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Riverdale is a residential neighborhood in the northwest portion of the Bronx, a borough in New York City. Riverdale, which has a population of 47,850 as of the 2000 United States Census, contains the northernmost point in New York City. Riverdale's boundaries are disputed, but it is commonly agreed to be bordered by Yonkers to the north, Van Cortlandt Park and Broadway to the east, the Kingsbridge neighborhood to the southeast, the Harlem River or the Spuyten Duyvil neighborhood to the south, and the Hudson River to the west. Riverdale Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Riverdale.[4][5][5]

Riverdale
Bell Tower Park in Riverdale
Bell Tower Park in Riverdale
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°53′38″N 73°54′47″W / 40.894°N 73.913°W / 40.894; -73.913Coordinates: 40°53′38″N 73°54′47″W / 40.894°N 73.913°W / 40.894; -73.913
Country United States
State New York
CityNew York City
BoroughThe Bronx
Community DistrictBronx 8[1]
Founded1852
Named forThe numerous brooks, streams and meadows in the hilly region.
Area
 • Total7.03 km2 (2.714 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[2]
 • Total48,049
 • Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income (2015)$91,041 vs. $60,850 (NYC)[3]
ZIP Codes
10463, 10471
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community District 8, and its ZIP Codes include 10463 and 10471. The area is patrolled by the 50th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1642, Anthony Van Corlaer died while attempting to swim across the Hudson from nearby Spuyten Duyvil.[6] A witness to Van Corlaer's death stated that "the devil" in the shape of a giant fish swam up and proceeded to "seize the sturdy Anthony by the leg and drag him beneath the waves." This may be the earliest recorded shark attack in the New World.[7] In the late 17th century, Frederick Philipse, the lord of Philipse Manor in Westchester County, received permission to construct a bridge across Spuyten Duyvil Creek and charge tolls. "King's Bridge", which was located roughly south of and parallel to where West 230th Street lies today, opened in 1693.[8]

Early in its residential development, Riverdale was a 19th-century estate district where many of Manhattan's moguls built their country estates; for example, in northern Riverdale, what is now Fieldston was part of the estate of Major Joseph Delafield, who purchased 250 acres (100 ha) in 1829, and named it after his family's estate in England. At the turn of the century, the new popularity of railroad commute enabled wealthy businessmen to make Riverdale their year-round residence. Fieldston, owned by a private association, is a particularly intact example of a turn-of-the century upper class suburb. The Hudson Hill neighborhood retains many of its historic mansions. Riverdale's elite private schools and historic churches also reflect this past. Development of the neighborhood began in the latter half of the 19th century once the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad came through.[4] The tracks originally crossed Spuyten Duyvil Creek and into Manhattan on the west side, but Cornelius Vanderbilt wanted to consolidate his railroad operations into one terminal. He had tracks laid along the north side of the Harlem River so that trains coming south from Albany could join with the Harlem and New Haven lines and come into Manhattan down the Park Avenue main line, along modern-day Park Avenue, into his new Grand Central Depot.[9] This is the route still used by the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line.

The Delafield family laid out lots in Fieldston in 1909 – the year after the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (present-day 1 train) was extended to Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street, intending to develop the land, which at first was called "Delafield Woods". Rather than use a grid plan, civil engineer Albert E. Wheeler, following the suggestions made by Frederick Law Olmsted and James R. Croes in 1876, designed a street plan which followed the contours of the land and preserved as much of the wooded areas as possible. The first house was begun in 1910 and finished in 1911;[4][10] by the beginning of the 21st century, Fieldston, a privately owned community, was one of the wealthiest neighborhoods in New York City.[11] Leland Weintraub, the commissioner who moved for the district's creation, noted that "most of the features commonly associated with the American romantic suburb of the mid-19th century", including "a picturesque site, landscaping and architecture; connection to the city by accessible transportation and a layout adapted to the topography" are present in the area.[12]

