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The Ninety-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1985, to January 3, 1987, during the fifth and sixth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. The Republicans maintained control of the Senate, while the Democrats maintained control of the House of Representatives. This was the most recent session of Congress prior to the 116th which featured a Republican Senate/Democrat House split.

99th United States Congress
98th ←
→ 100th
USCapitol.jpg
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Senate PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush (R)
Senate President pro temStrom Thurmond (R)
House SpeakerTip O'Neill (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1985 – December 20, 1985
2nd: January 21, 1986 – October 18, 1986

Contents

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Party summaryEdit

SenateEdit

 
Party standings on the opening day of the 99th Congress
  47 Democratic Senators
  53 Republican Senators
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 45 55 100 0
Begin 46 53 99 1
End 48 52 1000
Final voting share 48.0% 52.0%
Beginning of next congress 55 45 100 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

 
House seats by party holding majority in state
  80–100% Republican
  80–100% Democratic
  60–80% Republican
  60–80% Democratic
  50–60% Republican
  50–60% Democratic
  striped: evenly split
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 267 167 434 1
Begin 252 182 434 1
End 251 180 4314
Final voting share 58.2% 41.8%
Beginning of next congress 258 177 435 0

LeadershipEdit

CaucusesEdit

MembersEdit

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

SenateEdit

Senators are popularly elected statewide every six years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1986; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1988; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1990.

House of RepresentativesEdit

Changes in membershipEdit

SenateEdit

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
West Virginia
(2)
Vacant Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of West Virginia. Jay Rockefeller (D) January 15, 1985
North Carolina
(3)
John Porter East (R) Died June 29, 1986.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
Jim Broyhill (R) July 14, 1986
North Carolina
(3)
Jim Broyhill (R) Interim appointee lost special election.
Successor elected to finish the term.
Terry Sanford (D) November 5, 1986

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Indiana's 8th Disputed House declared McCloskey the winner after auditors from the US General Accounting Office conducted a recount and Republican floor votes were rejected. Frank McCloskey (D) May 1, 1985
Louisiana's 8th Gillis W. Long (D) Died January 20, 1985. Catherine S. Long (D) March 30, 1985
Texas's 1st Sam B. Hall (D) Resigned May 27, 1985 to become judge for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. Jim Chapman (D) August 3, 1985
New York's 6th Joseph P. Addabbo (D) Died April 10, 1986. Alton R. Waldon Jr. (D) June 10, 1986
Hawaii's 1st Cecil Heftel (D) Resigned July 11, 1986. Neil Abercrombie (D) September 20, 1986
North Carolina's 10th Jim Broyhill (R) Resigned July 14, 1986 to become U.S. Senator. Cass Ballenger (R) November 4, 1986
Illinois's 4th George M. O'Brien (R) Died July 17, 1986. Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois's 14th John E. Grotberg (R) Died November 15, 1986.
New York's 34th Stan Lundine (D) Resigned December 31, 1986.
North Carolina's 3rd Charles O. Whitley (D) Resigned December 31, 1986.

CommitteesEdit

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit

Employees and legislative agency directorsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External linksEdit