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North Carolina's 11th congressional district

North Carolina's 11th congressional district encompasses most of Western North Carolina. Starting in the 113th Congress, it is represented by Mark Meadows, a Republican. He replaced Democrat Heath Shuler, who retired in 2013. Shuler had won the seat in the 2006 midterm elections, defeating 8-term Republican Representative Charles H. Taylor.

North Carolina's 11th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 11 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 11th congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
U.S. RepresentativeMark Meadows (RCashiers)
Distribution
  • 46.6[1]% urban
  • 53.4% rural
Population (2016)749,597[2]
Median income34,720
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[3]

The 11th District was traditionally one of the most competitive congressional districts in North Carolina. This was largely because of the district's volatile politics. It was historically anchored by Asheville, which was heavily Democratic. However, many of the city's suburbs are among the most conservative areas of North Carolina. The rest of the district was split between Democratic-leaning counties in the south and Republican-leaning counties in the north. Consequently, congressional races in this district have historically been very close and hard-fought.

In 2011 the Republican-dominated legislature redrew the district, shifting most of Asheville to the 10th district. The new map split Asheville in such a way that in some neighborhoods, one side of the street moved to the 10th while the other side of the street stayed in the 11th[4].

To make up for the loss in population, the 11th absorbed some strongly Republican territory in the Foothills which had previously been in the 10th. On paper, the 11th was one of the strongest Republican districts in the South. In February 2012 Shuler announced he would not seek a fourth term.[5] Meadows won the seat in 2012.[6][7]

Contents

List of representativesEdit

Name Party Tenure Notes
District created March 4, 1803
  James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
Redistricted from the 1st district
  Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted to the 12th district
  Peter Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Daniel M. Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
1818
Resigned
  William Davidson Federalist December 2, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Henry W. Connor Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jackson D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
  Greene W. Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive March 3, 1843
District re-established March 4, 1933
  Zebulon Weaver Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
Redistricted from the 10th district,
Redistricted to the 12th district
  Alfred L. Bulwinkle Democratic January 3, 1943 –
August 31, 1950
Redistricted from the 10th district
Died
Vacant August 31, 1950 –
November 7, 1950
  Woodrow W. Jones Democratic November 7, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Basil Whitener Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 10th district
  Roy A. Taylor Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 12th district
  V. Lamar Gudger Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1981
Defeated
  Bill Hendon Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Defeated
  James M. Clarke Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Defeated
  Bill Hendon Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
Defeated
  James M. Clarke Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
Defeated
  Charles H. Taylor Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2007
Defeated
  Heath Shuler Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
Retired
  Mark Meadows Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013
 
2013–2017

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=11
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Timm, Jane (2017-09-22). "They're Still Drawing Crazy-Looking Districts. Can't It Be Stopped?". NBC News.
  5. ^ "Shuler Announces He Won't Seek 4th Term", ABC News blog, February 2012
  6. ^ "North Carolina's 11th House District", National Journal, 1 November 2012
  7. ^ http://www.salon.com/2016/06/05/the_gop_screwed_themselves_the_brilliant_gerrymander_that_gave_republicans_the_congress_and_created_donald_trump/

External linksEdit