In 1928, Genevieve Ludlow Griscom, who was a member of a small religious group called the Outer Court of the Order of the Living Christ, built a 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) mansion at 360 West 253rd Street – also addressed as 5200 Longview Place – for the express purpose of housing Jesus Christ when the Second Coming occurred. After being derelict for a number of years under successive owners, the mansion was bought in 1987 by entrepreneur Jerry Galuten, who renovated it into an even more opulent 17 room home. After being on- and off-the market for eight years, with an asking price as high as $15 million, the house sold in January 2017 for $6.25 million.[13]

As the 20th century progressed, upscale apartment buildings and smaller houses were added to the neighborhood. To this day, Riverdale continues to maintain its character as an affluent enclave in the city of New York.[14][15][16] The rich history of Riverdale has led to the creation of the Riverdale Historic District.

In May 2009, the FBI ran a sting operation to prevent a bombing plot in which two Riverdale synagogues were the suggested targets.[17] This followed a Molotov cocktail attack in 2000 on a different Riverdale synagogue[18][19] and the 1989 firebombing of the Riverdale Press.[20]

On July 26, 2010, the National Weather Service confirmed that an EF1 tornado had hit Riverdale the day before. There were no fatalities, but seven people were injured.[21]

On December 1, 2013, a train derailment near Spuyten Duyvil station resulted in four deaths and over 70 injuries, of which 11 were critical.[22]

GeographyEdit

Riverdale covers about 3 square miles (7.8 km2) in area. It has one of the highest elevations in New York City, affording it views of the Empire State Building, George Washington Bridge, Hudson River and New Jersey Palisades. It is also noted for the numerous parks and expanses of greenery and original forest that complement its hilly landscape. The neighborhood is bordered on the north by the city of Yonkers in Westchester County, and on the west by the Hudson River, but its eastern and southern boundaries are frequently disputed.[4][5] The AIA Guide to New York City gives Broadway as the eastern boundary, and the Harlem River as the southern.[23] There are several long-debated subsections of Riverdale:[5]

 
Location of Riverdale within the Bronx
  • Central Riverdale (the "downtown" area of Riverdale – from Manhattan College Parkway to West 232nd Street and from the Henry Hudson Parkway to Riverdale Avenue and Waldo Avenue)
  • Fieldston (Riverdale south of West 250th Street, east of the Henry Hudson Parkway, north of Manhattan College Parkway, and west of Tibbett Avenue)
  • Hudson Hill (Riverdale above West 246th Street and west of Henry Hudson Parkway)
  • North Riverdale (Riverdale above West 254th Street and west of Fieldston Road)
  • Mosholu (Riverdale East of Fieldston Road and above West 254th Street, includes Spencer Ave, Huxley Rd, Post Rd, and Broadway)
  • Spuyten Duyvil / South Riverdale (the southernmost section of Riverdale, below West 232nd Street or West 239th Street by some definitions. Also included is the business, commercial and shopping district located at West 231`Street and Broadway)
  • Villanova Heights (a sub-division bounded by Fieldston Road on the east, 250th Street on the south, and the Henry Hudson Parkway on the west and north)[24][25]

The leafy, scenic enclave of Fieldston was designated a historic district by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2006.[10] There is also a 15-acre Riverdale Historic District in the northwest of the neighborhood, designated in 1990.[10]

DemographicsEdit

 
A pathway in Wave Hill

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Riverdale was 27,860, a change of -153 (-0.5%) from the 28,013 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,139.68 acres (461.21 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 24.4 inhabitants per acre (15,600/sq mi; 6,000/km2).[26]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 67.5% (18,794) White, 7.7% (2,136) African American, 0.1% (26) Native American, 5.3% (1,468) Asian, 0% (4) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (91) from other races, and 1.6% (446) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.6% (4,895) of the population.[27]

The entirety of Community District 8, which comprises Riverdale, Fieldston, and Kingsbridge, had 102,927 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 80.9 years.[28]:2, 20 This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[29]:53 (PDF p. 84)[30] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 20% are between the ages of between 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 25% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 18% respectively.[28]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 8 was $53,986.[31] In 2018, an estimated 15% of Riverdale residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 52% in Riverdale, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Riverdale is considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[28]:7


