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New York's 23rd congressional district

The 23rd Congressional District of New York extends along New York's border with Pennsylvania from the shores of Lake Erie in Chautauqua County to the suburbs of Binghamton in Tioga County. It includes three of the eleven Finger Lakes: Keuka Lake, Seneca Lake and Cayuga Lake.

New York's 23rd congressional district
New York US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 23rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Tom Reed
RCorning
Median income$50,747[1]
Cook PVIR+6[2]

The district comprises eleven counties: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins and Yates county along with parts of Ontario, and Tioga counties.[3]

The largest cities in the predominantly rural district are Jamestown, Elmira, and Ithaca. Its largest individual employers are Corning Incorporated in Corning and Cornell University in Ithaca.

Democrat Tracy Mitrano challenged Republican incumbent Tom Reed in the Nov 6th, 2018 election.[4] Congressman Tom Reed won reelection on Nov 6th, 2018, retaining his seat for a fourth term. Reed's 8.4% margin of victory was his smallest since his first election in 2012.[5]

Contents

VotingEdit

Components: past and presentEdit

1913–1919
Parts of Manhattan
1919–1969
Parts of The Bronx
1969–1971
Parts of The Bronx, Manhattan
1971–1973
Parts of The Bronx
1973–1983
Parts of The Bronx, Westchester
1983–1993
All of Albany, Schenectady
Parts of Montgomery, Rensselaer
1993–2003
All of Chenango, Madison, Oneida, Otsego
Parts of Broome, Delaware, Herkimer, Montgomery, Schoharie
2003–2013
All of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oswego, St. Lawrence
Parts of Essex, Fulton, Oneida
2013–present
All of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins, Yates
Parts of Ontario, Tioga

Various New York districts have been numbered "23" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.

List of representativesEdit

1823–1833: One seatEdit

Years Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1823 District created
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
 Elisha Litchfield Crawford Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected here in 1822
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
  Luther Badger Adams Elected in 1824
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
 Jonas Earll, Jr. Jacksonian First elected in 1826
Re-elected in 1828
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
 Freeborn G. Jewett Jacksonian Elected in 1830
[Data unknown/missing.]

1833–1843: Two seatsEdit

From 1833 to 1843, two seats were apportioned, elected on a general ticket.

Congress Years Seat A   Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
23rd March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
  William K. Fuller Jacksonian Elected in 1832   William Taylor Jacksonian Elected in 1832
24th March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Re-elected in 1834

[Data unknown/missing.]
Re-elected in 1834
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
  Bennet Bicknell Democratic Elected in 1836

[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic Re-elected in 1836

[Data unknown/missing.]
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
  Nehemiah H. Earll Democratic Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
  Edward Rogers Democratic Elected in 1838

[Data unknown/missing.]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
  Victory Birdseye Whig Elected in 1840

Retired
  A. Lawrence Foster Whig Elected in 1840

[Data unknown/missing.]

1843–present: One seatEdit

Years Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
 Orville Robinson Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
 William J. Hough Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
 William Duer Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
 Leander Babcock Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
  Caleb Lyon Independent [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1855 –
February 27, 1857
 William A. Gilbert Opposition Resigned
February 27, 1857 –
March 4, 1857
Vacant
March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
 Charles B. Hoard Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
  Ambrose W. Clark Republican Redistricted to the 20th district
March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
  Thomas Treadwell Davis Unionist [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
 Dennis McCarthy Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
 R. Holland Duell Republican Redistricted to the 24th district
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
 William E. Lansing Republican Redistricted from the 22nd district
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
 Scott Lord Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
  William J. Bacon Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
 Cyrus D. Prescott Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
 John T. Spriggs Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
  James S. Sherman Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
  Henry W. Bentley Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
 John M. Wever Republican Redistricted from the 21st district
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
 Wallace T. Foote, Jr. Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1903
  Louis W. Emerson Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1911
 George N. Southwick Republican Redistricted from the 20th district
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
 Henry S. De Forest Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1913 –
May 3, 1915
 Joseph A. Goulden Democratic Died
May 3, 1915 –
November 2, 1915
Vacant
November 2, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
  William Bennet Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1917 –
March 4, 1919
 Daniel C. Oliver Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1919 –
March 4, 1921
 Richard F. McKiniry Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
 Albert B. Rossdale Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1923 –
June 18, 1934
 Frank A. Oliver Democratic Resigned after being appointed justice of the Court of Special Sessions
June 18, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
Vacant
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
  Charles A. Buckley Democratic Redistricted to the 25th district
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
 Walter A. Lynch Democratic Redistricted from the 22nd district
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
 Sidney A. Fine Democratic Redistricted to the 22nd district
January 3, 1953 –
December 31, 1959
 Isidore Dollinger Democratic Redistricted from the 24th district
Resigned
January 1, 1960 –
March 7, 1960
Vacant
March 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
 Jacob H. Gilbert Democratic Redistricted to the 22nd district
January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
  Charles A. Buckley Democratic Redistricted from the 24th district
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
  Jonathan Bingham Democratic Redistricted to the 22nd district
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
  Peter A. Peyser Republican Redistricted from the 25th district
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
  Bruce Caputo Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1983
  Peter A. Peyser Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
  Samuel S. Stratton Democratic Redistricted from the 28th district
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
  Michael R. McNulty Democratic Redistricted to the 21st district
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
  Sherwood Boehlert Republican Redistricted from the 25th district
Redistricted to the 24th district
January 3, 2003 –
September 21, 2009
  John M. McHugh Republican Redistricted from the 24th district
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Army
September 21, 2009 –
November 3, 2009
Vacant
November 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2013
  Bill Owens Democratic First elected to finish McHugh's term
Re-elected in 2010,
Redistricted to the 21st district
January 3, 2013 –
Present
  Tom Reed Republican Redistricted from the 29th district

