In 2007, MSNBC called Van Cortlandt Village one of "America's next hot neighborhoods".[5]

The Fort Independence Street-Heath Avenue Houses are a one, 21-story NYCHA development in Kingsbridge Heights.

LandmarksEdit

The Jerome Park Reservoir is the most dominant landmark in the area. It was originally part of the Bathgate Estate that was later purchased by Leonard Jerome and Associates, to build The Jerome Park Racetrack. The Jerome Park Reservoir replaced the racetrack and was built in 1906 to serve the Croton Aqueduct as part of the New York City water supply system. The perimeter of this reservoir is approximately 2.2 miles.

Kingsbridge Armory is on Kingsbridge Road.

In 1866, Jerome bought the estate and mansion of James Bathgate near Old Fordham Village in what was then rural Westchester County, but is now The Bronx. Jerome and financier August Belmont, Sr. built Jerome Park Racetrack on the Bathgate land; the first Belmont Stakes was held there in 1867. Jerome and his brother Lawrence had a wide boulevard made from Macombs Dam to the track, which city authorities attempted to name "Murphy Avenue" after a local politician. This incensed Jerome's wife so much that she had bronze plaques saying "Jerome Avenue" made up and bolted into place along the road, forcing the city to accept the name. The racetrack was acquired and demolished by the city in 1894, to make way for Jerome Park Reservoir. The Bathgate mansion served as a summer home for the Jerome family. In the early 1900s, the mansion was razed and replaced by the Kingsbridge Armory/

Police and crimeEdit

Kingsbridge Heights is patrolled by the 50th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 3450 Kingsbridge Avenue.[6] The 50th Precinct ranked 13th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[7]

The 50th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 81.5% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 15 rapes, 110 robberies, 147 felony assaults, 105 burglaries, 458 grand larcenies, and 97 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[8]

Fire safetyEdit

Kingsbridge Heights contains a New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire station, Engine Co. 81/Ladder Co. 46, at 3025 Bailey Avenue.[9][10]

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

 
PS 86

Public schools are operated by the New York City Department of Education. Kingsbridge Heights contains the following public elementary schools which serve grades PK-5 unless otherwise indicated:[11]

  • PS 86 Kingsbridge Heights (grades PK-6)[12]
  • PS 307 Eames Place (grades K-5)[13]
  • PS 310 Marble Hill[14]
  • PS 340[15]
  • PS 360[16]

The following middle school serves grades 6-8:[11]

  • New School for Leadership and Journalism[17]

The following high schools serve grades 9-12:[11]

LibraryEdit

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates the Jerome Park branch at 118 Eames Place. The branch first opened in 1957, but moved to its current one-story structure in 1969 and was renovated in 2007.[23]

TransportationEdit

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Kingsbridge Heights:[24]

The following New York City Subway station serves Kingsbridge Heights:[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  2. ^ Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  3. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ Bronx Community District 8
  5. ^ Roney, Maya. "America's next hot neighborhoods". Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  6. ^ "NYPD – 50th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "Riverdale: Marble Hill, Fieldston, Spuyten Duyvil, Kingsbridge – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "50th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  9. ^ "Engine Company 81/Ladder Company 46". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  10. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "Kingsbridge New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  12. ^ "P.S. 086 Kingsbridge Heights". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "Luisa Pineiro Fuentes School of Science and Discovery". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  14. ^ "P.S. 310 Marble Hill". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  15. ^ "P.S. 340". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  16. ^ "P.S. 360". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  17. ^ "The New School for Leadership and Journalism". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  18. ^ "Celia Cruz Bronx High School of Music, The". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  19. ^ "Discovery High School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  20. ^ "High School for Teaching and the Professions". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  21. ^ "Kingsbridge International High School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  22. ^ "The Marie Curie School for Medicine, Nursing, and Health Professions". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  23. ^ "About the Jerome Park Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  24. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  25. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.

External linksEdit