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Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986

The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 was a law of the War on Drugs passed by the U.S. Congress. Among other things, they changed the system of federal supervised release from a rehabilitative system into a punitive system. The 1986 Act also prohibited controlled substance analogs. The bill enacted new mandatory minimum sentences for drugs, including marijuana.[1][2]

Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles
  • Alcohol and Drug Abuse Amendments of 1986
  • Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement Act of 1986
  • Federal Analog Act
Long title An Act to strengthen Federal efforts to encourage foreign cooperation in eradicating illicit drug crops and in halting international drug traffic, to improve enforcement of Federal drug laws and enhance interdiction of illicit drug shipments, to provide strong Federal leadership in establishing effective drug abuse prevention and education programs, to expand Federal support for drug abuse treatment and rehabilitation efforts, and for other purposes.
Enacted by the 99th United States Congress
Effective October 27, 1986
Public law 99-570
Statutes at Large 100 Stat. 3207
Acts amended Administrative Procedure Act
Freedom of Information Act
Titles amended 21 U.S.C.: Food and Drugs
U.S.C. sections amended
Legislative history

This act mandated a minimum sentence of 5 years without parole for possession of 5 grams of crack cocaine while it mandated the same for possession of 500 grams of powder cocaine. This 100:1 disparity was reduced to 18:1, when crack was increased to 28 grams (1 ounce) by the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010.

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