Brevard, North Carolina

Brevard is a city in Transylvania County, North Carolina, United States, with a population of 7,609 as of the 2010 Census. It is the county seat of Transylvania County.[6]

Brevard, North Carolina
Transylvania County Courthouse
Transylvania County Courthouse
Location of Brevard, North Carolina
Location of Brevard, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°14′30″N 82°43′43″W / 35.24167°N 82.72861°W / 35.24167; -82.72861Coordinates: 35°14′30″N 82°43′43″W / 35.24167°N 82.72861°W / 35.24167; -82.72861
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyTransylvania
Founded1861[1]
Incorporated1889[1]
Named forEphraim Brevard[1]
Government
 • MayorMaureen Copelof
Area
 • Total5.35 sq mi (13.86 km2)
 • Land5.35 sq mi (13.85 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation2,225 ft (678 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,609
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
7,926
 • Density1,481.77/sq mi (572.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
28712
Area code(s)828
FIPS code37-07720[5]
GNIS feature ID1009587[3]
Websitewww.cityofbrevard.com

Brevard is located at the entrance to Pisgah National Forest and has become a noted tourism, retirement and cultural center in western North Carolina. A moderate climate, environmental beauty and cultural activities attracts retirees to the area.

Brevard is also known for its white squirrels. There are several theories of how they came to live there, including an overturned carnival truck and an escaped pet breeding with native squirrels.[7]

Along with nearby Asheville and Hendersonville, Brevard forms the Asheville-Brevard, NC CSA combined statistical area.

HistoryEdit

According to the Transylvania Heritage Museum, the North Carolina General Assembly apportioned Transylvania County on February 15, 1861, from lands previously attributed to neighboring Jackson and Henderson counties. In the county's creation, a county seat was required to be conveniently accessible to most of the county's citizens. Its namesake was to honor Colonel Ephraim Brevard, M.D., a reputed Revolutionary War veteran.[8]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.12 square miles,[9] of which 0.21% is water.

ClimateEdit

Brevard is located in a temperate rainforest and receives abundant rainfall year round especially in the summer when it rains nearly every day [10] The town does not have any dry season but the Fall season is drier compared to the rest of the year.

Climate data for Brevard, North Carolina (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1902–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
79
(26)
89
(32)
90
(32)
96
(36)
98
(37)
99
(37)
99
(37)
97
(36)
92
(33)
82
(28)
79
(26)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 48.8
(9.3)
52.6
(11.4)
59.7
(15.4)
69.0
(20.6)
75.1
(23.9)
80.6
(27.0)
82.8
(28.2)
81.7
(27.6)
76.7
(24.8)
69.2
(20.7)
59.1
(15.1)
51.0
(10.6)
67.2
(19.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 37.0
(2.8)
39.9
(4.4)
46.5
(8.1)
55.0
(12.8)
62.5
(16.9)
69.5
(20.8)
72.5
(22.5)
71.7
(22.1)
66.0
(18.9)
56.3
(13.5)
45.7
(7.6)
39.3
(4.1)
55.2
(12.9)
Average low °F (°C) 25.2
(−3.8)
27.3
(−2.6)
33.2
(0.7)
40.9
(4.9)
50.0
(10.0)
58.3
(14.6)
62.2
(16.8)
61.7
(16.5)
55.4
(13.0)
43.4
(6.3)
32.2
(0.1)
27.7
(−2.4)
43.1
(6.2)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−20
(−29)
−2
(−19)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
15
(−9)
2
(−17)
−12
(−24)
−20
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.98
(177)
5.38
(137)
5.88
(149)
5.83
(148)
5.63
(143)
6.83
(173)
6.30
(160)
7.56
(192)
6.07
(154)
6.15
(156)
5.87
(149)
7.09
(180)
75.57
(1,919)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.7
(4.3)
1.4
(3.6)
0.8
(2.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
3.0
(7.6)
7.1
(18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.8 9.5 12.1 10.6 11.6 14.2 15.3 14.4 10.0 8.4 8.1 10.6 134.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 2.0
Source: NOAA[11][12]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880223
189032746.6%
190058478.6%
191091957.4%
19201,65880.4%
19302,33941.1%
19403,06130.9%
19503,90827.7%
19604,85724.3%
19705,2437.9%
19805,3231.5%
19905,3881.2%
20006,78926.0%
20107,60912.1%
2019 (est.)7,926[4]4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
 
