Neal Edward Smith

Neal Edward Smith (born March 23, 1920) is a former American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives for the Democratic Party from Iowa from 1959 until 1995—the longest-serving Iowan in the United States House of Representatives.

Neal Edward Smith
Neal Smith politician.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byJohn H. Kyl
Succeeded byGreg Ganske
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1973
Preceded byPaul Cunningham
Succeeded byWilliam J. Scherle
Personal details
Born
Neal Edward Smith

(1920-03-23) March 23, 1920 (age 100)
Hedrick, Iowa, U.S.
NationalityUnited States
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Beatrix Havens
(
m. 1946; died 2016)
Children2
AwardsPurple Heart
Air Medal (4)
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army Air Forces
Years of service1942-1945
Battles/warsWorld War II

Early lifeEdit

Smith was born in his grandparents' home near Hedrick, Keokuk County, Iowa. He served in the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War as a bomber pilot.

His plane was shot down and he received a Purple Heart, nine Battle stars, and the Air Medal with four oak leaf clusters.

First with points to exit military service from his group and quickly recruited into university.

He received his undergraduate training at the University of Missouri and Syracuse University and received a law degree from Drake University in 1950.

CareerEdit

Before entering politics he served as an assistant county attorney for Polk County.

He served as National President of the Young Democratic Clubs of America from 1953 to 1955. He served as Chairman of the Polk County Welfare Board from 1953 to 1954.

Smith was elected to the House of Representatives in the Democratic landslide of 1958, and was reelected 17 more times from a district based in Des Moines—numbered as the 5th District from 1959 to 1973 and as the 4th District from 1973 to 1995.

A federal anti-nepotism law, sponsored by Smith, was enacted in 1967 prevents public officials, including the president, from appointing any relative to head an executive agency. When the law was passed in 1967, it was presumed to be a congressional response to U.S. President John F. Kennedy appointing his younger brother, Robert Kennedy, as U.S. attorney general. As the author of the bill, however, Smith repeatedly denied this was his motive. Smith instead aimed the legislation, the Federal Postal Act of 1967, at nepotism in the postal service, and it applied broadly to both the executive and legislative branches. He said it applied to Congress because "there were 50 members who had their wives on the payrolls."

For most of his tenure, Smith represented a relatively compact district in central Iowa. However, the 1990s redistricting pushed him into a district covering the southwest quadrant of the state from Des Moines to Council Bluffs, an area that he did not know and that did not know him. Therefore he was defeated in the Republican landslide of 1994 by Greg Ganske, mainly due to heavy losses in the western portion of the district.

Personal lifeEdit

Neal Smith married Beatrix Havens in 1946 and they had two children: Doug and Sharon. His wife died in 2016.

The Neal Smith Wildlife Refuge in Prairie City and the Neal Smith Trail in Des Moines are both named after the former congressman, as well as the Neal Smith Federal Building in Des Moines. The Neal and Bea Smith Law Center at Drake University is named after the former congressman and his wife.

In 1996 Smith published his autobiography: Mr. Smith Went to Washington: From Eisenhower to Clinton, in 2009 he wrote Hanging Out in Bur Oak: During the 1930's Depression, Bootleggers, the Draft, World War II, a Leveling Experience and in 2019 From My Century to Yours: Wisdom from the Near 100-Year Life of Former Congressman Neal Edward Smith.

At the time of his defeat, he had represented Iowa in Congress longer than anyone in the state's history; he has since been passed by Democrat Tom Harkin, who served for a combined 40 years in the House and Senate, and by Republican Chuck Grassley, who as of 2020 has served for over 44 years in the House and Senate. However, Smith continues to hold the record for service in the House of Representatives. He turned 100 in March 2020.[1]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  • United States Congress. "Neal Edward Smith (id: S000596)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • Congressman Neal Smith At 99
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Paul Cunningham
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 5th congressional district

1959–1973
Succeeded by
William J. Scherle
Preceded by
John Kyl
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th congressional district

1973–1995
Succeeded by
Greg Ganske