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Usher Lloyd Burdick (February 21, 1879 – August 19, 1960) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Dakota. He was the father of Quentin Burdick.

Usher Burdick
Ezra Pound in 1958, with Usher Burdick 3.jpg
Burdick (right) with poet Ezra Pound, 1958
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1959
Preceded byCharles R. Robertson
Succeeded byQuentin Burdick
In office
January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1945
Preceded byJames H. Sinclair
Succeeded byCharles R. Robertson
8th Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota
In office
1911–1913
GovernorJohn Burke
Preceded byRobert S. Lewis
Succeeded byAnton Kraabel
Member of the North Dakota House of Representatives
In office
1907–1911
Personal details
Born
Usher Lloyd Burdick

(1879-02-21)February 21, 1879
Owatonna, Minnesota, U.S.
DiedAugust 19, 1960(1960-08-19) (aged 81)
Washington, D. C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
RelationsJocelyn Burdick (daughter-in-law)
Robert W. Levering (son-in-law)
ChildrenQuentin Burdick

Eugene A. Burdick

Eileen B. Levering
Alma materUniversity of Minnesota Law School

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Burdick was born in history North Dakota. His parents were farmers. Burdick moved with his parents to Dakota Territory in 1882. He graduated from the North Dakota State Normal School at Mayville in 1900.

He was deputy superintendent of schools of Benson County from 1900 to 1902. He graduated from University of Minnesota Law School in 1904, playing football as well as teaching school in a business college while attending the university. He was admitted to the South Dakota State Bar in 1904 and commenced practice in Munich, North Dakota.

PoliticsEdit

He served as a member of the North Dakota House of Representatives from 1907 to 1911, serving as speaker in 1909. He moved to Williston in 1907 and continued the practice of law. He was the eighth Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota from 1911 to 1913, state's attorney of Williams County from 1913 to 1915, and served as assistant United States district attorney for North Dakota from 1929 to 1932. Burdick also engaged in livestock breeding and farming and was an author.

In 1932, Burdick was elected president of the Farmers' Holiday Association, an association which advocated strikes for farmers, and which took radical direct action against farm foreclosures. Burdick was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination to the 73rd Congress in 1932, in which he favored Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected president and the repeal of Prohibition.

Burdick was elected as a Republican to the 74th Congress and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1945). While in Congress he supported many New Deal programs. He also was supportive of Native American issues. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1944, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for United States Senator for North Dakota. He was an unsuccessful Independent candidate for election in 1944 to the 79th Congress. Burdick was elected to the 81st Congress and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1959). He was the only Republican congressional representative to vote against the Communist Control Act which banned the Communist party. In 1958, afraid that he might be defeated for re-election in the Republican primary, Burdick offered to withdraw his candidacy if the Democratic-NPL Party agreed to support his son Quentin as the party candidate. Quentin then received the party endorsement in April, and won the election in November.[1]

DeathEdit

On August 19, 1960 Burdick died at age 81 in Washington, D.C. and was interred on his ranch at Williston, North Dakota.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Current Biography Yearbook. 27. New York: H.W. Wilson Company. 1964.
  • United States Congress. "Usher L. Burdick (id: B001079)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert S. Lewis
Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota
1911–1913
Succeeded by
Anton T. Kraabel
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James H. Sinclair
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large congressional district

1935–1945
Succeeded by
Charles R. Robertson
Preceded by
Charles R. Robertson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large congressional district

1949–1959
Succeeded by
Quentin N. Burdick

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.