HousingEdit

Riverdale is home to the modernist landmark Saul Victor house, designed by Ferdinand Gottlieb in 1967. Other famous mansions in the Hudson Hill neighborhood include: Greyston (1864), Alderbrook (1880), Stonehurst (1861) and Oaklawn (1863). Since 2005, Central Riverdale has experienced a building boom with the addition of many mid- and high-rise condominium buildings.[32] With a median residence value of $579,196 as of 2013, Riverdale is one of the most expensive neighborhoods in New York City and is considered one of the most sought-after residential neighborhoods.[33]

Before the wider development of Riverdale, housing consisted of large, architecturally distinguished mansions built in the early 20th century, mostly in Georgian- and Tudor-revival styles, which recall scenes of "rural Connecticut" rather than the city.[34] These are mostly concentrated in the Fieldston section of Riverdale, known as the estate area. In addition, more affordable pre-war buildings and smaller houses are scattered throughout Riverdale. The 1950s saw the construction of many low-rise (six-story) brick buildings. By the early to mid-1960s, a number of larger brick towers (10–20 stories) started popping up. Many of these full-service buildings featuring doormen were designed by architect Philip Birnbaum, who designed over 300 buildings in the city, including Skyview, the Windsors, and the Whitehall.[35]

In 1974, a large, fortress-like residential compound and school was established in North Riverdale by the Permanent Mission of the USSR to the United Nations (now the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the UN) to house diplomats and their families. The 20-story building was constructed from the top down, with the upper floors built first.[36]

By the 1980s, most of the apartment buildings that were owned by single landlords and rented, were converted into cooperatives. Unlike most of the Bronx, Riverdale is mostly owner-occupied housing. Spuyten Duyvil has the greatest concentration of high rises in Riverdale with the Century, 555 Kappock, and Winston Churchill next to one another. Since 2005, Central Riverdale has experienced a building boom with the addition of many mid- and high-rise condominium buildings that contrast with the older brick style. In August 2008, Columbia University purchased an almost-completed apartment building near Henry Hudson Parkway for use as faculty housing.

MediaEdit

Two weekly newspapers, the Riverdale Press and the Riverdale Review, focus on news of interest to residents of the neighborhood.

Police and crimeEdit

Riverdale is patrolled by the 50th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 3450 Kingsbridge Avenue.[37] The 50th Precinct ranked 13th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[38] With a non-fatal assault rate of 40 per 100,000 people, Riverdale's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 225 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.[28]:8 Riverdale is known for having some of the lowest crime rates in New York City.[34]

The 50th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 81.5% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 15 rapes, 110 robberies, 147 felony assaults, 105 burglaries, 458 grand larcenies, and 97 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[39]

Fire safetyEdit

Riverdale contains a New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire station, Engine Co. 52/Ladder Co. 52, at 4550 Henry Hudson Parkway East. Engine Co. 52/Ladder Co. 52 is the only firehouse in Riverdale and the northernmost fire station operated by the FDNY.[40][41]

HealthEdit

Preterm births are slightly more common in Riverdale than in other places citywide, though teenage births are less common. In Riverdale, there were 89 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 13.1 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[28]:11 Riverdale has a relatively average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 16%, higher than the citywide rate of 12%.[28]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Riverdale is 0.0075 milligrams per cubic metre (7.5×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average.[28]:9 Ten percent of Riverdale residents are smokers, which is lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[28]:13 In Riverdale, 24% of residents are obese, 12% are diabetic, and 28% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[28]:16 In addition, 21% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[28]:12

Eighty-six percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 83% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," higher than the city's average of 78%.[28]:13 For every supermarket in Riverdale, there are 10 bodegas.[28]:10

The nearest hospitals are James J. Peters VA Medical Center in Kingsbridge Heights, North Central Bronx Hospital and Montefiore Medical Center in Norwood.[42]

Post offices and ZIP codesEdit

Riverdale is located within two ZIP Codes. The area north of Manhattan College Parkway and 239th Street is in 10471, while the area south of these two streets is in 10463. While 10471 is entirely in Riverdale, 10463 also covers the adjacent neighborhoods of Kingsbridge, Bronx, and Marble Hill, Manhattan.[43] The United States Postal Service operates three post offices nearby:

