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North Carolina's 11th congressional district

North Carolina's 11th congressional district encompasses most of Western North Carolina. Starting in the 113th Congress, it is represented by Mark Meadows, a Republican. He replaced Democrat Heath Shuler, who retired in 2013. Shuler had won the seat in the 2006 midterm elections, defeating 8-term Republican Representative Charles H. Taylor.

North Carolina's 11th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 11 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2017
Representative
  Mark Meadows
RCashiers
Distribution
  • 46.6[1]% urban
  • 53.4% rural
Population (2016)749,597[2]
Median income$46,337[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[4]

The 11th District was traditionally one of the most competitive congressional districts in North Carolina. This was largely because of the district's volatile politics. It was historically anchored by Asheville, which was heavily Democratic. However, many of the city's suburbs are among the most conservative areas of North Carolina. The rest of the district was split between Democratic-leaning counties in the south and Republican-leaning counties in the north. Consequently, congressional races in this district have historically been very close and hard-fought.

In 2011 the Republican-dominated legislature redrew the district, shifting most of Asheville to the 10th district. The new map split Asheville in such a way that in some neighborhoods, one side of the street moved to the 10th while the other side of the street stayed in the 11th[5].

To make up for the loss in population, the 11th absorbed some strongly Republican territory in the Foothills which had previously been in the 10th. On paper, the 11th was one of the strongest Republican districts in the South. In February 2012 Shuler announced he would not seek a fourth term.[6] Meadows won the seat in 2012.[7][8]

Contents

List of members representing the districtEdit

Name Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1803.
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
 
Israel Pickens
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Peter Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1813.
Retired.
Daniel M. Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
1818
Elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Resigned.
William Davidson Federalist December 2, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
Elected November 7, 1818 to finish Forney's term and seated December 2, 1818.
Re-elected in 1819.
Lost re-election.
Henry W. Connor Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Greene W. Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1933
 
Zebulon Weaver
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
Redistricted from the 10th district,
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
August 31, 1950
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Died.
Vacant August 31, 1950 –
November 7, 1950
Woodrow W. Jones Democratic November 7, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Basil Whitener
Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Roy A. Taylor
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 12th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
V. Lamar Gudger
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1981
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Bill Hendon
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
James M. Clarke
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Bill Hendon
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
James M. Clarke
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Charles H. Taylor
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2007
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Heath Shuler
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Mark Meadows
Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013
 
2013–2017

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=11
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=11
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Timm, Jane (2017-09-22). "They're Still Drawing Crazy-Looking Districts. Can't It Be Stopped?". NBC News.
  6. ^ "Shuler Announces He Won't Seek 4th Term", ABC News blog, February 2012
  7. ^ "North Carolina's 11th House District", National Journal, 1 November 2012
  8. ^ http://www.salon.com/2016/06/05/the_gop_screwed_themselves_the_brilliant_gerrymander_that_gave_republicans_the_congress_and_created_donald_trump/

External linksEdit