West Main Street in Brevard, circa 1886

2020 censusEdit

Brevard racial composition[14]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 6,140 79.29%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 677 8.74%
Native American 25 0.32%
Asian 75 0.97%
Pacific Islander 15 0.19%
Other/Mixed 386 4.98%
Hispanic or Latino 426 5.5%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,744 people, 3,530 households, and 2,005 families residing in the city.[citation needed]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 7,609 people, 3,253 households, and 1,711 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,486 people per square mile (545.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.3% White, 11.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.07%, 0.46% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 2,826 households, out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12, and the average family size was 2.73.

The population was distributed broadly among different age groups, with 18.3% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 19.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 28.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,497, and the median income for a family was $44,489. Males had a median income of $26,929 versus $21,348 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,256. About 7.61% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and cultureEdit

White Squirrel Festival[15] takes place on the Friday, Saturday, and Sunday preceding Memorial Day. It features the white Squirrel, Pisgah Pete, live music, arts & crafts, and food. The white variant of the eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is commonly seen around Brevard.[16][17]

Independence Day is a major event in Brevard. The celebrations include an annual fireworks display and a car judging competition. Streets downtown are blocked off for a festival including games, arts and crafts, concerts and food vendors.

Halloweenfest[18] takes place on the last Saturday of October in downtown Brevard. Brevard is located in Transylvania County and it shows up in the enthusiasm seen in the costumes during the event. Live music, other street performers, arts & crafts, haunted house, ghost tour, and other activities happen all day.

Twilight Tour:[19] Early in the morning runners come out for the Reindeer Run 5K Run. Street vendors appear in the afternoon after downtown is closed to traffic. The Christmas Parade proceeds down South Broad Street around 3pm, starting at Brevard High School and ending at Brevard College. After the parade, Twilight Tour takes place with, horse-drawn carriages, luminaries, seasonal music, and food in the many downtown shops & restaurants.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

 
Ross Hall in Brevard College

Transylvania County Schools has two public high schools: Brevard High School and Rosman High School. The system also has an alternative high school in Davidson River School. There are four elementary schools and two middle schools. There is also one charter school, Brevard Academy, and several smaller private schools.

Brevard College, a four-year liberal arts institution, is located in Brevard.

The town is also home to the Brevard Music Center, and to a campus of the Blue Ridge Community College.

During the summer Brevard holds a distance runners camp at Brevard College.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

Sister cityEdit

Brevard has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "North Carolina Gazetteer". Retrieved December 25, 2020.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Brevard, North Carolina
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "White Squirrels".
  8. ^ "About Brevard | Brevard, NC - Official Website". cityofbrevard.com. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  9. ^ "Brevard city North Carolina QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on January 6, 2012.
  10. ^ Reinhardt, Keith; Smith, William K. (January 2008). "Leaf gas exchange of understory spruce-fir saplings in relict cloud forests, southern Appalachian Mountains, USA". Tree Physiology. 28 (1): 113–122. doi:10.1093/treephys/28.1.113. ISSN 0829-318X. PMID 17938120.
  11. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  12. ^ "Station: Brevard, NC". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  15. ^ "White Squirrel Festival".
  16. ^ White Squirrels: Brevard, NC. History of the White Squirrel[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "White Squirrel Wars". RoadsideAmerica.com.
  18. ^ "Halloweenfest". Archived from the original on October 15, 2014.
  19. ^ "Twilight Tour 2016".
  20. ^ Local Sculptor To Depart For Brevard's Sister City In Romania. The Transylvania Times. Retrieved Jul 22, 2020.