  • Riverdale Station – 5951 Riverdale Avenue[44]
  • Fieldston Station – 444 West 238th Street[45]
  • Spuyten Duyvil Station – 444 West 238th Street[46]

EducationEdit

Riverdale generally has a similar rate of college-educated residents to the rest of the city. While 45% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 18% have less than a high school education and 37% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[28]:6 The percentage of Riverdale students excelling in math rose from 21% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 28% to 33% during the same time period.[47]

Riverdale's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about the same as the rest of New York City. In Riverdale, 20% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%.[29]:24 (PDF p. 55)[28]:6 Additionally, 78% of high school students in Riverdale graduate on time, higher than the citywide average of 75%.[28]:6

SchoolsEdit

Public schoolsEdit

The public schools are a part of the New York City Department of Education. The public elementary schools are the Spuyten Duyvil School (P.S. 24)[48] and the Robert J. Christen School (P.S. 81).[49] There is one zoned public middle and high school in Riverdale: M.S./H.S 141, the Riverdale Kingsbridge Academy.[50] Nearby public high schools that serve the community include the Bronx High School of Science, a specialized high school;[51] John F. Kennedy High School Campus, consisting of four separate high schools;[52] and the IN-Tech Academy MS/HS 368, which also contains a middle school.[53]

Private schoolsEdit

Riverdale is home to three top-tier private schools: Horace Mann, Riverdale Country, and Fieldston, all members of the Ivy Preparatory School League; and two Roman Catholic colleges: The College of Mount Saint Vincent and Manhattan College.

An increase in the Jewish population of the neighborhood in the late twentieth century led to Riverdale now being home to top-ranked Jewish day schools, the SAR Academy, an elementary school, and the SAR High School, as well as the Yeshiva of Telshe Alumni and Yeshivat Ohavei Torah Rabbinical School. Catholic elementary schools in the area are Visitation School, St. Gabriel's School and St. Margaret of Cortona School, where President John F. Kennedy received his Confirmation.[54]

 
Russian Mission Residency

The area also has several preschools. Kinneret Day School is a private Jewish day school in Spuyten Duyvil, serving grades K through 8 in addition to pre-school.[55] Others are BedRock Preschool, the Riverdale Temple Nursery School, Spuyten Duyvil Preschool,[56] SAR Academy (Early Learning Center), Riverdale Nursery School and Family Center,[57] the Riverdale Presbyterian Church Nursery School,[58] and Riverdale Montessori School.

The Russian Mission School in New York is located in Riverdale,[59][60] on the grounds of the Russian Mission Residency.[61]

LibrariesEdit

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates three branches near Riverdale.

  • The Van Cortlandt branch is located at 3882 Cannon Place. The two-story, 5,800-square-foot (540 m2) branch opened in 2019, replacing a smaller one-story branch a few blocks away, which opened in 1969 and consisted of a single room.[62]
  • The Riverdale branch is located at 5540 Mosholu Avenue. The branch opened in 1967, replacing a smaller library, and is located in a one-story L-shaped brick building surrounded by a garden.[63]
  • The Spuyten Duyvil branch is located at 650 West 235th Street. The one-story branch opened in 1971 and was designed by Giorgio Cavaglieri.[64]

TransportationEdit

The New York City Subway's IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (1 train) stops at Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street, 238th Street, and 231st Street stations along Broadway.[65] Metro-North commuter railroad service is available at two stations, both on the Hudson Line: the Spuyten Duyvil station, located underneath the Henry Hudson Parkway and alongside the shore of the Harlem River at Edsall Avenue; and the Riverdale station, located between West 254th and West 255th Streets.

By car, Riverdale is commonly reached by the Henry Hudson Parkway (NY 9A) via the Henry Hudson Bridge, and by Broadway (US 9) via the Broadway Bridge.

