Kingsbridge is a working- and middle-class residential neighborhood in the northwest portion of the Bronx, New York City. Kingsbridge's boundaries are Manhattan College Parkway to the north, the Major Deegan Expressway or Bailey Avenue to the east, West 230th Street to the south, and Irwin Avenue to the west.
Looking west across Kingsbridge Avenue at Episcopal Church of the Mediator
Location in New York City
|City||New York City|
|Community District||The Bronx 8 |
|• Total||0.310 sq mi (0.80 km2)|
|• Density||34,000/sq mi (13,000/km2)|
|• Median income||$53,875|
|Area code||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Kingsbridge actually comprises three distinct neighborhoods: Kingsbridge proper, Kingsbridge Heights, and Van Cortlandt Village. Kingsbridge is sometimes considered a sub-section of Riverdale. Now, many are calling it Lower or South Riverdale, even though it is in a different ZIP code from Riverdale (which is 10471). Kingsbridge proper is bounded by Manhattan College Parkway to the north, either the Major Deegan Expressway or Bailey Avenue to the east, West 230th Street to the south, and Irwin Avenue to the west.
Land use and terrainEdit
Kingsbridge has detached, semi detached, and attached homes, and apartment buildings. Streets connecting Riverdale and Kingsbridge include "step streets", with stairways of as many as 160 steps climbing the slope. Some jokingly refer to Riverdale as the "rich uncle" of Kingsbridge which has its origins during the Irish period. The neighborhood is also part of a business improvement district that is home to 200 merchants, which is one of the largest retail shopping districts in the Bronx. River Plaza Shopping Center is located nearby (in Marble Hill, Manhattan) but it is not part of the business improvement district. During the past several years there have been significant improvements in the infrastructure of the community. For example, the parks have been improved significantly and there are new elementary schools on 230th Street.
The neighborhood is named for the King's Bridge, likely erected by enslaved Africans in 1693 and owned by Frederick Philipse, a local lord and enslaver loyal to the British monarch. The bridge spanned a now-filled-in section of Spuyten Duyvil Creek, roughly parallel to today's 230th Street. The King's Bridge was part of Boston Post Road, connecting southern Westchester County (which later became the Bronx) with Marble Hill, once part of Manhattan Island and still part of the borough of Manhattan. The bridge is said to still be in place, having been buried when the creek bed was filled in. The creek's water flow was redirected to the new and deeper shipping canal, south of Marble Hill.
Until the later part of the 19th century Riverdale, Kingsbridge, and other areas now in the northwest Bronx were part of the Town of Yonkers. The areas that are inside the modern-day New York city line broke off to form the Town of Kingsbridge. In 1874, the City of New York annexed three towns that later became the western half of The Bronx, including the Town of Kingsbridge. As the trains to Manhattan were built in the 20th century, a stop in the northwest Bronx along the Hudson River called Riverdale-on-Hudson, now Riverdale, was created. This gave rise to the Riverdale neighborhood. The remainder of the old Town of Kingsbridge developed into the modern-day Kingsbridge neighborhood.
Kingsbridge has a population of over 10,000. Historical documents reveal that the Black population of Kingsbridge was proportionally much higher in the distant past than it is today, due to the number of Africans enslaved by local landowners from the late 1600s to mid 1800's. In more recent history, it became a neighborhood of predominately Irish immigrants. From the late 1970s the Irish population has decreased significantly, being replaced by large numbers of African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Albanians, and Greeks. According to an account by The New York Times, the largest Hispanic group in Kingsbridge today are Dominicans, replacing the earlier Puerto Ricans and Cubans, who were the first Hispanics to settle in the neighborhood in the 1970s. There still is a strong Irish population centered on Bailey Avenue and Tibbett Avenue. The Dominicans predominantly live along Broadway and adjacent side streets, with a predominantly mixed ethnic area east and west of Broadway.[unreliable source?]
The Irish legacy can still be seen in the Roman Catholic churches and schools that serve the current residents, such as the St. John's Roman Catholic Church on Kingsbridge Avenue near 231st Street, and its two schools; the elementary school on Godwin Terrace (just south of 231st Street), and the junior high school on Kingsbridge Avenue just a block north of 231st Street. In northern Kingsbridge the Visitation Roman Catholic Church and School is located on West 239th street. To the east, on Sedgwick Avenue is Our Lady of Angels Church and School. For recreation Gaelic Park, (now operated by Manhattan College), is located on 240th Street & Broadway and is the venue for a variety of sports including Gaelic football and hurling. The neighborhood is also home to Manhattan College.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Kingsbridge and Spuyten Duyvil was 30,161, a change of 289 (1%) from the 29,872 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 540.92 acres (218.90 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 55.8 inhabitants per acre (35,700/sq mi; 13,800/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhoods were 49.3% (14,872) White, 8.9% (2,691) African American, 0.1% (40) Native American, 5.7% (1,731) Asian, 0% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (98) from other races, and 1.7% (510) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.8% (10,204) of the population.