Recent election resultsEdit

In New York, there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties often endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes.

US House election, 1984: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Samuel S. Stratton 188,144 77.8
Republican Frank Wicks 53,060 21.9
Socialist Workers Richard Ariza 642 0.3
Majority 135,084 55.9
Turnout 241,846 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,626 64.3
Democratic Bruce W. Hapanowicz 50,436 26.0
Independence Thomas E. Loughlin, Jr. 10,835 5.6
Right to Life William Tapley 7,790 4.0
Majority 74,190 38.3
Turnout 193,687
US House election, 1998: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 111,242 80.8 +16.5
Conservative David Vickers 26,493 19.2 +19.2
Majority 84,749 61.5 +23.2
Turnout 137,735 -28.9
US House election, 2000: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,132 60.5 -20.3
Conservative David Vickers 42,854 20.9 +1.7
Democratic Richard W. Englebrecht 38,049 18.6 +18.6
Majority 81,278 39.6 -21.9
Turnout 205,535 +48.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John M. McHugh 124,682 100 +39.5
Majority 124,682 100 +61.4
Turnout 124,682 -39.2
US House election, 2004: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John M. McHugh 160,079 70.7 -29.3
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 66,448 29.3 +29.3
Majority 93,631 41.3 -59.7
Turnout 226,527 +81.7
US House election, 2006: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John M. McHugh 106,781 63.1 -7.6
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 62,318 36.9 +7.6
Majority 44,463 26.3 -15.0
Turnout 169,099 -25.4
US House election, 2008: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John M. McHugh 129,991 65.3 +2.2
Democratic Michael P. Oot 69,112 34.7 -2.2
Majority 60,879 30.6
Turnout 199,103 +17.7
New York's 23rd congressional district special election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bill Owens 73,137 48.3 +14.0
Conservative Doug Hoffman 69,553 46.0 +25.1 (2000)
Republican Dede Scozzafava
(withdrew, but still on the ballot)[6]
8,582 5.7 -59.6
Majority 3,584 2.4 -28.2
Turnout 151,272 -24.0

Scozzafava dropped out of the race just prior to the election and endorsed Democrat Bill Owens. The results were not certified by the New York State Board of Elections until December 15, 2009.

US House election, 2010: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bill Owens 82,232 47.5 -0.8
Republican Matt Doheny 80,237 46.4 +40.7
Conservative Doug Hoffman 10,507 6.1 -39.9
Majority 1,995 1.2 -1.2
Turnout 172,976 +14.3
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 126,519 51.9
Democratic Nate Shinagawa 117,055 48.1
Total votes 243,571 100.0
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 113,130 59.4
Democratic Martha Robertson 70,242 36.9
Total votes 190,554 100.0


23rd Congressional District Election Results (2016)[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 161,050 57.6
Democratic John Plumb 118,584 42.4
Total votes 279,634 100.0


23rd Congressional District Election Results (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 130,323 54.2
Democratic Tracy Mitrano 109,932 45.8
Total votes 240,255 100.0

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=36&cd=23
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2014-06-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Reynolds, Nick (July 3, 2018). "Tracy Mitrano to face Tom Reed in November". Ithaca.com. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  5. ^ Ballotpedia "[1]". Ballotpedia.com
  6. ^ Associated Press (October 31, 2009). "Republican in State House Race Suspends Campaign". New York Times.[dead link]
  7. ^ "NYS Board of Elections Representatives in Congress Election Returns Nov. 8, 2016" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved May 7, 2017.

SourcesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External linksEdit