Bus service to Riverdale includes New York City's MTA Regional Bus Bx1, Bx3, Bx7, Bx9, Bx10, Bx20, BxM1, BxM2, BxM3, BxM18 routes, as well as the Bee-Line Bus System routes 1, 2, 3, and 8.[66]

Points of interestEdit

ParksEdit

Houses of worshipEdit

Community organizationsEdit

  • Bronx Community Board 8 is a group of community members working under the mandate of the City Charter to monitor the delivery of city services, establish budget priorities, and influence land-use decisions.
  • Riverdale Hatzalah Volunteer Ambulance Corp.[71] is supported by community donations, and offers fast, reliable medical treatment and transport free of charge.
  • Riverdale YM-YWHA is a community center for youth, adult and senior activities.
  • Riverdale Children's Theater is a local theatre company that has performed many pilot productions of musicals.

MuseumsEdit

  • Derfner Judaica Museum maintains a collection of approximately 1,400 objects used in traditional Jewish ceremonies and rituals, as well as Jewish art.
  • Wave Hill, the former residence of Mark Twain among others, is a botanical garden featuring two preserved historic mansions. It has exhibit spaces with a rotating series of art exhibitions, and performance spaces with a noted series of concerts.

Notable peopleEdit

In popular cultureEdit

Riverdale has often been cited in literature, film and television. Exteriors of many of Riverdale's locations have been used in both television and movie production.