The entirety of Community District 8, which comprises Kingsbridge and Riverdale, had 102,927 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 80.9 years.:2, 20 This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 20% are between the ages of between 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 25% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 18% respectively.:2
As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 8 was $53,986. In 2018, an estimated 15% of Kingsbridge and Riverdale residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 52% in Kingsbridge and Riverdale, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], Kingsbridge and Riverdale are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.:7
Police and crimeEdit
Kingsbridge and Riverdale are patrolled by the 50th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 3450 Kingsbridge Avenue. The 50th Precinct ranked 13th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. With a non-fatal assault rate of 40 per 100,000 people, Kingsbridge and Riverdale's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 225 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 50th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 81.5% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 15 rapes, 110 robberies, 147 felony assaults, 105 burglaries, 458 grand larcenies, and 97 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
Preterm births are slightly more common in Kingsbridge and Riverdale than in other places citywide, though teenage births are less common. In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, there were 89 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 13.1 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 Kingsbridge and Riverdale has a relatively average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 16%, higher than the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Kingsbridge and Riverdale is 0.0075 milligrams per cubic metre (7.5×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average.:9 Ten percent of Kingsbridge and Riverdale residents are smokers, which is lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, 24% of residents are obese, 12% are diabetic, and 28% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16 In addition, 21% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Eighty-six percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 83% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," higher than the city's average of 78%.:13 For every supermarket in Kingsbridge and Riverdale, there are 10 bodegas.:10
Post office and ZIP codeEdit
Kingsbridge and Riverdale generally have a similar rate of college-educated residents to the rest of the city. While 45% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 18% have less than a high school education and 37% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6 The percentage of Kingsbridge and Riverdale students excelling in math rose from 21% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 28% to 33% during the same time period.
Kingsbridge and Riverdale's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about the same as the rest of New York City. In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, 20% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%.:24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 78% of high school students in Kingsbridge and Riverdale graduate on time, higher than the citywide average of 75%.:6
- PS 7 Kingsbridge
- PS 37 Multiple Intelligence School (grades K-8)
- PS 86 Kingsbridge Heights (grades PK-6)
- PS 207 (grades PK-2)
- PS 307 Eames Place (grades K-5)
- PS 310 Marble Hill
- PS 360
The following middle/high school is located in Kingsbridge:
- In Tech Academy – MS/HS 368 (grades 6-12)
The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two branches near Kingsbridge. The Van Cortlandt branch is located at 3882 Cannon Place. The two-story, 5,800-square-foot (540 m2) branch opened in 2019, replacing a smaller one-story branch a few blocks away, which opened in 1969 and consisted of a single room. The Kingsbridge branch is located at 3874 Sedgwick Avenue. The current two-story building is the branch's fourth structure since the establishment of the Kingsbridge Free Library in 1894. McKim, Mead & White designed a Carnegie library for Kingsbridge when the NYPL took over the Kingsbridge branch in 1905; a third library structure was built at 280 West 231st Street in 1959, across from the current site.
- Bx1: to Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Grand Concourse)
- Bx7: to College of Mount Saint Vincent or 168th Street station (via Broadway)
- Bx9: to Riverdale or West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue station (via Kingsbridge Road)
- Bx10: to College of Mount Saint Vincent or Norwood–205th Street station (via Riverdale Avenue)
- Bx20: to Riverdale or Inwood–207th Street station (via Henry Hudson Parkway)
- BxM1: express to Riverdale or Midtown Manhattan (via East Side)
- BxM2: express to Penn Station (via West Side)
- BxM18: express to Lower Manhattan
In popular cultureEdit
- Scenes from Martin Scorsese's The Irishman (2019) were filmed in the American Legion in Kingsbridge.
- Brad Pitt and Harrison Ford were filmed drinking and playing pool at Piper's Kilt on West 231st Street in The Devil’s Own (1997).
- A scene from The Seven Ups (1973) was filmed near DeWitt Clinton High School and The Bronx High School of Science.
- John F. Kennedy High School (Bronx, New York)
- Walton High School (New York City)
- Episcopal Church of the Mediator (Bronx, New York)
- John Jay McKelvey, Sr., Attorney, Park District Protection League Trustee, Spuyten Duyvil.
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- "Kingsbridge neighborhood in New York". Retrieved November 28, 2015.
- "NYPD – 50th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Pastor, Kate (June 6, 2010). "What makes Riverdale Riverdale? How a community divided remains standing". The Riverdale Press. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Pastor, Kate (June 20, 2010). "Kingsbridge still a way station for immigrants". The Riverdale Press. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Chamerlain, Lisa (August 7, 2005). "Getting Along in Riverdale's Shadow". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "Black Kingsbridge 1698 to 1850 – A Community Revealed in Documents". The Kingsbridge Historical Society. December 7, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- Cohen, Joyce (September 6, 1998). "If You're Thinking of Living In:/Kingsbridge, the Bronx; A Place Convenient to Almost Everything". The New York Times. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "Black Kingsbridge 1698 to 1850 – A Community Revealed in Documents". The Kingsbridge Historical Society. December 7, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- "NYCHA". Retrieved November 28, 2015.
- Jaccarino, Mike (September 29, 2009). "Stella D'Oro protesters lean on Goldman Sachs". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
- Xu, Beina (June 30, 2009). "Focus On The Consumer: Q&A With Brynwood Partners". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- "Riverdale and Fieldston (Including Fieldston, Kingsbridge, Marble Hill, Riverdale, Spuyten Duyvil and Van Cortlandt Village)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "NYC-Bronx Community District 8--Riverdale, Fieldston & Kingsbridge PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "Riverdale: Marble Hill, Fieldston, Spuyten Duyvil, Kingsbridge – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "50th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Engine Company 81/Ladder Company 46". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Kings Bridge, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "Location Details: Kingsbridge". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Riverdale / Fieldston – BX 08" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "Kingsbridge New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "Milton Fein School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "P.S. X037 - Multiple Intelligence School". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "P.S. 086 Kingsbridge Heights". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "P.S. 207". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "Luisa Pineiro Fuentes School of Science and Discovery". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "P.S. 310 Marble Hill". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "P.S. 360". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- "About the Van Cortlandt Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "About the Kingsbridge Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Martin Scorsese Netflix movie films scenes in Kingsbridge". bronx.news12.com. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- "Finding fertile ground for film". The Riverdale Press. Retrieved June 21, 2019.