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North Carolina's 11th congressional district

North Carolina's 11th congressional district encompasses most of Western North Carolina. Starting in the 113th Congress, it is represented by Mark Meadows, a Republican. He replaced Democrat Heath Shuler, who retired in 2013. Shuler had won the seat in the 2006 midterm elections, defeating 8-term Republican Representative Charles H. Taylor.

North Carolina's 11th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 11 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2017
Representative
  Mark Meadows
RCashiers
Distribution
  • 46.6[1]% urban
  • 53.4% rural
Population (2016)749,597[2]
Median income$46,337[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[4]

The 11th District was traditionally one of the most competitive congressional districts in North Carolina. This was largely because of the district's volatile politics. It was historically anchored by Asheville, which was heavily Democratic. However, many of the city's suburbs are among the most conservative areas of North Carolina. The rest of the district was split between Democratic-leaning counties in the south and Republican-leaning counties in the north. Consequently, congressional races in this district have historically been very close and hard-fought.

In 2011 the Republican-dominated legislature redrew the district, shifting most of Asheville to the 10th district. The new map split Asheville in such a way that in some neighborhoods, one side of the street moved to the 10th while the other side of the street stayed in the 11th[5].

To make up for the loss in population, the 11th absorbed some strongly Republican territory in the Foothills which had previously been in the 10th. On paper, the 11th was one of the strongest Republican districts in the South. In February 2012 Shuler announced he would not seek a fourth term.[6] Meadows won the seat in 2012.[7][8]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Name Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1803.
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
8th
9th
10th
11th
Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
 
Israel Pickens
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Peter Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1813.
Retired.
Daniel M. Forney Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
1818
14th
15th
Elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Resigned.
William Davidson Federalist December 2, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected November 7, 1818 to finish Forney's term and seated December 2, 1818.
Re-elected in 1819.
Lost re-election.
Henry W. Connor Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th
18th
19th
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
26th
Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Greene W. Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1933
 
Zebulon Weaver
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Redistricted from the 10th district,
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
August 31, 1950
78th
79th
80th
81st
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Died.
Vacant August 31, 1950 –
November 7, 1950
Woodrow W. Jones Democratic November 7, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Basil Whitener
Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
85th
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Roy A. Taylor
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1977
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Redistricted from the 12th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
V. Lamar Gudger
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1981
95th
96th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Bill Hendon
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
James M. Clarke
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
98th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Bill Hendon
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
99th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
James M. Clarke
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
100th
101st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Charles H. Taylor
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2007
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Heath Shuler
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
110th
111th
112th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Mark Meadows
Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2012.

Living former membersEdit

As of February 2019, there are two living former members. The most recent representative to die was Bill Hendon (served 1981–1983, 1985–1987) on June 20, 2018. The most recently serving representative to die was James M. Clarke (served 1983–1985, 1987–1991) on April 13, 1999.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Charles H. Taylor 1991–2007 (1941-01-21) January 21, 1941 (age 78)
Heath Shuler 2007–2013 (1971-12-31) December 31, 1971 (age 47)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013
 
2013–2017

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=11
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=11
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Timm, Jane (2017-09-22). "They're Still Drawing Crazy-Looking Districts. Can't It Be Stopped?". NBC News.
  6. ^ "Shuler Announces He Won't Seek 4th Term", ABC News blog, February 2012
  7. ^ "North Carolina's 11th House District", National Journal, 1 November 2012
  8. ^ http://www.salon.com/2016/06/05/the_gop_screwed_themselves_the_brilliant_gerrymander_that_gave_republicans_the_congress_and_created_donald_trump/

External linksEdit