Literature

Films

Television

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Riverdale neighborhood in New York". Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "Riverdale neighborhood in Bronx, New York (NY) 10463, 10471 detailed profile" City-Data.com
  4. ^ a b c d Ultan, Lloyd. "Riverdale" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2. pp. 1108–09.
  5. ^ a b c d "Editorial comment: Where we live now". The Riverdale Press. The Bronx. July 10, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2013. Just what are Riverdale’s boundaries? Community historians and residents have been trying to answer that question for decades.
  6. ^ Boland, Ed, Jr. "F.Y.I.: Beating the Devil" The New York Times (October 13, 2002)
  7. ^ Fernicola, Richard G. (2001). Twelve Days of Terror: A Definitive Investigation of the 1916 New Jersey Shark Attacks. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press. pp. 104–105. ISBN 978-1-58574-575-3. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
  8. ^ Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-195-11634-8, p.100
  9. ^ Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-195-11634-8, p.944
  10. ^ a b c New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009), Postal, Matthew A. (ed.), Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, pp.344-45
  11. ^ Hermalyn, Gary D. "Fieldston" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2, p.441
  12. ^ "Postings: Historic Designation; Recognizing Riverdale". The New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast) ed.). October 21, 1990. p. A.1. Retrieved June 11, 2009.
  13. ^ Gollayan, Christian (April 8, 2017) "NYC mansion built for Jesus finally sells" New York Post
  14. ^ Cary, Bill (November 11, 2016) "Riverdale: A Bit of Suburbia in New York City" The Wall Street Journal (subscription required)
  15. ^ Hughes, C. J. (May 7, 2016) "Moving to the Bronx" The New York Times
  16. ^ Ferretti, Fred (October 6, 1989) "Uptight in Riverdale" New York
  17. ^ Hernandez, Javier C.; Chan, Sewell (May 22, 2009). "N.Y. Bomb Plot Suspects Acted Alone, Police Say". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  18. ^ "Two Rabbis Find They're Separated Only by Doctrine". The New York Times. May 30, 2009. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  19. ^ Gregorian, Dareh (March 27, 2009). "ACTS VS. BLDGS. 'HATE CRIMES'". Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  20. ^ Freedman, Samuel G. (May 30, 2009). "Two Rabbis Find They're Separated Only by Doctrine". The New York Times. p. A17. To the would-be bombers of two Bronx houses of worship, the distinctions between Reform and Orthodox Judaism were either irrelevant or invisible
  21. ^ "Nat'l Weather Service confirms tornado in Riverdale". New York: News12. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  22. ^ Barron, James; Goodman, J. David (December 1, 2013). "Focus Turns to Investigation in Fatal Bronx Train Crash". The New York Times.
  23. ^ White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195383867, p.868
  24. ^ Rowland, Amy. "Smile When You Call Them McMansions", The New York Times (June 5, 2009)
  25. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt. "In Riverdale, More 'For Sale' Signs Than Sales", The New York Times (December 5, 2011)
  26. ^ Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  27. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Riverdale and Fieldston (Including Fieldston, Kingsbridge, Marble Hill, Riverdale, Spuyten Duyvil and Van Cortlandt Village)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  29. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  30. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  31. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 8--Riverdale, Fieldston & Kingsbridge PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  32. ^ White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5 ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199758647.
  33. ^ "Bronx, NY real estate and demographic information". Neighborhood Scout. Locations, Inc. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  34. ^ a b "Riverdale, the Bronx, Real Estate Buying Guide". The New York Times. Bronx (NYC). Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  35. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 28, 1996). "Philip Birnbaum, 89, Builder Celebrated for His Efficiency". The New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  36. ^ Siegal, Allan M. (June 17, 1974). "Russian Building Going Up Form the Top Down; The Construction Technique". The New York Times. p. 33. Retrieved May 5, 2008.
  37. ^ "NYPD – 50th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  38. ^ "Riverdale: Marble Hill, Fieldston, Spuyten Duyvil, Kingsbridge – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  39. ^ "50th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  40. ^ "Engine Company 52/Ladder Company 52". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  41. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  42. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  43. ^ "Riverdale, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  44. ^ "Location Details: Riverdale". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  45. ^ "Location Details: Fieldston". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  46. ^ "Location Details: Fieldston". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  47. ^ "Riverdale / Fieldston – BX 08" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  48. ^ "P.S. 024 Spuyten Duyvil". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  49. ^ "P.S. 081 Robert J. Christen". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  50. ^ "Riverdale / Kingsbridge Academy (Middle School / High School 141)". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  51. ^ "The Bronx High School of Science". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  52. ^ "2016 New York City High School Directory" (PDF). schools.nyc.gov. New York City Department of Education. 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  53. ^ "In-Tech Academy (M.S. / High School 368)". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  54. ^ "'I Am Not The Catholic Candidate For President': How Faith Shaped JFK And His 1960 Campaign".
