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The Eighty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1957, during the third and fourth years of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. Members of the first eighty-four Congresses are all deceased.

84th United States Congress
83rd ←
→ 85th
USCapitol1956.jpg
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957
Senate PresidentRichard Nixon (R)
Senate President pro temWalter F. George (D)
House SpeakerSam Rayburn (D)
Members96 senators
435 members of the House
3 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 5, 1955 – August 2, 1955
2nd: January 3, 1956 – July 27, 1956

Contents

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Party summaryEdit

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

SenateEdit

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 47 1 48 96 0
Begin 48 1 47 96 0
End 47 0 49
Final voting share 49.0% 0.0% 51.0%
Beginning of next congress 49 0 46 95 1

House of RepresentativesEdit

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 212 1 213 426 9
Begin 231 0 203 434 1
End 228 200 4287
Final voting share 53.3% 0.0% 46.7%
Beginning of next congress 233 0 200 433 2

LeadershipEdit

CaucusesEdit

MembersEdit

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.

SenateEdit

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1958; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, facing re-election in 1960; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1956.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membershipEdit

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

SenateEdit

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Oregon
(3)
Wayne Morse (I) Changed Political Parties April 30, 1955 Wayne Morse (D) April 30, 1955
West Virginia
(1)
Harley M. Kilgore (D) Died February 28, 1956 William R. Laird, III (D) March 13, 1956
South Carolina
(2)
Strom Thurmond (ID) Resigned April 4, 1956, to trigger a contested primary as promised to voters Thomas A. Wofford (D) April 5, 1956
Kentucky
(2)
Alben W. Barkley (D) Died April 30, 1956 Robert Humphreys (D) June 21, 1956
Kentucky
(2)
Robert Humphreys (D) Successor elected November 6, 1956 John S. Cooper (R) November 7, 1956
South Carolina
(2)
Thomas A. Wofford (D) Successor elected November 6, 1956 Strom Thurmond (D) November 7, 1956
West Virginia
(1)
William R. Laird, III (D) Successor elected November 6, 1956 W. Chapman Revercomb (R) November 7, 1956

House of RepresentativesEdit

  • Replacements: 5
  • Deaths: 9
  • Resignations: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 12
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Florida 6th Vacant Rep. Dwight L. Rogers died during the previous congress after having been re-elected.
Successor elected January 11, 1955.
Paul Rogers (D) January 11, 1955
Michigan 15th John D. Dingell Sr. (D) Died September 19, 1955.
Successor elected December 13, 1955.
John Dingell (D) December 13, 1955
Pennsylvania 30th Vera Buchanan (D) Died November 26, 1955.
Successor elected January 24, 1956.
Elmer J. Holland (D) January 24, 1956
New York 22nd Sidney A. Fine (D) Resigned January 2, 1956.
Successor elected February 7, 1956.
James C. Healey (D) February 7, 1956
Illinois 14th Chauncey W. Reed (R) Died February 9, 1956
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
Pennsylvania 2nd William T. Granahan (D) Died May 25, 1956.
Successor elected November 6, 1956.
Kathryn E. Granahan (D) November 6, 1956
California 20th J. Carl Hinshaw (R) Died August 5, 1956.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
Tennessee 5th Percy Priest (D) Died October 12, 1956.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
New Mexico At-large Antonio M. Fernández (D) Died November 7, 1956.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
New Jersey 2nd T. Millet Hand (R) Died December 26, 1956.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
New York 19th Arthur G. Klein (D) Resigned December 31, 1956 after being elected to the New York Supreme Court.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant
New York 20th Irwin D. Davidson (DL) Resigned December 31, 1956.
Seat remained unfilled until next term.
Vacant

CommitteesEdit

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit

Employees and legislative agency directorsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External linksEdit