  55. ^ "Kinneret Day School". Kinneret Day School. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  56. ^ "Welcome to Spuyten Duyvil Prescholl". Spuyten Duyvil Preschool. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  57. ^ "Riverdale Nursery School and Family Center". Rnsfc.org. December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  58. ^ "Welcome to Riverdale Presbyterian Church Nursery School". RPCNS. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  59. ^ Home page. Russian Mission School in New York. Retrieved on April 14, 2015. "Адрес: 355 West 255 Street Bronx, NY 10471 Адрес: 355 Вест 255, Нью-Йорк,10471,США"
  60. ^ Deutsch, Claudia H. "WHEN DIPLOMACY BEGINS AT HOME." The New York Times. May 28, 1986. Retrieved on April 14, 2015. "Soviet citizens who contacted Americans were primarily Russians based here - students from the Russian mission school in Riverdale meeting with American high school children, for example. "
  61. ^ "Russian Mission" (Archive). The Riverdale Press. Retrieved on April 20, 2015. "The event will take place at the Russian Mission to the United Nations Residency, located on Mosholu Avenue at 255th Street."
  62. ^ "About the Van Cortlandt Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  63. ^ "About the Riverdale Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  64. ^ "About the Spuyten Duyvil Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  65. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
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  68. ^ Staff (August 16, 2013) "New Scoreboard Installed at Gaelic Park" Manhattan College website
  69. ^ "Congregation Tehillah". Retrieved December 4, 2013.
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  73. ^ Eisenberg, Jason. "'Alter ego' explores borough's culinary culture", The Riverdale Press, June 12, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2016. "His name is Baron Ambrosia and he is the alter ego of Riverdale resident Justin Fornal."
  74. ^ a b c d "A Brief History of Wave Hill". Wave Hill- A public garden & cultural center. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
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  76. ^ Oestreich, James R. (September 3, 1997). "Rudolf Bing, Titan of the Met, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Sir Rudolf Bing, who as the...general manager of the Metropolitan Opera from 1950 to 1972...died yesterday at St. Joseph's Hospital in Yonkers. He was 95 and lived at the Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale in the Bronx.
  77. ^ Pace, Eric. "EX-REP. JONATHAN BINGHAM, 72, DIES", The New York Times, July 4, 1986. Accessed November 5, 2016. "Former Representative Jonathan B. Bingham, the veteran liberal Democrat from the Bronx, died yesterday at Presbyterian Hospital. He was 72 years old and lived in the Riverdale section of the Bronx."
  78. ^ "June Bingham Birge, Who Wrote Books and Plays, Dies at 88". The New York Times. August 29, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2008. June Bingham Birge, the author of books and plays, died on Aug. 21 at her home in the Riverdale section of the Bronx.
  79. ^ a b Jacobson, Mark (April 17, 2006). "Joltin' Jew". New York. Retrieved May 3, 2008. I lived in Riverdale, in the same building with Willie Mays
  80. ^ Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher (March 22, 2005). "Ted Brown, Talk Show Host and New York Radio D.J., Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. As a teenager in the 1950s, Jonathan Schwartz, another New York radio colleague, watched Mr. Brown broadcasting from his basement studio at his home in Riverdale, in the Bronx.
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  82. ^ Gorenberg, Gershom (March 2, 2008). "How Do You Prove You're a Jew?". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Farber ... grew up in Riverdale, N.Y....
  83. ^ "Profile: Fernando Ferrer". The New York Times. August 10, 2005. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  84. ^ Bernstein, Nina (June 23, 1996). "Ward of the State;The Gap in Ella Fitzgerald's Life". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2008. Her most recent biographer...has surmised that the authorities ... placed her in the Colored Orphan Asylum in Riverdale.
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  86. ^ Dempsey, John (March 5, 1998). "TV news giant Friendly dies: Legacy of integrity and highest standards". Variety. Retrieved May 3, 2008. ... Friendly was at home in the Riverdale section of the Bronx...when he died.
  87. ^ Yardley, Jonathan (April 5, 2005). "Book World Live: Luckiest Man: The Life and Death of Lou Gehrig". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 3, 2008. Henry Louis Gehrig died at his house in the pleasant New York City neighborhood of Riverdale.
  88. ^ "Lucy interviews Jordan Gelber". Avenue Q. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  89. ^ VJ: The unplugged adventures of MTV's first wave. New York: Atria Books. 2013. ISBN 9781451678147.
  90. ^ a b Stern, Sarah (April 1994). "'Frumpies' Come to Town And Observe Shabbos in Riverdale". The Forward. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2009. 'Now it's commonplace,' says Blu Greenberg, a long time Riverdale resident, author and feminist. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  91. ^ Goldberger, Paul (January 10, 1985). "HARLES E. HUGHES 3D DEAD; LEADER IN BANK ARCHITECTURE". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Mr. Hughes, who lived in the Riverdale section of the Bronx
  92. ^ Eder, Richard (December 13, 1990). "BOOK REVIEW Living at the Low End of the Upper Crust GENTLEMAN REBEL The Memoirs of H. Stuart Hughes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. When Joseph P. Kennedy moved from Riverdale to greater things, the Hugheses thriftily bought his house
  93. ^ McNeil, Kate (January 3, 2008). "For Yeshiva's president, life can imitate television". The Riverdale Press. Bronx, NY. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2008. Riverdale resident Richard Joel... Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  94. ^ "Eric R. Kandel - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. Finally, Denise was on the Columbia faculty and our house in Riverdale was near Columbia
  95. ^ McPhee, Michele; Wedge, Dave (August 2005). "The Fall of Joan". Boston. Archived from the original on May 21, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Virginia Joan Bennett was born September 9, 1936, in the Riverdale section of the Bronx... Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  96. ^ Gross, Max (April 24, 2008). "Riverdale Run". New York Post. Retrieved May 3, 2008. John F. Kennedy spent his youth in an enormous white mansion on Independence Avenue
  97. ^ Bernstein, Nina; Stein, Robin (December 16, 2004). "Mystery Woman in Kerik Case: Nanny". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Most puzzled about the nanny, perhaps, are former neighbors of the Keriks and their kin. In the Riverdale section of the Bronx, where the family lived in a first-floor apartment for years
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  99. ^ McCarthy, Peggy (March 16, 1997). "A New York Irishman, and Flaunting It". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. When John L. Lahey was growing up in St. Margaret's parish in the Riverdale section of the Bronx...
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  101. ^ Bruni, Frank (October 1, 1998). "Manhattan Through a Warped Window; Featured in a Film: A Homeless Tour Guide's Offbeat City View". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Mr. Levitch grew up in a middle-class Jewish family of five in Riverdale, the Bronx...
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  103. ^ Collins, Glenn (October 21, 2000). "BASEBALL: SUBWAY SERIES; 1956 vs. 2000? It's Deja Vu All Over Again, Except for When It's Not". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2008. In 1956... pitcher Sal Maglie lived in Riverdale
  104. ^ James, Megan. "No doubt about it, nun inspired playwright", The Riverdale Press, January 29, 2009. Accessed November 5, 2016. "A Sister of Charity for 55 years, Sister McEntee is a native of Riverdale."
  105. ^ Wolfer, Sondra (July 21, 2008). "Olympic fencer Tim Morehouse takes his stab at being the best". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 5, 2008. Tim Morehouse took up fencing at the Riverdale Country School as an excuse to get out of gym class
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  107. ^ Glueck, Grace (February 5, 1982). "ART: PERU'S 'NAZCA LINES' AS SEEN FROM AIR". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2008. Feb. 20 marks the 100th birthday of the sculptor Elie Nadelman (1882–1946), who spent the last 26 years of his life living and working in the Riverdale section of the Bronx.
  108. ^ Dose, Sarah. "Alfonso Ribeiro reveals origin of 'Carlton Dance'", The Des Moines Register, October 13, 2014. Accessed March 28, 2017. "I was born and raised in Riverdale, N.Y. After starring on Broadway and appearing with Michael Jackson in a Pepsi commercial, I moved to Los Angeles in 1984 when I was 12 to work on the show Silver Spoons."
  109. ^ Staff. "Westchester's Ben Schwartz and His Ninja (Acting) Skills", Westchester magazine, September 2012. Accessed March 28, 2017. "I grew up in Riverdale in the Northern Bronx initially and then moved to Westchester, and had a pretty good time in each place."
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  111. ^ Lowenstein, Roger (July 16, 2006). "As Governor, What Would His Battles Be?". The New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2008. Eliot and his two siblings grew up in the prosperous Riverdale enclave of the Bronx...
  112. ^ Dunlap, David W. (November 16, 1987). "Bronx Residents Fighting Plans Of a Developer". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2008. A group of neighbors from Riverdale and Spuyten Duyvil has demanded that the city acquire as a public park the 4.75 acre parcel known as the Douglas-U Thant estate, north of 232d Street, between Palisade and Douglas Avenues.
  113. ^ Frank, Mortimer H. (April 2002). "A Toscanini Odyssey". The Juilliard Journal Online. Retrieved February 26, 2008. That archive was housed at Wave Hill, Toscanini's Riverdale residence during World War II
  114. ^ "Interview with Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson". Sandra Kitt.
  115. ^ Walker, Rebecca (2000). Black, White and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self. San Val, Incorporated. ISBN 9780613494052.
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  117. ^ Stern, Eliyahu (May 24, 2002). "Leaping to respectability". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2008. Based in the affluent Jewish enclave of Riverdale, in the New York City borough of the Bronx, Weiss has never really been accepted in the upper echelons of the US Jewish establishment. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  118. ^ "Rosalyn Yalow - Biographical". Nobel Media AB 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. During that period Aaron and I had two children, Benjamin and Elanna. We bought a house in Riverdale, less than a mile from the VA.
  119. ^ Kerouac, Jack (2007). On the Road (50th Anniversary edition). Viking. p. 10. ISBN 9780670063260.
  120. ^ Andrew Wolf. "ISSUU - Riverdale Review, June 21, 2012 by Andrew Wolf". Issuu.
  121. ^ "My Old Kentucky Home". Mad Men. Season 3.

Further reading

External linksEdit